Employment; jobs, wages, working hours; key figures

Employment; jobs, wages, working hours; key figures

Characteristics job / employee / company Industrial classes / branches (SIC2008) Periods Employment Jobs (x 1 000) Employment Labour volume (x 1 000) Wage per job Hourly wage (euro) Wage per job Monthly wages Monthly wage including overtime (euro) Wage per job Monthly wages Monthly wage excluding overtime (euro) Wage per job Yearly wage Yearly wage including bonuses (euro) Wage per job Yearly wage Yearly wage excluding special payments (euro) Wage per job Yearly wage Bonuses and allowances (euro) Wage per job Yearly wage Additional tax liability for company car (euro) Working hours Per job per week including overtime (hour) Working hours Per job per week excluding overtime (hour) Working hours Per job per year (hour) Working hours Per working year (hour)
Total A-U All economic activities 2017 8,096 6,045 22.23 2,460 2,427 34,090 29,520 4,570 400 29.0 28.7 1,310 1,754
Total A-U All economic activities 2018 8,324 6,237 22.69 2,508 2,474 34,670 30,090 4,580 420 29.1 28.8 1,309 1,747
Total A-U All economic activities 2019 8,501 6,381 23.14 2,575 2,543 35,630 30,900 4,740 440 29.2 28.9 1,318 1,756
Sex: Male A-U All economic activities 2017 4,255 3,573 23.65 3,007 2,952 41,830 36,080 5,750 640 33.3 32.7 1,498 1,784
Sex: Male A-U All economic activities 2018 4,366 3,666 24.11 3,053 2,998 42,380 36,640 5,740 680 33.3 32.7 1,493 1,778
Sex: Male A-U All economic activities 2019 4,442 3,726 24.57 3,123 3,070 43,410 37,470 5,930 710 33.3 32.7 1,499 1,787
Sex: Female A-U All economic activities 2017 3,841 2,472 20.10 1,854 1,845 25,510 22,240 3,270 130 24.3 24.2 1,102 1,712
Sex: Female A-U All economic activities 2018 3,958 2,571 20.57 1,906 1,897 26,170 22,870 3,300 140 24.5 24.4 1,106 1,704
Sex: Female A-U All economic activities 2019 4,059 2,655 21.06 1,975 1,967 27,120 23,700 3,420 150 24.7 24.6 1,121 1,713
Age: Younger than 15 years A-U All economic activities 2017 12 2 4.13 110 110 1,360 1,320 40 0 7.0 7.0 320 1,740
Age: Younger than 15 years A-U All economic activities 2018 15 3 4.24 109 108 1,340 1,300 40 0 6.7 6.7 307 1,728
Age: Younger than 15 years A-U All economic activities 2019 18 3 4.33 110 109 1,360 1,310 40 0 6.6 6.6 303 1,740
Age: 15 to 19 years A-U All economic activities 2017 604 206 6.11 307 302 3,940 3,680 260 0 13.1 13.0 593 1,741
Age: 15 to 19 years A-U All economic activities 2018 644 223 6.51 331 325 4,260 3,970 290 0 13.3 13.1 598 1,732
Age: 15 to 19 years A-U All economic activities 2019 669 231 6.89 351 346 4,530 4,220 320 10 13.3 13.2 602 1,742
Age: 20 to 24 years A-U All economic activities 2017 830 508 11.93 1,095 1,072 14,440 13,140 1,300 50 23.9 23.6 1,078 1,763
Age: 20 to 24 years A-U All economic activities 2018 853 531 12.55 1,164 1,140 15,370 13,970 1,400 60 24.3 24.0 1,091 1,753
Age: 20 to 24 years A-U All economic activities 2019 870 544 13.06 1,222 1,200 16,190 14,670 1,520 70 24.5 24.1 1,103 1,763
Age: 25 to 29 years A-U All economic activities 2017 901 729 16.66 2,017 1,984 27,260 24,210 3,060 210 31.7 31.2 1,429 1,767
Age: 25 to 29 years A-U All economic activities 2018 929 759 17.21 2,096 2,063 28,330 25,150 3,190 230 32.0 31.6 1,438 1,760
Age: 25 to 29 years A-U All economic activities 2019 949 782 17.78 2,190 2,159 29,640 26,280 3,370 260 32.2 31.9 1,457 1,768
Age: 30 to 34 years A-U All economic activities 2017 826 687 20.42 2,533 2,497 34,740 30,400 4,340 360 32.5 32.0 1,467 1,765
Age: 30 to 34 years A-U All economic activities 2018 855 713 20.95 2,598 2,562 35,640 31,180 4,460 380 32.6 32.2 1,467 1,757
Age: 30 to 34 years A-U All economic activities 2019 877 734 21.51 2,684 2,649 36,870 32,210 4,670 410 32.7 32.3 1,478 1,766
Age: 35 to 39 years A-U All economic activities 2017 785 641 23.55 2,859 2,823 39,520 34,310 5,210 490 31.8 31.4 1,438 1,761
Age: 35 to 39 years A-U All economic activities 2018 798 654 24.05 2,917 2,880 40,290 35,000 5,290 520 31.9 31.5 1,437 1,754
Age: 35 to 39 years A-U All economic activities 2019 811 666 24.54 2,997 2,961 41,420 35,960 5,450 540 32.0 31.6 1,448 1,763
Age: 40 to 44 years A-U All economic activities 2017 793 641 25.55 3,070 3,031 42,710 36,840 5,870 600 31.5 31.1 1,424 1,760
Age: 40 to 44 years A-U All economic activities 2018 787 639 26.02 3,126 3,086 43,430 37,510 5,920 620 31.6 31.2 1,423 1,752
Age: 40 to 44 years A-U All economic activities 2019 788 642 26.49 3,205 3,167 44,560 38,460 6,090 640 31.7 31.3 1,435 1,760
Age: 45 to 49 years A-U All economic activities 2017 946 763 26.38 3,159 3,116 44,170 37,910 6,260 650 31.4 31.0 1,417 1,758
Age: 45 to 49 years A-U All economic activities 2018 941 763 26.91 3,226 3,182 45,080 38,710 6,380 690 31.6 31.1 1,419 1,751
Age: 45 to 49 years A-U All economic activities 2019 915 745 27.37 3,310 3,268 46,290 39,720 6,580 720 31.7 31.3 1,433 1,760
Age: 50 to 54 years A-U All economic activities 2017 920 738 26.60 3,155 3,113 44,200 37,860 6,340 590 31.2 30.7 1,404 1,749
Age: 50 to 54 years A-U All economic activities 2018 932 751 27.13 3,221 3,179 45,040 38,650 6,380 640 31.3 30.9 1,406 1,744
Age: 50 to 54 years A-U All economic activities 2019 943 763 27.62 3,308 3,267 46,350 39,700 6,650 680 31.5 31.1 1,419 1,754
Age: 55 to 59 years A-U All economic activities 2017 796 634 26.70 3,109 3,074 43,640 37,310 6,330 480 30.7 30.3 1,382 1,735
Age: 55 to 59 years A-U All economic activities 2018 827 660 27.18 3,166 3,130 44,200 37,990 6,210 510 30.8 30.5 1,382 1,730
Age: 55 to 59 years A-U All economic activities 2019 851 681 27.62 3,243 3,207 45,260 38,920 6,340 560 30.9 30.6 1,393 1,741
Age: 60 to 64 years A-U All economic activities 2017 536 417 26.34 2,972 2,942 41,590 35,660 5,930 410 29.8 29.5 1,341 1,722
Age: 60 to 64 years A-U All economic activities 2018 570 444 26.76 3,011 2,981 41,950 36,140 5,810 430 29.9 29.6 1,337 1,717
Age: 60 to 64 years A-U All economic activities 2019 606 472 27.20 3,080 3,051 42,990 36,960 6,030 460 29.9 29.6 1,346 1,728
Age: 65 to 74 years A-U All economic activities 2017 137 75 23.80 1,918 1,899 28,320 23,020 5,300 600 21.2 21.0 957 1,757
Age: 65 to 74 years A-U All economic activities 2018 161 91 24.36 2,028 2,007 28,610 24,330 4,280 580 22.0 21.8 989 1,744
Age: 65 to 74 years A-U All economic activities 2019 188 110 24.85 2,146 2,125 30,140 25,750 4,390 560 22.8 22.5 1,026 1,749
Age: 75 years or older A-U All economic activities 2017 11 5 17.71 1,124 1,120 15,300 13,480 1,820 870 16.7 16.6 758 1,797
Age: 75 years or older A-U All economic activities 2018 13 5 18.52 1,138 1,133 15,120 13,660 1,460 870 16.2 16.2 734 1,782
Age: 75 years or older A-U All economic activities 2019 15 6 19.08 1,162 1,158 15,450 13,950 1,500 900 16.0 16.0 728 1,792
Type of employment contract: full-time A-U All economic activities 2017 3,651 3,651 24.06 3,648 3,589 50,850 43,770 7,080 770 39.7 39.0 1,790 1,790
Type of employment contract: full-time A-U All economic activities 2018 3,753 3,753 24.54 3,709 3,650 51,590 44,500 7,090 810 39.8 39.1 1,785 1,785
Type of employment contract: full-time A-U All economic activities 2019 3,810 3,810 25.05 3,801 3,744 52,970 45,610 7,360 850 39.8 39.1 1,794 1,794
Type of employment contract: part-time A-U All economic activities 2017 4,445 2,394 19.30 1,484 1,472 20,330 17,810 2,520 100 20.3 20.1 915 1,699
Type of employment contract: part-time A-U All economic activities 2018 4,571 2,483 19.73 1,522 1,510 20,780 18,260 2,520 110 20.4 20.3 918 1,690
Type of employment contract: part-time A-U All economic activities 2019 4,690 2,571 20.17 1,579 1,567 21,550 18,950 2,600 120 20.6 20.5 932 1,701
Working hours: less than 12 hours a week A-U All economic activities 2017 1,210 211 13.41 339 332 4,690 4,070 620 40 6.6 6.5 298 1,707
Working hours: less than 12 hours a week A-U All economic activities 2018 1,223 213 13.51 339 333 4,710 4,070 640 50 6.6 6.5 296 1,699
Working hours: less than 12 hours a week A-U All economic activities 2019 1,231 214 13.81 348 342 4,840 4,180 660 50 6.6 6.5 298 1,711
Working hours: 12 to19 hours a week A-U All economic activities 2017 764 329 15.94 974 965 13,270 11,680 1,580 50 16.1 16.0 727 1,691
Working hours: 12 to19 hours a week A-U All economic activities 2018 768 330 16.15 981 973 13,350 11,770 1,580 60 16.1 16.0 723 1,683
Working hours: 12 to19 hours a week A-U All economic activities 2019 767 329 16.41 1,001 993 13,600 12,010 1,590 60 16.1 16.0 726 1,695
Working hours: 20 to 29 hours a week A-U All economic activities 2017 862 525 19.00 1,631 1,623 22,280 19,570 2,710 70 22.7 22.6 1,025 1,683
Working hours: 20 to 29 hours a week A-U All economic activities 2018 889 542 19.36 1,655 1,647 22,560 19,860 2,700 70 22.7 22.6 1,021 1,675
Working hours: 20 to 29 hours a week A-U All economic activities 2019 910 555 19.75 1,697 1,691 23,090 20,370 2,730 80 22.7 22.6 1,027 1,684
Working hours: 25 to 29 hours a week A-U All economic activities 2017 617 466 20.36 2,156 2,139 29,590 25,870 3,720 60 28.0 27.8 1,261 1,669
Working hours: 25 to 29 hours a week A-U All economic activities 2018 643 486 20.83 2,191 2,177 29,980 26,290 3,690 60 27.9 27.8 1,254 1,659
Working hours: 25 to 29 hours a week A-U All economic activities 2019 672 508 21.27 2,249 2,236 30,760 26,990 3,770 70 28.0 27.8 1,261 1,669
Working hours: 30 to 34 hours a week A-U All economic activities 2017 890 776 21.79 2,692 2,668 36,920 32,300 4,610 180 32.6 32.3 1,469 1,685
Working hours: 30 to 34 hours a week A-U All economic activities 2018 942 821 22.16 2,720 2,699 37,160 32,640 4,520 190 32.5 32.3 1,461 1,677
Working hours: 30 to 34 hours a week A-U All economic activities 2019 988 860 22.60 2,785 2,766 38,040 33,420 4,620 200 32.5 32.3 1,468 1,688
Working hours: 35 hours a week or more A-U All economic activities 2017 3,753 3,738 23.96 3,631 3,574 50,590 43,570 7,010 770 39.7 39.0 1,790 1,797
Working hours: 35 hours a week or more A-U All economic activities 2018 3,859 3,844 24.46 3,696 3,637 51,380 44,350 7,030 810 39.7 39.1 1,785 1,792
Working hours: 35 hours a week or more A-U All economic activities 2019 3,932 3,916 24.95 3,785 3,728 52,700 45,420 7,280 850 39.7 39.1 1,793 1,801
Size of company: 0 to 10 employees A-U All economic activities 2017 1,226 815 21.64 2,151 2,137 28,190 25,810 2,380 680 26.0 25.9 1,185 1,783
Size of company: 0 to 10 employees A-U All economic activities 2018 1,233 822 22.18 2,208 2,193 28,760 26,490 2,270 730 26.2 26.0 1,186 1,780
Size of company: 0 to 10 employees A-U All economic activities 2019 1,245 830 22.69 2,273 2,259 29,600 27,280 2,320 780 26.2 26.1 1,195 1,791
Size of company: 10 to 100 employees A-U All economic activities 2017 1,925 1,470 20.49 2,377 2,324 32,330 28,530 3,800 520 30.3 29.7 1,361 1,782
Size of company: 10 to 100 employees A-U All economic activities 2018 1,976 1,513 20.88 2,418 2,367 32,960 29,020 3,940 540 30.4 29.8 1,360 1,776
Size of company: 10 to 100 employees A-U All economic activities 2019 2,014 1,542 21.35 2,481 2,433 33,770 29,780 3,990 570 30.4 29.9 1,367 1,786
Size of company: 100 or more employees A-U All economic activities 2017 4,945 3,760 23.07 2,568 2,539 36,240 30,820 5,420 290 29.3 28.9 1,321 1,737
Size of company: 100 or more employees A-U All economic activities 2018 5,116 3,901 23.51 2,614 2,584 36,760 31,370 5,390 300 29.4 29.0 1,319 1,729
Size of company: 100 or more employees A-U All economic activities 2019 5,242 4,009 23.95 2,682 2,653 37,780 32,190 5,590 320 29.4 29.1 1,329 1,738
Cao-sector: private companies A-U All economic activities 2017 5,735 4,279 21.57 2,441 2,397 33,660 29,290 4,370 550 29.6 29.1 1,334 1,788
Cao-sector: private companies A-U All economic activities 2018 5,919 4,436 22.00 2,490 2,446 34,300 29,880 4,410 580 29.8 29.3 1,335 1,781
Cao-sector: private companies A-U All economic activities 2019 6,030 4,532 22.46 2,561 2,519 35,280 30,730 4,550 610 29.9 29.4 1,345 1,790
Cao-sector: subsidised corporations A-U All economic activities 2017 1,333 922 21.74 2,076 2,069 28,710 24,910 3,800 40 25.3 25.3 1,142 1,651
Cao-sector: subsidised corporations A-U All economic activities 2018 1,366 947 22.22 2,118 2,111 29,140 25,410 3,730 50 25.4 25.4 1,140 1,643
Cao-sector: subsidised corporations A-U All economic activities 2019 1,406 978 22.62 2,170 2,163 29,980 26,040 3,940 60 25.5 25.4 1,148 1,651
Cao-sector: government A-U All economic activities 2017 1,028 844 26.32 3,062 3,055 43,460 36,750 6,710 10 30.5 30.4 1,393 1,696
Cao-sector: government A-U All economic activities 2018 1,039 853 26.96 3,120 3,112 44,100 37,430 6,670 10 30.4 30.4 1,385 1,688
Cao-sector: government A-U All economic activities 2019 1,065 872 27.45 3,189 3,182 45,090 38,270 6,820 10 30.4 30.4 1,391 1,699
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table comprises yearly figures on the main aspects of employment, wages and working hours in the Netherlands. The information in this table is classified according to Standard Industrial Classification of all Economic Activities (SIC 2008) and can be broken down into:
- employee characteristics (age and sex)
- job characteristics (type of employment contract and working hours)
- company characteristics (size of the firm and collective wage agreements)

Data available from: 2009.

Status of the figures:
The figures in this table are definite.

Changes as of 15 October 2020:
The new figures for 2019 are added.

When will new figures be published?
New figures for 2020 will be published in October 2021.

Description topics

Employment
Jobs
A job is an explicit or implicit employment contract between a person and an economic unit, specifying that labour will be carried out in return for remuneration (financial or otherwise). An employed person may have more than one job at a time. In that case the person has a main job and a secondary job. Each job counts separately. For the calculation of the average number of jobs in a certain period the starting date and end date of a job is taking into account. The weekly working hours are left out of account. Two successive jobs both with a 6-month working period will always count as one job in the average number of jobs, regardless of whether these jobs are full-time or part-time.
Labour volume
The volume of labour input in the production process, in terms of hours worked or full-time equivalents. Part-time jobs are counted proportionally (excluding overtime, after deduction of the reduction in working hours).
Calculation of the average labour volume for a certain period is based on the starting date and end date of a job and the weekly working hours. Two successive jobs both with a 6-month working period will count as 1 working year in the yearly average labour volume if both jobs are full-time. If they are part-time jobs they will count for less than a year.
Wage per job
Hourly wage
The hourly wage are calculated by the sum of gross wage of all the jobs of employees of the related population divide by the sum of the corresponding working hours. These wages and hours are summed by subpopulation and period.

The agreed gross wage is excluding bonuses/allowances and overtime pay, but including the value according to tax of non-monetary remuneration liable to tax.
The working hours are the hours paid for a job excluding overtime hours, holiday leave and public holidays. Leave in compensation for shorter working hours (ADV) is not recognized as working hours, so this is not included in the calculation.

Bonuses and allowances are occasional payments that are part of the gross wages such as holiday allowance, profit sharing and performance bonuses.
Monthly wages
The monthly wage is the agreed gross salary, excluding bonuses/allowances, but including the value according to tax of non-monetary remuneration liable to tax and paid overtime. The private tax benefits of a company car are not included. There is a difference between monthly wage including paid overtime and excluding paid overtime.
The average monthly wage in a year is determined by dividing the yearly wage sum by 12 times the average number of jobs in that year.

Monthly wage including overtime
The monthly wage including paid overtime.
Monthly wage excluding overtime
The monthly wage excluding paid overtime.
Yearly wage
Agreed gross salary including the value according to tax of non-monetary remuneration liable to tax and paid overtime. The private tax benefits of a company car are not included. The average yearly wage is determined by dividing the yearly wage sum by the average number of jobs in a year.
Yearly wage including bonuses
The yearly wage including bonuses and allowances, such as holiday allowance, profit sharing, performance bonuses etc.
Yearly wage excluding special payments
The yearly wage excluding bonuses and allowances, such as holiday allowance, profit sharing, performance bonuses etc.
Bonuses and allowances
Occasional payments that are part of the gross wages such as holiday allowance, profit sharing, performance bonuses etc.
These do not include contributions to wage savings schemes, compensation for dismissal, compensation for medical expenses and wages paid for overtime.
Additional tax liability for company car
Fixed value of private use of a company car minus extra payment by the employee for this use.

Working hours
The number of hours someone works in a normal or average working week. There is a distinction between weekly working hours and yearly working hours.
Weekly working hours are calculated by the average hours paid for a job divided by 52. The hours paid include hours leave, paid overtime hours and paid sick and study leave, but exclude reduction of working hours.
Also the weekly working hours without overtime is been determined. The yearly working hours of a job is the average hours paid for a job a year excluded overtime hours and leave hours through holiday, reduction of
working hours and general recognized feast-days.
For the yearly working hours of a year of employment this yearly average is determined for a year of employment instead for a job.
Per job per week including overtime
Weekly working hours are calculated by the average hours paid for a job per year divided by 52. The hours paid include hours leave, paid overtime, and paid sick and study leave, but exclude reduction of working hours.
Per job per week excluding overtime
Weekly working hours are calculated by the average hours paid for a job per year divided by 52. The hours paid include hours leave and paid sick and study leave, but exclude reduction of working hours and paid overtime.

Per job per year
The yearly working hours of a job are the average hours paid for a job per year excluding overtime hours and holiday leave, leave as compensation for shorter working hours (ADV) and public holidays. For the yearly working hours in a year of employment this yearly average is calculated for a year of employment instead for a job.



Per working year
A working year is a measure for the labour volume calculated by converting all jobs (full-time and part-time) in a year to full-time equivalents (fte) by dividing the agreed working hours by the agreed working hours of a full-time job in a particular industry. The resulting full-time equivalents add up to working years. For example, two jobs of 0.5 fte add up to one working year.