Income distribution of households; NA, 2005-2014

Income distribution of households; NA, 2005-2014

Characteristics of households Periods Total amount Gross operating surplus (mln euro) Total amount Gross mixed income (mln euro) Total amount Gross primary income (mln euro) Total amount Gross disposable income (mln euro) Total amount Gross adjusted disposable income (mln euro) Total amount Resources Total (mln euro) Total amount Resources Compensation of employees (mln euro) Total amount Resources Property income (mln euro) Total amount Resources Social benefits in cash (mln euro) Total amount Resources Other current transfers (mln euro) Total amount Resources Social transfers in kind (mln euro) Total amount Uses Total (mln euro) Total amount Uses Property income (mln euro) Total amount Uses Current taxes on income and wealth (mln euro) Total amount Uses Net social contributions (mln euro) Total amount Uses Other current transfers (mln euro) Total amount Adjustm. change in pension entitlements (mln euro) Share in adjusted disposable income Gross operating surplus (%) Share in adjusted disposable income Gross mixed income (%) Share in adjusted disposable income Gross primary income (%) Share in adjusted disposable income Gross disposable income (%) Share in adjusted disposable income Gross adjusted disposable income (%) Share in adjusted disposable income Resources Total (%) Share in adjusted disposable income Resources Compensation of employees (%) Share in adjusted disposable income Resources Property income (%) Share in adjusted disposable income Resources Social benefits in cash (%) Share in adjusted disposable income Resources Other current transfers (%) Share in adjusted disposable income Resources Social transfers in kind (%) Share in adjusted disposable income Uses Total (%) Share in adjusted disposable income Uses Property income (%) Share in adjusted disposable income Uses Current taxes on income and wealth (%) Share in adjusted disposable income Uses Net social contributions (%) Share in adjusted disposable income Uses Other current transfers (%)
Total 2014 4,732 55,878 426,122 318,137 438,726 631,632 323,285 49,242 122,903 15,613 120,589 253,516 7,015 53,337 171,892 21,272 24,313 1.1 12.7 97.1 72.5 100.0 144.0 73.7 11.2 28.0 3.6 27.5 57.8 1.6 12.2 39.2 4.8
Stand. disposable income: 1st 20%-group 2014 256 1,812 13,389 25,460 47,627 56,081 10,086 1,731 20,136 1,962 22,167 10,522 496 1,044 7,448 1,534 288 0.5 3.8 28.1 53.5 100.0 117.8 21.2 3.6 42.3 4.1 46.5 22.1 1.0 2.2 15.6 3.2
Stand. disposable income: 2nd 20%-group 2014 386 3,192 30,829 40,641 67,900 83,290 24,222 3,712 25,676 2,421 27,259 18,968 683 1,502 14,572 2,211 199 0.6 4.7 45.4 59.9 100.0 122.7 35.7 5.5 37.8 3.6 40.1 27.9 1.0 2.2 21.5 3.3
Stand. disposable income: 3rd 20%-group 2014 785 5,805 64,049 56,580 80,917 110,233 52,455 6,293 24,103 3,044 24,338 35,905 1,289 3,739 27,948 2,929 2,669 1.0 7.2 79.2 69.9 100.0 136.2 64.8 7.8 29.8 3.8 30.1 44.4 1.6 4.6 34.5 3.6
Stand. disposable income: 4th 20%-group 2014 1,215 10,107 104,878 74,407 98,334 146,284 85,905 9,475 23,559 3,417 23,928 59,272 1,825 8,773 44,487 4,186 7,079 1.2 10.3 106.7 75.7 100.0 148.8 87.4 9.6 24.0 3.5 24.3 60.3 1.9 8.9 45.2 4.3
Stand. disposable income: 5th 20%-group 2014 2,091 34,962 212,977 121,049 143,947 235,744 150,616 28,030 29,430 4,769 22,899 128,849 2,722 38,279 77,437 10,411 14,078 1.5 24.3 148.0 84.1 100.0 163.8 104.6 19.5 20.4 3.3 15.9 89.5 1.9 26.6 53.8 7.2
Single person household: male 2014 378 4,674 41,332 28,974 37,587 61,432 32,029 4,934 14,782 1,075 8,613 28,898 683 5,298 17,787 5,130 2,266 1.0 12.4 110.0 77.1 100.0 163.4 85.2 13.1 39.3 2.9 22.9 76.9 1.8 14.1 47.3 13.6
Single person household: female 2014 357 1,786 24,589 32,907 50,120 65,057 19,391 3,466 21,530 3,457 17,213 17,080 411 3,468 11,822 1,379 -2,907 0.7 3.6 49.1 65.7 100.0 129.8 38.7 6.9 43.0 6.9 34.3 34.1 0.8 6.9 23.6 2.8
Single-parent household 2014 203 2,164 19,408 19,431 29,907 39,386 16,040 1,337 7,841 3,691 10,476 11,846 336 1,941 7,584 1,983 1,301 0.7 7.2 64.9 65.0 100.0 131.7 53.6 4.5 26.2 12.3 35.0 39.6 1.1 6.5 25.4 6.6
Couple with children household 2014 1,993 30,448 205,180 127,248 174,630 246,847 161,669 14,557 19,737 3,502 47,383 104,658 3,487 23,070 72,808 5,293 21,885 1.1 17.4 117.5 72.9 100.0 141.4 92.6 8.3 11.3 2.0 27.1 59.9 2.0 13.2 41.7 3.0
Couple without children household 2014 1,738 14,836 123,921 97,647 126,337 193,124 86,076 23,203 51,728 3,427 28,690 83,361 1,933 18,208 56,510 6,711 1,291 1.4 11.7 98.1 77.3 100.0 152.9 68.1 18.4 40.9 2.7 22.7 66.0 1.5 14.4 44.7 5.3
Multi-person household, n.e.c. 2014 62 1,970 11,693 11,930 20,145 25,787 8,081 1,746 7,285 461 8,214 7,673 165 1,352 5,382 775 476 0.3 9.8 58.0 59.2 100.0 128.0 40.1 8.7 36.2 2.3 40.8 38.1 0.8 6.7 26.7 3.8
Income from own enterprise 2014 987 49,374 96,810 70,431 86,467 77,177 33,856 13,994 10,963 2,328 16,036 41,071 1,401 11,658 23,169 4,842 4,007 1.1 57.1 112.0 81.5 100.0 89.3 39.2 16.2 12.7 2.7 18.5 47.5 1.6 13.5 26.8 5.6
Income from labour 2014 2,599 4,864 303,679 167,074 221,252 383,509 282,237 18,744 21,396 6,954 54,178 169,721 4,766 33,082 120,122 11,751 39,257 1.2 2.2 137.3 75.5 100.0 173.3 127.6 8.5 9.7 3.1 24.5 76.7 2.2 15.0 54.3 5.3
Income from old-age/survivors pens 2014 1,036 1,265 20,540 55,921 94,287 125,945 3,924 14,952 65,975 2,727 38,366 33,958 637 7,683 21,826 3,811 -19,610 1.1 1.3 21.8 59.3 100.0 133.6 4.2 15.9 70.0 2.9 40.7 36.0 0.7 8.1 23.1 4.0
Income from other transfer income 2014 110 375 5,093 24,710 36,720 45,001 3,268 1,552 24,570 3,603 12,009 8,767 211 913 6,775 868 660 0.3 1.0 13.9 67.3 100.0 122.6 8.9 4.2 66.9 9.8 32.7 23.9 0.6 2.5 18.5 2.4
Main earner to 35 years 2014 454 6,154 67,119 46,773 62,482 86,919 58,024 3,556 8,330 1,300 15,709 31,045 1,069 4,142 24,377 1,457 8,164 0.7 9.8 107.4 74.9 100.0 139.1 92.9 5.7 13.3 2.1 25.1 49.7 1.7 6.6 39.0 2.3
Main earner 35 to 50 years 2014 1,538 23,272 164,720 104,187 140,882 201,568 133,662 9,355 17,126 4,729 36,696 85,495 3,106 18,510 58,478 5,400 17,967 1.1 16.5 116.9 74.0 100.0 143.1 94.9 6.6 12.2 3.4 26.0 60.7 2.2 13.1 41.5 3.8
Main earner 50 to 65 years 2014 1,615 20,760 162,225 103,555 131,824 208,715 124,179 17,829 31,784 6,654 28,270 99,266 2,157 21,566 65,257 10,286 14,838 1.2 15.7 123.1 78.6 100.0 158.3 94.2 13.5 24.1 5.0 21.4 75.3 1.6 16.4 49.5 7.8
Main earner: 65 years or older 2014 1,125 5,693 32,058 63,623 103,538 134,430 7,420 18,502 65,663 2,930 39,914 37,711 682 9,119 23,780 4,129 -16,656 1.1 5.5 31.0 61.4 100.0 129.8 7.2 17.9 63.4 2.8 38.6 36.4 0.7 8.8 23.0 4.0
Living costs: Owner-occupied home 2014 4,618 47,869 345,141 230,620 301,589 452,602 259,088 40,401 71,245 10,899 70,969 203,500 6,835 45,811 134,223 16,631 20,982 1.5 15.9 114.4 76.5 100.0 150.1 85.9 13.4 23.6 3.6 23.5 67.5 2.3 15.2 44.5 5.5
Living costs: Rent with rent subsidy 2014 9 1,464 9,699 23,950 44,783 50,884 6,741 1,526 20,440 1,342 20,834 7,573 42 408 6,260 864 203 0.0 3.3 21.7 53.5 100.0 113.6 15.1 3.4 45.6 3.0 46.5 16.9 0.1 0.9 14.0 1.9
Living costs: Rent without rent subsidy 2014 106 6,544 71,283 63,567 92,354 128,146 57,455 7,315 31,217 3,372 28,787 42,442 138 7,118 31,409 3,777 3,128 0.1 7.1 77.2 68.8 100.0 138.8 62.2 7.9 33.8 3.7 31.2 46.0 0.1 7.7 34.0 4.1
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table describes the income distribution of the sector households in the national accounts over different household groups. Households are identified by main source of income, living situation, household composition, age classes of the head of the household, income class by 20% groups.

Data available from: 2005 up to and including 2014.

Status of the figures:
The figures of 2005-2014 are final.

Changes as of June 22nd 2018:
None. This table has been discontinued.
Statistics Netherlands has carried out a revision of the national accounts. New statistical sources and estimation methods have been used during the revision. Therefore this table has been replaced by table Income distribution of households; National Accounts. For further information see section 3.

When will new figures be published?
Not applicable anymore.

Description topics

Total amount
Gross operating surplus
The surplus that remains after compensation of employees and taxes less subsidies on production and imports have been subtracted from the sum of value added at basic prices. For the self-employed (who are part of the sector households) the surplus is called mixed income, because it is partly a reward for their entrepreneurship compensation of labour.
The operating surplus of households equals housing services produced for own consumption by owner-occupiers.

In the system of national accounts gross means that consumption of fixed capital (depreciation) has not been subtracted. When it has, net is used.

Gross mixed income
Mixed income is for households mainly equal to the income earned by sole proprietors and other entrepreneurs personally liable for all gains and losses from their activities. The income earned has both an element of wage income as well as profit since the entrepreneur is both rewarded for the provided labour input as well as the undertaken risks. Included in mixed income are rentals received from letting real estate and income earned from black and illegal activities.
In the system of national accounts gross means that consumption of fixed capital (depreciation) has not been subtracted. When it has, net is used.
Gross primary income
Total primary income received by resident institutional units: compensation of employees, operating surplus / mixed income (gross), net property income and net taxes on production and imports less subsidies. Incomes flowing from one domestic sector to another have no effect on net national income. Gross national income (at market prices) equals GDP minus primary income paid by resident institutional units to non-resident institutional units plus primary income received by resident institutional units from the rest of the world. The division of payments by member states to the European Union is largely based upon differences in gross national income.

National income is not a production concept but an income concept, which is more significant if expressed in net terms, i.e. after deduction of consumption of fixed capital.
Gross disposable income
The sum of the gross disposable incomes of the institutional sectors. Gross national disposable income equals gross national income (at market prices) minus current transfers (current taxes on income, wealth et cetera, social contributions, social benefits and other current transfers) paid to non-resident units, plus current transfers received by resident units from the rest of the world. Because disposable national income is not a production concept but an income concept, it is usually expressed in net terms, i.e. after deduction of depreciation (consumption of fixed capital).
Gross adjusted disposable income
Adjusted disposable income is equal to disposable income of households including any income transfers in kind provided to households free of charge by general government or non-profit institutions serving households. This variable facilitates comparisons over time and across countries when there are differences or changes in economic and social conditions.

In the system of national accounts gross means that consumption of fixed capital (depreciation) has not been subtracted. When it has, net is used.
Resources
Resources are transactions which add to the economic value of sectors.
Total
Compensation of employees
The compensation of employees is the total remuneration, in cash or in kind, payable by an employer to an employee in return for work done by the latter during an accounting period. The compensation of employees is equal to the sum of wages and salaries and employers' social contributions.
Property income
Property income is the income receivable by the owner of a financial asset or a tangible non-produced asset in return for providing funds to, or putting the tangible non-produced asset at the deposal of, another institutional unit. Dividends are part of the property income.
Social benefits in cash
Social benefits other than social transfers in kind is made up of three sub-headings:
- social security benefits in cash
- other social insurance benefits
- social assistance benefits in cash.
Other current transfers
Other current transfers consist of non-life insurance premiums, non-life insurance claims, current transfers within general government, current international co-operation and miscellaneous current transfers.
Social transfers in kind
Social transfers in kind consist of individual goods and services provided for free or at prices that are not economically significant to individual households by government units and NPISHs, whether purchased on the market or produced as non-market output by government units or NPISHs. They are financed out of taxation, other government income or social security contributions, or out of donations and property income in the case of NPISHs.
Uses
Uses are transactions appear which deduces the economic value of sectors.
Total
Property income
Property income is the income receivable by the owner of a financial asset or a tangible non-produced asset in return for providing funds to, or putting the tangible non-produced asset at the deposal of, another institutional unit. Dividends are part of the property income.
Current taxes on income and wealth
Current taxes on income and wealth of corporations consist of corporation tax and dividend tax. These taxes are based on the profits of corporations.
Current taxes on income and wealth of households include all taxes, which are periodically imposed on income and wealth, such as the income tax, the wage tax and the tax on net wealth of individuals. Non-periodical levies, such as inheritance tax are defined as capital transfers. Several types of taxes are simultaneously seen as taxes on production and imports when imposed on producers and as taxes on income and wealth when imposed on consumers. For instance, motor vehicle tax is a tax on production when it is imposed on company cars and it is a tax on income and wealth and imports when it is imposed on cars for private use.
The treatment of dividend tax results from the recording of dividends. Because dividends are recorded gross, i.e. before deduction of dividend tax, dividend tax is in all cases recorded at the receiving sector. The same applies for the dividend tax to and from the rest of the world.

Net social contributions
Social contributions include social security contributions, private social contributions (among which contributions to pension schemes) and imputed social contributions. Employers, employees, self-employed persons and non-active persons pay these contributions. Actually, the employers' part is paid directly to the insurers. However, in the national accounts, the employers' contributions are supposed to be part of primary income of households (i.e. the income from direct participation in the production process). Therefore, in first instance these contributions are treated as payments by employers to households as compensation of employees, who are deemed to pay them to the insurers in the income account.
Other current transfers
Other current transfers consist of non-life insurance premiums, non-life insurance claims, current transfers within general government, current international co-operation and miscellaneous current transfers.
Adjustm. change in pension entitlements
Since households are treated in the financial accounts as owners of the pension entitlements an adjustment item is necessary to ensure that any excess of contributions to pension schemes over pension benefits does not affect household savings. This adjustment is equal to the difference between net pension contributions (including imputed contributions) and pension benefits.
Share in adjusted disposable income
Percentage in gross adjusted disposable income
Gross operating surplus
The surplus that remains after compensation of employees and taxes less subsidies on production and imports have been subtracted from the sum of value added at basic prices. For the self-employed (who are part of the sector households) the surplus is called mixed income, because it is partly a reward for their entrepreneurship compensation of labour.
The operating surplus of households equals housing services produced for own consumption by owner-occupiers.

In the system of national accounts gross means that consumption of fixed capital (depreciation) has not been subtracted. When it has, net is used.
Gross mixed income
Mixed income is for households mainly equal to the income earned by sole proprietors and other entrepreneurs personally liable for all gains and losses from their activities. The income earned has both an element of wage income as well as profit since the entrepreneur is both rewarded for the provided labour input as well as the undertaken risks. Included in mixed income are rentals received from letting real estate and income earned from black and illegal activities.
In the system of national accounts gross means that consumption of fixed capital (depreciation) has not been subtracted. When it has, net is used.
Gross primary income
Total primary income received by resident institutional units: compensation of employees, operating surplus / mixed income (gross), net property income and net taxes on production and imports less subsidies. Incomes flowing from one domestic sector to another have no effect on net national income. Gross national income (at market prices) equals GDP minus primary income paid by resident institutional units to non-resident institutional units plus primary income received by resident institutional units from the rest of the world. The division of payments by member states to the European Union is largely based upon differences in gross national income.

National income is not a production concept but an income concept, which is more significant if expressed in net terms, i.e. after deduction of consumption of fixed capital.
Gross disposable income
The sum of the gross disposable incomes of the institutional sectors. Gross national disposable income equals gross national income (at market prices) minus current transfers (current taxes on income, wealth et cetera, social contributions, social benefits and other current transfers) paid to non-resident units, plus current transfers received by resident units from the rest of the world. Because disposable national income is not a production concept but an income concept, it is usually expressed in net terms, i.e. after deduction of depreciation (consumption of fixed capital).
Gross adjusted disposable income
Adjusted disposable income is equal to disposable income of households including any income transfers in kind provided to households free of charge by general government or non-profit institutions serving households. This variable facilitates comparisons over time and across countries when there are differences or changes in economic and social conditions.

In the system of national accounts gross means that consumption of fixed capital (depreciation) has not been subtracted. When it has, net is used.
Resources
Resources are transactions which add to the economic value of sectors.
Total
Compensation of employees
The compensation of employees is the total remuneration, in cash or in kind, payable by an employer to an employee in return for work done by the latter during an accounting period. The compensation of employees is equal to the sum of wages and salaries and employers' social contributions.
Property income
Property income is the income receivable by the owner of a financial asset or a tangible non-produced asset in return for providing funds to, or putting the tangible non-produced asset at the deposal of, another institutional unit. Dividends are part of the property income.
Social benefits in cash
Social benefits other than social transfers in kind is made up of three sub-headings:
- social security benefits in cash
- other social insurance benefits
- social assistance benefits in cash.
Other current transfers
Other current transfers consist of non-life insurance premiums, non-life insurance claims, current transfers within general government, current international co-operation and miscellaneous current transfers.
Social transfers in kind
Social transfers in kind consist of individual goods and services provided for free or at prices that are not economically significant to individual households by government units and NPISHs, whether purchased on the market or produced as non-market output by government units or NPISHs. They are financed out of taxation, other government income or social security contributions, or out of donations and property income in the case of NPISHs.
Uses
Uses are transactions appear which deduces the economic value of sectors.
Total
Property income
Property income is the income receivable by the owner of a financial asset or a tangible non-produced asset in return for providing funds to, or putting the tangible non-produced asset at the deposal of, another institutional unit. Dividends are part of the property income.
Current taxes on income and wealth
Current taxes on income and wealth of corporations consist of corporation tax and dividend tax. These taxes are based on the profits of corporations.
Current taxes on income and wealth of households include all taxes, which are periodically imposed on income and wealth, such as the income tax, the wage tax and the tax on net wealth of individuals. Non-periodical levies, such as inheritance tax are defined as capital transfers. Several types of taxes are simultaneously seen as taxes on production and imports when imposed on producers and as taxes on income and wealth when imposed on consumers. For instance, motor vehicle tax is a tax on production when it is imposed on company cars and it is a tax on income and wealth and imports when it is imposed on cars for private use.
The treatment of dividend tax results from the recording of dividends. Because dividends are recorded gross, i.e. before deduction of dividend tax, dividend tax is in all cases recorded at the receiving sector. The same applies for the dividend tax to and from the rest of the world.
Net social contributions
Social contributions include social security contributions, private social contributions (among which contributions to pension schemes) and imputed social contributions. Employers, employees, self-employed persons and non-active persons pay these contributions. Actually, the employers' part is paid directly to the insurers. However, in the national accounts, the employers' contributions are supposed to be part of primary income of households (i.e. the income from direct participation in the production process). Therefore, in first instance these contributions are treated as payments by employers to households as compensation of employees, who are deemed to pay them to the insurers in the income account.
Other current transfers
Other current transfers consist of non-life insurance premiums, non-life insurance claims, current transfers within general government, current international co-operation and miscellaneous current transfers.