Consumer prices; average prices of food, 1800 - 2018

Consumer prices; average prices of food, 1800 - 2018

Periods Beer (euro) Bread (euro) Butter (euro) Cheese (euro) Coffee (euro) Eggs (euro) Margarine (euro) Milk (euro) Pork steak (euro) Potatoes (euro) Rice (euro) Stewing steak (euro) Sugar (euro) Tea (euro)
1800 0.01 0.12 0.09 0.16 0.40 0.01 0.03 . 0.01 0.19 . 0.71 0.20
1810 0.01 0.12 0.09 . 0.65 0.01 0.03 0.32 0.01 0.16 0.27 1.77 0.22
1820 0.02 0.09 0.08 0.17 0.35 0.01 0.03 0.24 0.01 0.16 0.19 0.44 0.09
1830 0.02 0.09 0.09 0.15 0.10 0.01 0.03 0.25 0.02 0.10 0.19 0.30 0.15
1840 0.02 0.10 0.09 0.16 0.13 0.01 0.02 0.27 0.01 0.10 0.23 0.28 .
1850 0.02 0.09 0.07 0.16 0.14 0.01 0.02 0.23 0.01 0.08 0.21 0.22 0.05
1860 0.02 0.07 0.12 0.18 0.18 0.01 0.03 0.24 0.02 0.07 0.28 0.24 0.13
1870 0.02 0.06 0.15 0.19 0.15 0.01 0.03 0.38 0.02 0.06 0.31 0.25 0.06
1880 0.02 0.06 0.16 0.18 0.19 0.02 0.23 0.03 0.34 0.02 0.07 0.36 0.22 0.05
1890 0.02 0.05 0.13 0.19 0.25 0.01 0.13 0.03 0.31 0.02 0.06 0.30 0.19 0.04
1900 0.02 0.05 0.14 0.21 0.16 0.01 0.11 0.03 0.25 0.01 0.05 0.26 0.16 0.04
1910 0.02 0.06 0.15 0.26 0.20 0.02 0.15 0.03 0.38 0.02 0.06 0.34 0.17 0.04
1920 . . . 0.88 0.52 . 0.38 . . . 0.44 . 0.47 0.11
1930 . 0.09 0.23 0.64 0.45 0.03 0.25 0.06 0.84 0.04 0.16 0.84 0.27 0.13
1940 . 0.08 0.22 0.44 0.34 0.03 0.29 0.06 0.62 0.03 0.13 0.66 0.24 0.12
1950 . 0.17 0.54 1.46 1.18 0.08 0.32 0.09 1.70 0.07 0.46 1.65 0.34 0.32
1960 0.47 0.20 0.44 1.49 1.38 0.08 0.33 0.18 2.54 0.11 0.45 1.78 0.44 0.32
1970 0.54 0.36 0.83 2.68 1.98 0.08 0.48 0.29 4.52 0.21 0.83 3.12 0.52 0.31
1980 0.75 0.79 1.09 5.05 3.30 0.11 0.69 0.52 6.60 0.29 1.21 5.73 0.83 0.54
1990 1.05 1.02 1.11 6.43 2.25 0.11 0.85 0.62 7.51 0.36 1.72 7.42 0.92 0.68
2000 1.17 1.29 1.09 7.01 6.16 1.40 0.64 0.51 7.63 0.63 2.12 8.65 0.88 1.02
2001 1.29 1.34 1.11 7.34 5.96 1.40 0.69 0.57 8.81 0.75 2.21 9.27 0.89 1.10
2002 1.38 1.38 1.12 7.58 5.76 1.40 0.72 0.61 8.12 0.87 2.27 9.40 0.88 1.15
2003 1.43 1.39 1.09 7.67 5.54 1.90 0.76 0.62 8.00 0.79 2.27 9.01 0.85 1.12
2004 1.29 1.41 1.05 7.34 4.94 1.60 0.73 0.60 7.75 0.73 1.81 8.59 0.82 0.97
2005 1.28 1.43 1.01 7.18 5.50 1.40 0.68 0.60 7.55 0.58 1.50 8.60 0.79 0.87
2006 1.31 1.37 1.01 7.24 5.80 1.40 0.68 0.60 7.93 0.86 1.39 9.00 0.78 0.85
2007 1.37 1.35 1.08 7.11 6.00 1.40 0.70 0.58 7.73 0.81 1.48 9.02 0.80 0.84
2008 1.46 1.48 1.22 8.39 6.60 1.50 0.78 0.70 7.84 0.77 1.73 9.19 0.78 0.90
2009 1.60 1.46 1.15 8.15 6.58 1.50 0.79 0.71 8.29 0.72 2.03 9.29 0.79 0.91
2010 1.41 1.17 1.04 8.80 6.18 1.60 0.77 0.64 7.44 0.88 1.82 7.91 0.75 0.94
2011 1.40 1.29 1.16 9.30 8.16 1.60 0.79 0.67 8.18 0.83 1.75 8.57 0.79 1.03
2012 1.33 1.17 1.12 8.63 8.34 1.70 0.72 0.71 7.68 0.79 1.72 8.94 0.93 1.11
2013 1.45 1.21 1.19 8.89 8.74 1.89 0.74 0.76 7.41 1.03 2.09 8.64 1.04 1.07
2014 1.49 1.20 1.33 9.24 9.34 1.84 0.79 0.80 6.86 0.94 2.24 8.80 0.99 1.08
2015 1.48 1.19 1.28 7.19 10.39 1.96 0.90 0.77 7.00 1.09 2.31 9.50 0.98 1.14
2016 1.49 1.17 1.26 6.94 9.51 2.07 0.91 0.76 7.10 1.24 2.17 9.45 0.80 1.19
2017 1.48 1.14 1.69 10.22 9.43 2.24 0.93 0.90 7.61 1.31 2.10 9.79 0.67 1.16
2018 1.48 1.16 2.04 10.98 8.73 2.47 0.77 0.90 7.26 1.33 2.02 9.32 0.68 1.16
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains the average annual prices of fourteen consumer goods since 1800. The average price is calculated according to a chosen quantity which is found in the subject explanations. The quality of some goods changes over the years. The purpose of this table is to present the price of products currently in demand and to give insight into the average price for that year. Alterations are mentioned in the subject explanations.

Data available from 1800 to 2018.

Status of the figures:
All values are definite.

Changes as from 7 November 2019:
This table will no longer be updated.

When will new figures be added?
Does not apply.

Description topics

Beer
1 liter pilsner beer; from a crate
Bread
From 2010: 1 loaf of sliced wheat bread; before: 1 loaf of (sliced) white bread
Butter
250 grams unsalted butter
Cheese
1 kilogram matured Gouda cheese
Coffee
From 2000: 1 kilogram coffee, extra-fine grind; before: 500 grams coffee
Eggs
From 2000: 10 free-range eggs, medium size; Before: 1 egg
Margarine
From 2000: 250 grams spreadable margarine in tubs; before: 500 grams margarine
Milk
From 2000: 1 litre low-fat milk; before: 1 litre whole milk
Pork steak
1 kilogram pork steak
Potatoes
From 2000: 1 kilogram waxy potatoes; before: 1 kilogram potatoes
Rice
1 kilogram white rice; long-grain
Stewing steak
1 kilogram stewing steak
Sugar
1 kilogram sugar
Tea
From 2000: 25 bags (approximately 2 grams per bag) of black tea; before: 80 grams English tea