Labour participation; attachment to the labour market

Labour participation; attachment to the labour market

Sex Personal characteristics Registered employment UWV Periods Labour force and not in the labour force (x 1.000) Employed labour force Employed labour force (x 1.000) Employed labour force Want to work more hours, available (x 1.000) Employed labour force Doesn’t want more hours or not available (x 1.000) Not employed labour force Not employed labour force (x 1.000) Not employed labour force Unemployed labour force Unemployed labour force (x 1.000) Not employed labour force Not in the labour force Not in the labour force (x 1.000) Not employed labour force Not in the labour force Available to work, but not seeking Available to work, but not seeking (x 1.000) Not employed labour force Not in the labour force Available to work, but not seeking Because of discouragement (x 1.000) Not employed labour force Not in the labour force Available to work, but not seeking Because of other reason (x 1.000) Not employed labour force Not in the labour force Seeking work, but not available (x 1.000) Not employed labour force Not in the labour force Not seeking work, not available Not seeking work, not available (x 1.000) Not employed labour force Not in the labour force Not seeking work, not available Doesn’t want to or can’t work Doesn’t want to or can’t work (x 1.000) Not employed labour force Not in the labour force Not seeking work, not available Doesn’t want to or can’t work Because of family/household care (x 1.000) Not employed labour force Not in the labour force Not seeking work, not available Doesn’t want to or can’t work Because of education (x 1.000) Not employed labour force Not in the labour force Not seeking work, not available Doesn’t want to or can’t work Because of retirement/old age (x 1.000) Not employed labour force Not in the labour force Not seeking work, not available Doesn’t want to or can’t work Because of illness/disability (x 1.000) Not employed labour force Not in the labour force Not seeking work, not available Doesn’t want to or can’t work Because of other reason (x 1.000)
Total male and female Total persons Total 2022 3rd quarter 13,232 9,573 505 9,067 3,660 366 3,293 188 17 171 115 2,990 . 277 287 1,552 790 85
Total male and female Total persons Registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 947 332 34 298 615 102 513 28 4 25 41 444 . 45 30 28 313 28
Total male and female Total persons Registered at UWV, with WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 145 75 12 63 70 40 30 3 0 2 10 17 . 2 2 3 8 2
Total male and female Total persons Registered at UWV, no WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 802 257 22 235 545 62 484 25 3 22 32 427 . 43 28 25 305 26
Total male and female Total persons Not registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 12,285 9,241 472 8,769 3,044 264 2,780 160 14 146 73 2,546 . 232 257 1,523 476 57
Total male and female Age: 15 to 24 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 2,138 1,630 212 1,418 508 148 360 70 2 68 36 254 . 4 216 0 20 14
Total male and female Age: 15 to 24 years Registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 39 17 1 15 23 3 20 2 0 2 2 16 . 1 4 0 8 3
Total male and female Age: 15 to 24 years Registered at UWV, with WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 5 3 0 3 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 . 0 0 0 0 0
Total male and female Age: 15 to 24 years Registered at UWV, no WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 34 14 1 12 21 2 19 2 0 1 2 15 . 1 4 0 7 3
Total male and female Age: 15 to 24 years Not registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 2,099 1,614 211 1,402 485 146 339 68 1 67 34 238 . 3 211 0 13 11
Total male and female Age: 25 to 44 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 4,414 3,850 142 3,709 563 116 448 35 2 33 43 370 . 100 62 1 182 25
Total male and female Age: 25 to 44 years Registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 398 173 15 158 225 43 182 12 2 10 19 151 . 27 19 0 96 9
Total male and female Age: 25 to 44 years Registered at UWV, with WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 59 31 4 27 27 16 11 0 0 0 4 7 . 1 1 0 4 1
Total male and female Age: 25 to 44 years Registered at UWV, no WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 339 142 11 131 197 27 171 11 1 10 15 144 . 26 18 0 92 9
Total male and female Age: 25 to 44 years Not registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 4,016 3,677 127 3,550 338 73 265 23 1 22 24 219 . 73 43 1 86 15
Total male and female Age: 25 to 34 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 2,287 1,995 79 1,917 291 74 217 18 1 17 24 175 . 39 48 1 75 13
Total male and female Age: 25 to 34 years Registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 204 89 9 80 115 24 91 5 0 5 12 74 . 15 12 0 43 4
Total male and female Age: 25 to 34 years Registered at UWV, with WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 26 12 2 11 14 8 5 0 0 0 2 3 . 1 1 0 2 0
Total male and female Age: 25 to 34 years Registered at UWV, no WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 177 77 7 69 101 15 86 5 0 5 10 70 . 14 11 0 42 3
Total male and female Age: 25 to 34 years Not registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 2,083 1,906 70 1,837 177 50 126 13 1 12 12 102 . 24 36 1 31 10
Total male and female Age: 35 to 44 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 2,127 1,855 63 1,792 272 42 230 17 2 15 19 195 . 62 14 1 107 11
Total male and female Age: 35 to 44 years Registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 194 84 5 79 110 19 91 6 1 5 7 78 . 12 7 0 53 6
Total male and female Age: 35 to 44 years Registered at UWV, with WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 32 19 2 17 14 8 6 0 0 0 2 4 . 0 0 0 3 0
Total male and female Age: 35 to 44 years Registered at UWV, no WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 162 65 3 62 97 12 85 6 1 5 5 74 . 12 7 0 50 5
Total male and female Age: 35 to 44 years Not registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 1,933 1,771 58 1,713 162 22 139 11 0 10 12 117 . 50 7 1 54 5
Total male and female Age: 45 to 74 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 6,681 4,092 151 3,941 2,588 102 2,486 84 13 70 36 2,366 . 173 10 1,550 587 46
Total male and female Age: 45 to 74 years Registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 510 142 18 124 368 57 311 15 2 13 20 277 . 17 7 28 210 15
Total male and female Age: 45 to 74 years Registered at UWV, with WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 81 41 8 33 41 23 17 2 0 2 5 10 . 1 0 3 4 1
Total male and female Age: 45 to 74 years Registered at UWV, no WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 428 101 10 92 327 33 294 12 2 11 14 267 . 16 7 25 206 14
Total male and female Age: 45 to 74 years Not registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 6,171 3,950 133 3,817 2,221 46 2,175 69 12 58 16 2,090 . 156 3 1,522 378 31
Total male and female Age: 45 to 54 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 2,329 2,006 79 1,926 323 36 287 18 1 17 13 256 . 54 8 2 179 13
Total male and female Age: 45 to 54 years Registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 207 71 8 63 136 20 116 7 0 6 7 103 . 10 5 1 82 5
Total male and female Age: 45 to 54 years Registered at UWV, with WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 34 20 4 15 14 8 6 2 0 2 1 3 . 1 0 0 1 1
Total male and female Age: 45 to 54 years Registered at UWV, no WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 174 51 4 47 122 12 111 5 0 4 6 100 . 9 5 1 80 4
Total male and female Age: 45 to 54 years Not registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 2,122 1,935 71 1,864 187 16 171 11 1 11 6 153 . 44 2 2 97 8
Total male and female Age: 55 to 64 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 2,418 1,770 58 1,712 649 52 597 24 4 20 15 557 . 84 2 127 318 26
Total male and female Age: 55 to 64 years Registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 254 65 8 57 188 32 156 7 1 6 10 138 . 6 2 9 113 8
Total male and female Age: 55 to 64 years Registered at UWV, with WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 40 19 3 16 21 13 7 0 0 0 4 3 . 1 0 0 2 0
Total male and female Age: 55 to 64 years Registered at UWV, no WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 214 46 5 41 168 19 148 7 1 6 7 135 . 5 1 9 111 8
Total male and female Age: 55 to 64 years Not registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 2,165 1,704 49 1,655 461 19 441 17 3 14 5 419 . 78 0 118 205 18
Total male and female Age: 65 to 74 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,934 317 14 303 1,617 15 1,602 42 8 33 7 1,553 . 35 0 1,420 91 7
Total male and female Age: 65 to 74 years Registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 49 6 1 5 43 4 39 1 0 1 2 36 . 1 0 18 15 2
Total male and female Age: 65 to 74 years Registered at UWV, with WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 8 1 0 1 6 2 4 0 0 0 1 3 . 0 0 3 0 0
Total male and female Age: 65 to 74 years Registered at UWV, no WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 41 4 0 4 37 2 35 1 0 1 2 32 . 1 0 16 14 2
Total male and female Age: 65 to 74 years Not registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 1,884 311 13 298 1,573 10 1,563 41 8 33 5 1,517 . 34 0 1,402 76 5
Total male and female Level of educ: 1. Low Total 2022 3rd quarter 3,290 1,822 138 1,685 1,467 116 1,352 74 4 69 40 1,238 . 112 116 626 353 31
Total male and female Level of educ: 1. Low Registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 375 104 12 92 271 27 244 12 2 10 17 215 . 25 11 13 154 12
Total male and female Level of educ: 1. Low Registered at UWV, with WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 33 16 3 13 17 7 9 1 0 0 3 6 . 1 0 1 3 0
Total male and female Level of educ: 1. Low Registered at UWV, no WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 342 88 8 80 254 20 234 12 2 10 14 209 . 24 11 12 150 12
Total male and female Level of educ: 1. Low Not registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 2,915 1,718 126 1,592 1,197 88 1,108 62 2 60 23 1,023 . 88 105 613 199 19
Total male and female Level of educ: 2 Intermediate Total 2022 3rd quarter 4,966 3,701 214 3,487 1,265 128 1,137 56 6 50 36 1,045 . 96 116 526 281 26
Total male and female Level of educ: 2 Intermediate Registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 322 120 12 108 201 37 164 9 0 9 12 143 . 15 9 10 101 8
Total male and female Level of educ: 2 Intermediate Registered at UWV, with WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 54 29 5 24 25 13 12 2 0 2 2 8 . 1 1 1 4 1
Total male and female Level of educ: 2 Intermediate Registered at UWV, no WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 268 92 7 84 176 24 152 7 0 7 10 135 . 14 8 8 97 8
Total male and female Level of educ: 2 Intermediate Not registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 4,644 3,581 202 3,378 1,064 91 973 47 5 42 24 902 . 81 107 516 180 18
Total male and female Level of educ: 3 High Total 2022 3rd quarter 4,877 4,001 152 3,849 876 118 757 56 6 51 37 664 . 63 54 389 133 26
Total male and female Level of educ: 3 High Registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 227 104 10 94 124 35 89 7 1 6 11 70 . 5 8 5 47 6
Total male and female Level of educ: 3 High Registered at UWV, with WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 57 30 4 26 27 19 8 0 0 0 4 3 . 0 0 1 1 1
Total male and female Level of educ: 3 High Registered at UWV, no WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 171 74 6 68 97 15 81 7 1 5 7 68 . 5 8 4 46 5
Total male and female Level of educ: 3 High Not registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 4,650 3,897 143 3,755 752 84 669 49 4 45 26 594 . 58 46 384 86 20
Total male and female Level of educ: unknown Total 2022 3rd quarter 99 48 1 47 51 4 47 2 2 1 2 43 . 6 1 11 23 2
Total male and female Level of educ: unknown Registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 23 3 0 3 20 3 17 0 0 0 1 15 . 1 1 0 12 1
Total male and female Level of educ: unknown Registered at UWV, with WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0 0
Total male and female Level of educ: unknown Registered at UWV, no WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 22 3 0 3 19 2 16 0 0 0 1 15 . 1 1 0 12 1
Total male and female Level of educ: unknown Not registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 76 45 1 44 32 1 30 2 2 0 1 28 . 6 0 10 11 0
Male Total persons Total 2022 3rd quarter 6,617 5,060 197 4,863 1,557 181 1,376 89 7 82 48 1,239 . 28 144 705 324 39
Male Total persons Registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 444 181 16 165 264 54 210 14 1 12 21 175 . 7 13 14 128 14
Male Total persons Registered at UWV, with WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 67 37 3 34 30 20 10 1 0 1 4 5 . 1 1 2 2 1
Male Total persons Registered at UWV, no WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 377 143 12 131 234 34 200 13 1 12 17 170 . 6 12 13 126 13
Male Total persons Not registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 6,173 4,880 182 4,698 1,293 127 1,166 75 5 70 28 1,064 . 20 131 691 196 25
Male Age: 15 to 24 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,087 832 108 724 256 74 182 34 0 33 16 133 . 1 116 0 8 7
Male Age: 15 to 24 years Registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 19 9 1 8 11 2 9 1 0 0 1 7 . 0 2 0 3 2
Male Age: 15 to 24 years Registered at UWV, with WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 3 2 0 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0 0
Male Age: 15 to 24 years Registered at UWV, no WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 16 7 1 6 9 1 8 1 0 0 1 6 . 0 1 0 3 2
Male Age: 15 to 24 years Not registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 1,068 823 107 716 245 71 174 33 0 33 15 126 . 1 114 0 5 6
Male Age: 25 to 44 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 2,219 2,016 49 1,967 203 59 144 18 1 17 19 107 . 6 25 1 65 10
Male Age: 25 to 44 years Registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 180 97 6 90 83 22 61 6 0 5 8 47 . 2 9 0 33 4
Male Age: 25 to 44 years Registered at UWV, with WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 25 15 1 14 10 7 3 0 0 0 2 1 . 0 0 0 1 0
Male Age: 25 to 44 years Registered at UWV, no WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 156 82 5 77 73 15 58 6 0 5 7 46 . 1 9 0 32 4
Male Age: 25 to 44 years Not registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 2,039 1,919 43 1,876 119 37 83 12 1 11 10 60 . 4 17 1 33 6
Male Age: 25 to 34 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,156 1,039 35 1,005 117 41 76 10 1 9 12 55 . 2 20 1 26 6
Male Age: 25 to 34 years Registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 94 52 4 48 42 13 29 3 0 3 5 21 . 1 5 0 14 1
Male Age: 25 to 34 years Registered at UWV, with WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 11 6 1 6 5 3 1 0 0 0 1 0 . 0 0 0 0 0
Male Age: 25 to 34 years Registered at UWV, no WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 83 46 3 42 37 9 28 3 0 3 4 21 . 1 5 0 14 1
Male Age: 25 to 34 years Not registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 1,063 987 31 957 75 28 47 7 1 6 6 34 . 1 15 1 12 5
Male Age: 35 to 44 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,062 977 14 962 86 18 68 8 1 8 7 53 . 4 6 1 39 4
Male Age: 35 to 44 years Registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 86 45 2 42 41 10 32 3 0 3 3 26 . 1 4 0 18 3
Male Age: 35 to 44 years Registered at UWV, with WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 14 9 1 8 5 4 2 0 0 0 1 1 . 0 0 0 1 0
Male Age: 35 to 44 years Registered at UWV, no WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 72 36 2 35 36 6 30 3 0 3 2 25 . 0 4 0 18 3
Male Age: 35 to 44 years Not registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 976 932 12 920 44 9 36 5 0 5 4 27 . 3 2 1 21 1
Male Age: 45 to 74 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 3,311 2,213 40 2,172 1,098 49 1,050 37 5 32 14 999 . 21 3 703 250 21
Male Age: 45 to 74 years Registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 245 75 9 66 170 30 140 8 1 7 11 121 . 6 2 14 92 8
Male Age: 45 to 74 years Registered at UWV, with WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 39 21 2 19 19 12 7 1 0 1 2 4 . 0 0 2 1 0
Male Age: 45 to 74 years Registered at UWV, no WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 205 54 7 48 151 18 133 7 1 6 9 118 . 5 2 13 91 7
Male Age: 45 to 74 years Not registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 3,066 2,138 31 2,106 929 19 910 30 5 25 3 878 . 16 1 689 158 14
Male Age: 45 to 54 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,156 1,042 15 1,027 114 14 100 7 0 7 5 88 . 5 2 1 71 8
Male Age: 45 to 54 years Registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 95 35 4 32 59 10 49 3 0 3 4 42 . 2 2 0 34 4
Male Age: 45 to 54 years Registered at UWV, with WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 15 9 1 8 5 3 2 1 0 1 0 1 . 0 0 0 0 0
Male Age: 45 to 54 years Registered at UWV, no WW benefit 2022 3rd quarter 80 26 3 23 54 7 47 2 0 2 4 41 . 2 2 0 33 3
Male Age: 45 to 54 years Not registered at an employment office 2022 3rd quarter 1,062 1,007 12 995 55 4 51 4 0 4 1 46 . 3 1 1 38 4
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains quarterly and yearly figures on labour participation in the Netherlands. The population of 15 to 74 years of age (excluding the institutionalized population) is divided into the employed labour force, the unemployed labour force and those not in the labour force. The employed labour force is subdivided on the basis of the professional status, and the average working hours. A division by sex, age and level of education is available.

Data available from: 2013

Status of the figures:
The figures in this table are final.

Changes as of November 17, 2022:
The figures for 3rd quarter 2022 are added.

Changes as of August 23, 2022:
None, this is a new table. This table has been compiled on the basis of the Labor Force Survey (LFS). Due to changes in the research design and the questionnaire of the LFS, the figures for 2021 are not automatically comparable with the figures up to and including 2020. The key figures in this table have therefore been made consistent with the (non-seasonally adjusted) figures in the table Arbeidsdeelname, kerncijfers seizoengecorrigeerd (see section 4), in which the outcomes for the period 2013-2020 have been recalculated to align with the outcomes from 2021. When further detailing the outcomes according to job and personal characteristics, there may nevertheless be differences from 2020 to 2021 as a result of the new method.

When will new figures be released?
New figures will be published on February 14, 2023.

Description topics

Labour force and not in the labour force
People who are part of the employed labour force, the unemployed labour force or who are not in the labour force.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Employed labour force
People who have paid work.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Employed labour force
People who have paid work.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Want to work more hours, available
This group consists of people who work part-time (less than 35 hours a week) in their first job and want to work more hours within six months, assuming that their earnings also change. They are immediately available for this. The comparable term used by Eurostat is underemployed.

Up to and including 2012 it was assumed that people who work 12 hours or more a week and want to work more hours, cannot start within two weeks. This group was therefore not asked if they could start within two weeks. The questionnaire has now been adjusted so that the respondent will receive this question. The number of people that can start within two weeks is therefore greater than before and the remaining part of the employed labour force that does not want to work more hours or is not available, is therefore (equally) lower.

Doesn’t want more hours or not available
This group consists of people:
- who work full-time (35 hours or more a week) in their first job;
- who work part-time (less than 35 hours a week) in their first job and do not want to work more hours within six months (assuming that their earnings also change);
- who work part-time (less than 35 hours a week) in their first job, want to work more hours within six months, but are not immediately available for this;

Up to and including 2012 it was assumed that people who work 12 hours or more a week and want to work more hours, cannot start within two weeks. This group was therefore not asked if they could start within two weeks. The questionnaire has now been adjusted so that the respondent will receive this question. The number of people that can start within two weeks is therefore greater than before and the remaining part of the employed labour force that does not want to work more hours or is not available, is therefore (equally) lower.
Not employed labour force
People who don't have paid work.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. The non-employed population consists of the unemployed labour force and the people not in the labour force. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Not employed labour force
People who don't have paid work.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. The non-employed population consists of the unemployed labour force and the people not in the labour force. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Unemployed labour force
People who don’t have paid work, recently looked for work and are directly available for it.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.

Unemployed labour force
People who don’t have paid work, recently looked for work and are directly available for it.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Not in the labour force
People who don’t have paid work, who haven’t recently looked for work recently or are not directly available for it.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Not in the labour force
People who don’t have paid work, who haven’t recently looked for work recently or are not directly available for it.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Available to work, but not seeking
Person is directly available for work, but hasn’t recently looked for work.
Available to work, but not seeking
Person is directly available for work, but hasn’t recently looked for work.
Because of discouragement
Person is directly available for work, but hasn’t recently looked for work because they expect little result.

Up to and including 2014, it was assumed that for people who do not want to work for 12 hours or more a week and who report a certain reason for this, the same reason applies if they wanted to work less than 12 hours a week but did not look for work. The questionnaire has now been adapted so that the respondent can also report another reason not to look for work for less than 12 hours a week. The group that reports discouragement as the reason for not looking for work, therefore, appears to be larger in size than before and the remaining group that has not looked for work for other reasons is therefore (equally) lower.
Because of other reason
Person is directly available for work, but hasn’t recently looked for work because of other reason than expecting little result.

Up to and including 2014, it was assumed that for people who do not want to work for 12 hours or more a week and who report a certain reason for this, the same reason applies if they wanted to work less than 12 hours a week but did not look for work. The questionnaire has now been adapted so that the respondent can also report another reason not to look for work for less than 12 hours a week. The group that reports discouragement as the reason for not looking for work, therefore, appears to be larger in size than before and the remaining group that has not looked for work for other reasons is therefore (equally) lower.
Seeking work, but not available
Person is not directly available for work, but has recently looked for work.
Not seeking work, not available
Person is not directly available for work and also hasn’t recently looked for work.
Not seeking work, not available
Person is not directly available for work and also hasn’t recently looked for work.
Doesn’t want to or can’t work
Person is not directly available for work, hasn’t recently looked for work and also doesn’t want to or can’t have paid work.
Doesn’t want to or can’t work
Person is not directly available for work, hasn’t recently looked for work and also doesn’t want to or can’t have paid work.
Because of family/household care
Person is not directly available for work, hasn’t recently looked for work and also doesn’t want to or can’t have paid work because of the care for family or household.
Because of education
Person is not directly available for work, hasn’t recently looked for work and also doesn’t want to or can’t have paid work because of education.
Because of retirement/old age
Person is not directly available for work, hasn’t recently looked for work and also doesn’t want to or can’t have paid work because of (early) retirement or old age.
Because of illness/disability
Person is not directly available for work, hasn’t recently looked for work and also doesn’t want to or can’t have paid work because of an illness or disability.
Because of other reason
Person is not directly available for work, hasn’t recently looked for work and also doesn’t want to or can’t have paid work because of another reason.