Employment; economic activity, sex, National Accounts

Employment; economic activity, sex, National Accounts

Sex Employment type Sector/branches (SIC 2008) Periods Employed persons (x 1,000) Jobs (x 1,000) Full-time equivalent (fte) (x 1,000) Hours worked (million hours)
Total male and female Total A-U All economic activities 1995 7,281 8,078 5,948 10,856
Total male and female Total A-U All economic activities 2000 8,214 9,083 6,719 12,103
Total male and female Total A-U All economic activities 2005 8,346 9,229 6,700 12,054
Total male and female Total A-U All economic activities 2010 8,779 9,832 7,035 12,555
Total male and female Total A-U All economic activities 2015 8,776 9,891 7,011 12,624
Total male and female Total A-U All economic activities 2020 9,524 10,661 7,638 13,354
Total male and female Total A-U All economic activities 2021 9,690 10,892 7,875 13,975
Total male and female Total A-U All economic activities 2022* 10,069 11,325 8,164 14,526
Total male and female Total A-U All economic activities 2023* 10,233 11,527 8,327 14,723
Total male and female Total C Manufacturing 1995 834 861 775 1,404
Total male and female Total C Manufacturing 2000 838 867 774 1,401
Total male and female Total C Manufacturing 2005 736 764 679 1,229
Total male and female Total C Manufacturing 2010 688 721 633 1,128
Total male and female Total C Manufacturing 2015 665 701 613 1,106
Total male and female Total C Manufacturing 2020 725 763 670 1,156
Total male and female Total C Manufacturing 2021 727 768 675 1,199
Total male and female Total C Manufacturing 2022* 745 787 691 1,219
Total male and female Total C Manufacturing 2023* 763 806 708 1,244
Total male and female Employees A-U All economic activities 1995 5,960 6,326 4,999 8,542
Total male and female Employees A-U All economic activities 2000 6,947 7,379 5,770 9,751
Total male and female Employees A-U All economic activities 2005 7,059 7,506 5,734 9,733
Total male and female Employees A-U All economic activities 2010 7,391 7,880 5,949 10,032
Total male and female Employees A-U All economic activities 2015 7,296 7,784 5,810 9,896
Total male and female Employees A-U All economic activities 2020 7,936 8,400 6,378 10,542
Total male and female Employees A-U All economic activities 2021 8,056 8,565 6,527 10,984
Total male and female Employees A-U All economic activities 2022* 8,342 8,873 6,744 11,362
Total male and female Employees A-U All economic activities 2023* 8,452 8,990 6,856 11,478
Total male and female Employees C Manufacturing 1995 775 789 729 1,289
Total male and female Employees C Manufacturing 2000 787 802 729 1,290
Total male and female Employees C Manufacturing 2005 688 701 635 1,127
Total male and female Employees C Manufacturing 2010 645 658 593 1,043
Total male and female Employees C Manufacturing 2015 619 631 569 1,018
Total male and female Employees C Manufacturing 2020 677 690 624 1,057
Total male and female Employees C Manufacturing 2021 676 692 626 1,092
Total male and female Employees C Manufacturing 2022* 692 707 640 1,106
Total male and female Employees C Manufacturing 2023* 708 724 655 1,129
Total male and female Self-employed A-U All economic activities 1995 1,320 1,751 949 2,314
Total male and female Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2000 1,267 1,705 949 2,352
Total male and female Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2005 1,288 1,723 966 2,321
Total male and female Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2010 1,388 1,952 1,086 2,524
Total male and female Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2015 1,480 2,107 1,201 2,728
Total male and female Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2020 1,588 2,261 1,260 2,812
Total male and female Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2021 1,634 2,327 1,348 2,991
Total male and female Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2022* 1,727 2,452 1,420 3,164
Total male and female Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2023* 1,781 2,538 1,470 3,244
Total male and female Self-employed C Manufacturing 1995 59 72 47 114
Total male and female Self-employed C Manufacturing 2000 51 65 45 111
Total male and female Self-employed C Manufacturing 2005 48 63 44 101
Total male and female Self-employed C Manufacturing 2010 43 64 40 85
Total male and female Self-employed C Manufacturing 2015 45 69 44 88
Total male and female Self-employed C Manufacturing 2020 48 73 46 98
Total male and female Self-employed C Manufacturing 2021 50 77 49 107
Total male and female Self-employed C Manufacturing 2022* 53 80 51 112
Total male and female Self-employed C Manufacturing 2023* 54 82 53 115
Male Total A-U All economic activities 1995 4,204 4,604 3,890 7,245
Male Total A-U All economic activities 2000 4,637 5,088 4,282 7,905
Male Total A-U All economic activities 2005 4,558 4,993 4,142 7,672
Male Total A-U All economic activities 2010 4,652 5,163 4,216 7,816
Male Total A-U All economic activities 2015 4,614 5,148 4,150 7,759
Male Total A-U All economic activities 2020 4,967 5,510 4,437 8,023
Male Total A-U All economic activities 2021 5,055 5,616 4,541 8,342
Male Total A-U All economic activities 2022* 5,244 5,829 4,685 8,623
Male Total A-U All economic activities 2023* 5,326 5,930 4,763 8,724
Male Total C Manufacturing 1995 676 694 648 1,173
Male Total C Manufacturing 2000 665 684 637 1,159
Male Total C Manufacturing 2005 587 606 566 1,031
Male Total C Manufacturing 2010 545 567 526 949
Male Total C Manufacturing 2015 526 549 507 926
Male Total C Manufacturing 2020 568 591 546 950
Male Total C Manufacturing 2021 568 593 547 981
Male Total C Manufacturing 2022* 579 605 556 991
Male Total C Manufacturing 2023* 589 616 565 1,004
Male Employees A-U All economic activities 1995 3,499 3,695 3,284 5,674
Male Employees A-U All economic activities 2000 3,982 4,215 3,690 6,337
Male Employees A-U All economic activities 2005 3,906 4,122 3,556 6,156
Male Employees A-U All economic activities 2010 3,953 4,185 3,571 6,234
Male Employees A-U All economic activities 2015 3,867 4,089 3,438 6,066
Male Employees A-U All economic activities 2020 4,151 4,362 3,691 6,281
Male Employees A-U All economic activities 2021 4,213 4,427 3,748 6,510
Male Employees A-U All economic activities 2022* 4,351 4,574 3,847 6,681
Male Employees A-U All economic activities 2023* 4,403 4,629 3,894 6,731
Male Employees C Manufacturing 1995 639 649 618 1,092
Male Employees C Manufacturing 2000 632 643 607 1,078
Male Employees C Manufacturing 2005 554 564 536 953
Male Employees C Manufacturing 2010 515 523 497 883
Male Employees C Manufacturing 2015 493 501 475 858
Male Employees C Manufacturing 2020 532 540 512 873
Male Employees C Manufacturing 2021 531 539 511 898
Male Employees C Manufacturing 2022* 540 548 518 903
Male Employees C Manufacturing 2023* 549 557 526 914
Male Self-employed A-U All economic activities 1995 705 908 606 1,572
Male Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2000 656 873 592 1,568
Male Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2005 653 871 586 1,516
Male Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2010 699 978 644 1,581
Male Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2015 747 1,059 712 1,694
Male Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2020 816 1,148 746 1,741
Male Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2021 842 1,188 793 1,832
Male Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2022* 893 1,255 838 1,942
Male Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2023* 922 1,301 869 1,992
Male Self-employed C Manufacturing 1995 38 45 30 81
Male Self-employed C Manufacturing 2000 33 42 30 81
Male Self-employed C Manufacturing 2005 33 42 30 77
Male Self-employed C Manufacturing 2010 31 44 29 66
Male Self-employed C Manufacturing 2015 33 48 31 67
Male Self-employed C Manufacturing 2020 36 51 34 77
Male Self-employed C Manufacturing 2021 37 54 36 83
Male Self-employed C Manufacturing 2022* 40 57 38 88
Male Self-employed C Manufacturing 2023* 41 58 39 90
Female Total A-U All economic activities 1995 3,076 3,474 2,059 3,610
Female Total A-U All economic activities 2000 3,577 3,995 2,438 4,198
Female Total A-U All economic activities 2005 3,788 4,236 2,558 4,382
Female Total A-U All economic activities 2010 4,127 4,669 2,819 4,740
Female Total A-U All economic activities 2015 4,161 4,743 2,861 4,864
Female Total A-U All economic activities 2020 4,557 5,151 3,201 5,331
Female Total A-U All economic activities 2021 4,635 5,276 3,334 5,633
Female Total A-U All economic activities 2022* 4,825 5,495 3,480 5,903
Female Total A-U All economic activities 2023* 4,907 5,597 3,564 5,999
Female Total C Manufacturing 1995 158 168 127 231
Female Total C Manufacturing 2000 173 183 137 242
Female Total C Manufacturing 2005 149 158 113 198
Female Total C Manufacturing 2010 143 155 107 180
Female Total C Manufacturing 2015 138 152 107 181
Female Total C Manufacturing 2020 157 172 124 206
Female Total C Manufacturing 2021 159 175 128 218
Female Total C Manufacturing 2022* 165 183 135 228
Female Total C Manufacturing 2023* 173 191 143 240
Female Employees A-U All economic activities 1995 2,461 2,631 1,716 2,868
Female Employees A-U All economic activities 2000 2,966 3,163 2,081 3,414
Female Employees A-U All economic activities 2005 3,153 3,384 2,177 3,577
Female Employees A-U All economic activities 2010 3,438 3,695 2,378 3,797
Female Employees A-U All economic activities 2015 3,429 3,696 2,372 3,830
Female Employees A-U All economic activities 2020 3,785 4,038 2,687 4,261
Female Employees A-U All economic activities 2021 3,843 4,138 2,780 4,474
Female Employees A-U All economic activities 2022* 3,991 4,299 2,897 4,681
Female Employees A-U All economic activities 2023* 4,049 4,360 2,962 4,747
Female Employees C Manufacturing 1995 137 141 110 198
Female Employees C Manufacturing 2000 155 159 122 212
Female Employees C Manufacturing 2005 133 138 99 174
Female Employees C Manufacturing 2010 131 135 95 160
Female Employees C Manufacturing 2015 126 131 94 160
Female Employees C Manufacturing 2020 145 150 112 184
Female Employees C Manufacturing 2021 146 152 115 194
Female Employees C Manufacturing 2022* 152 159 122 203
Female Employees C Manufacturing 2023* 160 167 129 215
Female Self-employed A-U All economic activities 1995 616 843 343 742
Female Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2000 611 832 357 784
Female Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2005 635 852 380 805
Female Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2010 689 974 441 942
Female Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2015 732 1,047 489 1,034
Female Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2020 772 1,113 514 1,070
Female Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2021 792 1,139 554 1,158
Female Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2022* 834 1,196 582 1,222
Female Self-employed A-U All economic activities 2023* 859 1,237 602 1,252
Female Self-employed C Manufacturing 1995 21 27 17 33
Female Self-employed C Manufacturing 2000 18 24 15 30
Female Self-employed C Manufacturing 2005 15 21 14 24
Female Self-employed C Manufacturing 2010 12 20 12 19
Female Self-employed C Manufacturing 2015 12 21 13 21
Female Self-employed C Manufacturing 2020 12 22 12 22
Female Self-employed C Manufacturing 2021 13 23 13 24
Female Self-employed C Manufacturing 2022* 13 23 13 24
Female Self-employed C Manufacturing 2023* 14 24 13 25
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Dataset is not available.


This table provides annual data about the employment of employees and self-employed persons. It contains annual data on employed persons, jobs, full-time equivalent (fte) and hours worked.

Data available from: 1995

Status of the figures:
Data from 1995 up to and including 2021 are final. Data of 2022 and further are provisional.

Changes as of June 24th 2024:
This is a new table.
Statistics Netherlands has carried out a revision of the national accounts. New statistical sources, methods and concepts are implemented in the national accounts, in order to align the picture of the Dutch economy with all underlying source data and international guidelines for the compilation of the national accounts. This table contains revised data. For further information see section 3.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional data are published 6 months after the end of the reporting year. Final data are released 30 months after the end of the reporting year.

Description topics

Employed persons
Someone working for a company located in the Netherlands, or an institution or private household in the Netherlands.
Jobs
A job is an explicit or implicit employment contract between a person and an economic unit which specifies that labour will be carried out in return for (financial) remuneration.

A distinction is made between jobs of employees and jobs of self-employed persons.
Full-time equivalent (fte)
A measure of labour volume, calculated by converting all full-time and part-time jobs to full-time jobs.
Hours worked
The number of hours actually worked by someone with a paid job.