Home working more popular mainly among women

© Hollandse Hoogte
Over the past five years, an increasing share of the Dutch workforce has started working from home. The share has risen to more than 300 thousand workers with the largest increase among women, according to new figures released by Statistics Netherlands (CBS).

In 2017, there were over 3 million Dutch workers who engaged in occasional or regular home working, equivalent to nearly 37 percent of the total workforce. This was still 34 percent in 2013. Men are more likely to work from home than women, but the gap has narrowed in recent years. In 2017, the shares were 38 and 35 percent respectively compared to 37 versus nearly 32 percent in 2013.

Home workers (%)
 MenWomen
20133731.5
201437.232.8
201537.933.6
201637.234.5
20173835.2

More women regularly work from home

The increase in the number of women working from home was mainly seen in regular home-based work, i.e. work which is usually carried out from home. There are also occasional home workers; they typically work at another location away from home, but occasionally - whether on fixed days weekly or not – work from home. This group has also grown slightly among working women. Among men, the share of occasional home workers increased slightly between 2013 and 2017 while the share of regular home workers remained virtually unchanged.

Home workers (%)
 20132017
Men
Occasional21.922.8
Regular15.115.2
Women
Occasional21.322.5
Regular10.212.7

Mainly more home workers among self-employed women

Regular home working is relatively more widespread among the self-employed (in Dutch, the so-called zzp’ers). Furthermore, the increase in the share of women is mainly seen in this group: from 48 percent in 2013 to 56 percent in 2017. In addition, more women in permanent employment became home workers in 2017, both on a regular (9 percent) and on an occasional basis (28 percent). In 2013, these shares amounted to 6 and 25 percent respectively.

Women working from home ( %)
 20132017
Regularly
Self-employed without personnel47.856.5
Self-employed with personnel19.918.3
Fixed employment relationship5.98.5
Flexible employment relationship5.45.3
Occasionally
Self-employed without personnel16.113
Self-employed with personnel43.339.7
Fixed employment relationship25.228
Flexible employment relationship10.411

Most female home workers active in creative and linguistic occupations

When broken down by occupational class, the majority of female home workers is seen in creative or linguistic jobs, namely 71 percent. Similarly large groups are women in managerial (70 percent) or ICT-related (68 percent) positions. Among men who work from home, the largest groups are those in ICT-related jobs (69 percent) and in education (68 percent).

Home workers by occupational class, 2017 (%)
 WomenMen
Creative and linguistic occupations71.163.6
Managers69.866.2
ICT-related occupations67.869.3
Teaching occupations62.867.7
Public administration, security and legal occupations55.242
Other occupations44.937.6
Business and administrative occupations43.850.5
Health and welfare occupations3245
Technical occupations22.123.9
Commercial occupations21.245.8
Agricultural occupations10.216.5
Service occupations9.915.3
Transport and logistics occupations4.35.9