Asylum requests; by citizenship, from 1975

Asylum requests; by citizenship, from 1975

Citizenship Periods Total requests asylum and family members (number) First requests for asylum (persons) (number) Family members (persons) (number)
Total 1975 390 390 0
Total 1980 1,330 1,330 0
Total 1985 5,645 5,645 0
Total 1990 21,210 21,210 0
Total 1995 29,260 29,260 0
Total 2000 43,560 43,560 0
Total 2005 12,345 12,345 0
Total 2010 15,155 13,335 0
Total 2015 58,880 43,095 13,845
Total 2020 19,180 13,720 3,865
Afghan 1975 0 0 0
Afghan 1980 15 15 0
Afghan 1985 135 135 0
Afghan 1990 570 570 0
Afghan 1995 1,910 1,910 0
Afghan 2000 5,030 5,030 0
Afghan 2005 900 900 0
Afghan 2010 1,585 1,365 0
Afghan 2015 2,945 2,550 85
Afghan 2020 605 390 35
Algerian 1975 0 0 0
Algerian 1980 0 0 0
Algerian 1985 0 0 0
Algerian 1990 105 105 0
Algerian 1995 650 650 0
Algerian 2000 420 420 0
Algerian 2005 55 55 0
Algerian 2010 30 20 0
Algerian 2015 55 40 10
Algerian 2020 1,060 995 0
Chinese 1975 0 0 0
Chinese 1980 10 10 0
Chinese 1985 0 0 0
Chinese 1990 645 645 0
Chinese 1995 475 475 0
Chinese 2000 1,395 1,395 0
Chinese 2005 335 335 0
Chinese 2010 320 305 0
Chinese 2015 240 205 30
Chinese 2020 80 55 15
Eritrean 1975 0 0 0
Eritrean 1980 0 0 0
Eritrean 1985 0 0 0
Eritrean 1990 0 0 0
Eritrean 1995 55 55 0
Eritrean 2000 260 260 0
Eritrean 2005 205 205 0
Eritrean 2010 410 395 0
Eritrean 2015 8,435 7,360 1,015
Eritrean 2020 1,505 370 1,070
Ethiopian 1975 0 0 0
Ethiopian 1980 210 210 0
Ethiopian 1985 155 155 0
Ethiopian 1990 1,015 1,015 0
Ethiopian 1995 175 175 0
Ethiopian 2000 255 255 0
Ethiopian 2005 80 80 0
Ethiopian 2010 85 75 0
Ethiopian 2015 190 135 30
Ethiopian 2020 70 45 15
Iranian 1975 0 0 0
Iranian 1980 25 25 0
Iranian 1985 510 510 0
Iranian 1990 1,725 1,725 0
Iranian 1995 2,700 2,700 0
Iranian 2000 2,530 2,530 0
Iranian 2005 555 555 0
Iranian 2010 865 785 0
Iranian 2015 2,075 1,885 50
Iranian 2020 600 370 50
Iraqi 1975 0 0 0
Iraqi 1980 25 25 0
Iraqi 1985 20 20 0
Iraqi 1990 440 440 0
Iraqi 1995 2,430 2,430 0
Iraqi 2000 2,745 2,745 0
Iraqi 2005 1,620 1,620 0
Iraqi 2010 1,905 1,380 0
Iraqi 2015 3,450 3,010 215
Iraqi 2020 620 335 110
Moroccan 1975 0 0 0
Moroccan 1980 15 15 0
Moroccan 1985 15 15 0
Moroccan 1990 55 55 0
Moroccan 1995 60 60 0
Moroccan 2000 35 35 0
Moroccan 2005 25 25 0
Moroccan 2010 30 25 0
Moroccan 2015 100 80 10
Moroccan 2020 850 775 5
Somali 1975 0 0 0
Somali 1980 0 0 0
Somali 1985 20 20 0
Somali 1990 1,690 1,690 0
Somali 1995 3,975 3,975 0
Somali 2000 2,095 2,095 0
Somali 2005 1,315 1,315 0
Somali 2010 3,670 3,370 0
Somali 2015 865 265 420
Somali 2020 270 200 35
Sri Lankan 1975 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 1980 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 1985 2,090 2,090 0
Sri Lankan 1990 3,010 3,010 0
Sri Lankan 1995 1,315 1,315 0
Sri Lankan 2000 970 970 0
Sri Lankan 2005 95 95 0
Sri Lankan 2010 235 200 0
Sri Lankan 2015 110 35 30
Sri Lankan 2020 45 20 5
Surinamese 1975 0 0 0
Surinamese 1980 0 0 0
Surinamese 1985 555 555 0
Surinamese 1990 285 285 0
Surinamese 1995 5 5 0
Surinamese 2000 10 10 0
Surinamese 2005 5 5 0
Surinamese 2010 5 5 0
Surinamese 2015 5 5 0
Surinamese 2020 20 15 0
Syrian 1975 0 0 0
Syrian 1980 15 15 0
Syrian 1985 115 115 0
Syrian 1990 695 695 0
Syrian 1995 255 255 0
Syrian 2000 1,075 1,075 0
Syrian 2005 280 280 0
Syrian 2010 150 125 0
Syrian 2015 27,710 18,675 8,980
Syrian 2020 5,615 4,070 1,460
Turkish 1975 0 0 0
Turkish 1980 605 605 0
Turkish 1985 1,030 1,030 0
Turkish 1990 795 795 0
Turkish 1995 700 700 0
Turkish 2000 2,245 2,245 0
Turkish 2005 290 290 0
Turkish 2010 105 90 0
Turkish 2015 70 55 5
Turkish 2020 1,265 990 255
Stateless 1975 0 0 0
Stateless 1980 0 0 0
Stateless 1985 0 0 0
Stateless 1990 0 0 0
Stateless 1995 0 0 0
Stateless 2000 0 0 0
Stateless 2005 0 0 0
Stateless 2010 0 0 0
Stateless 2015 4,940 2,400 2,505
Stateless 2020 200 35 130
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table provides annual figures of asylum requests and following family members (persons and procedures), by citizenship. Apart from the total number of requests and family members, the number of first requests and subsequent requests is also included. The distinction between first requests and subsequent requests cannot be made before the reference year 2007. Therefore the number of first requests is set equal to the number of total requests. The distinction between asylum requests and family members can, until now, not be made before the reference year 2013. For some individual countries, no data is available for the years before 1994. However, the number of requests for asylum for these countries are included in the total number of requests. In all cases it concerns small numbers. From 2016 onwards the number of first requests includes relocation.

Data available from: 1975.

Status of the figures:
The figures in this table are definite.

Changes as of Februay 2021:
The final figures for 2020 have been added.

When will new figures be published?
The new figures for 2021 will be published in February 2021.

Description topics

Total requests asylum and family members
Total requests asylum and family members is the sum of the first asylum permits, subsequent asylum permits and the number of family members together. From 2016 onwards the number of first requests includes relocation.

Requests for asylum are submitted by persons who have left their country in order to seek asylum in another country. An asylum seeker may submit more than one request for asylum. Both first, subsequent requests and family members are
included here.

Following relatives are family members of an asylum seeker with an asylum permit. The family members actually entered the Netherlands and immediately received an asylum permit upon arrival.
First requests for asylum (persons)
Requests for asylum are submitted by persons who have left their country in order to seek asylum in another country. An asylum seeker may submit more than one request for asylum.

As from 2007, it is possible to distinguish first requests and subsequent requests. The data before 2007 include both first and subsequent requests. As from 2007 the data include first requests only.
From 2016 onwards the number of first requests includes relocation.
Family members (persons)
Following relatives are family members of an asylum seeker with an asylum permit. The family members actually entered the Netherlands and immediately received an asylum permit upon arrival.

In order to bring family members to the Netherlands, the permit holder must apply for a temporary stay (mvv). This application must be made within 3 months after the asylum permit has been granted. After granting, the mvv is valid for 90 days. The family members can collect the mvv’s at the consular services of embassies and use them to enter the Netherlands. The number of asylum permits for family reunification in the table is therefore not equal to the number of mvv’s issued to these following relatives.