Housing costs of households; household and dwelling characteristics

Housing costs of households; household and dwelling characteristics

Owner or tenant Household characteristics Dwelling characteristics Accuracy Periods Housing costs Total housing costs (euro) Housing costs Net rent or mortgage (euro) Housing costs Additional housing costs (euro) Housing cost ratio (%) Skewed rent Non-skewed rent (%) Skewed rent Skewed towards cheap rent (%) Skewed rent Skewed towards expensive rent (%)
Total Private households Total dwellings Value 2012 814 597 217 32.2 . . .
Total Private households Total dwellings Value 2015 805 598 207 31.7 . . .
Total Private households Total dwellings Value 2018 823 616 207 31.1 . . .
Total Private households Total dwellings Value 2021 841 644 197 28.6 . . .
Owner Private households Total dwellings Value 2012 964 719 245 29.5 . . .
Owner Private households Total dwellings Value 2015 908 678 231 27.2 . . .
Owner Private households Total dwellings Value 2018 924 695 229 26.6 . . .
Owner Private households Total dwellings Value 2021 919 696 224 23.4 . . .
Tenant Private households Total dwellings Value 2012 591 416 175 36.2 80.2 11.7 8.1
Tenant Private households Total dwellings Value 2015 649 477 172 38.6 76.8 9.2 14.0
Tenant Private households Total dwellings Value 2018 669 496 173 37.8 81.0 7.6 11.4
Tenant Private households Total dwellings Value 2021 723 568 156 36.3 81.7 6.7 11.6
Rents dwelling from private owner Private households Total dwellings Value 2012 743 560 183 40.8 74.1 12.2 13.7
Rents dwelling from private owner Private households Total dwellings Value 2015 813 630 183 42.3 73.7 9.7 16.6
Rents dwelling from private owner Private households Total dwellings Value 2018 837 657 181 42.4 77.8 7.4 14.8
Rents dwelling from private owner Private households Total dwellings Value 2021 944 782 162 41.8 80.3 5.6 14.1
Rents dwelling from housing corporation Private households Total dwellings Value 2012 549 376 173 34.9 81.9 11.6 6.6
Rents dwelling from housing corporation Private households Total dwellings Value 2015 599 430 169 37.4 77.7 9.1 13.2
Rents dwelling from housing corporation Private households Total dwellings Value 2018 600 430 170 36.0 82.3 7.7 9.9
Rents dwelling from housing corporation Private households Total dwellings Value 2021 622 468 153 33.8 82.4 7.2 10.4
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains figures on the housing costs of private households in independent homes. Households living (temporarily) in a house free of charge are not included. The figures are presented for both owners and tenants and can be further divided into various characteristics of the household and the dwelling.

Data available from: 2012

Status of the figures: final

Changes as of June 9, 2022:
Final figures 2021 included.
Revision figures 2012, 2015 and 2018 in connection with new calculation method and adaptation of housing policy to 2021 regulations.

When will new figures be published?
Figures over reporting year 2024 will be published in 2025.

Description topics

Housing costs
Total housing costs
The average total (net) amount spent on housing such as rent or mortgage, including additional housing costs such as property tax, premiums paid for home insurance, sewerage charges, gas, water and electricity and maintenance.
Net rent or mortgage
For tenants this is the rent minus the rent subsidy (if applicable). For owners these are the mortgage, but also the property tax, premiums paid for home insurance and maintenance costs.
Additional housing costs
Costs that are applicable to every household, tenants as well as owners. These are the taxes paid to the municipalities and public bodies and the costs for gas, water and electricity.
Housing cost ratio
The average percentage of disposable household income spent on housing.
Skewed rent
Rent disproportionate to the household income.



Non-skewed rent
Non-skewed rent: the rent of the home is proportionate to the household income.
Skewed towards cheap rent
Households that are eligible for housing benefit and have a before tax rent higher than a specified level. Their level of rent is below that expected for a household with this income. From 2017, the income-related rental policy has been adjusted. The new rules have been applied to all WoON investigations.
Skewed towards expensive rent
Households with an income above a specified income level and a before tax rent under the liberalisation level. Their level of rent is above that expected for a household with this income. The delineation of the group towards expensive skewed rent is based on the rules that was valid on January 1, 2021.