Deep geothermal heat and geothermal heat; extraction of heat and cold

This table shows the withdrawal of heat and cold. Heat is a form of energy. The use of shallow geothermal cold avoids the consumption of electricity for cooling. Figures have been broken down into deep geothermal heat and geothermal energy with or without heat pumps.

Geothermal energy is a form of renewable energy.

With deep geothermal heat, the pumped up water is sufficiently warm (approximately between 60 and 90 degrees Celsius) for direct consumption via a heat exchanger. The main application is the heating of greenhouses.

With shallow geothermal energy, the pumped water is usually not warm enough (about 10 degrees Celsius) for direct consumption. This is why heat pumps are often used to bring the temperature to a sufficiently high level.

Geothermal energy can be used both for heating and cooling. The main use of geothermal energy is the heating and cooling of office buildings.

Data available from:

Status of the figures:
The figures in this table are definite up to and including 2018.

Changes as of 19 December 2019:
The figures for 2018 have been made definite. The figure for the extraction of geothermal heat with heat pumps in 2017 is adjusted due to new information about deliveries of heat pumps in that year. The figure for deep geothermal heat in 2016 is adjusted as a repair for a copy error.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures of deep geothermal heat and shallow geothermal energy in the form of heat used through heat pumps for the previous year are published each year in June.
Definite figures of all variables for the previous year appear each year in December.

Deep geothermal heat and geothermal heat; extraction of heat and cold

Energy commoditiesTechniques Periods Extraction of geothermal heat (TJ) Extraction of geothermal cold (TJ)
Total geothermal energy 2017 7,303 2,163
Total geothermal energy 2018 8,288 2,090
Deep geothermal heat 2017 3,047
Deep geothermal heat 2018 3,731
Total shallow geothermal energy 2017 4,257 2,163
Total shallow geothermal energy 2018 4,557 2,090
Shallow geothermal heat, total 2017 4,257
Shallow geothermal heat, total 2018 4,557
Shallow geothermal heat, heat pumps 2017 4,081
Shallow geothermal heat, heat pumps 2018 4,383
Shal geothermal heat, without heat pumps 2017 176
Shal geothermal heat, without heat pumps 2018 174
Shallow geothermal cold 2017 2,163
Shallow geothermal cold 2018 2,090
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols