Self-employed persons; income, wealth, characteristics

Self-employed persons; income, wealth, characteristics

Type of self-employment Branches (SIC2008) Person characteristics Sex Periods Self-employed, main income Self-employed persons (x 1 000) Self-employed, main income Self-employed income Median self-employed income (1 000 euro) Self-employed, main income Self-employed income Median equivalised income (1 000 euro) Self-employed, main income Self-employed wealth Median wealth (1 000 euro) Self-employed, all incomes Self-employed persons (x 1 000) Self-employed, all incomes Self-employed income Median self-employed income (1 000 euro) Self-employed, all incomes Self-employed income Median equivalised income (1 000 euro) Self-employed, all incomes Self-employed wealth Median wealth (1 000 euro)
Self-employed A-U All economic activities Total persons Total male and female 2018* 1,265.1 32.4 34.8 177.9 1,903.9 16.7 34.2 157.4
Solo self-employed A-U All economic activities Total persons Total male and female 2018* 939.6 28.0 33.0 149.9 1,538.5 12.1 33.0 135.8
Self-employed with employees A-U All economic activities Total persons Total male and female 2018* 302.7 49.3 40.6 285.1 328.8 46.2 40.4 284.7
Contributing family worker A-U All economic activities Total persons Total male and female 2018* 22.7 5.5 32.1 223.1 36.6 0.0 35.0 213.9
Self-employed entrepreneur A-U All economic activities Total persons Total male and female 2018* 942.0 30.4 34.1 145.1 1,227.8 22.0 34.0 138.8
Owner-manager A-U All economic activities Total persons Total male and female 2018* 213.6 62.0 42.0 511.3 245.6 56.4 42.3 517.1
Other self-employed A-U All economic activities Total persons Total male and female 2018* 86.8 7.5 26.4 94.1 393.7 1.5 30.6 100.2
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains statistics regarding income and capital of self-employed persons in the Netherlands. A distinction is made between, on the one hand, persons for whom self-employment provides for the main source of income, and on the other hand all persons with income from self-employed work. The figures in this table are broken down by type of self-employed person, sector, gender, age, migration background, position in the household, and by income and wealth decile groups.

All statistics in this table are at the individual level, this includes capital; (corporate) assets are summed per household and then assigned to all household members, thus serving as a measure of personal prosperity. The sample date for both population and capital is the first of January of the reporting year. For the older years 2007 up to and including 2010, capital is sampled on the first of January of the year following the reporting year.

The General Business Register (ABR) is used to determine the sector (SBI) of self-employed persons. The ABR has been subject to various trend breaks in the period 2007-2011. This leads to a sharp decrease in the number of self-employed persons in the financial services (sector K) in 2010. Therefore caution is advised when consulting sector trends or comparing numbers across sectors.

Data available from: 2007.

Status of the figures:
The figures in this table are provisional.

Changes as of 2019 November 20:
Entrepreneurs without income have been added for years 2007 - 2010. These are predominantly contributing family workers. Additionally the table has been updated with 2017 - 2018.

When will new figures be published?
Updated figures will be published in December 2020.

Description topics

Self-employed, main income
Persons for whom self-employment provides for the main source of income.
Self-employed persons
Persons for whom self-employment provides for the main source of income.
Self-employed income
The income as a self-employed person comprises income from a self-owned company or practice, directorial wage, and other self-employed income (e.g. as a freelancer).

Median self-employed income
The income as a self-employed person comprises income from a self-owned company or practice, directorial wage, and other self-employed income (e.g. as a freelancer).

Median equivalised income
The disposable income is defined as the gross income minus current transfers paid (like alimony payments to an ex-partner), income insurance premiums, health insurance premiums and tax on income and wealth. Gross income is the sum of income from labour, income from self-employment, income from property, payments from the government and other receipts (like alimony payments by an ex-partner).

The equivalised income is the disposable income corrected for differences in household size and composition. The correction factor used reflects the advantages of scale of households with two or more members. The single person household is used as the reference household. The equivalised income is a measure of the prosperity of (members of) a household.


Self-employed wealth
The capital of the household to which the self-employed person belongs, assigned to all household members as a measure of wealth.
Median wealth
Balance of assets and liabilities of a household, allocated to the people in that household as an indicator of personal wealth.
Self-employed, all incomes
All persons with income from self-employed labour.
Self-employed persons
Persons for whom self-employment provides for the main source of income.
Self-employed income
The income as a self-employed person comprises income from a self-owned company or practice, directorial wage, and other self-employed income (e.g. as a freelancer).
Median self-employed income
The income as a self-employed person comprises income from a self-owned company or practice, directorial wage, and other self-employed income (e.g. as a freelancer).

Median equivalised income
The disposable income is defined as the gross income minus current transfers paid (like alimony payments to an ex-partner), income insurance premiums, health insurance premiums and tax on income and wealth. Gross income is the sum of income from labour, income from self-employment, income from property, payments from the government and other receipts (like alimony payments by an ex-partner).

The equivalised income is the disposable income corrected for differences in household size and composition. The correction factor used reflects the advantages of scale of households with two or more members. The single person household is used as the reference household. The equivalised income is a measure of the prosperity of (members of) a household.


Self-employed wealth
The capital of the household to which the self-employed person belongs, assigned to all household members as a measure of wealth.
Median wealth
Balance of assets and liabilities of a household, allocated to the people in that household as an indicator of personal wealth.