Container transport up, surge in transhipment
Total cargo traffic in Dutch seaports grew by over 2 percent in the first three quarters of 2017. Incoming and outgoing containers were good for one-fifth of total cargo weight transhipped at Dutch seaports.
|Transhipment (Year-on-year % changes in weight transported)||Total (Year-on-year % changes in weight transported)|
More and more container handling is transhipment
During the period Q1 to Q3 2017, more than 46 million tonnes of container goods were shipped into Dutch seaports, representing a year-on-year increase of 5.4 million tonnes. Over two-thirds of this growth - nearly 4 million tonnes - was realised in transhipment, i.e. handling of containers that are loaded onto seagoing vessels and shipped to other seaports abroad. The share of this transhipment in total incoming container traffic went up to 37 percent as a result.
This type of cargo throughput is extremely competition-sensitive. Seaports handling transhipments are highly interchangeable as the destination of such containers is not determined by a seaport hinterland. In the Netherlands, over 99 percent of container handling takes place in the Rotterdam port area. Transhipment accounts for one-third of total container handling, indicating the importance of the Port of Rotterdam as a transit point for goods. Rotterdam is an attractive port for this type of transit due to its good accessibility for large container ships, the available terminal capacity and easy access to hinterland container flows for shipping companies. Port fees are charged for this type of container handling, including both loading and unloading of containers.
|Imports/Transit goods (million tonnes)||Transhipments (million tonnes)|
Types of goods carried in transhipment
The bulk of transhipment container cargo are goods from the product category wood and textiles. One in five transhipment containers carry this type of goods; in terms of tonnage, the share is as much as 30 percent. The Port of Rotterdam handles containers carrying wood from Finland, Russia and Sweden which are transhipped to China. Other types of products which are often shipped overseas via Rotterdam are food products, especially meat and (frozen) fish. In 2016, one in five transhipment containers carrying food products were shipped to Russia.
Waste paper transhipped to China
Shipping of waste products in containers is often in the form of transhipments. Of all containers carrying waste, 43 percent are being transhipped. The majority contain (waste) paper and cardboard, which are shipped from the United Kingdom, Ireland, Norway, Canada and Portugal to China, and - to a lesser extent - to India and Sri Lanka. Containers full of waste paper are shipped from Europe to China. As of 1 January 2018, China has imposed import bans on various types of waste.
|Imports and transit to hinterland (%)||Transhipments (%)|
|Agricultural and food products||72.5||27.5|
|Wood and textiles||61.0||39.0|