Kyoto emissions

At an international conference in Kyoto (Japan) agreements were made and targets formulated to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. These were laid down in the Kyoto Protocol. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has introduced a method to measure greenhouse gas emissions on the level of nations (IPCC, 1996).

The overall amount of pollution generated by road traffic is calculated on the basis of the total volume of motor fuels consumed in a country, irrespective of the consumer’s nationality or the location of actual consumption. In air transport and shipping, only emissions caused by national traffic are taken into account. Emissions as a result of ships and aircraft bunkering fuel are not included in the Kyoto targets.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is an intergovernmental organisation providing support to more than 180 countries which endorse the United Nations (UN) climate convention.