Government; social benefits

Government; social benefits

Benefits Periods Social benefits (million euros)
Total social benefits 1995 66,131
Total social benefits 2000 73,919
Total social benefits 2005 94,075
Total social benefits 2010 132,209
Total social benefits 2015 145,457
Total social benefits 2016 148,893
Total social benefits 2017 151,746
Total social benefits 2018 156,395
Total social benefits 2019* 163,204
Total statutory social security benefits 1995 50,635
Total statutory social security benefits 2000 58,171
Total statutory social security benefits 2005 76,170
Total statutory social security benefits 2010 101,622
Total statutory social security benefits 2015 110,031
Total statutory social security benefits 2016 111,824
Total statutory social security benefits 2017 113,458
Total statutory social security benefits 2018 116,919
Total statutory social security benefits 2019* 121,897
Act on work and income based on work cap 1995 0
Act on work and income based on work cap 2000 0
Act on work and income based on work cap 2005 0
Act on work and income based on work cap 2010 1,362
Act on work and income based on work cap 2015 3,464
Act on work and income based on work cap 2016 4,016
Act on work and income based on work cap 2017 4,512
Act on work and income based on work cap 2018 5,094
Act on work and income based on work cap 2019* 5,672
Compulsory health insurance act (ZFW) 1995 7,071
Compulsory health insurance act (ZFW) 2000 12,318
Compulsory health insurance act (ZFW) 2005 16,743
Compulsory health insurance act (ZFW) 2010 0
Compulsory health insurance act (ZFW) 2015 0
Compulsory health insurance act (ZFW) 2016 0
Compulsory health insurance act (ZFW) 2017 0
Compulsory health insurance act (ZFW) 2018 0
Compulsory health insurance act (ZFW) 2019* 0
Disablement insurance act (WAO) 1995 3,290
Disablement insurance act (WAO) 2000 8,684
Disablement insurance act (WAO) 2005 8,709
Disablement insurance act (WAO) 2010 7,188
Disablement insurance act (WAO) 2015 4,892
Disablement insurance act (WAO) 2016 4,537
Disablement insurance act (WAO) 2017 4,299
Disablement insurance act (WAO) 2018 4,074
Disablement insurance act (WAO) 2019* 3,885
Exceptional medical health act (AWBZ) 1995 11,221
Exceptional medical health act (AWBZ) 2000 12,924
Exceptional medical health act (AWBZ) 2005 19,680
Exceptional medical health act (AWBZ) 2010 22,337
Exceptional medical health act (AWBZ) 2015 272
Exceptional medical health act (AWBZ) 2016 114
Exceptional medical health act (AWBZ) 2017 0
Exceptional medical health act (AWBZ) 2018 0
Exceptional medical health act (AWBZ) 2019* 0
General disablement benefits act (AAW) 1995 5,735
General disablement benefits act (AAW) 2000 0
General disablement benefits act (AAW) 2005 0
General disablement benefits act (AAW) 2010 0
General disablement benefits act (AAW) 2015 0
General disablement benefits act (AAW) 2016 0
General disablement benefits act (AAW) 2017 0
General disablement benefits act (AAW) 2018 0
General disablement benefits act (AAW) 2019* 0
General old age pensions act (AOW) 1995 15,180
General old age pensions act (AOW) 2000 19,098
General old age pensions act (AOW) 2005 23,369
General old age pensions act (AOW) 2010 28,618
General old age pensions act (AOW) 2015 35,814
General old age pensions act (AOW) 2016 36,941
General old age pensions act (AOW) 2017 37,412
General old age pensions act (AOW) 2018 38,125
General old age pensions act (AOW) 2019* 39,484
Health care insurance act (ZVW) 1995 0
Health care insurance act (ZVW) 2000 0
Health care insurance act (ZVW) 2005 0
Health care insurance act (ZVW) 2010 33,804
Health care insurance act (ZVW) 2015 38,588
Health care insurance act (ZVW) 2016 39,413
Health care insurance act (ZVW) 2017 40,677
Health care insurance act (ZVW) 2018 42,313
Health care insurance act (ZVW) 2019* 44,201
Long-term care act (WLZ) 1995 0
Long-term care act (WLZ) 2000 0
Long-term care act (WLZ) 2005 0
Long-term care act (WLZ) 2010 0
Long-term care act (WLZ) 2015 17,367
Long-term care act (WLZ) 2016 17,865
Long-term care act (WLZ) 2017 18,168
Long-term care act (WLZ) 2018 19,605
Long-term care act (WLZ) 2019* 21,444
Self-employed persons disablement ben... 1995 0
Self-employed persons disablement ben... 2000 469
Self-employed persons disablement ben... 2005 474
Self-employed persons disablement ben... 2010 296
Self-employed persons disablement ben... 2015 168
Self-employed persons disablement ben... 2016 150
Self-employed persons disablement ben... 2017 136
Self-employed persons disablement ben... 2018 122
Self-employed persons disablement ben... 2019* 110
Sickness benefits act (ZW) 1995 1,874
Sickness benefits act (ZW) 2000 0
Sickness benefits act (ZW) 2005 0
Sickness benefits act (ZW) 2010 0
Sickness benefits act (ZW) 2015 0
Sickness benefits act (ZW) 2016 0
Sickness benefits act (ZW) 2017 0
Sickness benefits act (ZW) 2018 0
Sickness benefits act (ZW) 2019* 0
Sickness benefits act (ZW safety net) 1995 0
Sickness benefits act (ZW safety net) 2000 0
Sickness benefits act (ZW safety net) 2005 902
Sickness benefits act (ZW safety net) 2010 1,498
Sickness benefits act (ZW safety net) 2015 1,494
Sickness benefits act (ZW safety net) 2016 1,525
Sickness benefits act (ZW safety net) 2017 1,582
Sickness benefits act (ZW safety net) 2018 1,643
Sickness benefits act (ZW safety net) 2019* 1,746
Surviving relatives act (ANW) 1995 2,090
Surviving relatives act (ANW) 2000 1,498
Surviving relatives act (ANW) 2005 1,367
Surviving relatives act (ANW) 2010 1,065
Surviving relatives act (ANW) 2015 439
Surviving relatives act (ANW) 2016 416
Surviving relatives act (ANW) 2017 392
Surviving relatives act (ANW) 2018 378
Surviving relatives act (ANW) 2019* 356
Unemployment benefits act (WW) 1995 4,174
Unemployment benefits act (WW) 2000 3,180
Unemployment benefits act (WW) 2005 4,168
Unemployment benefits act (WW) 2010 4,344
Unemployment benefits act (WW) 2015 6,447
Unemployment benefits act (WW) 2016 5,718
Unemployment benefits act (WW) 2017 5,145
Unemployment benefits act (WW) 2018 4,282
Unemployment benefits act (WW) 2019* 3,760
Work and care act (WAZO) 1995 0
Work and care act (WAZO) 2000 0
Work and care act (WAZO) 2005 758
Work and care act (WAZO) 2010 1,110
Work and care act (WAZO) 2015 1,086
Work and care act (WAZO) 2016 1,129
Work and care act (WAZO) 2017 1,135
Work and care act (WAZO) 2018 1,283
Work and care act (WAZO) 2019* 1,239
Total social assistance benefits 1995 15,496
Total social assistance benefits 2000 15,748
Total social assistance benefits 2005 17,905
Total social assistance benefits 2010 30,587
Total social assistance benefits 2015 35,426
Total social assistance benefits 2016 37,069
Total social assistance benefits 2017 38,288
Total social assistance benefits 2018 39,476
Total social assistance benefits 2019* 41,307
Act for social assistance to disabled... 1995 454
Act for social assistance to disabled... 2000 652
Act for social assistance to disabled... 2005 640
Act for social assistance to disabled... 2010 0
Act for social assistance to disabled... 2015 0
Act for social assistance to disabled... 2016 0
Act for social assistance to disabled... 2017 0
Act for social assistance to disabled... 2018 0
Act for social assistance to disabled... 2019* 0
Act on disabled persons handicapped at.. 1995 0
Act on disabled persons handicapped at.. 2000 1,024
Act on disabled persons handicapped at.. 2005 1,419
Act on disabled persons handicapped at.. 2010 2,230
Act on disabled persons handicapped at.. 2015 3,010
Act on disabled persons handicapped at.. 2016 3,090
Act on disabled persons handicapped at.. 2017 3,163
Act on disabled persons handicapped at.. 2018 3,168
Act on disabled persons handicapped at.. 2019* 3,237
Act on investing in young people (WIJ) 1995 0
Act on investing in young people (WIJ) 2000 0
Act on investing in young people (WIJ) 2005 0
Act on investing in young people (WIJ) 2010 270
Act on investing in young people (WIJ) 2015 0
Act on investing in young people (WIJ) 2016 0
Act on investing in young people (WIJ) 2017 0
Act on investing in young people (WIJ) 2018 0
Act on investing in young people (WIJ) 2019* 0
Asylum seekers and minorities... 1995 270
Asylum seekers and minorities... 2000 307
Asylum seekers and minorities... 2005 90
Asylum seekers and minorities... 2010 115
Asylum seekers and minorities... 2015 349
Asylum seekers and minorities... 2016 342
Asylum seekers and minorities... 2017 326
Asylum seekers and minorities... 2018 264
Asylum seekers and minorities... 2019* 286
Benefit act for civilian war victims... 1995 349
Benefit act for civilian war victims... 2000 356
Benefit act for civilian war victims... 2005 353
Benefit act for civilian war victims... 2010 326
Benefit act for civilian war victims... 2015 267
Benefit act for civilian war victims... 2016 258
Benefit act for civilian war victims... 2017 248
Benefit act for civilian war victims... 2018 235
Benefit act for civilian war victims... 2019* 222
Care allowance (Zt) 1995 0
Care allowance (Zt) 2000 0
Care allowance (Zt) 2005 0
Care allowance (Zt) 2010 3,835
Care allowance (Zt) 2015 3,899
Care allowance (Zt) 2016 4,204
Care allowance (Zt) 2017 4,240
Care allowance (Zt) 2018 4,594
Care allowance (Zt) 2019* 4,909
Child day care 1995 30
Child day care 2000 47
Child day care 2005 610
Child day care 2010 2,997
Child day care 2015 1,741
Child day care 2016 2,095
Child day care 2017 2,370
Child day care 2018 2,613
Child day care 2019* 3,096
Child-based budget (KGB) 1995 0
Child-based budget (KGB) 2000 0
Child-based budget (KGB) 2005 0
Child-based budget (KGB) 2010 896
Child-based budget (KGB) 2015 1,822
Child-based budget (KGB) 2016 1,908
Child-based budget (KGB) 2017 1,895
Child-based budget (KGB) 2018 1,910
Child-based budget (KGB) 2019* 2,065
Education in academic hospitals... 1995 282
Education in academic hospitals... 2000 270
Education in academic hospitals... 2005 343
Education in academic hospitals... 2010 378
Education in academic hospitals... 2015 420
Education in academic hospitals... 2016 444
Education in academic hospitals... 2017 455
Education in academic hospitals... 2018 456
Education in academic hospitals... 2019* 467
Education in medical faculty... 1995 0
Education in medical faculty... 2000 0
Education in medical faculty... 2005 111
Education in medical faculty... 2010 234
Education in medical faculty... 2015 236
Education in medical faculty... 2016 246
Education in medical faculty... 2017 249
Education in medical faculty... 2018 258
Education in medical faculty... 2019* 262
General family allowance act (AKW) 1995 2,955
General family allowance act (AKW) 2000 2,911
General family allowance act (AKW) 2005 3,191
General family allowance act (AKW) 2010 3,371
General family allowance act (AKW) 2015 3,216
General family allowance act (AKW) 2016 3,310
General family allowance act (AKW) 2017 3,330
General family allowance act (AKW) 2018 3,349
General family allowance act (AKW) 2019* 3,628
Health care providers 1995 48
Health care providers 2000 72
Health care providers 2005 139
Health care providers 2010 156
Health care providers 2015 174
Health care providers 2016 177
Health care providers 2017 208
Health care providers 2018 217
Health care providers 2019* 227
Income provision for older and partially 1995 232
Income provision for older and partially 2000 270
Income provision for older and partially 2005 151
Income provision for older and partially 2010 152
Income provision for older and partially 2015 298
Income provision for older and partially 2016 299
Income provision for older and partially 2017 318
Income provision for older and partially 2018 409
Income provision for older and partially 2019* 382
Legal assistance 1995 163
Legal assistance 2000 206
Legal assistance 2005 340
Legal assistance 2010 416
Legal assistance 2015 435
Legal assistance 2016 403
Legal assistance 2017 362
Legal assistance 2018 346
Legal assistance 2019* 378
Loss of purchasing power for elderly... 1995 0
Loss of purchasing power for elderly... 2000 0
Loss of purchasing power for elderly... 2005 252
Loss of purchasing power for elderly... 2010 1,178
Loss of purchasing power for elderly... 2015 1
Loss of purchasing power for elderly... 2016 1
Loss of purchasing power for elderly... 2017 0
Loss of purchasing power for elderly... 2018 0
Loss of purchasing power for elderly... 2019* 0
Mental health care (GGZ) 1995 25
Mental health care (GGZ) 2000 39
Mental health care (GGZ) 2005 74
Mental health care (GGZ) 2010 83
Mental health care (GGZ) 2015 92
Mental health care (GGZ) 2016 94
Mental health care (GGZ) 2017 111
Mental health care (GGZ) 2018 116
Mental health care (GGZ) 2019* 121
Nursing homes 1995 1,524
Nursing homes 2000 0
Nursing homes 2005 0
Nursing homes 2010 0
Nursing homes 2015 0
Nursing homes 2016 0
Nursing homes 2017 0
Nursing homes 2018 0
Nursing homes 2019* 0
Owner-occupied dwellings... 1995 264
Owner-occupied dwellings... 2000 83
Owner-occupied dwellings... 2005 26
Owner-occupied dwellings... 2010 28
Owner-occupied dwellings... 2015 10
Owner-occupied dwellings... 2016 6
Owner-occupied dwellings... 2017 5
Owner-occupied dwellings... 2018 4
Owner-occupied dwellings... 2019* 4
Preschool education 1995 42
Preschool education 2000 65
Preschool education 2005 124
Preschool education 2010 139
Preschool education 2015 155
Preschool education 2016 157
Preschool education 2017 185
Preschool education 2018 189
Preschool education 2019* 193
Public transport card for students 1995 230
Public transport card for students 2000 142
Public transport card for students 2005 12
Public transport card for students 2010 19
Public transport card for students 2015 27
Public transport card for students 2016 28
Public transport card for students 2017 24
Public transport card for students 2018 23
Public transport card for students 2019* 12
Reintegration 1995 39
Reintegration 2000 394
Reintegration 2005 635
Reintegration 2010 333
Reintegration 2015 163
Reintegration 2016 177
Reintegration 2017 213
Reintegration 2018 224
Reintegration 2019* 182
Reintegration scheme (REA) 1995 0
Reintegration scheme (REA) 2000 221
Reintegration scheme (REA) 2005 190
Reintegration scheme (REA) 2010 2
Reintegration scheme (REA) 2015 0
Reintegration scheme (REA) 2016 0
Reintegration scheme (REA) 2017 0
Reintegration scheme (REA) 2018 0
Reintegration scheme (REA) 2019* 0
Rent allowance 1995 924
Rent allowance 2000 1,462
Rent allowance 2005 1,686
Rent allowance 2010 2,213
Rent allowance 2015 3,094
Rent allowance 2016 3,339
Rent allowance 2017 3,434
Rent allowance 2018 3,504
Rent allowance 2019* 3,551
Scholarships 1995 1,338
Scholarships 2000 770
Scholarships 2005 811
Scholarships 2010 538
Scholarships 2015 563
Scholarships 2016 550
Scholarships 2017 704
Scholarships 2018 537
Scholarships 2019* 562
Social support act (WMO) 1995 0
Social support act (WMO) 2000 0
Social support act (WMO) 2005 0
Social support act (WMO) 2010 2,340
Social support act (WMO) 2015 5,265
Social support act (WMO) 2016 5,338
Social support act (WMO) 2017 5,481
Social support act (WMO) 2018 5,880
Social support act (WMO) 2019* 6,142
Supplementary benefits act (TW) 1995 300
Supplementary benefits act (TW) 2000 289
Supplementary benefits act (TW) 2005 331
Supplementary benefits act (TW) 2010 799
Supplementary benefits act (TW) 2015 763
Supplementary benefits act (TW) 2016 788
Supplementary benefits act (TW) 2017 731
Supplementary benefits act (TW) 2018 739
Supplementary benefits act (TW) 2019* 754
Supplementary income rovision for el... 1995 0
Supplementary income rovision for el... 2000 0
Supplementary income rovision for el... 2005 0
Supplementary income rovision for el... 2010 202
Supplementary income rovision for el... 2015 234
Supplementary income rovision for el... 2016 239
Supplementary income rovision for el... 2017 268
Supplementary income rovision for el... 2018 296
Supplementary income rovision for el... 2019* 308
Transport of schoolchildren 1995 91
Transport of schoolchildren 2000 98
Transport of schoolchildren 2005 169
Transport of schoolchildren 2010 236
Transport of schoolchildren 2015 193
Transport of schoolchildren 2016 194
Transport of schoolchildren 2017 199
Transport of schoolchildren 2018 212
Transport of schoolchildren 2019* 257
Work and national assistance act (WWB... 1995 4,713
Work and national assistance act (WWB... 2000 4,097
Work and national assistance act (WWB... 2005 4,485
Work and national assistance act (WWB... 2010 4,352
Work and national assistance act (WWB... 2015 5,789
Work and national assistance act (WWB... 2016 6,181
Work and national assistance act (WWB... 2017 6,293
Work and national assistance act (WWB... 2018 6,089
Work and national assistance act (WWB... 2019* 6,034
Youth act 1995 568
Youth act 2000 944
Youth act 2005 871
Youth act 2010 1,490
Youth act 2015 2,663
Youth act 2016 2,738
Youth act 2017 2,936
Youth act 2018 3,283
Youth act 2019* 3,475
Other 1995 655
Other 2000 1,029
Other 2005 852
Other 2010 1,259
Other 2015 547
Other 2016 463
Other 2017 540
Other 2018 561
Other 2019* 553
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains information on social benefits provided by general government. The terms and definitions used are in accordance with the framework of National Accounts. National Accounts are based on the international definitions of the European System of Accounts (ESA 2010). Small temporary differences with publications of the National Accounts may occur due to the fact that government finance statistics are sometimes more up to date.

Data available from:
Yearly figures from 1995.

Status of the figures:
The figures for the period 1995-2018 are final. The figures for 2019 are provisional.

Changes as of 24 June 2020:
The figures for year 2019 have been added.
The figures for year 2018 have been adjusted.
The year figures 2018 are final.

When will new figures be published?
Yearly figures are published six months after the end of the year concerned.
These yearly figures are revised eighteen months after the end of the year concerned. Please note that there is a possibility that adjustments might take place at the end of March or September, in order to provide the European Commission with the most actual figures.
More information on the revision policy of National Accounts can be found under 'relevant articles' under paragraph 3.

Description topics

Social benefits
These benefits are supplied to households to offer financial security against several risks (such as sickness, disability, old age, the death of relatives and unemployment) or to provide certain needs (such as housing and education). This includes statutory social security benefits and social assistance benefits.