Terms of trade in goods, index 2015=100

Statistics Netherlands collects monthly data on imports and exports of goods. This table comprises index figures and changes in terms of percentage of terms of trade, import price and export price of goods. Imports and exports are defined by change in economic ownership of the goods concerned. The indices are based on 2015=100. The changes in terms of percentage are compared with the same period twelve months previously.

Data available from: 1995 January

Status of the figures:
Data from 1995 up to and including 2017 are final. Data of 2018, 2019 and 2020 are provisional.

Changes as of 15 July 2020:
Data over May 2020 have been added. Data over January 2017 until April 2020 have been adjusted to the figures of the National Accounts 2019.


Terms of trade figures, import prices and export prices may be adjusted once new or updated source information becomes available in the monthly international trade statistics or producer prices. In addition, monthly price changes are adjusted retrospectively to fit those of imports and exports of goods in the quarterly National Accounts and the annual National Accounts. A complete revision of the National Accounts is done once every five years.

When will new figures be published?
Six to seven weeks after the end of the month under review.

Terms of trade in goods, index 2015=100

Periods Index figuresTerms of trade (2015=100) Index figuresImport prices (2015=100) Index figuresExport prices (2015=100) Year-on-year changeTerms of trade (%) Year-on-year changeImport prices (%) Year-on-year changeExport prices (%)
2018* 100.5 101.1 101.6 -0.2 2.2 2.1
2019 June* 101.2 99.8 101.0 0.9 -2.0 -1.0
2019 2nd quarter* 101.4 100.7 102.1 0.7 0.1 0.8
2019 July* 102.3 99.2 101.5 1.0 -2.1 -1.2
2019 August* 101.5 99.0 100.5 0.9 -3.2 -2.4
2019 September* 101.6 99.3 100.9 1.2 -3.2 -2.0
2019 3rd quarter* 101.8 99.2 101.0 1.0 -2.8 -1.8
2019 October* 101.6 98.5 100.0 1.5 -4.3 -2.9
2019 November* 101.2 98.3 99.4 1.0 -3.1 -2.2
2019 December* 100.4 99.9 100.3 0.7 -0.6 0.1
2019 4th quarter* 101.1 98.9 99.9 1.1 -2.7 -1.7
2019* 101.4 99.9 101.3 0.9 -1.1 -0.3
2020 January* 101.2 99.7 101.0 -0.4 -0.4 -0.8
2020 February* 101.3 100.2 101.6 0.2 -1.5 -1.3
2020 March* 103.2 95.8 98.8 2.4 -5.7 -3.4
2020 1st quarter* 101.9 98.5 100.4 0.6 -2.6 -1.9
2020 April* 105.4 90.8 95.7 5.1 -10.8 -6.3
2020 May* 106.3 89.7 95.4 3.5 -10.6 -7.5
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols