year 1990

The emission level of greenhouse gases in the base year 1990, as laid down in the Kyoto Protocol is 214.3 billion CO2 equivalents (the emissions of CO2, CH4 and N2O in 1990 and of F-gases in 1995).

In compliance with the Kyoto Protocol, emissions of greenhouse gases in the Netherlands must be reduced by 6 percent over the period 2008–2012, relative to base year 1990. This commitment can partly be realised abroad by Joint Implementation, Clean Development Mechanism and Emissions Trading.