Environment costs and -expenditure; enterprises > 10 employees; key figures

Environment costs and -expenditure; enterprises > 10 employees; key figures

Periods Environmental investments Total environmental investments (mln euro) Environmental investments Share in total investment (%) Environmental investments by domain Water Total Water (mln euro) Environmental investments by domain Water Water saving (mln euro) Environmental investments by domain Water Water (other) (mln euro) Environmental investments by domain Air and energy Total Air and energy (mln euro) Environmental investments by domain Air and energy Energy saving (mln euro) Environmental investments by domain Air and energy Renewable energy (mln euro) Environmental investments by domain Air and energy Air (mln euro) Environmental investments by domain Soil (mln euro) Environmental investments by domain Waste (mln euro) Environmental investments by domain Noise (mln euro) Environmental investments by domain Landscape (mln euro) Environmental costs Environmental costs of own activities (mln euro) Environmental costs Paid environmental transfers (mln euro) Environmental costs Received environmental transfers (mln euro) Environmental costs Net environmental costs (mln euro)
2012 497 3.7 67 1 66 303 101 81 122 45 39 . . 965 551 624 892
2013 402 3.0 34 2 33 302 65 119 119 39 7 . . 953 558 672 839
2014 1,119 7.3 195 5 190 767 . . 525 18 94 . . . . . 860
2015 1,964 11.5 113 20 93 1,702 336 611 755 82 29 25 12 . . . 980
2016 2,149 14.6 48 . . 2,045 110 . . 22 19 10 3 . 681 . 1,140
2017 545 4.6 66 6 60 . 84 . 101 30 14 4 . . . . 1,305
2018 1,136 8.2 . . 57 . 129 . 152 29 13 7 5 . 702 . 1,392
2019* 1,180 7.9 65 . . 1,075 . . . 20 15 . . . . . 1,450
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table shows key figures on the environmental investments and the financial burden on enterprises (with 10 or more employees) in the economic sectors mining and quarrying, industry and energy and water production. The term 'environment' is defined as everything outside the company's premises, including soil in that area.

Data available from: 2012

Status of the figures:
Data for 2012-2018 are definite, the 2019 data are provisional.
Following publication of definite results, the figures are only reviewed if significant adjustments are necessary.

Changes as of 5 August 2020:
- Definite data are available for 2018, and provisional data for 2019 has been added.
- The topic ‘Received environmental transfers’ for 2016 was not reliable enough. The figure has therefore been removed and replaced by a period.

When will new figures be published?
In the third quarter of 2021 the definite results for 2019 and the provisional results for 2020 will be available.

Description topics

Environmental investments
Capital expenditures in equipment and plant for pollution and special anti-pollution accessoiries, or plant linked to cleaner technologies, in order to prevent or reduce the amount of pollution of the environment. Environmental investments have a payback period of not less than three years.
Total environmental investments
Total environmental investments (for all environmental domains).
Share in total investment
The share of the environmental investments in total investment by industry.
Total investment only includes investment in property (excluding operational lease).
Environmental investments by domain
Environmental investments divided by environmental domain.
Water
Environmental activities to prevent or diminish water pollution and environmental activities that reduce (drinking) water consumption.
Examples:
- waste water treatment;
- separated sewerage;
- equipment for discharge- and concentration measurements;
- facility for re-use of cooling or rinsing water;
- closed cooling water circuits;
- water saving taps.
Total Water
Total environmental investments in the environmental domain of Water.
Water saving
Environmental activities that reduce (drinking) water consumption.
Examples:
- facility for re-use of cooling or rinsing water;
- closed cooling water circuits;
- water saving taps.
Water (other)
Environmental activities to prevent or diminish water pollution.
Examples:
- waste water treatment;
- separated sewerage;
- equipment for discharge- and concentration measurements.
Air and energy
Environmental activities to prevent or diminish air pollution and environmental activities that reduce energy consumption and the generation of renewable energy.
Examples:
- plants or facilities to purify, prevent or diminish exhaust gasses;
- facilities that take care of a better emission of air polluting substances in the atmosphere (e.g. higher industrial chimneys);
- flare systems;
- equipment for emission-, stench- and concentration measurements;
- insulation of buildings and equipment;
- facilities for recovering heat;
- heat and power stations, cogeneration, fuel cells, heat pumps;
- solar panels and solar collectors;
- windmills;
- utilise thermal storage or outdoor temperature;
- facilities for energy generation out of biomass or to produce hydroelectric power.
Total Air and energy
Total environmental investments in the environmental domain of Air and energy.
Energy saving
Environmental activities that reduce energy consumption.
Examples:
- insulation of buildings and equipment;
- facilities for recovering heat;
- heat and power stations, cogeneration, fuel cells, heat pumps.
Renewable energy
Environmental activities for the generation of renewable energy.
Examples:
- solar panels and solar collectors;
- windmills;
- utilise thermal storage or outdoor temperature;
- facilities for energy generation out of biomass or to produce hydroelectric power.
Air
Environmental activities to prevent or diminish air pollution.
Examples:
- plants or facilities to purify, prevent or diminish exhaust gasses;
- facilities that take care of a better emission of air polluting substances in the atmosphere (e.g. higher industrial chimneys);
- flare systems;
- equipment for emission-, stench- and concentration measurements.
Soil
Environmental activities to prevent or diminish soil pollution.
Examples:
- impervious soil protection with flanges or dams, with accompanying drainage system, pumps, pipes and collecting basins;
- facilities to absorb spilling losses;
- facilities on subterranean storage tanks and pipes;
- equipment for emission- and concentration measurements.
Waste
Environmental activities to prevent or diminish waste pollution.
Examples:
- facilities for storage of waste, transport and treatment of waste (in-company solutions); e.g. waste containers and vehicles;
- facilities to sort, separate, compress, waste, compost or ferment waste;
- implementation of more expensive (production)processes and suchlike.
Noise
Environmental activities to prevent or diminish noise pollution.
Examples:
- housing or acoustic insulation of machines or systems and pipes;
- silencers; noise or sound barriers;
- equipment for noise measurements;
- vibration damping of building foundations;
- noise reducing burners on flares and suchlike.
Landscape
Environmental activities to prevent or diminish damage or pollution of nature and landscape.
Examples:
- obligatory greenbelts and earthen walls around factory sites and premises;
- renovation of landscape (e.g. at excavation sites);
- making visible high-voltage lines to prevent collision of birds;
- equipment for discharge- and concentration measurements;
- detours to a certain location with respect to angled drilling;
- taking measures to restrict groundwater extraction and suchlike.
Environmental costs
The annual costs of all environmental activities that aim to protect, restore or improve the environment.

Environmental costs can be divided in costs of environmental activities carried out by companies themselves (capital costs of environmental investments and other costs), and in paid pollution levies and payments for environmental activities contracted out.
Environmental costs of own activities
The total costs of environmental activities carried out by companies themselves. They consist of capital costs of environmental investments in the past (interest and depreciation) and other costs.
Paid environmental transfers
Paid pollution levies and payments for environmental activities contracted out, such as paid environmental levies and charges for waste discharge and other environmental payments to third parties.
Received environmental transfers
Environmental subsidies by the government on environmental investments.

These subsidies reduce the own investments and so result in lower annual capital costs. These calculated reduction of the capital costs are considered as received environmental transfers.
Information on the received environmental subsidies by enterprises is obtained from the government.
Net environmental costs
The sum of the net annual costs of environmental activities carried out by companies themselves (capital costs of environmental investments and other costs), paid pollution levies and payments for environmental activities contracted out, minus the received environmental subsidies.