Extraction, import and export of materials; national accounts

Extraction, import and export of materials; national accounts

Periods Material flows in physical amounts Extraction by type of material Total extraction (mln kg) Material flows in physical amounts Import by type of material Total import by type of material (mln kg) Material flows in physical amounts Export by type of material Total export by type of material (mln kg)
2004* 138,385 317,507 274,453
2005* 129,875 330,441 282,293
2006* 127,755 357,640 303,072
2007* 126,900 369,155 305,525
2008* 136,403 377,426 312,307
2009* 131,583 349,272 292,483
2010* 139,647 364,901 316,023
2011* 139,155 366,717 318,502
2012* 135,171 373,261 327,708
2013* 136,451 375,103 339,434
2014* 130,022 375,393 329,945
2015* 115,570 388,213 324,285
2016* 111,658 398,537 345,286
2017* 112,464 417,034 347,123
2018* 104,975 427,190 339,264
2019* 100,654 417,186 331,144
2020* 92,677 395,518 314,738
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains information about materials that enter or leave the Dutch economy through import, export and extraction. Materials include raw products (resources), semi-finished products and finished products. The import and export of materials is recorded both in kilos (physically) and in euros (monetary). The currently presented tables can be referred to as the material flow accounts.

This table is part of the environmental accounts. Data in the environmental accounts are compiled according the concepts and definitions of the national accounts, which makes it possible to quantify the environmental effects of the economic activities for the Netherlands in a consistent manner. As a result, the figures may differ from data presented elsewhere on the website.

Data available from: 1996

Status of the figures:
Provisional figures.

Changes as of August 2022:
Provisional figures for 2020 have been added. Data for previous years are adjusted according to the revision policy (see: Status of the figures).

When will new figures be published?
New provisional figures are published annually, usually around April

Description topics

Material flows in physical amounts
Extraction by type of material
Materials that are extracted from the environment and used by residents as input for the production process. Extraction comprises not only the mining and quarrying of minerals but also harvest of agricultural goods and the catch of non-cultivated fish.
Total extraction
Materials that are extracted from the environment and used by residents as input for the production process. Extraction comprises not only the mining and quarrying of minerals but also harvest of agricultural goods and the catch of non-cultivated fish.
Import by type of material
The import of goods comprises goods, destined for Dutch residents that originate in other economies. This also included goods that, after import, leave the country again without any significant treatment taken place as long as these goods are owned by Dutch residents (re-exports).
Total import by type of material
The import of goods comprises goods, destined for Dutch residents that originate in other economies. This also included goods that, after import, leave the country again without any significant treatment taken place as long as these goods are owned by Dutch residents (re-exports).
Export by type of material
The export of goods comprises goods, supplied by Dutch residents, whose destiny is another county. This also included purchases in the Netherlands by foreigners.
Total export by type of material
The export of goods comprises goods, supplied by Dutch residents, whose destiny is another county. This also included purchases in the Netherlands by foreigners.