Investment climate; Dutch economy international comparison, 1960-2012

Investment climate; Dutch economy international comparison, 1960-2012

Countries Periods Labour productivity (in GDP) GDP per capita (1,000 PPS) Labour productivity (in GDP) GDP volume change (in % of previous year) Labour productivity (in GDP) GDP per hour worked (US-dollar (2005 PPP)) Labour productivity (in GDP) GDP per person employed (1 000 US-dollar (2005 PPP)) Employed labour force Working population By age 55 to 65 years (% of the population aged 55 to 65 years) Employed labour force Annual hours worked per person employed (hours per year) Quality of life Life expectancy at birth Women (years) Quality of life Income quintile share ratio (ratio) Ecological sustainability Energy consumption per unit of GDP (kg of oil equivalent per 1,000 euro GDP) Ecological sustainability Emission carbon dioxide (CO2) per capita (1,000 kilogram per capita) Ecological sustainability Electricity renewable energy sources (% of total consumption of electricity)
Australia 1990 16.00 1.5 29.8 53.2 41.5 1,785 80.1 . . 15.1 .
Australia 1995 18.70 3.6 32.4 58.3 41.7 1,798 80.8 . . 15.7 .
Australia 2000 24.40 3.2 36.6 65.2 46.2 1,780 82.0 . . 17.6 .
Australia 2005 29.40 3.3 40.0 69.2 53.5 1,729 83.3 . . 18.0 .
Australia 2011 32.30 2.4 42.1 71.4 61.1 1,698 84.2 . . . .
Australia 2012 33.80 3.6 43.3 73.3 61.4 1,690 . . . . .
Austria 1990 17.40 4.2 33.4 57.3 . 1,715 79.0 . 147 7.4 65.5
Austria 1995 19.70 2.8 34.3 58.8 30.2 1,715 80.1 4.0 141 7.5 72.4
Austria 2000 25.10 3.6 39.6 68.4 28.3 1,726 81.2 3.4 129 7.7 72.5
Austria 2005 28.20 2.7 42.6 72.3 31.8 1,696 82.2 3.8 140 9.1 58.8
Austria 2011 32.40 2.7 45.9 73.4 41.5 1,599 83.9 3.8 126 . 55.2
Austria 2012 33.30 0.8 45.9 73.2 43.1 1,595 . . . . .
Belgium 1990 16.80 3.1 41.7 63.5 21.4 1,522 79.5 . 260 10.8 0.8
Belgium 1995 18.90 2.4 47.4 68.8 23.3 1,452 80.4 4.5 222 11.4 0.9
Belgium 2000 24.00 3.7 51.0 74.6 25.0 1,464 81.0 4.3 211 11.6 1.2
Belgium 2005 27.00 1.8 53.7 77.8 31.8 1,448 81.9 4.0 194 10.7 2.3
Belgium 2011 29.90 1.9 55.0 78.9 38.7 1,436 83.2 3.9 182 . 9.0
Belgium 2012 30.30 -0.3 54.7 78.6 39.5 1,436 . . . . .
Canada 1990 17.60 0.1 32.6 58.8 46.2 1,804 80.9 . . 15.6 .
Canada 1995 19.10 2.7 35.4 63.0 43.2 1,782 81.1 . . 15.9 .
Canada 2000 24.80 5.1 38.8 69.3 48.1 1,785 81.9 . . 17.4 .
Canada 2005 29.40 3.1 41.1 72.1 54.7 1,753 82.8 . . 17.3 .
Canada 2011 30.90 2.6 42.9 73.2 58.7 1,706 . . . . .
Canada 2012 31.90 1.8 42.9 73.7 59.8 1,717 . . . . .
Czech Republic 1990 11.00 0.1 . . . . 75.5 . . 15.0 1.9
Czech Republic 1995 11.20 2.7 17.8 33.2 34.8 1,863 76.8 . 533 12.0 3.9
Czech Republic 2000 13.50 5.1 20.0 38.1 36.3 1,904 78.5 . 482 11.9 3.6
Czech Republic 2005 17.80 3.1 25.0 45.6 44.6 1,827 79.2 3.7 433 11.7 4.5
Czech Republic 2011 20.20 2.6 28.2 51.5 47.6 1,830 81.1 3.5 356 . 10.3
Czech Republic 2012 20.40 1.8 28.4 51.1 49.4 1,800 . 3.5 . . .
Denmark 1990 16.60 1.6 32.1 48.9 53.6 1,525 77.8 . 119 9.8 2.5
Denmark 1995 19.30 3.1 37.6 56.5 49.3 1,504 77.9 2.9 120 11.1 5.2
Denmark 2000 25.10 3.5 40.0 62.3 54.6 1,558 79.2 . 102 9.5 15.3
Denmark 2005 27.80 2.4 42.0 65.4 59.5 1,556 80.5 3.5 95 8.9 26.3
Denmark 2011 31.50 1.1 44.0 67.2 59.5 1,527 81.9 4.4 91 . 38.8
Denmark 2012 31.90 -0.5 44.1 67.2 60.8 1,524 . . . . .
Finland 1990 15.80 0.1 27.0 47.8 42.8 1,769 79.0 . 256 10.9 24.6
Finland 1995 15.80 4.0 30.9 54.8 34.4 1,776 80.4 . 270 11.0 27.0
Finland 2000 22.30 5.3 34.6 60.6 42.3 1,751 81.2 3.3 238 10.6 28.6
Finland 2005 25.70 2.9 39.1 67.1 52.6 1,716 82.5 3.6 223 10.5 26.8
Finland 2011 28.80 2.8 41.5 69.7 57.0 1,680 83.8 3.7 212 . 27.7
Finland 2012 29.30 -0.2 41.5 69.3 58.2 1,672 . 3.7 . . .
France 1990 15.50 2.6 37.6 61.8 30.7 1,644 80.9 . 174 6.1 14.9
France 1995 17.00 2.2 41.4 65.8 29.4 1,590 81.9 4.5 174 6.0 17.8
France 2000 21.90 3.8 47.0 71.6 29.3 1,523 83.0 4.2 163 6.2 14.9
France 2005 24.70 1.9 49.8 74.5 38.5 1,495 83.8 4.0 161 6.2 11.0
France 2011 27.20 1.7 51.2 75.6 41.5 1,477 85.7 4.6 143 . 12.8
France 2012 27.70 0.0 51.2 75.6 44.5 1,476 . . . . .
Germany 1990 . 5.5 . . 36.8 1,584 78.5 . . 12.0 3.5
Germany 1995 18.90 1.8 39.3 60.1 37.4 1,529 79.9 4.6 174 10.6 4.8
Germany 2000 22.40 3.3 43.0 63.3 37.6 1,471 81.2 3.5 159 10.0 6.1
Germany 2005 26.10 0.8 45.9 65.7 45.5 1,431 82.0 3.8 156 9.8 10.0
Germany 2011 30.30 3.1 48.8 68.6 59.9 1,406 83.2 4.5 129 . 20.4
Germany 2012 31.20 0.9 49.0 68.5 61.5 1,397 . . . . .
Hungary 1990 . . . . . 1,943 73.8 . . 6.4 0.5
Hungary 1995 7.50 . 16.7 33.4 17.1 2,006 74.8 . 420 5.5 0.6
Hungary 2000 10.30 4.2 17.9 36.5 21.9 2,033 76.2 3.3 350 5.3 0.6
Hungary 2005 14.20 4.1 22.1 43.9 33.0 1,987 77.2 4.0 312 5.6 4.5
Hungary 2011 16.50 1.6 22.9 45.3 35.8 1,976 78.7 3.9 283 . 6.4
Hungary 2012 16.60 -1.8 23.1 43.7 36.9 1,888 . 4.0 . . .
Ireland 1990 11.80 8.5 26.2 52.1 38.6 1,988 77.7 . . 8.5 4.8
Ireland 1995 15.20 9.6 31.6 59.2 39.4 1,875 78.3 5.1 137 9.0 4.1
Ireland 2000 25.10 10.7 43.4 74.6 45.3 1,719 79.2 4.7 111 10.7 4.9
Ireland 2005 32.50 5.9 50.0 82.7 51.7 1,654 81.6 5.0 93 10.5 6.7
Ireland 2011 31.90 1.4 58.5 90.3 50.8 1,543 82.8 4.6 83 . 19.4
Ireland 2012 32.80 0.9 59.1 91.7 49.5 1,552 . . . . .
Italy 1990 15.90 2.0 32.8 61.2 32.6 1,867 80.3 . 132 7.0 13.9
Italy 1995 17.80 3.0 37.3 69.2 28.4 1,859 81.5 5.9 131 7.2 14.9
Italy 2000 22.40 3.9 39.3 73.1 27.7 1,861 82.8 4.8 129 7.5 15.9
Italy 2005 23.70 1.1 40.4 73.4 31.4 1,819 83.6 5.6 131 7.9 13.7
Italy 2011 25.10 0.5 40.4 71.6 37.9 1,772 85.3 5.6 121 . 23.6
Italy 2012 25.00 -2.4 39.9 70.0 40.4 1,752 . . . . .
Japan 1990 17.20 5.6 25.8 52.4 62.9 2,031 81.9 . . 8.6 .
Japan 1995 19.10 1.9 28.9 54.4 63.7 1,884 82.9 . . 9.1 .
Japan 2000 22.60 2.3 31.2 56.9 62.8 1,821 84.6 . . 9.3 .
Japan 2005 25.50 1.3 34.5 61.2 63.9 1,775 85.5 . . 9.6 .
Japan 2011 26.50 -0.6 36.2 62.5 65.1 1,728 85.9 . . . .
Japan 2012 27.70 2.0 37.0 64.0 65.4 1,727 . . . . .
The Netherlands 1990 15.80 4.2 37.3 58.7 29.7 1,574 80.3 . 190 10.4 1.0
The Netherlands 1995 18.10 3.3 42.3 61.6 29.4 1,456 80.5 4.2 186 11.1 1.5
The Netherlands 2000 25.60 4.0 46.2 66.3 37.6 1,435 80.7 4.1 159 10.8 2.7
The Netherlands 2005 29.40 2.2 50.2 70.0 44.8 1,393 81.7 4.0 161 11.2 6.3
The Netherlands 2011 32.90 1.1 52.4 72.4 56.1 1,382 83.1 3.8 147 . 10.1
The Netherlands 2012 33.20 -1.0 52.0 71.8 58.6 1,381 . . . . .
Poland 1990 5.40 . . . . . 75.3 . . 9.0 1.1
Poland 1995 6.30 7.0 12.0 24.2 33.8 2,024 76.4 . 620 8.7 1.4
Poland 2000 9.20 4.5 16.1 32.1 28.4 1,988 78.0 4.7 428 7.6 1.7
Poland 2005 11.50 3.6 19.3 38.4 29.1 1,994 79.3 6.6 381 7.7 2.6
Poland 2011 16.20 4.5 22.9 44.4 36.9 1,937 81.1 5.0 318 . 8.3
Poland 2012 16.90 2.0 23.4 45.2 38.7 1,935 . 4.9 . . .
Spain 1990 11.90 3.8 32.6 58.8 36.9 1,803 80.6 . 158 5.3 17.2
Spain 1995 13.40 2.8 37.9 65.6 32.4 1,733 81.8 5.9 161 5.9 14.2
Spain 2000 18.50 5.0 37.5 64.8 37.0 1,731 82.9 5.4 160 7.1 15.6
Spain 2005 22.90 3.6 37.2 62.6 43.1 1,686 83.7 5.5 159 7.8 14.3
Spain 2011 24.70 0.4 40.8 68.7 44.5 1,685 85.4 6.8 136 . 30.2
Spain 2012 24.90 -1.4 42.1 71.0 43.9 1,686 . . . . .
South Korea 1990 7.30 9.3 9.7 25.9 61.9 2,677 75.5 . . 5.3 .
South Korea 1995 10.70 8.9 12.6 33.5 63.6 2,648 77.4 . . 8.0 .
South Korea 2000 14.90 8.8 16.6 41.6 57.8 2,512 79.6 . . 9.3 .
South Korea 2005 19.10 4.0 20.4 48.0 58.7 2,351 81.9 . . 9.7 .
South Korea 2011 23.20 3.7 27.1 56.6 62.1 2,090 84.5 . . . .
South Korea 2012 24.10 2.0 27.6 56.7 63.1 2,055 . . . . .
Sweden 1990 17.30 1.0 29.1 45.8 69.5 1,575 80.6 . 223 6.2 51.4
Sweden 1995 18.30 4.2 32.6 53.5 62.0 1,640 81.7 . 229 6.5 48.1
Sweden 2000 24.30 4.6 37.0 60.8 65.1 1,642 82.0 . 182 5.9 55.5
Sweden 2005 27.40 3.2 42.3 67.9 69.6 1,605 82.9 3.3 173 5.6 53.8
Sweden 2011 31.90 3.8 43.9 71.8 72.2 1,636 83.8 3.6 149 . 58.7
Sweden 2012 32.60 1.2 44.5 72.2 73.1 1,621 . . . . .
United Kingdom 1990 14.80 1.8 27.6 48.6 49.2 1,763 78.5 . 173 9.6 1.8
United Kingdom 1995 16.70 3.2 32.3 55.7 47.5 1,727 79.3 5.2 166 8.9 2.0
United Kingdom 2000 22.60 4.2 36.8 62.4 50.4 1,698 80.3 5.2 145 8.9 2.6
United Kingdom 2005 27.60 2.8 41.2 69.0 56.7 1,673 81.3 5.9 126 8.8 4.2
United Kingdom 2011 27.40 1.0 43.0 70.7 56.8 1,646 83.1 5.3 104 . 9.2
United Kingdom 2012 27.80 0.3 42.3 70.1 58.1 1,656 . . . . .
United States 1990 20.60 1.9 36.9 67.6 54.0 1,831 78.8 . 250 19.5 .
United States 1995 23.10 2.5 39.5 72.8 55.1 1,844 78.9 . 239 19.3 .
United States 2000 30.50 4.1 44.6 81.9 57.8 1,836 79.3 . 213 20.2 .
United States 2005 35.50 3.1 49.5 89.1 60.8 1,799 79.9 . 193 19.5 .
United States 2011 36.90 1.8 53.2 95.1 60.0 1,787 81.1 . . . .
United States 2012 38.30 2.2 53.2 95.4 60.7 1,792 . . . . .
EU-15 1990 . . . . 37.8 . . . 244 . 13.4
EU-15 1995 17.00 . . . 35.9 . . 5.1 168 . 13.7
EU-15 2000 21.90 . . . 37.6 . . 4.5 154 . 14.6
EU-15 2005 25.40 . . . 44.1 . . 4.8 149 . 14.5
EU-15 2011 27.60 . . . 49.5 . . 5.1 . . .
EU-15 2012 28.00 . . . 50.9 . . . . . .
EU-25 1990 . . . . . . . . . . 11.7
EU-25 1995 . . . . . . . . 201 . 12.7
EU-25 2000 . . . . . . . 4.5 182 . 13.4
EU-25 2005 . . . . . . . . 177 . 13.3
EU-25 2011 . . . . . . . . . . 20.5
EU-25 2012 . . . . . . . . . . .
EU-27 1990 . . . . . . . . 304 . 11.6
EU-27 1995 14.70 . . . . . . . 193 . 12.9
EU-27 2000 19.00 . . . 36.8 . . . 171 . 13.6
EU-27 2005 22.50 . . . 42.3 . . 5.0 165 . 13.6
EU-27 2011 25.10 . . . . . . 5.1 144 . 20.4
EU-27 2012 25.60 . . . . . . . . . .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table provides an international comparison of the performance of the economy. This is done by means of a number of broadly accepted economic indicators as gross domestic product and employed labour force. These indicators are complemented by a number of indicators on the quality of life and ecological sustainability.

Note: Comparable definitions are used to facilitate international comparisons of the figures. The definitions used here sometimes differ from definitions used by Statistics Netherlands. The figures in this table can differ from Dutch figures presented elsewhere on the website of Statistics Netherlands.

Data available for: 1960, 1970, 1980 and from 1990 up to 2012.

Status of the figures:
The external sources of these data frequently supply adjusted figures on preceding periods. These adjusted data are not mentioned as such in the table.

Changes as of 1 March 2018:
This table has been discontinued.

When will new figures be published?
No longer applicable.

Description topics

Labour productivity (in GDP)
Labour productivity is often expressed as gross domestic product (GDP) per hour worked, or as GDP per person employed. The GDP is expressed here in purchasing power parities. A purchasing power parity is a currency converter, which eliminates the effects of differences in price levels. The same product in one country can cost less than in another country. By using purchasing power parities the comparability of the economies of several countries is improved.
GDP per capita
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in current market prices, per capita, expressed in Purchasing Power Standards (PPS).

Source: European Commission, AMECO database.
GDP volume change
Gross Domestic Product, volume, corrected for differences in purchasing power (2005 PPP, US-dollar).

Sources: OECD Economic Outlook 93 and OECD Labour Force Statistics (MEI).
GDP per hour worked
Gross Domestic Product, volume, corrected for differences in purchasing power (2005 PPP, US-dollar), per hour worked.

Sources: OECD Economic Outlook 93 and OECD Labour Force Statistics (MEI).
GDP per person employed
Gross Domestic Product, volume, corrected for differences in purchasing power (2005 PPP, 1 000 US-dollar), per person employed.

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 93 and OECD Labour Force Statistics (MEI).
Employed labour force
Working population
Employed persons aged 15 to 65 years within the total population aged 15 to 65 years. In this international comparison the definitions according to international directives are used. Someone is part of the employed labour force when he or she is 15 years or older and works more than 1 hour a week. This differs from the method used normally by Statistics Netherlands, where someone in the Netherlands is counted in the employed labour force when he or she works at least 12 hours a week.

Sources: OECD Labour Force Statistics.
By age
55 to 65 years
Annual hours worked per person employed
Average number of hours worked per year, per person employed.

Source: OECD Labour Force Statistics.
Quality of life
Life expectancy at birth
The average number of remaining years of life of a person at birth.

Source: OECD Health Status.

The figures by region are derived from a non-recurring publication of Statistics Netherlands and the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency in 2005: 'Achtergronden en
veronderstellingen bij het model pearl. Naar een nieuwe regionale bevolkings- en allochtonenprognose.'
Women
Income quintile share ratio
The income quintile share ratio is the sum of the incomes of the 20 percent highest incomes in the population, divided by the sum of the incomes of the 20 percent lowest incomes in the population. To determine someone's income, first the total disposable income of a household is determined. Then this income is corrected for the household composition (equivalised). Then all persons within the household are attributed the same equivalised income.

Source: Eurostat.
Ecological sustainability
Energy consumption per unit of GDP
It is expressed in kilograms of oil equivalent per 1,000 euro of GDP. This is a measure of energy use in relation to energy use based on oil.

Source: Eurostat.
Emission carbon dioxide (CO2) per capita
Emissions of CO2 (carbon dioxide) according to IPCC standards, per capita. IPCC stands for International Panel on Climate Change. It concerns the emissions released by burning oil, coal and gas for energy use. Emissions released by burning wood and waste, and by some industrial processes such as the production of cement, have not been taken into account.

Source: OECD.
Electricity renewable energy sources
Contribution of electricity from renewable energy sources to total gross electricity consumption. Renewable non-fossil energy sources are: wind, solar, geothermal, wave, tidal, hydropower, biomass, landfill gas, sewage treatment plant gas, and biogases. The total gross national electricity consumption of a country is defined as the total gross national electricity generation (from all domestic sources), plus electricity imports, minus exports.

Source: Eurostat.