Agriculture; labour force by region

This table contains data at regional level on the number of persons employed on agricultural holdings, the corresponding annual work units (AWUs) and the number of holdings with workers.

The figures in this table are derived from the agricultural census. Data collection for the agricultural census is part of a combined data collection for a.o. agricultural policy use and enforcement of the manure law.

Regional breakdown is based on the main location of the holding. Due to this the region where activities (crops, animals) are allocated may differ from the location where these activities actually occur.

The agricultural census is also used as the basis for the European Farm Structure Survey (FSS). Data from the agricultural census do not fully coincide with the FSS. In the FSS years (2000, 2003, 2005, 2007 and 2010)
additional information was collected to meet the requirements of the FSS.

Data on labour force refer to the period April to March of the year preceding the agricultural census.

From 2018 onwards the number of calves for fattening, pigs for fattening, chicken and turkey are adjusted in the case of temporary breaks in the production cycle (e.g. sanitary cleaning).
The agricultural census is a structural survey, in which adjustment for temporary breaks in the production cycle is a.o. relevant for the calculation of the economic size of the holding, and its farm type.
In the livestock surveys the number of animals on the reference day is relevant, therefore no adjustment for temporary breaks in the production cycle are made.
This means that the number of animals in the tables of the agricultural census may differ from those in the livestock tables (see ‘links to relevant tables and relevant articles).

From 2017 onwards, animal numbers are increasingly derived from I&R registers (Identification and Registration of animals), instead of by means of the combined data collection. The I&R registers are the responsibility of RVO (Netherlands Enterprise Agency). Since 2017, cattle numbers are derived from I&R cattle, and from 2018 sheep, goats and poultry are also derived from the relevant I&R registers. The registration of cattle, sheep and goats takes place directly at RVO. Poultry data is collected via the designated database Poultry Information System Poultry (KIP) from Avined. Avined is a branch organization for the egg and poultry meat sectors. Avined passes the data on to the central database of RVO. Due to the transition to the use of I&R registers, a change in classification will occur for sheep and goats from 2018 onwards.

Since 2016, information of the Dutch Business Register is used to define the agricultural census. Registration in the Business Register with an agricultural standard industrial classification code, related to NACE/ISIC, (in Dutch SBI: ‘Standaard BedrijfsIndeling’) is leading to determine whether there is an agricultural holding. This aligns the agricultural census as closely as possible to the statistical regulations of Eurostat and the (Dutch) implementation of the definition of 'active farmer' as described in the common agricultural policy.

The definition of the agricultural census based on information from the Dutch Business Register mainly affects the number of holdings, a clear deviation of the trend occurs. The impact on areas (except for other land and rough grazing) and the number of animals (except for sheep, and horses and ponies) is limited. This is mainly due to the holdings that are excluded as a result of the new delimitation of agricultural holdings (such as equestrian centres, city farms and organisations in nature management).

Until 2010 the economic size of agricultural holdings was expressed in Dutch size units (in Dutch NGE: 'Nederlandse Grootte Eenheid'). From 2010 onwards this has become Standard Output (SO). This means that the threshold for holdings in the agricultural census has changed from 3 NGE to 3000 euro SO. For comparable time series the figures for 2000 up to and including 2009 have been recalculated, based on SO coefficients and SO typology. The latest update was in 2016.

In 2011 there were changes in geographic assignment of holdings with a foreign main seat. This may influence regional figures, mainly in border regions.

Data available from: 2000

Status of the figures: the figures are definite.

Changes as of 3 March 2020: the figures of 2019 have been updated and are now definite.

Changes as of 19 November 2019: the figures for 2018 have been revised, following the improvement of algorithms to derive poultry numbers from the relevant I&R register.
Also the animal numbers for poultry, calves for fattening and pigs for fattening are corrected for temporary breaks in the production cycle (e.g. sanitary cleaning).

Changes as of 13 September 2019: as a result of changes in the list of crop codes in the combined data collection, the area rough grazing has changed from 2016 onwards.
This affects the related subjects as well a the number of holdings.

When will new figures be published?
According to regular planning provisional figures for the current year are published in November; definite figures follow three months later.

Agriculture; labour force by region

Gender Periods Regions PersonsRegularly employedRegularly employed, total (number) Regularly employedFamily labourFamily labour, total (number) Regularly employedFamily labourHolder (number) Regularly employedFamily labourSpouse (number) Regularly employedFamily labourFamily workers (number) Regularly employedNon-family labourNon-family labour, total (number) Regularly employedNon-family labourManager (number) Regularly employedNon-family labourOther persons regularly employed (number) PersonsNot regularly employed (number) Annual work units (AWU)Regularly employedRegularly employed, total (number) Regularly employedFamily labourFamily labour, total (number) 13 Regularly employedFamily labourHolder (number) 14 Regularly employedFamily labourSpouse (number) 15 Regularly employedFamily labourFamily workers (number) 16 Regularly employedNon-family labourNon-family labour, total (number) 17 Regularly employedNon-family labourManager (number) 18 Regularly employedNon-family labourOther persons regularly employed (number) 19 Annual work units (AWU)Not regularly employed (number) HoldingsRegularly employedRegularly employed, total (number) Regularly employedFamily labourFamily labour, total (number) 22 Regularly employedFamily labourHolder (number) 23 Regularly employedFamily labourSpouse (number) 24 Regularly employedFamily labourFamily workers (number) 25 Regularly employedNon-family labourNon-family labour, total (number) 26 Regularly employedNon-family labourManager (number) 27 Regularly employedNon-family labourOther persons regularly employed (number) 28 HoldingsNot regularly employed (number)
Total 2000 Nederland 280,584 194,292 93,138 43,338 57,816 86,292 4,251 82,041 . 196,613 138,933 76,857 27,251 34,825 57,680 3,664 54,016 15,284 97,389 93,138 93,138 43,338 34,677 18,398 4,251 17,302 14,082
Total 2005 Nederland 235,450 163,387 77,749 41,190 44,448 72,063 4,001 68,062 . 159,457 111,370 61,187 22,644 27,540 48,087 3,205 44,882 15,530 81,750 77,749 77,749 41,190 25,663 15,397 4,001 15,397 20,469
Total 2010 Nederland 211,751 148,045 68,141 42,683 37,221 63,706 4,183 59,523 . 141,407 95,549 54,139 21,399 20,010 45,858 3,394 42,464 28,180 72,324 68,141 68,141 42,683 24,135 14,501 4,183 13,515 38,861
Total 2016 Nederland 172,705 118,360 51,609 . . 54,345 4,079 50,266 . 123,540 83,211 44,819 . . 40,330 3,366 36,964 29,424 55,688 51,609 51,609 . . 12,848 4,079 12,021 38,939
Total 2017 Nederland 170,440 116,288 50,684 . . 54,152 4,165 49,987 . 120,831 81,204 43,965 . . 39,627 3,428 36,199 30,034 54,849 50,684 50,684 . . 13,483 4,165 12,645 39,166
Total 2018 Nederland 176,159 118,106 49,679 . . 58,053 4,231 53,822 . 123,975 81,774 43,015 . . 42,201 3,506 38,695 29,473 53,910 49,679 49,679 . . 15,012 4,231 14,304 38,249
Total 2019 Nederland 180,371 118,257 48,842 . . 62,114 4,391 57,723 . 126,515 81,435 42,255 . . 45,080 3,665 41,415 29,789 53,233 48,842 48,842 . . 15,850 4,391 15,188 37,677
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols