Consumer confidence, economic climate and willingness to buy

Consumer confidence, economic climate and willingness to buy

Periods Consumer confidence (average balance of the subquestions) Economic climate (average balance of the subquestions) Willingness to buy (average balance of the subquestions) Economic situation last 12 months (balance of positive and negative answers) Economic situation next 12 months (balance of positive and negative answers) Financial situation last 12 months (balance of positive and negative answers) Financial situation next 12 months (balance of positive and negative answers) Right time to make large purchases (balance of positive and negative answers)
2020 September -28 -58 -9 -75 -40 -5 0 -22
2020 October -30 -61 -9 -76 -46 -7 1 -22
2020 November -26 -53 -7 -72 -35 -7 3 -18
2020 December -20 -40 -6 -70 -9 -7 5 -17
2021 January -19 -39 -6 -71 -8 -6 6 -18
2021 February -19 -41 -5 -72 -9 -6 8 -17
2021 March -18 -39 -4 -77 -1 -6 8 -15
2021 April -14 -32 -2 -71 8 -3 9 -11
2021 May -9 -24 1 -62 14 0 10 -6
2021 June -3 -12 3 -54 31 2 12 -4
2021 July -4 -10 0 -46 25 0 10 -9
2021 August -6 -11 -2 -38 15 -2 8 -12
2021 September -5 -8 -3 -30 14 -4 8 -12
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains the (seasonally) adjusted figures on opinions and expectations of Dutch consumers on general economic developments and their own financial situation. The indicators of consumer confidence, economic climate and willingness are based on these opinions and expectations. The consumer survey is partially financed by the European Commission.

Data available from:
April 1986

Status of the figures:
Figures up until December 2017 are final. Every February the figures of the months January until December of the previous two years are adjusted. As a result, the figures of the twelve months two years before February become final, the figures of twelve months of the year before February remain provisional for another year. Adjustments are usually modest.

Changes as of 22 September 2021.
The figures of September 2021 are added.

When will new figures be published?
New monthly figures will be published on 21 October 2021.

Description topics

Consumer confidence
Consumer confidence indicator



The consumer confidence indicator is the average of the (seasonally) adjusted balances of positive and negative answering options, measured as percentage points of the total answers to the questions on the economic situation of the last and upcoming 12 months, the financial situation of the last and upcoming 12 months and whether now is the right time to make large purchases.



The indicator has a range between minus 100 (every balance is negative) and plus 100 (every balance is positive). If the indicator has a value of zero, the shares of optimists and pessimists are equal.
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Economic climate
Consumer confidence indicator

The consumer confidence indicator is the average of the (seasonally) adjusted balances of positive and negative answering options, measured as percentage points of the total answers to the questions on the economic situation of the last and upcoming 12 months.

The indicator has a range between minus 100 (every balance is negative) and plus 100 (every balance is positive). If the indicator has a value of zero, the shares of optimists and pessimists are equal.
Willingness to buy
Willingness to buy indicator

The willingness to buy indicator is the average of the (seasonally) adjusted balances of positive and negative answering options, measured as percentage points of the total answers to the questions on the financial situation of the last and upcoming 12 months and whether now is the right time to make large purchases.

The indicator has a range between minus 100 (every balance is negative) and plus 100 (every balance is positive). If the indicator has a value of zero, the shares of optimists and pessimists are equal.
Economic situation last 12 months
The (seasonally adjusted) balance of positive and negative answering options, measured as percentage points of the total answers to the question: How do you think the general economic situation in the country has changed over the past 12 months?
The balance is adjusted for seasonal effects and statistical noise, making use of the information of the entire length of the time series. The indicator has a range between minus 100 (every answer is negative) and plus 100 (every answer is positive). If the indicator has a value of zero, the shares of optimists and pessimists is equal.

Economic situation next 12 months
The (seasonally adjusted) balance of positive and negative answering options, measured as percentage points of the total answers to the question: How do you expect the general economic situation in this country to develop over the next 12 months?
The balance is adjusted for seasonal effects and statistical noise, making use of the information of the entire length of the time series. The indicator has a range between minus 100 (every answer is negative) and plus 100 (every answer is positive). If the indicator has a value of zero, the shares of optimists and pessimists is equal.

Financial situation last 12 months
The (seasonally adjusted) balance of positive and negative answering options, measured as percentage points of the total answers to the question: How has the financial situation of your household changed over the last 12 months?
The balance is adjusted for seasonal effects and statistical noise, making use of the information of the entire length of the time series. The indicator has a range between minus 100 (every answer is negative) and plus 100 (every answer is positive). If the indicator has a value of zero, the shares of optimists and pessimists is equal.

Financial situation next 12 months
The (seasonally adjusted) balance of positive and negative answering options, measured as percentage points of the total answers to the question: How do you expect the financial position of your household to change over the next 12 months?
The balance is adjusted for seasonal effects and statistical noise, making use of the information of the entire length of the time series. The indicator has a range between minus 100 (every answer is negative) and plus 100 (every answer is positive). If the indicator has a value of zero, the shares of optimists and pessimists is equal.

Right time to make large purchases
The (seasonally adjusted) balance of positive and negative answering options, measured as percentage points of the total answers to the question: In view of the general economic situation, do you think that now it is the right moment for people to make major purchases such as furniture, electrical/electronic devices, etc.? The balance is adjusted for seasonal effects and statistical noise, making use of the information of the entire length of the time series. The indicator has a range between minus 100 (every answer is negative) and plus 100 (every answer is positive). If the indicator has a value of zero, the shares of optimists and pessimists is equal.