Labour participation; key figures

Labour participation; key figures

Sex Age Highest educational level Periods Labour force and not in the labour force (x 1 000) Labour force Labour force (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Employed labour force (x 1 000) Labour force Unemployed labour force (x 1 000) Labour force Unemployment rate (%) Not in the labour force (x 1 000) Net labour participation rate (%)
Total male and female 15 to 74 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 13,232 9,939 9,573 366 3.7 3,293 72.3
Total male and female 15 to 74 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 3,290 1,938 1,822 116 6.0 1,352 55.4
Total male and female 15 to 74 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 4,966 3,829 3,701 128 3.3 1,137 74.5
Total male and female 15 to 74 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 4,877 4,120 4,001 118 2.9 757 82.0
Total male and female 15 to 74 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 99 52 48 4 7.9 47 48.4
Total male and female 15 to 24 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 2,138 1,778 1,630 148 8.3 360 76.2
Total male and female 15 to 24 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 836 657 584 73 11.1 179 69.8
Total male and female 15 to 24 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 990 849 795 54 6.3 141 80.3
Total male and female 15 to 24 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 311 272 251 21 7.9 39 80.7
Total male and female 15 to 24 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 1 1 1 0 . 1 .
Total male and female 15 to 64 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 11,299 9,607 9,256 352 3.7 1,691 81.9
Total male and female 15 to 64 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 2,522 1,834 1,721 113 6.1 688 68.2
Total male and female 15 to 64 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 4,314 3,718 3,596 122 3.3 596 83.3
Total male and female 15 to 64 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 4,381 4,006 3,894 113 2.8 375 88.9
Total male and female 15 to 64 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 82 49 45 4 8.3 32 55.4
Total male and female 25 to 44 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 4,414 3,966 3,850 116 2.9 448 87.2
Total male and female 25 to 44 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 540 395 377 18 4.5 145 69.8
Total male and female 25 to 44 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 1,495 1,337 1,299 38 2.8 159 86.8
Total male and female 25 to 44 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 2,351 2,215 2,158 57 2.6 136 91.8
Total male and female 25 to 44 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 27 19 17 2 . 7 .
Total male and female 25 to 34 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 2,287 2,069 1,995 74 3.6 217 87.3
Total male and female 25 to 34 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 229 163 152 11 6.7 66 66.2
Total male and female 25 to 34 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 762 684 660 24 3.5 78 86.6
Total male and female 25 to 34 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 1,284 1,215 1,176 38 3.2 69 91.6
Total male and female 25 to 34 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 12 8 7 1 . 4 .
Total male and female 35 to 44 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 2,127 1,897 1,855 42 2.2 230 87.2
Total male and female 35 to 44 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 311 232 225 7 3.0 79 72.4
Total male and female 35 to 44 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 733 653 638 14 2.2 81 87.1
Total male and female 35 to 44 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 1,068 1,001 982 19 1.9 67 91.9
Total male and female 35 to 44 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 15 11 10 2 . 4 .
Total male and female 45 to 54 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 2,329 2,041 2,006 36 1.8 287 86.1
Total male and female 45 to 54 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 433 316 309 7 2.3 118 71.2
Total male and female 45 to 54 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 902 805 794 11 1.4 97 88.1
Total male and female 45 to 54 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 965 903 886 17 1.9 62 91.8
Total male and female 45 to 54 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 28 17 17 1 . 11 .
Total male and female 45 to 64 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 4,747 3,863 3,775 88 2.3 884 79.5
Total male and female 45 to 64 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 1,146 782 761 22 2.8 364 66.4
Total male and female 45 to 64 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 1,829 1,533 1,502 31 2.0 296 82.1
Total male and female 45 to 64 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 1,719 1,519 1,485 34 2.2 200 86.4
Total male and female 45 to 64 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 54 29 28 2 . 24 51.7
Total male and female 45 to 74 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 6,681 4,195 4,092 102 2.4 2,486 61.3
Total male and female 45 to 74 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 1,913 886 862 25 2.8 1,027 45.0
Total male and female 45 to 74 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 2,481 1,644 1,607 36 2.2 837 64.8
Total male and female 45 to 74 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 2,215 1,633 1,593 40 2.4 583 71.9
Total male and female 45 to 74 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 71 32 30 2 5.1 39 42.8
Total male and female 55 to 64 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 2,418 1,822 1,770 52 2.8 597 73.2
Total male and female 55 to 64 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 712 466 452 14 3.1 246 63.4
Total male and female 55 to 64 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 927 727 708 19 2.7 199 76.4
Total male and female 55 to 64 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 753 616 599 17 2.8 138 79.5
Total male and female 55 to 64 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 26 12 11 1 . 14 .
Total male and female 65 to 74 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,934 332 317 15 4.4 1,602 16.4
Total male and female 65 to 74 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 768 104 101 3 2.8 663 13.2
Total male and female 65 to 74 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 652 111 105 6 5.2 541 16.2
Total male and female 65 to 74 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 497 114 108 6 5.2 383 21.7
Total male and female 65 to 74 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 17 3 3 0 . 15 .
Total male and female 15 to 19 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,008 805 723 83 10.3 203 71.7
Total male and female 15 to 19 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 704 552 486 66 12.0 153 68.9
Total male and female 15 to 19 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 297 248 231 16 6.5 49 77.9
Total male and female 15 to 19 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 7 6 6 0 . 1 .
Total male and female 15 to 19 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 0 0 0 0 . 0 .
Total male and female 20 to 24 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,130 973 907 66 6.7 157 80.3
Total male and female 20 to 24 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 132 105 98 7 6.7 27 74.4
Total male and female 20 to 24 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 693 601 564 37 6.2 92 81.4
Total male and female 20 to 24 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 304 266 245 21 7.9 38 80.7
Total male and female 20 to 24 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 1 1 1 0 . 1 .
Total male and female 25 to 29 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,132 1,019 972 46 4.5 113 85.9
Total male and female 25 to 29 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 100 65 58 7 10.8 34 58.4
Total male and female 25 to 29 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 396 355 337 18 5.1 41 85.1
Total male and female 25 to 29 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 633 597 576 21 3.5 37 90.9
Total male and female 25 to 29 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 3 1 1 0 . 1 .
Total male and female 30 to 34 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,155 1,051 1,023 28 2.7 104 88.6
Total male and female 30 to 34 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 129 97 93 4 4.0 32 72.2
Total male and female 30 to 34 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 366 329 323 6 1.8 37 88.2
Total male and female 30 to 34 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 650 618 601 17 2.8 32 92.4
Total male and female 30 to 34 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 9 6 6 1 . 3 .
Total male and female 35 to 39 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,083 965 940 25 2.6 118 86.8
Total male and female 35 to 39 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 154 112 107 5 4.5 42 69.4
Total male and female 35 to 39 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 359 317 310 8 2.5 42 86.1
Total male and female 35 to 39 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 561 531 519 12 2.2 31 92.4
Total male and female 35 to 39 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 8 5 5 0 . 3 .
Total male and female 40 to 44 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,044 932 915 17 1.8 113 87.6
Total male and female 40 to 44 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 157 120 119 2 1.6 37 75.4
Total male and female 40 to 44 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 374 335 329 6 1.8 39 88.0
Total male and female 40 to 44 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 506 470 463 7 1.6 36 91.4
Total male and female 40 to 44 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 7 6 5 2 . 1 .
Total male and female 45 to 49 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,059 936 920 16 1.7 123 86.8
Total male and female 45 to 49 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 165 121 117 3 2.7 44 71.4
Total male and female 45 to 49 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 400 357 352 5 1.4 43 88.0
Total male and female 45 to 49 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 485 452 444 8 1.7 32 91.7
Total male and female 45 to 49 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 11 7 7 0 . 4 .
Total male and female 50 to 54 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,269 1,105 1,086 20 1.8 164 85.5
Total male and female 50 to 54 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 269 195 191 4 2.1 74 71.1
Total male and female 50 to 54 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 502 449 443 6 1.4 54 88.1
Total male and female 50 to 54 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 481 451 442 9 2.0 30 91.9
Total male and female 50 to 54 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 17 11 10 1 . 7 .
Total male and female 55 to 59 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,256 1,037 1,019 18 1.8 219 81.1
Total male and female 55 to 59 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 331 239 234 4 1.9 92 70.9
Total male and female 55 to 59 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 508 435 428 7 1.6 73 84.2
Total male and female 55 to 59 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 402 355 348 7 1.9 47 86.6
Total male and female 55 to 59 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 16 8 8 0 . 7 .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains quarterly and yearly figures on labour participation in the Netherlands. The population of 15 to 74 years of age (excluding the institutionalized population) is divided into the employed labour force, the unemployed labour force and those not in the labour force. The employed labour force is subdivided on the basis of the professional status, and the average working hours. A division by sex, age and level of education is available.

Data available from: 2013

Status of the figures:
The figures in this table are final.

Changes as of November 11, 2022:
The figures for 3rd quarter 2022 are added.

Changes as of August 17, 2022:
None, this is a new table. This table has been compiled on the basis of the Labor Force Survey (LFS). Due to changes in the research design and the questionnaire of the LFS, the figures for 2021 are not automatically comparable with the figures up to and including 2020. The key figures in this table have therefore been made consistent with the (non-seasonally adjusted) figures in the table Arbeidsdeelname, kerncijfers seizoengecorrigeerd (see section 4), in which the outcomes for the period 2013-2020 have been recalculated to align with the outcomes from 2021. When further detailing the outcomes according to job and personal characteristics, there may nevertheless be differences from 2020 to 2021 as a result of the new method.

When will new figures be released?
New figures will be published on February 14, 2023.

Description topics

Labour force and not in the labour force
People who are part of the employed labour force, the unemployed labour force or who are not in the labour force.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 75 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.

Labour force
People
- who have paid work (employed labour force), or
- who don’t have paid work, recently looked for work and are directly available for it (unemployed labour force).

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Labour force
People
- who have paid work (employed labour force), or
- who don’t have paid work, recently looked for work and are directly available for it (unemployed labour force).

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.

Employed labour force
People who have paid work.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Employed labour force
People who have paid work.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Unemployed labour force
People who don’t have paid work, recently looked for work and are directly available for it.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.

Unemployment rate
The unemployed labour force as a percentage of the (employed and unemployed) labour force.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old.
Not in the labour force
People who don’t have paid work, who haven’t recently looked for work recently or are not directly available for it.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.

Net labour participation rate
The percentage of the employed labour force in the population (labour force and not in the labour force).

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old.