Arable crops; production, to region

Arable crops; production, to region

Arable crops Periods Regions Area under cultivation (ha) Harvested area (ha) Gross yield per ha (1 000 kg) Gross yield, total (1 000 kg)
Wheat (total) 2000 Nederland 136,686 136,072 8.4 1,142,695
Wheat (total) 2017 Nederland 116,429 115,923 9.1 1,054,151
Wheat (total) 2018 Nederland 112,044 111,660 8.8 984,874
Wheat (total) 2019 Nederland 121,064 120,546 9.6 1,157,429
Wheat (total) 2020* Nederland 109,621 109,621 9.4 1,030,620
Wheat, winter 2000 Nederland 120,510 119,929 8.6 1,032,342
Wheat, winter 2017 Nederland 108,015 107,574 9.3 996,379
Wheat, winter 2018 Nederland 96,273 95,971 9.1 874,353
Wheat, winter 2019 Nederland 112,203 111,756 9.8 1,095,086
Wheat, winter 2020* Nederland 92,824 92,824 9.8 909,734
Wheat, spring 2000 Nederland 16,176 16,143 6.8 110,354
Wheat, spring 2017 Nederland 8,414 8,349 6.9 57,772
Wheat, spring 2018 Nederland 15,771 15,689 7.0 110,522
Wheat, spring 2019 Nederland 8,861 8,790 7.1 62,343
Wheat, spring 2020* Nederland 16,797 16,797 7.2 120,879
Barley, winter 2000 Nederland 3,635 3,630 5.8 20,876
Barley, winter 2017 Nederland 9,299 9,284 8.6 79,843
Barley, winter 2018 Nederland 8,244 8,199 8.1 66,043
Barley, winter 2019 Nederland 11,134 11,092 9.1 100,389
Barley, winter 2020* Nederland 9,711 9,711 8.8 85,095
Barley, spring 2000 Nederland 43,537 43,391 6.2 266,967
Barley, spring 2017 Nederland 20,905 20,436 6.1 124,473
Barley, spring 2018 Nederland 27,911 27,775 6.7 187,361
Barley, spring 2019 Nederland 22,570 22,297 6.6 147,797
Barley, spring 2020* Nederland 28,965 28,965 6.3 183,729
Rye 2000 Nederland 5,961 5,850 5.0 29,033
Rye 2017 Nederland 1,496 1,365 3.2 4,385
Rye 2018 Nederland 1,599 1,557 2.9 4,457
Rye 2019 Nederland 1,875 1,491 3.6 5,428
Rye 2020* Nederland 1,903 1,903 3.5 6,690
Oats 2000 Nederland 2,404 2,366 5.6 13,315
Oats 2017 Nederland 1,495 1,455 4.6 6,728
Oats 2018 Nederland 1,447 1,411 5.0 7,011
Oats 2019 Nederland 1,535 1,430 6.0 8,558
Oats 2020* Nederland 1,568 1,568 5.6 8,826
Triticale 2000 Nederland 6,646 6,609 5.4 36,009
Triticale 2017 Nederland 1,227 1,225 5.2 6,395
Triticale 2018 Nederland 1,154 1,098 5.0 5,450
Triticale 2019 Nederland 1,334 1,326 5.4 7,208
Triticale 2020* Nederland 1,183 1,183 5.8 6,847
Grain maize 2000 Nederland 20,298 20,298 16.9 343,505
Grain maize 2017 Nederland 8,690 8,671 13.5 116,711
Grain maize 2018 Nederland 9,735 9,415 9.0 84,788
Grain maize 2019 Nederland 12,668 12,424 10.3 127,395
Grain maize 2020* Nederland 12,835 12,835
Green maize 2000 Nederland 205,321 205,321 39.7 8,154,177
Green maize 2017 Nederland 205,249 203,511 48.9 9,955,458
Green maize 2018 Nederland 205,574 203,220 39.9 8,103,000
Green maize 2019 Nederland 187,400 186,226 43.0 8,014,566
Green maize 2020* Nederland 195,756 195,756
Maize, corn cob mix 2000 Nederland 7,219 7,219 18.5 133,274
Maize, corn cob mix 2017 Nederland 3,589 3,575 13.4 47,956
Maize, corn cob mix 2018 Nederland 4,511 4,345 7.7 33,501
Maize, corn cob mix 2019 Nederland 6,632 6,585 10.3 67,773
Maize, corn cob mix 2020* Nederland 6,732 6,732
Kidney beans 2000 Nederland 1,126 1,126 2.8 3,153
Kidney beans 2017 Nederland 1,347 1,347 3.5 4,648
Kidney beans 2018 Nederland 1,036 1,016 1.8 1,829
Kidney beans 2019 Nederland 1,413 1,413 2.5 3,505
Kidney beans 2020* Nederland 2,127 2,127
Turnip rape (total) 2000 Nederland 854 853 3.4 2,907
Turnip rape (total) 2017 Nederland 1,947 1,940 4.1 7,894
Turnip rape (total) 2018 Nederland 2,048 2,015 2.9 5,836
Turnip rape (total) 2019 Nederland 1,794 1,775 3.4 6,038
Turnip rape (total) 2020* Nederland 1,695 1,695 3.6 6,116
Fibre flax 2000 Nederland 4,379 4,379 6.1 26,860
Fibre flax 2017 Nederland 2,564 2,494 4.1 10,224
Fibre flax 2018 Nederland 2,232 2,218 4.0 8,783
Fibre flax 2019 Nederland 2,291 2,291 5.8 13,356
Fibre flax 2020* Nederland 2,377 2,377
Linseed 2000 Nederland 4,379 4,373 0.9 4,000
Linseed 2017 Nederland 2,564 2,494 0.6 1,496
Linseed 2018 Nederland 2,232 2,218 0.7 1,508
Linseed 2019 Nederland 2,291 2,291 0.9 2,149
Linseed 2020* Nederland 2,377 2,377
Chicory 2000 Nederland 4,756 4,124 44.7 184,431
Chicory 2017 Nederland 3,235 3,142 48.6 152,640
Chicory 2018 Nederland 3,151 3,142 43.4 136,451
Chicory 2019 Nederland 4,041 3,975 43.2 171,888
Chicory 2020* Nederland 3,853 3,853
Hemp 2000 Nederland 792 792 5.9 4,651
Hemp 2017 Nederland 2,272 1,272 7.5 9,539
Hemp 2018 Nederland 2,122 1,990 7.7 15,323
Hemp 2019 Nederland 1,877 1,877 7.5 14,074
Hemp 2020* Nederland 1,827 1,827
Potatoes (total) 2000 Nederland 180,200 174,929 46.5 8,126,799
Potatoes (total) 2017 Nederland 162,671 160,791 46.0 7,391,881
Potatoes (total) 2018 Nederland 164,973 164,597 36.6 6,025,365
Potatoes (total) 2019 Nederland 167,523 165,733 42.0 6,961,230
Potatoes (total) 2020* Nederland 165,614 165,614
Ware potatoes (total) 2000 Nederland 87,439 84,044 53.1 4,465,429
Ware potatoes (total) 2017 Nederland 76,304 74,775 52.8 3,950,307
Ware potatoes (total) 2018 Nederland 76,348 76,060 41.2 3,132,639
Ware potatoes (total) 2019 Nederland 78,887 77,544 47.9 3,716,187
Ware potatoes (total) 2020* Nederland 76,706 76,706
Ware potatoes on clay soil 2000 Nederland 61,809 59,463 53.2 3,165,512
Ware potatoes on clay soil 2017 Nederland .
Ware potatoes on clay soil 2018 Nederland . . . .
Ware potatoes on clay soil 2019 Nederland .
Ware potatoes on clay soil 2020* Nederland .
Ware potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2000 Nederland 25,632 24,580 52.9 1,299,914
Ware potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2017 Nederland .
Ware potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2018 Nederland .
Ware potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2019 Nederland .
Ware potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2020* Nederland .
Seed potatoes (total) 2000 Nederland 41,801 41,509 36.0 1,495,767
Seed potatoes (total) 2017 Nederland 42,326 41,978 36.9 1,547,843
Seed potatoes (total) 2018 Nederland 43,548 43,460 31.0 1,346,578
Seed potatoes (total) 2019 Nederland 43,688 43,240 35.8 1,545,981
Seed potatoes (total) 2020* Nederland 43,803 43,803
Seed potatoes on clay soil 2000 Nederland 34,706 34,458 36.8 1,268,852
Seed potatoes on clay soil 2017 Nederland .
Seed potatoes on clay soil 2018 Nederland . . . .
Seed potatoes on clay soil 2019 Nederland .
Seed potatoes on clay soil 2020* Nederland .
Seed potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2000 Nederland 7,096 7,052 32.2 226,914
Seed potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2017 Nederland .
Seed potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2018 Nederland .
Seed potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2019 Nederland .
Seed potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2020* Nederland .
Starch potatoes 2000 Nederland 50,958 49,376 43.9 2,165,606
Starch potatoes 2017 Nederland 44,041 44,041 43.0 1,893,758
Starch potatoes 2018 Nederland 45,077 45,077 34.3 1,546,148
Starch potatoes 2019 Nederland 44,949 44,949 37.8 1,699,063
Starch potatoes 2020* Nederland 45,106 45,106
Sugar beet 2000 Nederland 110,998 109,714 61.3 6,727,494
Sugar beet 2017 Nederland 85,352 85,352 93.3 7,959,266
Sugar beet 2018 Nederland 85,196 85,196 76.4 6,506,309
Sugar beet 2019 Nederland 79,176 79,176 83.9 6,644,707
Sugar beet 2020* Nederland 81,450 81,450
Seed onions 2000 Nederland 13,988 13,244 62.0 821,022
Seed onions 2017 Nederland 26,683 26,123 55.7 1,453,789
Seed onions 2018 Nederland 25,359 24,979 35.5 887,052
Seed onions 2019 Nederland 27,583 27,206 50.3 1,369,020
Seed onions 2020* Nederland 27,280 27,280
Seed onions (exc. loss) 2000 Nederland 13,988 13,244 60.0 788,483
Seed onions (exc. loss) 2017 Nederland 26,683 26,123 50.6 1,322,482
Seed onions (exc. loss) 2018 Nederland 25,359 24,979 33.1 827,334
Seed onions (exc. loss) 2019 Nederland 27,583 27,206 46.9 1,276,784
Seed onions (exc. loss) 2020* Nederland . .
Onion sets (2nd year) 2000 Nederland
Onion sets (2nd year) 2017 Nederland
Onion sets (2nd year) 2018 Nederland
Onion sets (2nd year) 2019 Nederland
Onion sets (2nd year) 2020* Nederland 6,487 6,487
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table provides information per crop about the cultivated and harvested area, yield per hectare and the total yield in a crop year. The data are available for the Netherlands as a whole and by province.

Applying crop rotation helps a farmer to avoid deterioration in soil fertility.
A cultivation plan is prepared annually, to make sure that the same crop is not cultivated in the same place year after year.
Usually, one third of the arable land is covered with cereals (mainly winter wheat and spring barley), a quarter is covered with potatoes, one eighth is covered with sugar beet, and one tenth is used for vegetables(mainly onions) as well as a green fodder crop (mainly green maize).

To obtain the figure for the yield, first a preliminary harvest estimate is made. This takes place from August to October.

The estimate is made definite from December to March.

The yields per hectare are rounded off to the nearest 100 kilograms. The total yields are rounded off to the nearest 1000 kilograms.

Data available from: 1994.

Status of the figures:
The figures of 2020 are provisional. The figures up to 2019 are definite.

Changes as of 8 October 2020:
The name for the province of Fryslân has been adjusted

When will new figures be published?
The preliminary harvest estimate figures for cereals are published at the end of September and for all crops in late October of the harvest year. The final crop estimate figures are partly published in January and partly at the end of March of the following year. These figures can be changed until the end of September.

Description topics

Area under cultivation
Area of cultivated land in use for growing crops.
Harvested area
At the preliminary harvest estimates this area is in principle equal to
the area under cultivation. However based on information from experts on
expected crop failure it is possible to make an estimate of the area that
probably will not be harvested. When this is the case the harvested area
is smaller than the cultivated area.
Definite figures are based on already harvested areas and areas expected
to be harvested later on. This is the area on which production
has taken place effectively. Due to circumstances (for example flooding)
this (surface) area can be smaller than the original (surface) area used
for cultivation.
Gross yield per ha
In determining the yield per hectare (the average yield figure) only the
hectares which are effectively harvested or will be harvested are
counted. Hectares of which the harvest is lost (for example due to
flooding) are not counted.
The yields of grain corn and corn cob mix have been calculated in the
situation in which these harvested crops contain a humidity of 35 percent.
Green maize is calculated at a moisture content of 65 percent.
In the preliminary estimate the yield of cereals (wheat, barley, oats, rye
and triticale) are defined as the gross weight of the harvested grains.
The definite estimate is the weight in the situation where each grain
would contain 16 percent moisture.
Explanation:
Cereal with 16 percent moisture (or less) is so dry that it can be
stored without problems. More moisture would mean that the grain first has
to be dried, before it can be stored. Drying the crop costs money, the
companies therefore prefer harvesting by 16 percent moisture content.
But this does not always work; in reality, the grain contains more water.
However, in order to get a good estimate of the actual 'dry' yield
all individual statements of the yields per hectare (from which the actual
moisture content is known) are recalculated to the situation with 16
percent moisture.
Gross yield, total
The total yield (total gross production) includes the whole area which
has been harvested or still will be harvested. The total yield also
includes the part of production that for some reason is unsuitable for
its original purpose. This only applies if the crop can still be used for
other purposes (for example, potatoes which can only be used for animal
feed). This is the reason why the gross yield does not equal the
commercial production.
The yields of grain corn and corn cob mix have been calculated as the
harvested crops contain 35 percent moisture. Green maize is calculated at
a moisture content of 65 percent.
In the preliminary estimate, the yield of cereals (wheat, barley, oats,
rye and triticale) is defined as the gross weight of the harvested grains.
The definite estimate is the weight in the situation where each grain
contains 16 percent moisture.
Explanation:
Cereal with 16 percent moisture (or less) is so dry that it can be
stored without problems. More moisture would mean that the grain first has
to be dried, before it can be stored. Drying the crop costs money, the
companies therefore prefer harvesting by 16 percent moisture content.
But this does not always work; in reality, the grain contains more water.
However, in order to get a good estimate of the actual 'dry' yield
all individual statements of the yields per hectare (from which the actual
moisture content is known) are recalculated to the situation with 16
percent moisture.