Apprenticeship training programmes

An apprenticeship training programme is a fixed component of every level of vocational education. There are two types:
An apprenticeship training programme covering no more than six months, e.g. the mbo learning track (bol) and full-time hbo. In dual education, the pupil is attending classes one or two days a week during the entire school period and is working during the rest of the week. Dual education refers to the apprenticeship-based learning tracks in vmbo, in mbo (bbl) and dual education in hbo. Apprenticeship facilities are offered in the public and private sector of the economy.

Spending on apprenticeship training programmes largely consists of personnel costs of apprenticeship supervisors. The costs are based on the number of hours and the average hourly wage of the supervisors. Part of the costs refers to teaching and practice materials, arrangement of the workplace and recruitment procedure. Bonuses and wages paid to pupils are not included, as the output realised by the pupils is often sufficient to cover these costs. The tax rebate is not deducted from the total costs, since it is considered as income.