The rest of the news release deals with economic growth compared to Q1 2018.
GDP 1.7 percent up on Q1 2018
According to the first estimate, GDP was 1.7 percent up on Q1 2018. Growth was mainly due to higher investments in fixed assets and household consumption. The trade balance made a negative contribution to the growth of GDP.
Q1 2019 had one working day less than Q1 2018. If GDP is adjusted for this effect, the GDP growth rate is 1.9 percent.
|Fixed capital formation||4.5||4.4|
Higher investments in construction and machinery
Investments in fixed assets were 4.5 percent higher than one year previously. This is virtually the same growth as in Q4 2018. The first quarter of 2019 mainly saw an increase in investments in dwellings, buildings , infrastructure and machinery.
Consumer spending up
For 20 quarters in a row, consumer spending has risen relative to one year previously. In Q1 2019, consumer spending was up by 0.7 percent relative to Q1 2018. The growth rate was lower than in the previous quarter, when consumers spent over 2 percent more year-on-year.
In Q1 2019, consumers spent more on e.g. home furnishing articles , electrical appliances and services. However, they spent less on passenger cars. Natural gas consumption also decreased. The first quarter of 2019 had warmer weather conditions compared to Q1 2018.
Mainly more exports of machinery
Exports of goods and services grew by 1.1 percent in Q1 2019, the lowest growth rate in three years’ time. Dutch companies exported mainly more machinery and appliances. Re-exports (i.e. exports of imported products) grew while exports of domestic products declined.
Imports of goods and services grew faster than exports, by 1.6 percent. As a result, the trade balance (net exports) made a negative contribution to economic growth, just as in Q1 2018.
Overall growth in both imports and exports is affected negatively by a large company relocating part of its business activities to another country. However, this does not affect the trade balance.
Construction and business services show strongest growth
The construction sector realised the strongest output growth, by 8.7 percent. The sector business services grew by 3.6 percent compared to Q1 2018. The growth rate is lower than in the previous quarters. Labour market figures published by CBS today corroborate this development: the number of jobs in the business services sector, including the temporary employment sector, continued to grow but at a slower rate.
The manufacturing industry also recorded output growth relative to one year previously, but it was also less substantial than in previous quarters. The mining and quarrying sector again saw the largest decline. However, the contraction was much smaller than previously.
|Real estate activities||2.5||2.2|
|Trade, transportation, accommodation and food serving||2.0||3.0|
|Information and communication||1.9||3.2|
|Public services, education and care||1.6||1.6|
|Culture, recreation, other services||1.5||2.6|
|Electricity and gas supply||1.1||-0.1|
|Water supply and waste management||-1.5||0.4|
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||-2.6||-4.5|
|Mining and quarrying||-4.2||-15.4|
The first estimate is conducted 45 days after the end of a quarter and is based on information available at that moment. CBS provides a first picture of the state of the Dutch economy. After the first estimate, new data are continually pouring in, which are used to make new calculations. The second estimate on economic growth will be released on Monday 24 June. In absolute terms, the adjustment of the second estimate relative to the first estimate has averaged nearly 0.1 percentage points over the past half decade, with the two extremes ranging between - 0.1 and + 0.3 percentage points.
With each new estimate, CBS also recalculates the new seasonally adjusted figures of previously published quarters. The growth figure for Q3 2018 has been adjusted from 0.2 to 0.1 percent. This recalculation has not resulted in an adjustment of the other three quarters of 2018.