In 2004, there were 483 municipalities in the Netherlands, 2,529 municipal districts and 11,190 neighbourhoods. In 2005, there were 467 municipalities, 2,491 municipal districts and 11,286 neighbourhoods.
Neighbourhoods may vary considerably from one another with respect to number of residents and area. Neighbourhoods are generally smaller and more densely populated in urbanised area, whereas neighbourhoods in rural areas are generally larger and scarcely populated. The most populous neighbourhoods (e.g. Groot-IJsselmonde in Rotterdam with more than 26 thousand residents) have more inhabitants than almost three hundred municipalities.

Population is defined as the number of inhabitants on 1 January (data provided by the municipal population registers). The figures on 1 January do not correctly reflect population developments over time. This may lead to unlikely results due to recoding of the addresses in part of the area or the entire area, because a border change was implemented. Changes in the number of residents, households and the proportion of people with a foreign background published every year or every five years are adjusted for recoding effects.

Figures published in this article are based on all neighbourhoods where at least 50 people live.