Business demography, European standard; legal form, SIC2008

Business demography, European standard; legal form, SIC2008

SIC 2008 Legal forms Periods Enterprises Total (aantal) Enterprises Births (aantal) Enterprises Deaths (aantal) Enterprise population Persons employed (aantal) Enterprise population Employees (aantal) Newly born enterprises Persons employed (aantal) Newly born enterprises Employees (aantal) Non-surviving enterprises Persons employed (aantal) Non-surviving enterprises Employees (aantal)
B to S excluding 64.2 Total legal forms all nationalities 2010 1,272,747 149,109 88,943 7,883,564 6,704,969 117,860 45,397 55,264 17,545
B to S excluding 64.2 Total legal forms all nationalities 2011 1,342,475 157,984 99,126 7,994,983 6,759,954 132,571 53,992 53,174 14,112
B to S excluding 64.2 Total legal forms all nationalities 2012 1,389,274 147,938 119,588 7,996,771 6,718,822 119,020 41,767 66,476 15,788
B to S excluding 64.2 Total legal forms all nationalities 2013 1,414,497 148,176 107,140 7,950,590 6,649,280 114,881 44,082 67,598 16,518
B to S excluding 64.2 Total legal forms all nationalities 2014 1,457,482 150,879 89,173 7,904,896 6,599,274 113,042 40,548 54,463 15,800
B to S excluding 64.2 Total legal forms all nationalities 2015 1,519,208 152,955 89,383 8,054,219 6,613,563 114,524 29,387 64,240 11,442
B to S excluding 64.2 Total legal forms all nationalities 2016 1,587,303 157,705 104,517 8,216,922 6,803,121 104,824 30,203 64,115 12,347
B to S excluding 64.2 Total legal forms all nationalities 2017 1,636,565 159,075 85,502 8,460,376 7,005,219 102,614 28,881 46,646 8,383
B to S excluding 64.2 Total legal forms all nationalities 2018* 1,731,813 174,061 93,980 8,692,854 7,175,073 108,407 25,986 45,736 6,863
B to S excluding 64.2 Total legal forms all nationalities 2019* 1,835,882 197,154 107,142 8,911,921 7,326,107 119,359 27,094 52,438 10,394
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table includes information on business demography according to the European standard. Figures in this table are also submitted in this form to Eurostat. Information concerns the population of active enterprises, enterprise births and deaths, and the 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 year survivors after birth, broken down by size class based on number of employees and by the National Classification of Economic Activity 2008 (NCEA 2008, based on NACE Rev 2.0). Data also includes persons employed and employees in active enterprises, births and deaths, as well as persons employed for surviving births at the start and end of the survival period.

Data available from: 2010

Status of the figures:
The figures in this table from 2010 to 2017 are final. Figures about 2018 and 2019 are provisional.

Changes as of 16 September 2022:
Non, this is a new table.

When will new figures be released?
Figures on a new reporting year (T – 2) will be published in July of the current year T.

Description topics

Enterprises
Total
Enterprise:
The actual transactor in the production process characterised by independence in deciding on that process and in offering its products to third parties.

It follows from this definition, and in particular from the element of independence, that an enterprise can comprise more than one establishment, but also more than one legal unit. (Legal units include both natural and legal persons.) This is the case when the separate establishments or legal units do not operate independently. Conversely, it is possible to distinguish between different parts within a legal unit that operate independently in terms of production. These then constitute as many enterprises as defined. The latter is especially the case for larger groups with diverse activities.
When a unit thus defined extends over several countries, the Dutch part will be considered as a whole company for the sake of national statistics.

In official CBS terminology the enterprise as defined here is called the enterprise unit (BE), so that there is no confusion with the term enterprise used in common parlance, which is not very precise in this respect.

The statistical unit enterprise is an operationalisation of the kind-of-activity unit, as defined by Eurostat. This definition combines two requirements that may conflict: contributing to one activity versus corresponding to one or more operational units. The Netherlands gives priority to the second requirement when operationalising to the statistical enterprise unit.
Births
An enterprise birth is the creation of a new enterprise.

This means that economic criteria for an enterprise must be met: there must be information on employment or turnover of the enterprise. Furthermore, it is important that the enterprise is actually new. The continuation of one or more existing enterprises is therefore not an enterprise birth.

There is no enterprise birth in the case of
- enterprises that are created as a result of a merger, division or demerger;
- takeover or privatisation of part of a company;
- change of name;
- change of legal form;
- change of ownership;
- gradual change of activity;
- relocation;
- reactivation.
Deaths
An enterprise death is the termination of an existing enterprise.

This means that there is no question of a significant part of the activities being continued by another enterprise. An enterprise death only occurs when the enterprise (with the associated employment) no longer belongs to the enterprise population. The best-known example of this is bankruptcy.

There is no enterprise death in the case of:
- enterprises that disappear as a result of a merger, division or demerger;
- takeover or privatisation of part of an enterprise;
- change of name;
- change of legal form;
- change of owner;
- gradual change of activity
- relocation;
- reactivation.
Enterprise population
Persons employed
The number of persons employed consists of:
- employees and directors who are on the payroll;
- employees who are on the payroll of another enterprise or institution, but work in the enterprise's own place of business and as such are in fact part of the workforce (agency staff);
- employed proprietors, partners, associates and cooperating family members;
- agency staff. Loaned personnel (employees on the payroll, but working for another enterprise or institution) are not included under persons employed.
Employees
The number of employees is determined on the basis of the employees on the payroll excluding director-major shareholders. The number of employees per company is calculated from wage tax data from the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration.
Newly born enterprises
Persons employed
The number of persons employed consists of:
- employees and directors who are on the payroll;
- employees who are on the payroll of another enterprise or institution, but work in the enterprise's own place of business and as such are in fact part of the workforce (agency staff);
- employed proprietors, partners, associates and cooperating family members;
- agency staff. Loaned personnel (employees on the payroll, but working for another enterprise or institution) are not included under persons employed.
Employees
The number of employees is determined on the basis of the employees on the payroll excluding director-major shareholders. The number of employees per company is calculated from wage tax data from the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration.
Non-surviving enterprises
Persons employed
The number of persons employed consists of:
- employees and directors who are on the payroll;
- employees who are on the payroll of another enterprise or institution, but work in the enterprise's own place of business and as such are in fact part of the workforce (agency staff);
- employed proprietors, partners, associates and cooperating family members;
- agency staff. Loaned personnel (employees on the payroll, but working for another enterprise or institution) are not included under persons employed.
Employees
The number of employees is determined on the basis of the employees on the payroll excluding director-major shareholders. The number of employees per company is calculated from wage tax data from the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration.