2.4 million can vote by mail in the coming elections

In the upcoming election for the Dutch House of Representatives, all eligible voters aged 70 and over are allowed to cast their vote by mail. It concerns over 2.4 million inhabitants. On 17 March 2021, 810 thousand young people will be allowed to vote for the first time in the parliamentary election. Altogether, an estimated 13.2 million people will be entitled to vote. This is evident from figures released by Statistics Netherlands (CBS).

Residents with Dutch nationality aged 18 and over are eligible to vote. Dutch nationals of voting age who reside abroad are also allowed to vote; however, this group is not covered in the news release.

810 thousand young first-time voters

Altogether more than 883 thousand young people have reached the age of 18 since the previous elections for the House of Representatives were held in March 2017. Of this group, approximately 810 thousand will be entitled to vote in parliamentary elections for the first time. The remaining almost 73 thousand young people (8.3 percent) are not eligible voters as they do not have the Dutch nationality.

Voting age population: age distribution, 1 January 2021
Leeftijd18-29 yrs (% of population aged 18 and over)30-49 yrs (% of population aged 18 and over)50-69 yrs (% of population aged 18 and over)70 yrs and over (% of population aged 18 and over)
Population2372045383776545250702417471

18 percent of voters aged 70 or older

As part of the government’s measures to curb the risk of contracting the coronavirus, all voters who will be aged 70 or older on Election Day have been offered the possibility of voting by mail. It concerns almost 2.42 million people. They represent over 18 percent of the total electorate. Of the population aged 70 and over (2.45 million people), a share of 1.5 percent do not have the Dutch nationality. In the municipalities of Utrecht and Urk, voters aged 70 and over make up slightly less than 10 percent of the electorate. Relatively the highest share of over-70s is found in the municipality of Laren in Noord-Holland province: 32 percent.

Eligible voters aged 70 and over, 1 January 2021
gemeentePopulation aged 70 and over (%)
Groningen (gemeente)13.42
Almere10.31
Stadskanaal23.48
Veendam20.41
Zeewolde12.97
Achtkarspelen18.45
Ameland21.77
Harlingen23.82
Heerenveen20.34
Leeuwarden17.10
Ooststellingwerf21.76
Opsterland19.51
Schiermonnikoog25.32
Smallingerland20.11
Terschelling21.22
Vlieland16.30
Weststellingwerf21.67
Assen18.65
Coevorden21.90
Emmen20.79
Hoogeveen20.58
Meppel18.35
Almelo18.29
Borne20.38
Dalfsen19.88
Deventer16.92
Enschede16.85
Haaksbergen22.43
Hardenberg17.22
Hellendoorn20.02
Hengelo (O.)18.25
Kampen16.29
Losser20.61
Noordoostpolder17.02
Oldenzaal21.80
Ommen20.72
Raalte19.77
Staphorst15.45
Tubbergen17.03
Urk9.94
Wierden19.85
Zwolle14.71
Aalten20.48
Apeldoorn19.48
Arnhem13.90
Barneveld16.36
Beuningen17.02
Brummen23.11
Buren17.65
Culemborg16.91
Doesburg23.20
Doetinchem18.75
Druten17.58
Duiven16.80
Ede17.33
Elburg18.80
Epe23.29
Ermelo21.90
Harderwijk17.27
Hattem21.22
Heerde21.72
Heumen22.11
Lochem25.64
Maasdriel17.49
Nijkerk18.25
Nijmegen14.06
Oldebroek17.46
Putten20.18
Renkum26.17
Rheden24.66
Rozendaal23.26
Scherpenzeel19.16
Tiel17.13
Voorst21.62
Wageningen16.26
Westervoort16.79
Winterswijk21.42
Wijchen19.36
Zaltbommel17.66
Zevenaar21.58
Zutphen19.99
Nunspeet19.28
Dronten17.08
Amersfoort14.15
Baarn22.72
De Bilt23.61
Bunnik21.74
Bunschoten16.04
Eemnes19.18
Houten13.26
Leusden20.45
Lopik15.63
Montfoort18.91
Renswoude14.89
Rhenen20.61
Soest21.62
Utrecht (gemeente)9.83
Veenendaal16.94
Woudenberg18.29
Wijk bij Duurstede17.40
IJsselstein16.77
Zeist20.43
Nieuwegein17.97
Aalsmeer19.27
Alkmaar17.85
Amstelveen22.30
Amsterdam12.39
Beemster17.96
Bergen (NH.)30.52
Beverwijk17.29
Blaricum23.90
Bloemendaal27.45
Castricum23.39
Diemen15.25
Edam-Volendam19.09
Enkhuizen20.44
Haarlem16.91
Haarlemmermeer16.28
Heemskerk20.85
Heemstede27.59
Heerhugowaard17.50
Heiloo25.60
Den Helder20.76
Hilversum19.27
Hoorn18.29
Huizen21.53
Landsmeer20.36
Langedijk18.84
Laren (NH.)32.08
Medemblik19.77
Oostzaan19.82
Opmeer19.72
Ouder-Amstel20.23
Purmerend18.52
Schagen22.76
Texel22.58
Uitgeest16.34
Uithoorn18.72
Velsen19.11
Weesp18.65
Zandvoort24.37
Zaanstad17.82
Alblasserdam19.65
Alphen aan den Rijn17.82
Barendrecht16.89
Drechterland19.82
Brielle20.59
Capelle aan den IJssel19.02
Delft15.53
Dordrecht18.05
Gorinchem17.34
Gouda18.08
's-Gravenhage (gemeente)15.37
Hardinxveld-Giessendam18.21
Hellevoetsluis19.22
Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht16.57
Stede Broec21.03
Hillegom20.02
Katwijk17.23
Krimpen aan den IJssel23.82
Leiden14.32
Leiderdorp21.79
Lisse21.46
Maassluis21.88
Nieuwkoop18.78
Noordwijk20.85
Oegstgeest20.47
Oudewater19.95
Papendrecht21.33
Ridderkerk22.89
Rotterdam14.91
Rijswijk (ZH.)21.38
Schiedam17.13
Sliedrecht19.45
Albrandswaard16.41
Westvoorne24.34
Vlaardingen20.79
Voorschoten23.77
Waddinxveen18.26
Wassenaar28.27
Woerden17.97
Zoetermeer17.22
Zoeterwoude18.91
Zwijndrecht21.73
Borsele19.06
Goes22.04
West Maas en Waal18.22
Hulst24.25
Kapelle19.90
Middelburg (Z.)21.27
Reimerswaal18.02
Terneuzen24.48
Tholen18.26
Veere24.94
Vlissingen22.70
De Ronde Venen19.53
Tytsjerksteradiel21.82
Asten20.63
Baarle-Nassau24.77
Bergen op Zoom20.22
Best17.80
Boekel17.36
Boxmeer20.49
Boxtel20.95
Breda17.57
Deurne19.72
Pekela20.65
Dongen19.60
Eersel20.52
Eindhoven17.01
Etten-Leur19.43
Geertruidenberg19.26
Gilze en Rijen19.76
Goirle20.51
Grave20.93
Helmond16.84
's-Hertogenbosch16.28
Heusden18.93
Hilvarenbeek20.56
Loon op Zand20.64
Mill en Sint Hubert19.10
Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten24.52
Oirschot19.39
Oisterwijk22.58
Oosterhout20.58
Oss18.38
Rucphen19.02
Sint-Michielsgestel20.06
Someren18.56
Son en Breugel22.37
Steenbergen20.74
Waterland22.94
Tilburg15.95
Uden20.02
Valkenswaard23.35
Veldhoven20.66
Vught20.09
Waalre23.58
Waalwijk20.04
Woensdrecht24.03
Zundert19.81
Wormerland22.21
Landgraaf21.69
Beek (L.)22.89
Beesel20.92
Bergen (L.)20.38
Brunssum22.00
Gennep21.28
Heerlen20.44
Kerkrade22.47
Maastricht21.50
Meerssen24.42
Mook en Middelaar24.22
Nederweert20.66
Roermond19.33
Simpelveld23.04
Stein (L.)23.82
Vaals28.33
Venlo20.32
Venray19.76
Voerendaal24.41
Weert21.76
Valkenburg aan de Geul25.87
Lelystad16.19
Horst aan de Maas19.90
Oude IJsselstreek21.21
Teylingen18.50
Utrechtse Heuvelrug23.69
Oost Gelre19.89
Koggenland18.74
Lansingerland15.07
Leudal21.89
Maasgouw23.18
Gemert-Bakel17.90
Halderberge21.90
Heeze-Leende22.32
Laarbeek20.13
Reusel-De Mierden17.19
Roerdalen23.34
Roosendaal20.33
Schouwen-Duiveland25.26
Aa en Hunze23.17
Borger-Odoorn21.50
Cuijk19.43
Landerd19.73
De Wolden21.38
Noord-Beveland24.92
Wijdemeren22.15
Noordenveld25.19
Twenterand17.74
Westerveld25.09
Sint Anthonis19.02
Lingewaard19.40
Cranendonck22.34
Steenwijkerland20.17
Moerdijk20.12
Echt-Susteren22.21
Sluis27.32
Drimmelen20.35
Bernheze19.45
Alphen-Chaam20.64
Bergeijk20.78
Bladel20.00
Gulpen-Wittem24.56
Tynaarlo22.76
Midden-Drenthe20.92
Overbetuwe18.21
Hof van Twente23.76
Neder-Betuwe16.60
Rijssen-Holten18.48
Geldrop-Mierlo20.70
Olst-Wijhe19.34
Dinkelland19.79
Westland18.73
Midden-Delfland17.85
Berkelland22.49
Bronckhorst22.99
Sittard-Geleen20.85
Kaag en Braassem18.95
Dantumadiel20.72
Zuidplas16.76
Peel en Maas20.16
Oldambt22.04
Zwartewaterland16.21
S�dwest-Frysl�n20.95
Bodegraven-Reeuwijk19.44
Eijsden-Margraten22.23
Stichtse Vecht18.99
Hollands Kroon19.33
Leidschendam-Voorburg22.98
Goeree-Overflakkee19.88
Pijnacker-Nootdorp14.91
Nissewaard17.58
Krimpenerwaard19.92
De Fryske Marren21.64
Gooise Meren21.46
Berg en Dal22.29
Meierijstad19.02
Waadhoeke20.21
Westerwolde24.09
Midden-Groningen20.17
Beekdaelen22.95
Montferland21.34
Altena18.35
West Betuwe17.85
Vijfheerenlanden18.79
Hoeksche Waard20.70
Het Hogeland21.30
Westerkwartier19.09
Noardeast-Frysl�n19.57
Molenlanden18.01
Eemsdelta22.48

Over half of first-generation migrants eligible

Almost 93 percent of the population of voting age are eligible because of their Dutch citizenship. Among residents with a migration background, 70 percent are eligible to vote in the elections for the House of Representatives because they have the Dutch nationality. Among the population with a first-generation migration background, almost 54 percent have voting eligibility (1.15 million people). Among those with a second-generation migration background, i.e. with at least one parent who was born outside the Netherlands, 98 percent are eligible.

Estimating the voting age population (VAP)

The starting point in estimating how many people will be eligible voters on 17 March 2021 is the population as at 1 January 2021. In the period leading up to the elections, the voting age population still changes slightly. For example, in the period 1 January to 17 March 2021, an estimated 44 thousand 17-year-olds turn 18 and become eligible. At the same time, an estimated 40 thousand people pass away. These factors are not taken into account in this estimation of the voting age population (VAP). In addition, there is some foreign migration, while a number of residents may take on Dutch citizenship.