Motor vehicles and motorcycles trade; turnover change, index 2015=100

Motor vehicles and motorcycles trade; turnover change, index 2015=100

Sector/branches (SIC 2008) Periods Turnover working day adjusted Turnover indices (2015=100) Turnover working day adjusted Turnover year-on-year change (%) Turnover seasonally adjusted Turnover indices (2015=100) Turnover seasonally adjusted Turnover quarter-on-quarter change (%) Turnover unadjusted Turnover indices (2015 = 100) Turnover unadjusted Turnover year-on-year change (%)
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2018 1e kwartaal 112.5 5.7 111.7 4.9 112.6 5.5
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2018 2e kwartaal 117.9 7.0 114.0 2.0 117.8 7.0
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2018 3e kwartaal 103.1 4.2 110.0 -3.5 103.0 4.2
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2018 4e kwartaal 109.8 0.7 107.8 -2.0 109.6 0.8
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2018 110.8 4.4 110.9 4.5 110.7 4.4
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2019 1e kwartaal 113.8 1.1 113.8 5.6 113.7 1.0
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2019 2e kwartaal 117.1 -0.7 113.2 -0.6 117.1 -0.6
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2019 3e kwartaal 107.4 4.2 114.1 0.8 107.4 4.3
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2019 4e kwartaal 118.5 7.9 115.4 1.1 118.4 7.9
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2019 114.2 3.0 114.1 2.9 114.1 3.1
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2020 1e kwartaal 111.4 -2.1 112.3 -2.7 111.4 -2.0
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2020 2e kwartaal 87.5 -25.3 84.0 -25.2 87.5 -25.3
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2020 3e kwartaal 106.8 -0.5 113.0 34.5 106.9 -0.5
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2020 4e kwartaal 117.9 -0.5 114.5 1.3 118.1 -0.2
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2020 105.9 -7.2 106.0 -7.1 106.0 -7.2
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2021 1e kwartaal 110.4 -0.9 112.6 -1.7 110.4 -0.9
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2021 2e kwartaal 124.5 42.2 118.9 5.6 124.4 42.2
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2021 3e kwartaal 116.3 8.9 123.7 4.1 116.3 8.9
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2021 4e kwartaal 131.9 11.9 127.6 3.1 132.3 12.0
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2021 120.8 14.0 120.7 13.9 120.9 14.1
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2022 1e kwartaal 133.7 21.1 134.8 5.6 133.8 21.2
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2018 1e kwartaal 113.7 7.4 112.9 5.6 113.8 7.2
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2018 2e kwartaal 118.0 8.5 115.3 2.2 118.0 8.5
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2018 3e kwartaal 104.1 5.0 110.9 -3.8 104.0 5.1
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2018 4e kwartaal 110.6 0.2 107.7 -2.9 110.4 0.4
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2018 111.6 5.3 111.7 5.3 111.5 5.3
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2019 1e kwartaal 114.7 0.9 115.1 6.8 114.6 0.8
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2019 2e kwartaal 118.1 0.0 115.0 -0.1 118.2 0.2
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2019 3e kwartaal 109.0 4.7 115.6 0.5 109.1 4.9
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2019 4e kwartaal 121.9 10.3 117.6 1.7 121.8 10.3
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2019 115.9 3.9 115.8 3.7 115.9 3.9
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2020 1e kwartaal 113.4 -1.2 114.7 -2.5 113.4 -1.1
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2020 2e kwartaal 87.2 -26.1 84.5 -26.3 87.2 -26.2
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2020 3e kwartaal 109.7 0.6 115.7 37.0 109.8 0.6
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2020 4e kwartaal 122.2 0.2 117.3 1.4 122.4 0.5
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2020 108.1 -6.8 108.1 -6.7 108.2 -6.7
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2021 1e kwartaal 110.5 -2.6 113.6 -3.1 110.5 -2.5
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2021 2e kwartaal 126.3 44.8 121.4 6.8 126.2 44.8
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2021 3e kwartaal 119.2 8.6 126.6 4.3 119.2 8.6
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2021 4e kwartaal 136.8 12.0 130.5 3.1 137.3 12.2
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2021 123.2 13.9 123.0 13.9 123.3 14.0
451 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2022 1e kwartaal 137.0 24.0 138.8 6.3 137.1 24.1
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2018 1e kwartaal 94.2 10.2 105.3 3.7 94.6 9.2
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2018 2e kwartaal 116.7 10.8 113.3 7.6 116.4 10.6
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2018 3e kwartaal 87.5 -1.9 99.9 -11.8 87.0 -1.8
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2018 4e kwartaal 111.0 -8.5 93.9 -6.0 110.4 -7.8
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2018 102.3 2.0 103.1 2.9 102.1 2.1
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2019 1e kwartaal 100.5 6.6 113.0 20.3 100.0 5.7
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2019 2e kwartaal 108.0 -7.4 104.9 -7.1 108.3 -6.9
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2019 3e kwartaal 92.9 6.2 104.7 -0.2 93.0 7.0
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2019 4e kwartaal 127.9 15.2 107.1 2.3 127.4 15.3
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2019 107.3 4.8 107.4 4.2 107.2 5.0
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2020 1e kwartaal 89.6 -10.8 101.1 -5.6 89.5 -10.5
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2020 2e kwartaal 64.5 -40.3 61.4 -39.3 64.3 -40.6
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2020 3e kwartaal 91.3 -1.7 102.7 67.3 91.7 -1.4
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2020 4e kwartaal 126.5 -1.1 106.4 3.6 127.5 0.1
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2020 93.0 -13.4 92.9 -13.5 93.2 -13.0
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2021 1e kwartaal 82.7 -7.7 91.8 -13.7 82.7 -7.6
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2021 2e kwartaal 97.7 51.4 96.0 4.5 97.4 51.4
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2021 3e kwartaal 84.4 -7.5 96.2 0.3 84.6 -7.7
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2021 4e kwartaal 115.2 -8.9 96.1 -0.1 117.4 -8.0
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2021 95.0 2.2 95.0 2.3 95.5 2.4
45111 Import of new passenger cars 2022 1e kwartaal 89.0 7.6 98.2 2.2 89.5 8.3
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2018 1e kwartaal 120.1 6.7 115.2 6.0 120.1 6.7
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2018 2e kwartaal 118.3 8.2 116.3 1.0 118.3 8.2
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2018 3e kwartaal 111.5 8.1 116.0 -0.3 111.5 8.1
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2018 4e kwartaal 109.8 2.9 111.7 -3.7 109.8 2.9
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2018 115.0 6.5 114.8 6.3 115.0 6.5
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2019 1e kwartaal 119.1 -0.8 115.4 3.3 119.1 -0.8
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2019 2e kwartaal 121.3 2.5 118.8 3.0 121.3 2.5
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2019 3e kwartaal 115.4 3.4 119.7 0.8 115.4 3.4
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2019 4e kwartaal 121.8 10.9 122.7 2.5 121.8 10.9
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2019 119.4 3.9 119.2 3.8 119.4 3.9
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2020 1e kwartaal 123.2 3.4 121.2 -1.3 123.2 3.4
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2020 2e kwartaal 95.6 -21.2 93.4 -22.9 95.6 -21.2
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2020 3e kwartaal 117.5 1.9 121.5 30.1 117.5 1.9
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2020 4e kwartaal 123.6 1.5 123.4 1.6 123.6 1.5
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2020 115.0 -3.7 114.9 -3.6 115.0 -3.7
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2021 1e kwartaal 121.0 -1.8 122.6 -0.6 121.0 -1.8
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2021 2e kwartaal 137.7 44.1 132.0 7.6 137.7 44.1
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2021 3e kwartaal 133.2 13.3 139.2 5.5 133.2 13.3
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2021 4e kwartaal 148.2 19.9 145.4 4.4 148.2 19.9
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2021 135.0 17.4 134.8 17.4 135.0 17.4
45112 Sale of passenger cars, no import 2022 1e kwartaal 157.4 30.1 156.7 7.8 157.4 30.1
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2018 1e kwartaal 119.7 6.7 115.9 7.2 119.7 6.7
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2018 2e kwartaal 119.5 5.8 113.5 -2.1 119.5 5.8
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2018 3e kwartaal 97.6 -0.4 104.9 -7.5 97.6 -0.4
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2018 4e kwartaal 114.0 6.6 115.8 10.4 114.0 6.6
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2018 112.7 4.8 112.5 4.7 112.7 4.8
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2019 1e kwartaal 121.4 1.4 118.1 2.0 121.4 1.4
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2019 2e kwartaal 121.8 1.9 115.3 -2.4 121.8 1.9
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2019 3e kwartaal 108.0 10.7 115.3 0.0 108.0 10.7
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2019 4e kwartaal 108.1 -5.2 110.3 -4.3 108.1 -5.2
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2019 114.8 1.9 114.7 1.9 114.8 1.9
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2020 1e kwartaal 108.7 -10.5 106.5 -3.4 108.7 -10.5
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2020 2e kwartaal 88.8 -27.1 83.7 -21.4 88.8 -27.1
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2020 3e kwartaal 104.2 -3.5 110.7 32.3 104.2 -3.5
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2020 4e kwartaal 102.7 -5.0 105.0 -5.2 102.7 -5.0
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2020 101.1 -11.9 101.5 -11.6 101.1 -11.9
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2021 1e kwartaal 110.8 1.9 109.2 4.0 110.8 1.9
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2021 2e kwartaal 122.6 38.1 115.7 5.9 122.6 38.1
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2021 3e kwartaal 114.1 9.5 119.9 3.6 114.1 9.5
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2021 4e kwartaal 116.5 13.4 119.5 -0.3 116.5 13.4
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2021 116.0 14.7 116.1 14.4 116.0 14.7
4519 Sale and repair of trucks, trailers 2022 1e kwartaal 123.9 11.9 123.0 3.0 123.9 11.9
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2018 1e kwartaal 109.7 5.3 114.7 2.0 109.7 5.3
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2018 2e kwartaal 115.9 5.1 114.5 -0.2 115.9 5.1
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2018 3e kwartaal 108.9 6.5 115.2 0.6 108.9 6.5
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2018 4e kwartaal 126.4 3.5 116.5 1.2 126.4 3.5
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2018 115.2 5.0 115.2 5.1 115.2 5.0
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2019 1e kwartaal 113.6 3.6 118.9 2.0 113.6 3.6
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2019 2e kwartaal 121.9 5.2 120.1 1.0 121.9 5.2
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2019 3e kwartaal 112.2 3.0 118.7 -1.2 112.2 3.0
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2019 4e kwartaal 127.5 0.9 117.5 -1.0 127.5 0.9
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2019 118.8 3.1 118.8 3.1 118.8 3.1
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2020 1e kwartaal 111.9 -1.5 117.5 0.0 111.9 -1.5
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2020 2e kwartaal 98.5 -19.2 97.0 -17.5 98.5 -19.2
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2020 3e kwartaal 102.1 -9.1 107.7 11.0 102.1 -9.1
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2020 4e kwartaal 111.5 -12.5 102.6 -4.7 111.5 -12.5
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2020 106.0 -10.8 106.2 -10.6 106.0 -10.8
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2021 1e kwartaal 110.1 -1.6 113.6 10.7 110.1 -1.6
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2021 2e kwartaal 119.4 21.1 116.3 2.4 119.4 21.1
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2021 3e kwartaal 113.2 11.0 120.5 3.6 113.2 11.0
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2021 4e kwartaal 130.8 17.3 123.2 2.2 130.8 17.3
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2021 118.4 11.7 118.4 11.5 118.4 11.7
452 Specialised repair of motor vehicles 2022 1e kwartaal 127.0 15.3 130.0 5.5 127.0 15.3
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2018 1e kwartaal 107.8 -1.1 106.7 1.7 107.8 -1.1
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2018 2e kwartaal 109.1 3.2 106.7 0.0 109.1 3.2
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2018 3e kwartaal 97.0 0.2 104.1 -2.4 97.0 0.2
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2018 4e kwartaal 107.1 -1.4 103.3 -0.8 107.1 -1.4
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2018 105.2 0.2 105.2 0.2 105.2 0.2
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2019 1e kwartaal 105.4 -2.3 104.2 0.9 105.4 -2.3
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2019 2e kwartaal 106.5 -2.3 104.5 0.3 106.5 -2.3
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2019 3e kwartaal 98.3 1.4 105.4 0.8 98.3 1.4
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2019 4e kwartaal 106.2 -0.8 102.2 -3.0 106.2 -0.8
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2019 104.1 -1.1 104.1 -1.1 104.1 -1.1
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2020 1e kwartaal 97.3 -7.6 96.5 -5.6 97.3 -7.6
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2020 2e kwartaal 75.9 -28.7 74.6 -22.7 75.9 -28.7
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2020 3e kwartaal 90.2 -8.3 96.5 29.5 90.2 -8.3
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2020 4e kwartaal 104.0 -2.1 100.0 3.6 104.0 -2.1
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2020 91.9 -11.8 91.9 -11.7 91.9 -11.8
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2021 1e kwartaal 103.1 6.0 102.4 2.4 103.1 6.0
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2021 2e kwartaal 102.8 35.4 101.5 -0.9 102.8 35.4
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2021 3e kwartaal 96.8 7.3 103.3 1.8 96.8 7.3
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2021 4e kwartaal 112.8 8.5 108.3 4.9 112.8 8.5
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2021 103.9 13.1 103.9 13.0 103.9 13.1
453 Sale of motor vehicle parts. 2022 1e kwartaal 112.4 9.0 111.4 2.9 112.4 9.0
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2018 1e kwartaal 110.5 -1.6 104.2 8.4 110.5 -1.6
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2018 2e kwartaal 149.6 -2.8 114.4 9.8 149.6 -2.8
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2018 3e kwartaal 98.4 0.0 109.0 -4.7 98.4 0.0
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2018 4e kwartaal 86.1 22.4 117.6 7.9 86.1 22.4
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2018 111.1 2.2 111.3 3.8 111.1 2.2
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2019 1e kwartaal 126.2 14.2 119.4 1.5 126.2 14.2
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2019 2e kwartaal 132.1 -11.7 101.4 -15.1 132.1 -11.7
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2019 3e kwartaal 103.1 4.8 113.3 11.7 103.1 4.8
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2019 4e kwartaal 87.4 1.5 119.2 5.2 87.4 1.5
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2019 112.2 0.9 113.3 1.8 112.2 0.9
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2020 1e kwartaal 125.3 -0.7 118.8 -0.3 125.3 -0.7
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2020 2e kwartaal 125.1 -5.3 96.7 -18.6 125.1 -5.3
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2020 3e kwartaal 117.6 14.1 128.0 32.3 117.6 14.1
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2020 4e kwartaal 93.1 6.5 126.6 -1.0 93.1 6.5
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2020 115.3 2.8 117.5 3.7 115.3 2.8
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2021 1e kwartaal 136.1 8.5 129.0 1.9 136.1 8.5
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2021 2e kwartaal 176.3 41.0 137.7 6.8 176.3 41.0
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2021 3e kwartaal 137.1 16.6 147.8 7.4 137.1 16.6
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2021 4e kwartaal 108.6 16.7 146.9 -0.6 108.6 16.7
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2021 139.5 21.0 140.4 19.4 139.5 21.0
454 Sale and repair of motorcycles 2022 1e kwartaal 156.9 15.4 149.3 1.6 156.9 15.4
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Dataset is not available.

This table presents information on turnover and development in turnover in the sector motor vehicles and motorcycles trade (SIC 2008 code 45). These figures are shown unadjusted, adjusted for working day effects and seasonally adjusted. Developments are presented as percentage changes compared to a previous period and by means of indices. In this table, the base year is 2015

Data available from 1st quarter 2005.

Status of the figures:
Figures on 2023 are provisional, the preceding periods are definite. The figures of a calendar year will become definitive no later than five months after the end of that calendar year. Until then, the figures in this table will be “provisional” and can still be adjusted as a result of corrected response.

Changes as of February 29, 2023:
Figures of the fourth quarter 2023 and the year 2023 have been added. Figures of the first, second and third quarter in 2023 may have been adjusted.

When will new figures be published?
Quarterly statistics are published on the last working day of the second month after the quarter. Once definite figures have been published, Statistics Netherlands will only apply adjustments if significant corrections are necessary.

Description topics

Turnover working day adjusted
By clearing the quarterly results for working day effects, quarter-to-quarter developments can be followed more clearly. For example, a turnaround in the increase or decrease in turnover can be determined more quickly than if there were no working day adjustments.
Turnover indices
An index compares the value of a variable (e.g. turnover) in a certain period with the value of the same variable in the base period. The index of this base period is 100.

Turnover is defined as the value of sales of goods and services to third parties, VAT excluded. Turnover includes the main activity as well as secondary activities. Third parties are consumers and enterprises not belonging to (the Dutch part of) the own group of companies.
Turnover year-on-year change
Change in turnover indicates the growth rate with respect to the same month of the previous year as a percentage. Statistics Netherlands calculates this on the basis of non-rounded figures.

Turnover is defined as the value of sales of goods and services to third parties, VAT excluded. Turnover includes the main activity as well as secondary activities. Third parties are consumers and enterprises not belonging to (the Dutch part of) the own group of companies.
Turnover seasonally adjusted
Seasonal adjustment enables direct comparison of consecutive periods by removing the effects of annually recurring seasonal influences, which have been observed in the past. Turning points in developments (growth or decline) can be diagnosed at an earlier stage than without seasonal adjustment.

It should be noted that the calendar adjustment of time series can have effects on the yearly average of the unadjusted index. These differences occur when certain years have a higher number of working days than others, because several holidays fall on a weekend. Since seasonal adjustment also includes the calendar adjustment, this effect on the yearly index average is also visible in the seasonally adjusted data. Eurostat guidelines state that modifications for these differences are only required if the variation between the yearly average of the adjusted and the unadjusted index is more than +/- 2 percentage points.”
Turnover indices
An index compares the value of a variable (e.g. turnover) in a certain period with the value of the same variable in the base period. The index of this base period is 100.

Turnover is defined as the value of sales of goods and services to third parties, VAT excluded. Turnover includes the main activity as well as secondary activities. Third parties are consumers and enterprises not belonging to (the Dutch part of) the own group of companies.
Turnover quarter-on-quarter change
Change in turnover indicates the growth rate with respect to the same month of the previous year as a percentage. Statistics Netherlands calculates this on the basis of non-rounded figures.

Turnover is defined as the value of sales of goods and services to third parties, VAT excluded. Turnover includes the main activity as well as secondary activities. Third parties are consumers and enterprises not belonging to (the Dutch part of) the own group of companies.
Turnover unadjusted
Turnover unadjusted for working day and seasonal effects.
Turnover indices
An index compares the value of a variable (e.g. turnover) in a certain period with the value of the same variable in the base period. The index of this base period is 100.

Turnover is defined as the value of sales of goods and services to third parties, VAT excluded. Turnover includes the main activity as well as secondary activities. Third parties are consumers and enterprises not belonging to (the Dutch part of) the own group of companies.
Turnover year-on-year change
Change in turnover indicates the growth rate with respect to the same month of the previous year as a percentage. Statistics Netherlands calculates this on the basis of non-rounded figures.

Turnover is defined as the value of sales of goods and services to third parties, VAT excluded. Turnover includes the main activity as well as secondary activities. Third parties are consumers and enterprises not belonging to (the Dutch part of) the own group of companies.