Cao wages, contractual wage costs and working hours; index (2010=100)

Cao wages, contractual wage costs and working hours; index (2010=100)

Cao sectors Sector/branches (SIC 2008) Version Periods Index figures Hourly cao wages incl. special payments (2010=100) Index figures Hourly contractual wage costs (2010=100) Year-on-year change Hourly cao wages incl. special payments (%) Year-on-year change Hourly contractual wage costs (%)
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2017 year 109.5 111.7 1.4 1.9
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2018 year 111.7 114.4 2.0 2.4
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2019 1st quarter 113.5 116.9 2.3 2.8
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2019 2nd quarter 114.1 117.5 2.6 3.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2019 July 115.0 118.4 2.7 3.1
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2019 August 115.1 118.5 2.7 3.1
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2019 September 115.2 118.6 2.7 3.1
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2019 3rd quarter 115.1 118.5 2.7 3.1
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2019 October 115.3 118.8 2.6 3.1
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2019 November 115.4 118.9 2.7 3.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2019 December 115.6 119.1 2.8 3.4
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2019 4th quarter 115.5 118.9 2.8 3.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2019 year 114.5 117.9 2.5 3.1
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2020 January* 116.8 120.3 3.1 3.1
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2020 February* 116.9 120.4 3.0 3.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2020 March* 117.0 120.6 3.0 3.1
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2020 1st quarter* 116.9 120.4 3.0 3.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2020 April* 117.1 120.8 2.7 2.9
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2020 May* 117.2 120.8 2.8 2.9
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2020 June* 117.5 121.1 2.8 3.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2020 2nd quarter* 117.3 120.9 2.8 2.9
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2020 July* 118.5 122.2 3.0 3.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2020 August* 118.7 122.3 3.1 3.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2020 September* 118.7 122.4 3.0 3.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 118.6 122.3 3.0 3.2
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains index figures of the quantification of the development of the contractual wage, labour costs and working hours of employees in the Netherlands. The table contains index figures on a number of elements contained in the collective labour agreements (in Dutch: cao), namely wages per month and per hour including and excluding special payments, contractual wage costs (per month and per hour) and contractual working hours. In addition, it presents developments calculated on the basis of these indices and the percentage of collective labour agreements completed.

Data available from: 1972, for the annual figures (up to and including 2009 to a limited extent) and from 2010, for the monthly figures and quarterly figures.

Status of the figures:
All the figures from 1972 to 2019 are definitive.
The figures for 2020 are provisional.

Changes as of 1 October 2020:
Figures for September 2020 and third quarter 2020 have been added.

When will new figures be published?
The monthly figures are published within one week after the end of the calendar month concerned. This is called the initial figure. The index is subsequently reviewed every month based on the additional completed collective labour agreements in that month.
Current figures marked with * are provisional. Up to the second quarter they can be reviewed monthly based on new completed collective labour agreements. In the second quarter the figures of the previous calendar year become definitive (current figures without *).

Description topics

Index figures
Index
An index is the ratio between two values, based on a base year which equals to 100.
The use of indices makes it simpler and easier to monitor and compare the development of certain quantities (wages, prices) over time.
Hourly cao wages incl. special payments
Hourly cao wages including special payments
These are the cao wages including special payments and the development of yearly working hours.
Cao wages include:
- gross wage for normal working hours of full-time employees.
- all required mandatory (compulsory), regularly paid allowances.
Special payments include:
all binding (compulsory) prescribed special (non-monthly) payments belonging to the gross income, such as holiday allowance, Christmas bonus, one-time payments the compensation for public health costs and the employers' contribution for the life course savings scheme.
Conditional bonuses, e.g. bonuses based on the employee's age, bonuses for shift work and individual wage increases are not included in cao wages and special payments.
Hourly contractual wage costs
Hourly contractual wage costs
The index of hourly contractual wage costs indicates the development of labour costs for employers in which the development of contractual working hours has been taken into account. This includes the cao wage including special payments plus statutory and contractual employer contributions to pension, early retirement, unemployment, sickness, disability and social funds. Both changes in the collective labour wage and changes in employers' contributions are reflected in the contractual wage costs figures.
Year-on-year change
Year-on-year change
These percentage changes are always related to the current figures and are compared to same period in the previous year. This is also the case for the year-on-year change of the initial figures.
Hourly cao wages incl. special payments
Hourly cao wages including special payments
These are the cao wages including special payments and the development of yearly working hours.
Cao wages include:
- gross wage for normal working hours of full-time employees.
- all required mandatory (compulsory), regularly paid allowances.
Special payments include:
all binding (compulsory) prescribed special (non-monthly) payments belonging to the gross income, such as holiday allowance, Christmas bonus, one-time payments the compensation for public health costs and the employers' contribution for the life course savings scheme.
Conditional bonuses, e.g. bonuses based on the employee's age, bonuses for shift work and individual wage increases are not included in cao wages and special payments.
Hourly contractual wage costs
Hourly contractual wage costs
The index of hourly contractual wage costs indicates the development of labour costs for employers in which the development of contractual working hours has been taken into account. This includes the cao wage including special payments plus statutory and contractual employer contributions to pension, early retirement, unemployment, sickness, disability and social funds. Both changes in the collective labour wage and changes in employers' contributions are reflected in the contractual wage costs figures.