Government; expenditure on education and student grants, loans since 1900


This table gives an overview of government expenditure on regular education in the Netherlands since 1900. All figures presented have been calculated according to the standardised definitions of the OECD.

Government expenditure on education consists of expenditure by central and local government on education institutions and education. The government finances schools, colleges and universities. It pays for research and development conducted by universities. Furthermore it provides student grants and loans, allowances for school costs, provisions for students with a disability and child care allowances to households as well as subsidies to companies and non-profit organisations.

Total government expenditure is broken down into expenditure on education institutions and education on the one hand and government expenditure on student grants and loans and allowances for school costs to households on the other. If applicable these subjects are broken down into pre-primary and primary education, special needs primary education, secondary education, senior secondary vocational and adult education, higher professional education and university education. Data are available from 1900. Figures for the Second World War period are based on estimations due to a lack of source material.

The table also includes the indicator government expenditure on education as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP). This indicator is used to compare government expenditure on education internationally. The indicator is compounded on the basis of definitions of the OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development). The indicator is also presented in the StatLine table Education; Education expenditure and CBS /OECD indicators. Figures for the First World War and Second World War period are not available for this indicator due to a lack of reliable data on GDP for these periods.

The statistic on Education spending is compiled on a cash basis. This means that the education expenditure and revenues are allocated to the year in which they are paid out or received. However, the activity or transaction associated with the payment or receipt can take place in a different year.

Statistics Netherlands published the revised National Accounts in June 2018. Among other things, GDP has been adjusted upwards as a result of the revision. The revision has not been extended to the years before 1995. In the indicator 'Total government expenditure as % of GDP', a break occurs between 1994 and 1995 as a result of the revision.

Data available from: 1900

Status of the figures:
Data recorded in the last available year are provisional figures.

Changes on 19 December 2019:
The provisional figures for 2018 have been added, the figures for 2017 have been adjusted from provisional to definite.

When will new figures be published?
New figures are published in November/December of the following year.

Government; expenditure on education and student grants, loans since 1900

Periods Total government expenditure (million euros) Government expenditure on educationTotal government exp. on education (million euros) Government expenditure on education(Pre-)primary educationTotal (pre-)primary education (million euros) Government expenditure on educationSecondary educationTotal secondary education (million euros) Government expenditure on educationTertiary educationTotal tertiary education (million euros) Student grants, loans and allowanceTotal student grants, loans and allow... (million euros) Student grants, loans and allowanceSecondary educationTotal secondary education (million euros) Student grants, loans and allowanceTertiary educationTotal tertiary education (million euros) Total government expenditure as % of GDP (% of GDP)
1900 12 11 7 2 2 . . . 1.2
1910 21 22 14 4 4 . . . 1.6
1920 81 81 53 14 14 . . . .
1930 119 119 80 27 12 . . . 3.5
1939 90 90 53 27 10 . . . 2.7
1950 252 249 139 77 33 2 . . 2.7
1960 909 890 379 334 177 19 1 17 4.3
1970 3,683 3,593 1,214 1,313 1,066 90 12 77 6.3
1980 11,306 10,792 3,663 4,024 3,105 514 167 347 6.9
1990 13,530 11,491 3,818 4,182 3,491 2,038 898 1,140 5.6
1995 15,679 13,763 4,616 5,314 3,832 1,916 753 1,163 4.8
2000 20,832 18,416 6,651 7,383 4,382 2,416 1,001 1,416 4.6
2005 28,368 25,314 9,473 10,141 5,701 3,053 1,114 1,939 5.1
2010 35,086 31,287 10,943 13,149 7,194 3,799 1,152 2,647 5.5
2015 36,903 32,591 10,688 13,902 8,001 4,312 1,195 3,117 5.3
2016 38,814 33,041 10,707 14,200 8,134 5,774 1,516 4,258 5.4
2017 38,200 33,692 10,999 14,331 8,362 4,507 1,149 3,358 5.2
2018* 41,429 35,267 11,582 14,823 8,862 6,162 1,773 4,389 5.4
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols