Temporary residence permits; purpose of stay and nationality

Temporary residence permits; purpose of stay and nationality

Nationality Periods Asylum residence permit Total residence permits asylum (Number) Asylum residence permit Refugee status / Beneficiary status (Number) Asylum residence permit Humanitarian reasons (Number) Ordinary permit by purpose of stay Total ordinary residence permit (Number) Ordinary permit by purpose of stay Family reunification / formation Total family reunification / formation (Number) Ordinary permit by purpose of stay Family reunification / formation Husband / wife (Number) Ordinary permit by purpose of stay Family reunification / formation Child under 18 (Number) Ordinary permit by purpose of stay Family reunification / formation Other family reunification (Number) Ordinary permit by purpose of stay Study (Number) Ordinary permit by purpose of stay Labour: employee or self-employed person Total labour (Number)
Total 2021* 24,705 12,985 11,720 81,165 34,535 16,530 12,975 5,030 19,580 20,770
Afghan 2021* 2,985 2,540 445 545 470 210 130 130 40 0
Albanian 2021* 0 0 0 300 85 40 35 15 80 50
Algerian 2021* 15 5 10 105 50 30 10 10 15 25
American 2021* 5 0 5 5,590 1,905 1,005 780 120 1,815 1,545
Angolan 2021* 0 0 0 35 20 0 10 10 5 0
Argentinian 2021* 0 0 0 435 140 90 25 20 50 135
Armenian 2021* 15 15 0 135 90 45 35 10 25 0
Australian 2021* 0 0 0 655 220 135 65 25 45 210
Azerbaijani 2021* 50 25 30 235 70 40 20 10 100 55
Bengali 2021* 20 10 10 815 170 110 60 0 575 60
Bhutanese 2021* 0 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 5 0
Bolivian 2021* 0 0 0 30 10 5 5 5 10 5
Bosnian 2021* 0 0 0 135 75 45 15 10 15 20
Brazilian 2021* 0 0 0 2,740 1,035 630 255 145 280 850
Burundian 2021* 5 5 0 15 10 0 5 5 0 0
Canadian 2021* 0 0 0 1,060 305 175 115 15 320 240
Chilean 2021* 0 0 0 335 115 60 30 25 135 50
Chinese 2021* 180 120 60 6,455 990 440 480 70 3,220 2,130
Colombian 2021* 95 70 25 880 330 220 55 55 235 165
Congolese 2021* 15 15 0 20 15 0 10 5 0 0
Congolese (Democratic Republic) 2021* 40 35 5 60 55 15 30 10 5 0
Costa Rican 2021* 0 0 0 100 30 20 5 10 20 35
Cuban 2021* 30 20 10 70 40 25 5 10 5 10
Dominican (from Republic) 2021* 0 0 0 125 85 30 15 40 5 5
Ecuadorian 2021* 0 0 0 170 55 25 10 20 60 30
Egyptian 2021* 160 85 75 1,065 490 225 195 70 200 285
Eritrean 2021* 1,565 740 825 1,090 1,080 35 800 245 5 0
Ethiopian 2021* 95 60 35 225 130 35 50 45 50 40
Philippine 2021* 0 0 0 1,500 640 380 155 105 85 185
Gambian 2021* 40 30 10 115 100 65 20 15 5 0
Georgian 2021* 0 0 0 185 35 25 10 5 95 20
Ghanaian 2021* 5 5 0 565 375 135 135 105 80 55
Guinean 2021* 65 50 15 75 55 10 30 15 0 0
Haitian 2021* 0 0 0 5 5 0 0 0 0 0
Indian 2021* 0 0 0 11,800 4,960 2,630 2,290 45 1,880 4,870
Indonesian 2021* 10 5 5 1,915 660 410 185 65 1,000 175
Iraqi 2021* 540 235 310 650 580 150 115 315 20 15
Iranian 2021* 1,735 1,225 510 1,895 815 545 235 35 415 620
Israeli 2021* 0 0 0 375 160 50 85 25 75 80
Ivorian 2021* 5 0 0 20 15 0 10 5 0 0
Japanese 2021* 0 0 0 1,490 590 270 310 5 295 475
Yemeni 2021* 1,120 485 635 190 155 20 60 70 35 0
Jordanian 2021* 55 35 20 150 35 20 5 10 60 50
Cape Verdean 2021* 0 0 0 65 35 15 5 10 0 0
Cameroonian 2021* 25 15 10 115 45 20 20 10 40 15
Kazakh 2021* 25 15 15 325 65 40 25 0 180 70
Kenyan 2021* 0 0 0 235 90 45 30 15 70 40
Kuwaiti 2021* 0 0 0 15 10 5 5 0 0 5
Kosovar 2021* 0 0 0 110 45 30 10 5 35 15
Croatian 2021* 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lebanese 2021* 70 45 25 370 125 65 35 25 90 125
Liberian 2021* 5 5 0 35 10 5 0 5 25 0
Libyan 2021* 60 30 30 20 15 5 5 5 0 0
Macedonian 2021* 0 0 0 255 95 45 30 15 35 45
Maldivian 2021* 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 5 0
Malaysian 2021* 10 5 5 245 75 40 25 5 85 75
Moroccan 2021* 45 30 15 2,160 1,700 1,030 270 405 80 80
Mexican 2021* 5 5 0 1,020 295 175 75 40 395 210
Moldavian 2021* 5 0 0 105 20 10 5 0 25 15
Mongolian 2021* 0 0 0 35 15 5 10 0 15 0
Myanmarese 2021* 40 30 10 40 20 10 10 5 10 10
Nepalese 2021* 5 0 0 180 65 40 20 5 50 45
New Zealand 2021* 0 0 0 250 70 50 15 5 20 80
Nigerian 2021* 200 165 35 845 325 110 120 95 260 160
Ukrainian 2021* 25 15 15 1,670 650 385 225 35 380 425
Uzbek 2021* 5 0 0 60 25 10 10 0 25 5
Omani 2021* 0 0 0 20 5 5 0 0 15 0
Pakistani 2021* 440 220 220 960 480 240 200 40 150 260
Peruvian 2021* 5 0 0 355 120 80 15 30 140 55
Russian 2021* 190 140 45 2,665 1,045 650 345 55 720 725
Rwandan 2021* 0 0 0 65 20 10 10 5 35 10
Salvadorean 2021* 40 25 15 50 25 10 5 5 15 10
Saudi Arabian 2021* 15 10 5 135 65 25 35 0 45 30
Citizen of Serbia 2021* 0 0 0 485 195 95 85 20 80 130
Sierra Leonan 2021* 45 30 15 85 55 10 25 20 10 0
Singaporean 2021* 0 0 0 350 50 25 15 5 225 60
Sudanese 2021* 100 60 45 130 95 30 40 25 25 10
Somali 2021* 280 165 115 140 125 10 30 85 5 0
Sri Lankan 2021* 30 20 10 220 105 70 30 5 60 50
Surinamese 2021* 0 0 0 1,185 820 405 205 210 270 55
Syrian 2021* 10,770 4,275 6,495 1,970 1,875 295 1,015 560 45 45
Taiwanese 2021* 5 5 0 795 145 80 60 5 445 145
Tanzanian 2021* 5 5 5 60 25 10 10 10 30 0
Thai 2021* 5 0 5 715 415 305 75 35 135 60
Togolese 2021* 0 0 0 10 10 5 5 5 0 0
Tunisian 2021* 10 5 0 265 130 85 25 25 20 90
Turkish 2021* 2,000 1,050 945 6,340 3,010 1,795 1,025 190 1,280 1,750
Ugandan 2021* 110 85 30 155 85 25 40 25 40 15
Venezuelan 2021* 90 70 20 260 115 65 20 30 25 45
Vietnamese 2021* 0 0 0 805 175 105 50 20 520 80
Belorussian 2021* 20 15 5 260 185 120 60 5 55 0
Zambian 2021* 0 0 0 55 15 10 5 0 30 10
Zimbabwean 2021* 15 15 0 125 20 10 15 0 65 25
South African 2021* 0 0 0 3,085 1,305 660 530 115 180 1,135
South Korean 2021* 5 0 5 1,175 250 125 120 5 665 210
Swiss 2021* 0 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 5 0
Stateless 2021* 555 190 365 200 180 0 155 25 5 0
Unknown 2021* 465 315 145 1,280 1,225 80 440 700 20 10
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table shows the number of temporary residence permits granted for the first time. Permits are differentiated by purpose and the nationality of the persons concerned. Permits are differentiated by purpose and the nationality of the persons concerned. This table contains both asylum permits and ordinary residence permits. Ordinary permits are given to non-Dutch persons mainly for work, study, family reunification, or family formation. Children of non-Dutch persons, born in the Netherlands and not in the possession of the Dutch nationality also need a residence permit. Since April 2014, the Dutch Immigration and Naturalisation Service also issues combined permits for residence and work: single permits (GGVA). These are included in the table since 2014. All permits in the table have a validity period of three months or more.

Data available from: 2008.

Status of the figures:
The figures up to 2020 are final. The 2021 figures are provisional.

Changes as of August 2022:
The provisional figures for 2021 have been added.

When will new figures be published?
The new figures for 2022 will be available in July 2023.

Description topics

Asylum residence permit
Individuals whose asylum request is granted, receive a residence permit for asylum. An asylum residence permit may cover an asylum application from the same or from a previous year.

Figures include invited refugees until 2011 (approximately 500 per year).
Total residence permits asylum
Figures include invited refugees until 2011 (approximately 500 per year)
Refugee status / Beneficiary status
Refugee status: the recognition of a third country national or a stateless person as a refugee.

Beneficiary status: is granted to someone who does not qualify for the status of refugee and who has a chance of serious risk by returning to their home land. For example: if they are a victim of punishment, torture, indiscriminate violence in an armed conflict etc.

Including invited refugees until 2011 (approximately 500 per year).

Humanitarian reasons
Besides admission under international treaties, it is possible that someone is granted a residence permit on the basis of national politics. This is particularly the case when someone has suffered traumatic experiences. This person receives a permit based on compelling humanitarian reasons.

Ordinary permit by purpose of stay
Individuals whose request for a regular permit has been granted receive an ordinary permit. They did not come here for asylum, but for example to work, to study, for family reunification or for family formation. Non-Dutch persons who want to stay in the Netherlands for more three months and are not EU, EER or Swiss nationals, need a residence permit.
Total ordinary residence permit
Family reunification / formation
Residence permit which is granted in connection with family reunion.

Family reunification:
One or more family members are settling in the Netherlands to be reunited and live with their families who have emigrated in the past.

Family formation:
This may concern marriage, relationship and children under 18. It is for people who come to the Netherlands for marriage, registered partnership or live with a partner already in the Netherlands (with whom this person has never lived before).

Total family reunification / formation
Residence permit which is granted in connection with family reunion.

Family reunification:
This means that one or more family members are settling in the Netherlands to be reunited and live with their families who have emigrated in the past.

Family formation:
People who come to the Netherlands for marriage, registered partnership or live with a partner already in the Netherlands (with whom this person has never lived before).
Husband / wife
Husband or wife, registered partner or unmarried partner.
Child under 18
Child under 18
Other family reunification
Other not previously mentioned relatives such as parents or adult children.
Study
Residence permit granted for study. The residence permit must be requested at the school where the person wishes to study.
Labour: employee or self-employed person
Total labour