Research and development; expenditure and funding per implementation sector

Research and development; expenditure and funding per implementation sector

Sectors Periods Expenditure on in-house R&D activities Source of financing Government (mln euro)
All sectors 2020* 5,603
Businesses 2020* 831
Institutions 2020* 797
Higher education 2020* 3,975
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains figures regarding expenditure on and financing of Research and Development (R&D) activities that are conducted with own or external personnel. Additionally figures are available regarding expenditure on R&D activities that are outsourced abroad.

The figures are provided for the following sectors:
- businesses
- institutions
- institutes of higher education.

Data available from: 2013

Status of the figures:
The data regarding 2013-2018 are definitive, the data regarding 2019 are revised provisional and the data regarding 2020 are provisional.

Changes as of 26 August 2022:
The figures about 2019 have been adjusted and are now revised provisional. Additionally, the provisional figures about 2020 have been published.

When will new figures be published?
In the fourth quarter of 2022 provisional figures about 2021 will be published.

Description topics

Expenditure on in-house R&D activities
Source of financing
Government
Government funding for R&D consists of the following components:
- funds obtained from public research institutions;
- funds obtained from central government and local authorities, for example for contract research;
- funds obtained from the Dutch Research Council (NWO) (for example, competitive research funding for the higher education sector);
- lump sum financing from the government (for example government funding from the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science to the higher education sector).