Coal and coal products; indigenous production, imports, exports; from 1802

Coal and coal products; indigenous production, imports, exports; from 1802

Periods Primary coals Total energy supply (TPES) (million kg) Primary coals Indigenous production, total (million kg) Primary coals Indigenous production hard coal (million kg) Primary coals Indigenous production lignite (million kg) Primary coals Imports (million kg) Primary coals Exports (million kg) Primary coals Bunkers (million kg) Primary coals Stock change (million kg) Coal products Patent fuel; output (million kg) Coal products Coke-oven cokes Output, total (million kg) Coal products Coke-oven cokes Manufacture of coke-oven products output (million kg) Coal products Coke-oven cokes Output, other (million kg) Coal products Gas works gas Output by public gas works companies (million m3 natural gas equivalents) Coal products Gas works gas Delivery by energy companies (million m3 natural gas equivalents)
1802 154 . 15 . 139 0 . . . . . . . .
1850 516 . 17 . 515 16 . . . . . . . .
1900 5,321 . 320 . 5,482 481 . . . . . . . .
1925 . 7,325 7,117 208 . . . . 571 1,981 1,144 837 245 .
1950 . 12,441 12,247 194 . . 377 . 1,049 3,981 2,826 1,155 419 525
1960 17,381 12,502 12,498 4 7,099 2,192 28 . 1,181 4,809 4,517 292 287 815
1970 7,460 4,334 4,334 4,773 1,647 . 886 1,997 1,997 0
1980 6,112 7,071 1,260 301 2,455 2,455 0
1990 12,881 12,880 0 2,743 2,736 7
2000 12,742 12,619 123 2,127 2,116 11
2010 11,890 12,053 -163 2,030 2,022 9
2015 18,013 17,420 593 2,035 2,035
2016 16,513 16,386 127 2,034 2,034
2017 14,731 14,920 -188 1,964 1,964
2018 13,122 13,060 61 1,986 1,986
2019 10,187 10,374 -187 1,988 1,988
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table presents the main figures for supply and consumption of primary coal (hard coal, lignite) and coal products in the Netherlands in a long time series.

Data available:
From 1802

Status of the figures:
Figures of 1802 up to and including 2017 are definite. Figures of 2018 and 2019 are revised provisional.

Changes as of 30 June 2020:
Revised provisional figures of 2019 have been added.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures: March/April in the following year.
Revised provisional figures: June/July in the following year.
Definite figures: december in the second following year.

Description topics

Primary coals
Hard coal:
Fossil fuel existing of carbonised rests of vegetal origin.

Sorts of hard coal: anthracite, coke oven cokes and stem coal. All these types have a calorific value of more than 24 megajoules per kilogram of the ash-free and wet product.

Lignite:
Sort of coal with a calorific value of less than 20 megajoules per kilogram of the ash-free and wet product and greater than 31 percent volatile matter on a dry mineral free basis.
Total energy supply (TPES)
The amount of energy primarily available for consumption in the Netherlands (imports plus indigenous production and withdrawal from stocks) minus the amount which is not available for consumption (exports and bunkers).
Indigenous production, total
Extraction of energy from nature.
Indigenous production hard coal
Extraction of hard coal from nature.
Indigenous production lignite
Extraction of lignite from nature.
Imports
Imports of hard coal.
Exports
Exports of hard coal.
Bunkers
Delivery of fuels for international shipping and aviation, i.e. ships and aircraft departing from Dutch (air)ports and arriving in foreign (air)ports.
Stock change
Changes in stock are calculated as opening stock minus closing stock, in accordance with international energy statistics guidelines. A positive figure means that stocks have decreased, and the supply of energy has thus increased. A negative figure means the opposite: an increase in stocks and a decrease in consumption.
Coal products
From coal derived products like coke-oven cokes, coke-oven gas and blast furnace gas.
Patent fuel; output
Coal pressed into blocks.
Coke-oven cokes
Solid coal product derived from further carbonization at high temperature. In blast furnaces the product is used to produce iron from iron ore.
Output, total
Manufacture of coke-oven products output
Manufacture of coke-oven products transform coal into coke-oven cokes which is needed to produce iron and steel.
Output, other
Gas works gas
Gas derived from coal and destined for distribution in the gas network.
Output by public gas works companies
Output of gas works gas by public gas companies is sometimes lower than the delivery by energy companies, because other companies also produce gas works gas.
Delivery by energy companies
Output of gas works gas by public gas companies is sometimes lower than the delivery by energy companies, because other companies also produce gas works gas.