Welfare of households; key figures

Welfare of households; key figures

Household characteristics Periods Number of households (x 1 000) Mean disposable income (1 000 euro) Mean equivalised income (1 000 euro) Mean expenditures (1 000 euro) Median wealth (1 000 euro) Low-income households (%) Income inequality (Gini coefficient) Wealth inequality (Gini coefficient)
Private households 2011 7,347.6 36.6 25.6 . 31.8 6.9 0.286 0.777
Private households 2012 7,412.1 36.8 25.8 . 25.1 8.0 0.288 0.791
Private households 2013 7,467.8 37.0 25.9 . 17.2 8.9 0.288 0.818
Private households 2014 7,496.4 39.0 27.3 . 17.3 8.5 0.302 0.818
Private households 2015 7,568.5 38.6 27.1 34.0 20.9 8.2 0.288 0.814
Private households 2016 7,623.2 40.2 28.2 . 23.5 7.9 0.289 0.808
Private households 2017 7,694.9 41.6 29.2 . 30.2 7.9 0.296 0.800
Private households 2018 7,760.6 42.5 29.5 . 39.4 7.9 0.290 0.789
Private households 2019* 7,823.9 44.4 30.8 . 52.0 7.7 0.292 0.772
Type: Single person household 2011 2,623.5 20.6 20.6 . 8.4 11.8 0.301 0.826
Type: Single person household 2012 2,673.3 20.9 20.9 . 7.0 13.6 0.303 0.833
Type: Single person household 2013 2,713.4 21.0 21.0 . 4.7 15.1 0.303 0.846
Type: Single person household 2014 2,721.7 21.9 21.9 . 4.7 14.7 0.309 0.850
Type: Single person household 2015 2,782.7 22.0 22.0 22.3 6.5 14.2 0.303 0.841
Type: Single person household 2016 2,820.4 22.6 22.7 . 7.0 13.9 0.301 0.839
Type: Single person household 2017 2,872.5 23.2 23.2 . 8.3 14.3 0.303 0.833
Type: Single person household 2018 2,910.1 23.6 23.7 . 9.7 13.9 0.300 0.828
Type: Single person household 2019* 2,947.1 24.7 24.7 . 11.1 13.6 0.299 0.821
Type: Multi-person household 2011 4,724.0 45.5 28.3 . 69.2 4.4 0.263 0.746
Type: Multi-person household 2012 4,738.8 45.7 28.5 . 55.1 5.1 0.264 0.764
Type: Multi-person household 2013 4,754.4 46.1 28.7 . 38.3 5.7 0.264 0.797
Type: Multi-person household 2014 4,774.7 48.7 30.4 . 38.1 5.4 0.283 0.795
Type: Multi-person household 2015 4,785.8 48.3 30.1 40.8 44.3 5.1 0.264 0.793
Type: Multi-person household 2016 4,802.8 50.4 31.5 . 50.8 4.7 0.266 0.784
Type: Multi-person household 2017 4,822.4 52.5 32.7 . 63.1 4.5 0.273 0.775
Type: Multi-person household 2018 4,850.5 53.9 32.9 . 79.1 4.5 0.268 0.760
Type: Multi-person household 2019* 4,876.8 56.3 34.4 . 98.8 4.4 0.270 0.737
Type: One-parent family 2011 472.2 30.0 20.5 . 3.9 15.6 0.256 0.845
Type: One-parent family 2012 485.9 30.1 20.6 . 3.1 18.3 0.264 0.852
Type: One-parent family 2013 496.9 30.3 20.7 . 1.9 20.6 0.261 0.869
Type: One-parent family 2014 510.9 31.4 21.5 . 1.7 19.5 0.266 0.869
Type: One-parent family 2015 518.2 31.9 21.9 30.7 2.5 17.5 0.252 0.864
Type: One-parent family 2016 531.0 33.3 22.8 . 2.9 16.3 0.254 0.862
Type: One-parent family 2017 534.5 34.6 23.6 . 3.9 15.3 0.253 0.869
Type: One-parent family 2018 544.8 35.7 24.1 . 5.2 14.3 0.248 0.861
Type: One-parent family 2019* 554.4 37.4 25.2 . 6.8 13.3 0.251 0.835
Type: Couple, total 2011 4,105.7 47.1 29.3 . 84.9 3.1 0.257 0.732
Type: Couple, total 2012 4,109.0 47.4 29.5 . 70.1 3.6 0.257 0.751
Type: Couple, total 2013 4,115.7 47.8 29.8 . 50.4 3.9 0.257 0.786
Type: Couple, total 2014 4,122.7 50.7 31.6 . 50.3 3.7 0.277 0.784
Type: Couple, total 2015 4,124.5 50.1 31.2 42.2 57.8 3.6 0.258 0.781
Type: Couple, total 2016 4,129.1 52.4 32.6 . 65.3 3.2 0.259 0.771
Type: Couple, total 2017 4,139.4 54.5 33.9 . 79.4 3.1 0.267 0.760
Type: Couple, total 2018 4,157.1 55.9 34.1 . 96.6 3.3 0.263 0.744
Type: Couple, total 2019* 4,173.7 58.5 35.7 . 117.8 3.3 0.265 0.720
Type: Couple, no children 2011 2,108.5 40.8 29.8 . 97.0 2.3 0.265 0.719
Type: Couple, no children 2012 2,113.9 41.2 30.1 . 87.4 2.7 0.265 0.730
Type: Couple, no children 2013 2,125.1 41.3 30.2 . 73.7 3.0 0.265 0.757
Type: Couple, no children 2014 2,139.4 43.8 32.0 . 75.3 2.8 0.285 0.754
Type: Couple, no children 2015 2,147.9 43.0 31.4 38.6 84.0 2.7 0.264 0.749
Type: Couple, no children 2016 2,159.3 44.5 32.6 . 91.2 2.5 0.266 0.740
Type: Couple, no children 2017 2,171.1 46.3 33.8 . 104.1 2.6 0.278 0.733
Type: Couple, no children 2018 2,191.0 47.0 33.6 . 119.9 2.9 0.270 0.720
Type: Couple, no children 2019* 2,207.6 49.1 35.1 . 138.4 2.9 0.273 0.703
Type: Couple, with child(ren) 2011 1,997.2 53.7 28.7 . 75.9 4.0 0.249 0.744
Type: Couple, with child(ren) 2012 1,995.1 54.0 28.9 . 57.0 4.5 0.249 0.771
Type: Couple, with child(ren) 2013 1,990.7 54.7 29.3 . 32.5 4.8 0.249 0.813
Type: Couple, with child(ren) 2014 1,983.3 58.2 31.1 . 31.1 4.6 0.268 0.812
Type: Couple, with child(ren) 2015 1,976.6 57.9 31.0 46.0 37.5 4.5 0.251 0.812
Type: Couple, with child(ren) 2016 1,969.8 61.1 32.7 . 45.2 4.0 0.251 0.803
Type: Couple, with child(ren) 2017 1,968.3 63.6 34.0 . 59.8 3.8 0.256 0.788
Type: Couple, with child(ren) 2018 1,966.2 65.9 34.7 . 78.1 3.8 0.253 0.769
Type: Couple, with child(ren) 2019* 1,966.1 69.0 36.3 . 101.7 3.7 0.255 0.739
Type: Multi-person household, n.e.c. 2011 146.0 50.9 27.0 . 28.9 5.3 0.269 0.790
Type: Multi-person household, n.e.c. 2012 143.9 50.2 26.8 . 20.4 6.1 0.270 0.802
Type: Multi-person household, n.e.c. 2013 141.8 50.8 27.1 . 12.3 6.3 0.269 0.824
Type: Multi-person household, n.e.c. 2014 141.1 53.1 28.3 . 12.0 6.2 0.284 0.826
Type: Multi-person household, n.e.c. 2015 143.1 53.6 28.5 38.7 15.6 5.9 0.271 0.823
Type: Multi-person household, n.e.c. 2016 142.7 56.6 30.0 . 18.4 5.6 0.272 0.820
Type: Multi-person household, n.e.c. 2017 148.4 60.1 31.7 . 25.1 5.1 0.276 0.815
Type: Multi-person household, n.e.c. 2018 148.5 62.4 32.4 . 36.7 4.9 0.271 0.808
Type: Multi-person household, n.e.c. 2019* 148.7 65.2 33.8 . 47.6 4.7 0.272 0.796
Main earner: to 24 years 2011 384.5 13.6 11.6 . 0.2 19.5 0.389 0.884
Main earner: to 24 years 2012 381.7 13.2 11.4 . 0.2 22.5 0.395 0.877
Main earner: to 24 years 2013 378.8 13.2 11.4 . 0.1 24.7 0.393 0.880
Main earner: to 24 years 2014 380.9 13.4 11.6 . 0.2 23.5 0.401 0.881
Main earner: to 24 years 2015 387.8 13.6 11.8 21.4 0.4 21.8 0.399 0.881
Main earner: to 24 years 2016 378.3 14.1 12.2 . 0.2 20.7 0.421 0.883
Main earner: to 24 years 2017 368.9 14.5 12.6 . 0.1 21.0 0.429 0.880
Main earner: to 24 years 2018 367.0 14.8 12.8 . 0.0 19.3 0.443 0.882
Main earner: to 24 years 2019* 356.6 15.5 13.4 . 0.0 18.5 0.452 0.874
Main earner: 25 to 44 years 2011 2,463.4 37.3 25.0 . 5.2 8.6 0.266 0.836
Main earner: 25 to 44 years 2012 2,444.9 37.1 25.0 . 1.8 10.0 0.268 0.855
Main earner: 25 to 44 years 2013 2,422.5 37.4 25.2 . 0.0 11.3 0.267 0.869
Main earner: 25 to 44 years 2014 2,393.5 38.9 26.2 . 0.0 11.0 0.274 0.868
Main earner: 25 to 44 years 2015 2,366.6 39.2 26.5 33.1 0.8 10.6 0.266 0.871
Main earner: 25 to 44 years 2016 2,348.3 40.9 27.7 . 1.7 10.0 0.266 0.868
Main earner: 25 to 44 years 2017 2,345.7 41.9 28.4 . 5.1 9.8 0.264 0.855
Main earner: 25 to 44 years 2018 2,355.0 43.2 29.1 . 10.5 9.4 0.263 0.836
Main earner: 25 to 44 years 2019* 2,374.6 44.9 30.2 . 17.5 9.1 0.264 0.809
Main earner: 45 to 64 years 2011 2,794.6 43.8 29.2 . 95.6 7.4 0.284 0.724
Main earner: 45 to 64 years 2012 2,805.8 43.9 29.2 . 79.4 8.3 0.284 0.742
Main earner: 45 to 64 years 2013 2,818.7 44.3 29.5 . 57.1 9.4 0.287 0.779
Main earner: 45 to 64 years 2014 2,830.0 47.2 31.4 . 55.0 9.2 0.307 0.783
Main earner: 45 to 64 years 2015 2,860.2 46.6 31.0 39.0 58.3 9.4 0.290 0.781
Main earner: 45 to 64 years 2016 2,892.3 48.6 32.3 . 62.1 9.3 0.291 0.776
Main earner: 45 to 64 years 2017 2,922.3 50.5 33.4 . 71.2 9.4 0.299 0.773
Main earner: 45 to 64 years 2018 2,935.7 51.9 33.7 . 83.7 9.5 0.295 0.763
Main earner: 45 to 64 years 2019* 2,940.8 54.3 35.2 . 100.1 9.3 0.297 0.746
Main earner: 65 years or older 2011 1,705.1 29.1 23.7 . 97.5 2.3 0.241 0.701
Main earner: 65 years or older 2012 1,779.8 30.0 24.5 . 98.0 3.2 0.247 0.704
Main earner: 65 years or older 2013 1,847.8 30.0 24.4 . 93.4 3.6 0.242 0.722
Main earner: 65 years or older 2014 1,892.1 31.8 25.8 . 96.6 3.2 0.256 0.721
Main earner: 65 years or older 2015 1,954.0 31.1 25.4 30.5 101.1 2.6 0.237 0.719
Main earner: 65 years or older 2016 2,004.3 31.9 26.0 . 106.2 2.5 0.239 0.717
Main earner: 65 years or older 2017 2,057.9 33.2 27.0 . 114.9 2.7 0.254 0.714
Main earner: 65 years or older 2018 2,102.9 33.5 26.9 . 128.0 3.0 0.242 0.708
Main earner: 65 years or older 2019* 2,151.9 35.1 28.1 . 143.5 3.2 0.245 0.697
Main earner: Dutch background 2011 5,911.4 38.0 26.5 . 52.2 4.8 0.275 0.752
Main earner: Dutch background 2012 5,942.8 38.2 26.7 . 42.7 5.5 0.275 0.767
Main earner: Dutch background 2013 5,973.4 38.5 26.9 . 30.9 6.1 0.275 0.796
Main earner: Dutch background 2014 5,977.6 40.6 28.4 . 31.3 5.8 0.291 0.794
Main earner: Dutch background 2015 6,010.0 40.1 28.2 34.5 36.1 5.7 0.275 0.791
Main earner: Dutch background 2016 6,021.1 41.8 29.3 . 41.1 5.4 0.277 0.784
Main earner: Dutch background 2017 6,039.3 43.3 30.4 . 51.0 5.4 0.284 0.773
Main earner: Dutch background 2018 6,046.7 44.4 30.7 . 64.6 5.3 0.278 0.761
Main earner: Dutch background 2019* 6,054.0 46.3 32.1 . 81.6 5.3 0.279 0.742
Main earner: western background 2011 719.5 34.6 25.0 . 12.2 9.2 0.320 0.825
Main earner: western background 2012 735.8 34.7 25.2 . 8.7 10.6 0.325 0.839
Main earner: western background 2013 747.5 34.6 25.2 . 4.9 11.7 0.324 0.857
Main earner: western background 2014 758.6 36.4 26.5 . 4.8 11.1 0.336 0.858
Main earner: western background 2015 777.7 36.3 26.5 34.1 6.6 10.3 0.329 0.858
Main earner: western background 2016 792.6 37.5 27.4 . 7.8 9.7 0.328 0.853
Main earner: western background 2017 809.9 38.7 28.3 . 10.7 9.5 0.334 0.858
Main earner: western background 2018 833.7 39.4 28.4 . 14.0 9.2 0.328 0.845
Main earner: western background 2019* 856.7 40.8 29.4 . 17.5 9.1 0.331 0.831
Main earner: non-western background 2011 716.6 26.9 18.3 . 0.2 22.6 0.290 0.906
Main earner: non-western background 2012 733.6 27.0 18.4 . 0.0 26.9 0.296 0.906
Main earner: non-western background 2013 747.0 27.3 18.6 . 0.0 29.7 0.295 0.908
Main earner: non-western background 2014 760.2 28.5 19.4 . 0.0 28.5 0.298 0.926
Main earner: non-western background 2015 780.9 29.2 19.9 30.5 0.1 26.7 0.295 0.905
Main earner: non-western background 2016 809.5 30.4 20.7 . 0.2 25.9 0.297 0.908
Main earner: non-western background 2017 845.7 31.5 21.5 . 0.6 25.7 0.297 0.908
Main earner: non-western background 2018 880.3 32.9 22.2 . 0.8 24.8 0.296 0.901
Main earner: non-western background 2019* 913.2 34.5 23.3 . 1.0 23.4 0.299 0.889
Source: Income as employee 2011 3,954.7 41.0 27.2 . 22.9 2.7 0.240 0.754
Source: Income as employee 2012 3,945.9 41.2 27.4 . 15.4 3.0 0.241 0.775
Source: Income as employee 2013 3,906.0 42.3 28.1 . 6.9 3.1 0.243 0.803
Source: Income as employee 2014 3,886.0 43.4 29.0 . 7.4 2.9 0.243 0.800
Source: Income as employee 2015 3,921.0 44.4 29.6 37.6 11.1 2.5 0.247 0.799
Source: Income as employee 2016 3,960.2 45.9 30.6 . 14.4 2.1 0.244 0.792
Source: Income as employee 2017 4,020.1 46.6 31.1 . 21.4 2.0 0.244 0.778
Source: Income as employee 2018 4,111.1 47.6 31.4 . 30.6 2.0 0.244 0.763
Source: Income as employee 2019* 4,180.2 49.5 32.7 . 42.8 2.0 0.244 0.739
Source: Income as self-employed (total) 2011 613.6 56.6 35.9 . 159.5 10.6 0.388 0.755
Source: Income as self-employed (total) 2012 617.0 56.1 35.6 . 136.7 11.8 0.395 0.771
Source: Income as self-employed (total) 2013 619.7 54.2 34.4 . 110.2 12.3 0.383 0.801
Source: Income as self-employed (total) 2014 636.5 62.7 39.9 . 104.9 11.0 0.423 0.800
Source: Income as self-employed (total) 2015 657.3 56.1 35.9 43.8 109.3 10.5 0.364 0.803
Source: Income as self-employed (total) 2016 677.2 60.6 38.7 . 118.7 9.2 0.363 0.796
Source: Income as self-employed (total) 2017 686.8 63.3 40.3 . 134.8 8.6 0.360 0.781
Source: Income as self-employed (total) 2018 713.8 66.8 42.1 . 158.9 7.9 0.366 0.778
Source: Income as self-employed (total) 2019* 731.4 68.7 43.4 . 182.5 8.9 0.379 0.761
Source: Transfer income 2011 2,779.3 26.0 21.0 . 32.7 12.1 0.278 0.758
Source: Transfer income 2012 2,849.3 26.4 21.3 . 30.9 14.0 0.282 0.764
Source: Transfer income 2013 2,942.1 26.3 21.2 . 26.3 15.9 0.281 0.782
Source: Transfer income 2014 2,973.8 28.0 22.5 . 25.9 15.5 0.300 0.789
Source: Transfer income 2015 2,990.2 27.1 21.9 27.5 28.4 15.3 0.276 0.781
Source: Transfer income 2016 2,985.9 27.9 22.6 . 28.9 15.3 0.278 0.777
Source: Transfer income 2017 2,988.0 29.7 24.0 . 33.5 15.7 0.298 0.781
Source: Transfer income 2018 2,935.8 29.5 23.7 . 39.6 15.9 0.276 0.766
Source: Transfer income 2019* 2,912.3 30.9 24.8 . 46.7 15.4 0.279 0.755
Source: Income insurance benefit 2011 2,329.3 28.4 22.9 . 77.6 5.0 0.251 0.716
Source: Income insurance benefit 2012 2,381.1 29.0 23.4 . 73.6 6.0 0.254 0.722
Source: Income insurance benefit 2013 2,437.2 28.9 23.3 . 65.9 7.0 0.252 0.741
Source: Income insurance benefit 2014 2,452.1 31.0 24.8 . 68.2 6.5 0.273 0.748
Source: Income insurance benefit 2015 2,455.9 29.9 24.2 29.8 72.9 5.8 0.248 0.738
Source: Income insurance benefit 2016 2,458.3 30.7 24.9 . 78.4 5.5 0.252 0.734
Source: Income insurance benefit 2017 2,472.4 32.7 26.3 . 88.6 5.6 0.278 0.740
Source: Income insurance benefit 2018 2,451.6 32.2 25.8 . 100.1 5.9 0.256 0.724
Source: Income insurance benefit 2019* 2,453.6 33.5 26.9 . 113.5 5.8 0.260 0.713
Source: Unemployment benefit 2011 82.1 23.3 17.7 . 5.6 18.1 0.224 0.791
Source: Unemployment benefit 2012 95.8 23.2 17.7 . 3.1 19.8 0.224 0.806
Source: Unemployment benefit 2013 121.1 23.8 18.1 . 1.6 20.6 0.222 0.823
Source: Unemployment benefit 2014 127.1 24.3 18.5 . 2.2 19.6 0.222 0.813
Source: Unemployment benefit 2015 112.3 24.9 19.0 28.1 5.1 17.8 0.224 0.795
Source: Unemployment benefit 2016 95.1 25.3 19.6 . 8.8 16.9 0.228 0.780
Source: Unemployment benefit 2017 77.4 25.9 20.1 . 13.6 16.2 0.235 0.768
Source: Unemployment benefit 2018 60.7 26.7 20.7 . 24.7 16.2 0.234 0.742
Source: Unemployment benefit 2019* 52.2 27.1 21.1 . 28.7 16.8 0.247 0.739
Source: Sickness/Disability benefit 2011 260.2 23.2 17.8 . 4.1 16.9 0.189 0.805
Source: Sickness/Disability benefit 2012 261.1 23.3 17.9 . 3.1 19.1 0.190 0.816
Source: Sickness/Disability benefit 2013 263.9 23.6 18.0 . 2.0 21.6 0.193 0.834
Source: Sickness/Disability benefit 2014 260.0 24.1 18.4 . 1.7 21.0 0.190 0.895
Source: Sickness/Disability benefit 2015 258.9 24.3 18.6 22.2 2.2 20.7 0.186 0.835
Source: Sickness/Disability benefit 2016 259.9 24.8 19.0 . 2.1 19.5 0.186 0.834
Source: Sickness/Disability benefit 2017 263.4 25.2 19.5 . 2.6 19.9 0.190 0.831
Source: Sickness/Disability benefit 2018 266.1 25.6 19.7 . 3.1 20.4 0.189 0.828
Source: Sickness/Disability benefit 2019* 268.7 26.3 20.3 . 3.6 20.4 0.193 0.820
Source: Old-age/survivors pension 2011 1,987.1 29.3 23.8 . 111.4 3.0 0.252 0.696
Source: Old-age/survivors pension 2012 2,024.2 30.0 24.4 . 106.4 3.7 0.255 0.701
Source: Old-age/survivors pension 2013 2,052.2 29.9 24.3 . 97.7 4.3 0.253 0.719
Source: Old-age/survivors pension 2014 2,065.0 32.2 26.0 . 99.7 3.9 0.277 0.722
Source: Old-age/survivors pension 2015 2,084.7 30.8 25.2 30.8 103.3 3.3 0.249 0.718
Source: Old-age/survivors pension 2016 2,103.3 31.7 25.8 . 108.6 3.3 0.253 0.714
Source: Old-age/survivors pension 2017 2,131.6 33.8 27.4 . 119.0 3.5 0.282 0.723
Source: Old-age/survivors pension 2018 2,124.8 33.2 26.7 . 131.6 3.8 0.258 0.706
Source: Old-age/survivors pension 2019* 2,132.7 34.6 27.9 . 147.5 3.8 0.261 0.694
Source: Social provisions benefit 2011 351.2 15.7 12.5 . 0.2 61.5 0.135 0.930
Source: Social provisions benefit 2012 367.8 15.8 12.6 . 0.2 68.7 0.133 0.926
Source: Social provisions benefit 2013 398.7 15.8 12.6 . 0.2 73.8 0.133 0.926
Source: Social provisions benefit 2014 409.4 16.5 13.1 . 0.0 72.8 0.126 0.918
Source: Social provisions benefit 2015 422.0 16.8 13.4 17.0 0.2 73.7 0.121 0.916
Source: Social provisions benefit 2016 435.9 16.9 13.6 . 0.2 73.1 0.115 0.918
Source: Social provisions benefit 2017 447.1 17.2 13.9 . 0.3 73.9 0.112 0.922
Source: Social provisions benefit 2018 429.9 17.5 14.0 . 0.4 75.1 0.108 0.924
Source: Social provisions benefit 2019* 412.9 18.1 14.5 . 0.5 73.9 0.107 0.925
Source: Student grant 2011 98.8 5.5 5.0 . 0.2 . 0.346 0.857
Source: Student grant 2012 100.3 5.3 4.8 . 0.2 . 0.355 0.851
Source: Student grant 2013 106.2 5.6 5.1 . 0.1 . 0.343 0.859
Source: Student grant 2014 112.4 5.7 5.2 . 0.1 . 0.346 0.849
Source: Student grant 2015 112.3 6.0 5.4 16.6 0.3 . 0.352 0.855
Source: Student grant 2016 91.6 5.7 5.2 . 0.0 . 0.405 0.870
Source: Student grant 2017 68.5 5.5 4.9 . -1.4 . 0.462 0.846
Source: Student grant 2018 54.3 4.8 4.3 . -1.9 . 0.558 0.863
Source: Student grant 2019* 45.8 4.9 4.3 . -2.6 . 0.603 0.888
Home ownership: Owner-occupied home 2011 4,160.8 47.0 31.3 . 153.5 1.8 0.246 0.661
Home ownership: Owner-occupied home 2012 4,195.2 47.3 31.6 . 136.0 1.9 0.245 0.686
Home ownership: Owner-occupied home 2013 4,226.7 47.7 31.9 . 110.2 1.9 0.242 0.730
Home ownership: Owner-occupied home 2014 4,254.4 50.6 33.9 . 110.9 1.7 0.262 0.729
Home ownership: Owner-occupied home 2015 4,287.0 49.8 33.4 41.5 120.0 1.6 0.240 0.722
Home ownership: Owner-occupied home 2016 4,327.4 52.0 34.8 . 127.8 1.3 0.240 0.710
Home ownership: Owner-occupied home 2017 4,369.3 54.0 36.1 . 142.8 1.2 0.249 0.695
Home ownership: Owner-occupied home 2018 4,415.7 55.2 36.4 . 162.1 1.1 0.242 0.675
Home ownership: Owner-occupied home 2019* 4,443.4 57.6 38.0 . 184.9 1.2 0.244 0.642
Home ownership: Rent 2011 3,186.7 23.1 18.1 . 2.6 14.2 0.250 0.869
Home ownership: Rent 2012 3,216.9 23.1 18.2 . 2.4 16.7 0.253 0.874
Home ownership: Rent 2013 3,241.2 23.0 18.2 . 1.8 18.9 0.254 0.887
Home ownership: Rent 2014 3,242.0 23.7 18.7 . 1.6 18.5 0.256 0.889
Home ownership: Rent 2015 3,281.6 23.9 19.0 24.3 2.1 17.9 0.256 0.883
Home ownership: Rent 2016 3,295.8 24.6 19.6 . 2.0 17.5 0.258 0.886
Home ownership: Rent 2017 3,325.6 25.2 20.0 . 2.1 17.7 0.258 0.886
Home ownership: Rent 2018 3,344.9 25.8 20.3 . 2.1 17.6 0.255 0.887
Home ownership: Rent 2019* 3,380.5 27.0 21.2 . 2.1 17.1 0.258 0.891
Home ownership: Rent: no rent subsidy 2011 2,063.3 25.8 20.1 . 4.8 6.2 0.262 0.855
Home ownership: Rent: no rent subsidy 2012 2,076.1 25.9 20.2 . 4.5 7.0 0.265 0.858
Home ownership: Rent: no rent subsidy 2013 2,114.7 25.7 20.1 . 3.4 8.5 0.268 0.870
Home ownership: Rent: no rent subsidy 2014 2,017.4 26.9 21.0 . 3.4 7.1 0.273 0.871
Home ownership: Rent: no rent subsidy 2015 2,014.0 27.2 21.3 27.5 4.5 6.8 0.276 0.866
Home ownership: Rent: no rent subsidy 2016 2,017.9 28.1 22.1 . 4.4 6.5 0.276 0.868
Home ownership: Rent: no rent subsidy 2017 2,035.5 28.8 22.6 . 4.6 6.5 0.276 0.868
Home ownership: Rent: no rent subsidy 2018 2,054.1 29.5 22.9 . 4.3 6.2 0.270 0.871
Home ownership: Rent: no rent subsidy 2019* 2,070.2 30.9 24.0 . 4.3 6.4 0.272 0.877
Home ownership: Rent with rent subsidy 2011 1,123.4 18.1 14.5 . 1.1 28.4 0.145 0.818
Home ownership: Rent with rent subsidy 2012 1,140.8 17.9 14.5 . 1.0 33.8 0.146 0.827
Home ownership: Rent with rent subsidy 2013 1,126.5 17.9 14.5 . 0.9 37.9 0.145 0.845
Home ownership: Rent with rent subsidy 2014 1,224.6 18.4 14.9 . 0.8 36.8 0.141 0.848
Home ownership: Rent with rent subsidy 2015 1,267.6 18.8 15.3 19.7 1.1 34.9 0.140 0.833
Home ownership: Rent with rent subsidy 2016 1,278.0 19.1 15.6 . 1.0 34.4 0.142 0.834
Home ownership: Rent with rent subsidy 2017 1,290.1 19.5 15.9 . 1.0 34.9 0.142 0.831
Home ownership: Rent with rent subsidy 2018 1,290.8 19.8 16.1 . 1.1 35.3 0.142 0.828
Home ownership: Rent with rent subsidy 2019* 1,310.3 20.7 16.9 . 1.1 33.7 0.149 0.832
Equivalised income: 1st 10%-group 2011 734.8 8.5 7.1 . 0.5 83.2 0.345 0.934
Equivalised income: 1st 10%-group 2012 741.2 8.6 7.0 . 0.4 88.8 0.346 0.935
Equivalised income: 1st 10%-group 2013 746.8 8.7 7.2 . 0.3 93.2 0.331 0.940
Equivalised income: 1st 10%-group 2014 749.6 9.5 7.6 . 0.2 90.1 0.316 0.936
Equivalised income: 1st 10%-group 2015 756.9 9.4 7.6 20.3 0.5 88.2 0.329 0.945
Equivalised income: 1st 10%-group 2016 762.3 10.1 8.2 . 0.4 85.0 0.307 0.939
Equivalised income: 1st 10%-group 2017 769.5 10.4 8.5 . 0.5 83.7 0.307 0.945
Equivalised income: 1st 10%-group 2018 776.1 10.8 8.7 . 0.5 83.5 0.309 0.942
Equivalised income: 1st 10%-group 2019* 782.4 11.2 9.0 . 0.5 83.2 0.309 0.940
Equivalised income: 2nd 10%-group 2011 734.8 17.7 14.2 . 1.5 16.6 0.035 0.883
Equivalised income: 2nd 10%-group 2012 741.2 17.7 14.1 . 1.2 24.3 0.035 0.891
Equivalised income: 2nd 10%-group 2013 746.8 17.6 14.1 . 1.0 30.9 0.036 0.903
Equivalised income: 2nd 10%-group 2014 749.6 18.2 14.6 . 0.9 30.5 0.034 0.903
Equivalised income: 2nd 10%-group 2015 756.9 18.5 14.8 21.0 1.1 29.9 0.034 0.906
Equivalised income: 2nd 10%-group 2016 762.3 18.9 15.2 . 1.1 27.1 0.034 0.903
Equivalised income: 2nd 10%-group 2017 769.5 19.2 15.6 . 1.3 26.5 0.034 0.901
Equivalised income: 2nd 10%-group 2018 776.1 19.8 15.9 . 1.5 25.1 0.034 0.901
Equivalised income: 2nd 10%-group 2019* 782.4 20.4 16.5 . 1.6 23.0 0.036 0.896
Equivalised income: 3rd 10%-group 2011 734.8 21.8 16.8 . 8.7 0.0 0.023 0.808
Equivalised income: 3rd 10%-group 2012 741.2 21.8 16.9 . 7.0 0.0 0.024 0.819
Equivalised income: 3rd 10%-group 2013 746.8 21.7 16.9 . 4.6 0.0 0.024 0.841
Equivalised income: 3rd 10%-group 2014 749.6 22.2 17.3 . 4.5 0.0 0.024 0.842
Equivalised income: 3rd 10%-group 2015 756.9 22.3 17.6 24.2 6.0 0.0 0.023 0.838
Equivalised income: 3rd 10%-group 2016 762.3 23.0 18.1 . 6.7 0.0 0.024 0.837
Equivalised income: 3rd 10%-group 2017 769.5 23.4 18.6 . 7.4 0.0 0.023 0.835
Equivalised income: 3rd 10%-group 2018 776.1 23.9 18.9 . 8.1 0.0 0.023 0.833
Equivalised income: 3rd 10%-group 2019* 782.4 24.9 19.7 . 9.3 0.0 0.024 0.825
Equivalised income: 4th 10%-group 2011 734.8 26.1 19.1 . 19.5 0.0 0.021 0.743
Equivalised income: 4th 10%-group 2012 741.2 26.2 19.3 . 16.1 0.0 0.021 0.753
Equivalised income: 4th 10%-group 2013 746.8 26.1 19.3 . 11.3 0.0 0.022 0.777
Equivalised income: 4th 10%-group 2014 749.6 26.6 19.8 . 11.4 0.0 0.022 0.776
Equivalised income: 4th 10%-group 2015 756.9 26.8 20.0 27.2 13.9 0.0 0.022 0.777
Equivalised income: 4th 10%-group 2016 762.3 27.5 20.7 . 15.0 0.0 0.023 0.767
Equivalised income: 4th 10%-group 2017 769.5 28.1 21.2 . 16.7 0.0 0.023 0.760
Equivalised income: 4th 10%-group 2018 776.1 28.9 21.6 . 19.5 0.0 0.023 0.752
Equivalised income: 4th 10%-group 2019* 782.4 30.1 22.6 . 23.7 0.0 0.023 0.741
Equivalised income: 5th 10%-group 2011 734.8 30.4 21.6 . 35.0 0.0 0.019 0.701
Equivalised income: 5th 10%-group 2012 741.2 30.6 21.8 . 29.2 0.0 0.019 0.717
Equivalised income: 5th 10%-group 2013 746.8 30.7 21.9 . 24.2 0.0 0.020 0.735
Equivalised income: 5th 10%-group 2014 749.6 31.6 22.5 . 25.3 0.0 0.020 0.729
Equivalised income: 5th 10%-group 2015 756.9 31.8 22.8 31.2 29.5 0.0 0.021 0.726
Equivalised income: 5th 10%-group 2016 762.3 32.9 23.7 . 33.7 0.0 0.021 0.717
Equivalised income: 5th 10%-group 2017 769.5 33.5 24.3 . 40.4 0.0 0.021 0.703
Equivalised income: 5th 10%-group 2018 776.1 34.6 24.7 . 49.5 0.0 0.021 0.694
Equivalised income: 5th 10%-group 2019* 782.4 35.9 25.8 . 60.1 0.0 0.021 0.683
Equivalised income: 6th 10%-group 2011 734.8 34.9 24.2 . 56.9 0.0 0.019 0.673
Equivalised income: 6th 10%-group 2012 741.2 35.0 24.4 . 46.9 0.0 0.019 0.691
Equivalised income: 6th 10%-group 2013 746.8 35.2 24.6 . 35.6 0.0 0.019 0.722
Equivalised income: 6th 10%-group 2014 749.6 36.3 25.4 . 35.2 0.0 0.019 0.745
Equivalised income: 6th 10%-group 2015 756.9 36.8 25.8 34.8 39.9 0.0 0.020 0.720
Equivalised income: 6th 10%-group 2016 762.3 38.0 26.8 . 42.6 0.0 0.020 0.712
Equivalised income: 6th 10%-group 2017 769.5 38.9 27.4 . 51.5 0.0 0.020 0.696
Equivalised income: 6th 10%-group 2018 776.1 40.1 27.9 . 65.3 0.0 0.019 0.680
Equivalised income: 6th 10%-group 2019* 782.4 41.8 29.1 . 80.2 0.0 0.019 0.659
Equivalised income: 7th 10%-group 2011 734.8 39.8 27.1 . 81.5 0.0 0.020 0.652
Equivalised income: 7th 10%-group 2012 741.2 39.9 27.3 . 68.5 0.0 0.020 0.672
Equivalised income: 7th 10%-group 2013 746.8 40.3 27.6 . 50.4 0.0 0.020 0.711
Equivalised income: 7th 10%-group 2014 749.6 41.6 28.5 . 50.4 0.0 0.020 0.705
Equivalised income: 7th 10%-group 2015 756.9 42.3 29.0 37.6 57.1 0.0 0.020 0.707
Equivalised income: 7th 10%-group 2016 762.3 43.8 30.1 . 61.9 0.0 0.020 0.696
Equivalised income: 7th 10%-group 2017 769.5 44.7 30.8 . 74.3 0.0 0.020 0.673
Equivalised income: 7th 10%-group 2018 776.1 46.0 31.3 . 88.7 0.0 0.019 0.657
Equivalised income: 7th 10%-group 2019* 782.4 48.1 32.7 . 106.7 0.0 0.019 0.634
Equivalised income: 8th 10%-group 2011 734.8 45.6 30.7 . 113.5 0.0 0.023 0.631
Equivalised income: 8th 10%-group 2012 741.2 45.8 31.0 . 99.7 0.0 0.023 0.648
Equivalised income: 8th 10%-group 2013 746.8 46.2 31.3 . 76.1 0.0 0.023 0.694
Equivalised income: 8th 10%-group 2014 749.6 47.6 32.3 . 75.3 0.0 0.022 0.685
Equivalised income: 8th 10%-group 2015 756.9 48.4 32.9 40.8 83.5 0.0 0.022 0.689
Equivalised income: 8th 10%-group 2016 762.3 50.3 34.1 . 86.4 0.0 0.022 0.683
Equivalised income: 8th 10%-group 2017 769.5 51.5 34.9 . 97.9 0.0 0.022 0.660
Equivalised income: 8th 10%-group 2018 776.1 52.9 35.3 . 113.0 0.0 0.022 0.648
Equivalised income: 8th 10%-group 2019* 782.4 55.1 36.9 . 134.8 0.0 0.022 0.619
Equivalised income: 9th 10%-group 2011 734.8 54.1 36.1 . 152.7 0.0 0.033 0.618
Equivalised income: 9th 10%-group 2012 741.2 54.3 36.4 . 138.6 0.0 0.033 0.637
Equivalised income: 9th 10%-group 2013 746.8 54.9 36.8 . 109.3 0.0 0.033 0.687
Equivalised income: 9th 10%-group 2014 749.6 56.5 38.0 . 106.9 0.0 0.033 0.679
Equivalised income: 9th 10%-group 2015 756.9 57.4 38.6 46.1 114.4 0.0 0.032 0.686
Equivalised income: 9th 10%-group 2016 762.3 60.0 40.0 . 117.4 0.0 0.032 0.679
Equivalised income: 9th 10%-group 2017 769.5 61.5 40.9 . 131.5 0.0 0.032 0.658
Equivalised income: 9th 10%-group 2018 776.1 63.1 41.3 . 149.9 0.0 0.032 0.642
Equivalised income: 9th 10%-group 2019* 782.4 65.8 43.1 . 173.4 0.0 0.031 0.617
Equivalised income: 10th 10%-group 2011 734.8 87.3 59.0 . 273.7 0.0 0.307 0.699
Equivalised income: 10th 10%-group 2012 741.2 87.8 59.5 . 256.8 0.0 0.464 0.714
Equivalised income: 10th 10%-group 2013 746.8 88.0 59.6 . 215.6 0.0 0.361 0.753
Equivalised income: 10th 10%-group 2014 749.6 99.7 67.1 . 219.4 0.0 0.329 0.752
Equivalised income: 10th 10%-group 2015 756.9 92.2 62.3 57.2 211.7 0.0 0.251 0.755
Equivalised income: 10th 10%-group 2016 762.3 97.1 65.1 . 226.2 0.0 0.279 0.749
Equivalised income: 10th 10%-group 2017 769.5 104.1 69.6 . 258.3 0.0 0.305 0.736
Equivalised income: 10th 10%-group 2018 776.1 105.3 68.9 . 283.2 0.0 0.312 0.725
Equivalised income: 10th 10%-group 2019* 782.4 110.3 72.1 . 313.9 0.0 0.261 0.701
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table aims to show the distribution of welfare of private households, measured by their income, expenditures and wealth.
The figures in this table are broken down to different household characteristics.

The population consists of all private households with income on January 1st of the reporting year.
In the population for the subject low-income households, both student households and households with income only for a part of the year have been excluded.

Data available from: 2011

Status of the figures:
The figures for 2011 to 2018 are final. The figures for 2019 are preliminary.

Changes as of 21 April 2021:
Because of the availability of new data sources as well as methodological improvements, wealth data have changed.

When will new figures be published?
New figures will be published in the fall of 2021.
The next household budget survey will be held in 2021. New figures on expenditures are expected in 2022.

Description topics

Number of households
Number of private households with a known income on January 1st of the reporting year.

A private household is a collection of one or more people who share the same living space and provide in their own everyday needs in a private, non-commercial way.
Mean disposable income
Mean disposable income per household.

The disposable income is defined as the gross income minus current transfers paid (like alimony payments to an ex-partner), income insurance premiums, health insurance premiums and tax on income and wealth. Gross income is the sum of income from labour, income from self-employment, income from property, payments from the government and other receipts (like alimony payments by an ex-partner).

Mean equivalised income
Mean equivalised disposable income per household.

The equivalised income is the disposable income corrected for differences in household size and composition. The correction factor used reflects the advantages of scale of households with two or more members. The single person household is used as the reference household. The equivalised income is a measure of the prosperity of (members of) a household.

Mean expenditures
The mean yearly amount spent by households.

Households spend money on goods and services to fulfil their needs. Such expenditures may have been done in the Netherlands as well as abroad.

Median wealth
Ranking households according to their wealth, the median is equal to the wealth of the central household. Half of the households possess more wealth, the other half has less.

Wealth equals assets minus debts. Assets are financial assets (bank and saving credits and securities), real estate and enterprise capital. Debts are amongst other things mortgage debt and consumptive loans.

Low-income households
Number of households having an income below the low-income threshold as a percentage of all households in a category.

The low-income threshold represents the same purchasing power for all households and is adjusted annually for price changes using the consumer price index (CPI). The level is based on the welfare benefit level for a single person in 1979.

Income inequality
The Gini coefficient is a common measure for inequality. The value of the Gini coefficient varies between 0 (everyone has the same income) and 1 (one household has all the income, the others have none).
The Gini coefficient is calculated as the half of the mean income difference between households, divided by the mean income. In case of negative incomes, the Gini coefficient is normalized. The coefficient is based on the standardized disposable income.
Wealth inequality
The Gini coefficient is a common measure for inequality. The value of the Gini coefficient varies between 0 (everyone has the same income) and 1 (one household has all the income, the others have none).
The Gini coefficient is calculated as the half of the mean wealth difference between households, divided by the mean wealth. In case of negative wealth, the Gini coefficient is normalized.