Labour income share, economic activity

Labour income share, economic activity

Branches Periods Labour income share (%) Compensation of employees (mln euro) Imputed labour income (mln euro) Net operating surplus (mln euro) Remuneration of labour (mln euro) Remuneration of labour and capital (mln euro)
A-U All economic activities 2021* 77.3 419,764 69,066 212,503 488,830 632,267
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 2021* 95.2 3,989 5,083 5,536 9,072 9,525
B Mining and quarrying 2021* 28.9 778 7 1,940 785 2,718
B-E Industry (no construction), energy 2021* 64.8 52,665 6,183 38,148 58,848 90,813
C Manufacturing 2021* 66.7 47,160 4,659 30,521 51,819 77,681
D Energy supply 2021* 56.1 2,416 1,291 4,195 3,707 6,611
E Water supply and waste management 2021* 66.7 2,311 226 1,492 2,537 3,803
F Construction 2021* 80.8 20,511 9,516 16,636 30,027 37,147
G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering 2021* 66.2 82,032 14,763 64,208 96,795 146,240
G Wholesale and retail trade 2021* 61.1 53,287 9,063 48,730 62,350 102,017
H Transportation and storage 2021* 73.4 21,168 1,645 9,917 22,813 31,085
I Accommodation and food serving 2021* 88.5 7,577 4,055 5,561 11,632 13,138
J Information and communication 2021* 71.9 23,150 2,371 12,329 25,521 35,479
K Financial institutions 2021* 54.9 19,708 459 17,000 20,167 36,708
L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2021* 34.7 4,140 2,566 15,159 6,706 19,299
M-N Business services 2021* 87.9 75,120 14,607 26,979 89,727 102,099
M Other specialised business services 2021* 86.7 42,544 10,482 18,645 53,026 61,189
N Renting and other business support 2021* 89.7 32,576 4,125 8,334 36,701 40,910
O-Q Government and care 2021* 97.3 127,502 10,071 13,859 137,573 141,361
O Public administration and services 2021* 100.0 38,078 0 0 38,078 38,078
P Education 2021* 101.8 29,360 1,663 1,125 31,023 30,485
Q Health and social work activities 2021* 94.1 60,064 8,408 12,734 68,472 72,798
R-U Culture, recreation, other services 2021* 105.9 10,947 3,447 2,649 14,394 13,596
R Culture, sports and recreation 2021* 115.9 4,413 1,089 336 5,502 4,749
S Other service activities 2021* 100.6 5,516 2,358 2,313 7,874 7,829
T Activities of households 2021* 100.0 1,018 0 0 1,018 1,018
U Extraterritorial organisations 2021* . . . . . .
68A Imp. rents owner-occupided dwellings 2021* 0.0 0 0 4,952 0 4,952
68B Real estate excl. imputed rents 2021* 46.7 4,140 2,566 10,207 6,706 14,347
A-U (excl. O and P) 2021* 74.5 352,326 67,403 211,378 419,729 563,704
A-U (excl. B, K, L, O, P and Q) 2021* 74.9 267,636 55,963 164,545 323,599 432,181
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table presents data on the labour income share and the components used to calculate it. The labour income share is a measure of the distribution of earned income between providers of labour (employees and the self-employed) and providers of capital.

Data available from: 1995.

Status of the figures:
Data from 1995 up to and including 2019 are final. Data of 2020 and 2021 are provisional.

Changes as of July 6th 2021:
Data of 2021 have been added. Data of All economic activities excluding mining and quarrying, financial institutions, renting, buying, selling real estate, public administration and services, education and health and social work activities (A-U (excl. B, K, L, O, P and Q) have been added to this table.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional data are published 6 months after the end of the reporting year. Final data are released 18 months after the end of the reporting year.

Description topics

Labour income share
The share of compensation of labor (employees and self-employed) in the total earned income of a country.
Compensation of employees
The total compensation, in cash or in kind, due by an employer to an employee for the work performed during a reporting period. The compensation of employees is equal to the total of wages and social contributions at the expense of employers.
Imputed labour income
Imputed labour income by self-employed and family workers.
Net operating surplus
The surplus that remains after compensation of employees and taxes less subsidies on production and imports have been subtracted from the sum of value added at basic prices. For the self-employed (who are part of the sector households) the surplus is called mixed income, it is partly a reward for their entrepreneurship compensation for their labour.
Remuneration of labour
Remuneration of labour and capital