Arable crops; production, to region


This table provides information per crop about the cultivated and harvested area, yield per hectare and the total yield in a crop year. The data are available for the Netherlands as a whole and by province.

Applying crop rotation helps a farmer to avoid deterioration in soil fertility.
A cultivation plan is prepared annually, to make sure that the same crop is not cultivated in the same place year after year.
Usually, one third of the arable land is covered with cereals (mainly winter wheat and spring barley), a quarter is covered with potatoes, one eighth is covered with sugar beet, and one tenth is used for vegetables(mainly onions) as well as a green fodder crop (mainly green maize).

To obtain the figure for the yield, first a preliminary harvest estimate is made. This takes place from August to October.

The estimate is made definite from December to March.

The yields per hectare are rounded off to the nearest 100 kilograms. The total yields are rounded off to the nearest 1000 kilograms.

Data available from: 1994.

Status of the figures:
The figures of 2019 are provisional.

Changes as of 3 July 2020:
The provisional figures for the gross yield per hectare and the total gross yield for sugar beet in 2019 have been updated for the groups of provinces.


When will new figures be published?
The preliminary harvest estimate figures for cereals are published at the end of September and for all crops in late October of the harvest year. The final crop estimate figures are partly published in January and partly at the end of March of the following year. These figures can be changed until the end of September.

Arable crops; production, to region

Arable crops Periods Regions Area under cultivation (ha) Harvested area (ha) Gross yield per ha (1 000 kg) Gross yield, total (1 000 kg)
Total wheat 2000 Nederland 136,686 136,072 8.4 1,142,695
Total wheat 2016 Nederland 128,065 127,328 8.0 1,016,479
Total wheat 2017 Nederland 116,429 115,923 9.1 1,054,151
Total wheat 2018 Nederland 112,044 111,660 8.8 984,874
Total wheat 2019* Nederland 121,064 120,546 9.6 1,157,429
Winter wheat 2000 Nederland 120,510 119,929 8.6 1,032,342
Winter wheat 2016 Nederland 117,014 116,323 8.1 945,874
Winter wheat 2017 Nederland 108,015 107,574 9.3 996,379
Winter wheat 2018 Nederland 96,273 95,971 9.1 874,353
Winter wheat 2019* Nederland 112,203 111,756 9.8 1,095,086
Spring wheat 2000 Nederland 16,176 16,143 6.8 110,354
Spring wheat 2016 Nederland 11,051 11,005 6.4 70,605
Spring wheat 2017 Nederland 8,414 8,349 6.9 57,772
Spring wheat 2018 Nederland 15,771 15,689 7.0 110,522
Spring wheat 2019* Nederland 8,861 8,790 7.1 62,343
Winter barley 2000 Nederland 3,635 3,630 5.8 20,876
Winter barley 2016 Nederland 9,818 9,659 7.6 73,662
Winter barley 2017 Nederland 9,299 9,284 8.6 79,843
Winter barley 2018 Nederland 8,244 8,199 8.1 66,043
Winter barley 2019* Nederland 11,134 11,092 9.1 100,389
Spring barley 2000 Nederland 43,537 43,391 6.2 266,967
Spring barley 2016 Nederland 24,980 24,769 6.6 162,569
Spring barley 2017 Nederland 20,905 20,436 6.1 124,473
Spring barley 2018 Nederland 27,911 27,775 6.7 187,361
Spring barley 2019* Nederland 22,570 22,297 6.6 147,797
Rye 2000 Nederland 5,961 5,850 5.0 29,033
Rye 2016 Nederland 1,612 1,564 3.5 5,403
Rye 2017 Nederland 1,496 1,365 3.2 4,385
Rye 2018 Nederland 1,599 1,557 2.9 4,457
Rye 2019* Nederland 1,875 1,491 3.6 5,428
Oats 2000 Nederland 2,404 2,366 5.6 13,315
Oats 2016 Nederland 1,484 1,475 4.8 7,078
Oats 2017 Nederland 1,495 1,455 4.6 6,728
Oats 2018 Nederland 1,447 1,411 5.0 7,011
Oats 2019* Nederland 1,535 1,430 6.0 8,558
Triticale 2000 Nederland 6,646 6,609 5.4 36,009
Triticale 2016 Nederland 1,047 1,044 5.2 5,387
Triticale 2017 Nederland 1,227 1,225 5.2 6,395
Triticale 2018 Nederland 1,154 1,098 5.0 5,450
Triticale 2019* Nederland 1,334 1,326 5.4 7,208
Grain maize 2000 Nederland 20,298 20,298 16.9 343,505
Grain maize 2016 Nederland 9,123 8,424 10.0 84,641
Grain maize 2017 Nederland 8,690 8,671 13.5 116,711
Grain maize 2018 Nederland 9,735 9,415 9.0 84,788
Grain maize 2019* Nederland 12,668 12,424 10.3 127,395
Green maize 2000 Nederland 205,321 205,321 39.7 8,154,177
Green maize 2016 Nederland 206,868 203,814 40.3 8,218,040
Green maize 2017 Nederland 205,249 203,511 48.9 9,955,458
Green maize 2018 Nederland 205,574 203,220 39.9 8,103,000
Green maize 2019* Nederland 187,400 186,226 43.0 8,014,566
Corn Cob Mix 2000 Nederland 7,219 7,219 18.5 133,274
Corn Cob Mix 2016 Nederland 3,930 3,849 12.0 46,113
Corn Cob Mix 2017 Nederland 3,589 3,575 13.4 47,956
Corn Cob Mix 2018 Nederland 4,511 4,345 7.7 33,501
Corn Cob Mix 2019* Nederland 6,632 6,585 10.3 67,773
Red kidney beans 2000 Nederland 1,126 1,126 2.8 3,153
Red kidney beans 2016 Nederland 822 822 3.2 2,630
Red kidney beans 2017 Nederland 1,347 1,347 3.5 4,648
Red kidney beans 2018 Nederland 1,036 1,016 1.8 1,829
Red kidney beans 2019* Nederland 1,413 1,413 2.5 3,505
Rape 2000 Nederland 854 853 3.4 2,907
Rape 2016 Nederland 1,696 1,598 3.3 5,279
Rape 2017 Nederland 1,947 1,940 4.1 7,894
Rape 2018 Nederland 2,048 2,015 2.9 5,836
Rape 2019* Nederland 1,794 1,775 3.4 6,038
Fibre flax 2000 Nederland 4,379 4,379 6.1 26,860
Fibre flax 2016 Nederland 2,415 2,415 5.7 13,764
Fibre flax 2017 Nederland 2,564 2,494 4.1 10,224
Fibre flax 2018 Nederland 2,232 2,218 4.0 8,783
Fibre flax 2019* Nederland 2,291 2,291 5.8 13,356
Linseed 2000 Nederland 4,379 4,373 0.9 4,000
Linseed 2016 Nederland 2,415 2,415 0.7 1,787
Linseed 2017 Nederland 2,564 2,494 0.6 1,496
Linseed 2018 Nederland 2,232 2,218 0.7 1,508
Linseed 2019* Nederland 2,291 2,291 0.9 2,149
Chicory for inulin 2000 Nederland 4,756 4,124 44.7 184,431
Chicory for inulin 2016 Nederland 3,884 3,853 43.2 166,406
Chicory for inulin 2017 Nederland 3,235 3,142 48.6 152,640
Chicory for inulin 2018 Nederland 3,151 3,142 43.4 136,451
Chicory for inulin 2019* Nederland 4,041 3,975 43.2 171,888
Hemp 2000 Nederland 792 792 5.9 4,651
Hemp 2016 Nederland 2,262 2,262 7.7 17,417
Hemp 2017 Nederland 2,272 1,272 7.5 9,539
Hemp 2018 Nederland 2,122 1,990 7.7 15,323
Hemp 2019* Nederland 1,877 1,877 7.5 14,074
Total potatoes 2000 Nederland 180,200 174,929 46.5 8,126,799
Total potatoes 2016 Nederland 157,900 155,594 42.0 6,534,338
Total potatoes 2017 Nederland 162,671 160,791 46.0 7,391,881
Total potatoes 2018 Nederland 164,973 164,597 36.6 6,025,365
Total potatoes 2019* Nederland 167,523 165,733 42.0 6,961,230
Total ware potatoes 2000 Nederland 87,439 84,044 53.1 4,465,429
Total ware potatoes 2016 Nederland 73,321 71,097 44.4 3,159,707
Total ware potatoes 2017 Nederland 76,304 74,775 52.8 3,950,307
Total ware potatoes 2018 Nederland 76,348 76,060 41.2 3,132,639
Total ware potatoes 2019* Nederland 78,887 77,544 47.9 3,716,187
Ware potatoes on clay soil 2000 Nederland 61,809 59,463 53.2 3,165,512
Ware potatoes on clay soil 2016 Nederland .
Ware potatoes on clay soil 2017 Nederland .
Ware potatoes on clay soil 2018 Nederland .
Ware potatoes on clay soil 2019* Nederland .
Ware potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2000 Nederland 25,632 24,580 52.9 1,299,914
Ware potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2016 Nederland .
Ware potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2017 Nederland .
Ware potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2018 Nederland .
Ware potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2019* Nederland .
Total seed potatoes 2000 Nederland 41,801 41,509 36.0 1,495,767
Total seed potatoes 2016 Nederland 41,405 41,323 35.7 1,474,991
Total seed potatoes 2017 Nederland 42,326 41,978 36.9 1,547,843
Total seed potatoes 2018 Nederland 43,548 43,460 31.0 1,346,578
Total seed potatoes 2019* Nederland 43,688 43,240 35.8 1,545,981
Seed potatoes on clay soil 2000 Nederland 34,706 34,458 36.8 1,268,852
Seed potatoes on clay soil 2016 Nederland .
Seed potatoes on clay soil 2017 Nederland .
Seed potatoes on clay soil 2018 Nederland .
Seed potatoes on clay soil 2019* Nederland .
Seed potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2000 Nederland 7,096 7,052 32.2 226,914
Seed potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2016 Nederland .
Seed potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2017 Nederland .
Seed potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2018 Nederland .
Seed potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2019* Nederland .
Starch potatoes 2000 Nederland 50,958 49,376 43.9 2,165,606
Starch potatoes 2016 Nederland 43,174 43,174 44.0 1,899,640
Starch potatoes 2017 Nederland 44,041 44,041 43.0 1,893,758
Starch potatoes 2018 Nederland 45,077 45,077 34.3 1,546,148
Starch potatoes 2019* Nederland 44,949 44,949 37.8 1,699,063
Sugar beet 2000 Nederland 110,998 109,714 61.3 6,727,494
Sugar beet 2016 Nederland 70,722 70,722 77.8 5,502,200
Sugar beet 2017 Nederland 85,352 85,352 93.3 7,959,266
Sugar beet 2018 Nederland 85,196 85,196 76.4 6,506,309
Sugar beet 2019* Nederland 79,176 79,176 83.9 6,644,707
Seed onions 2000 Nederland 13,988 13,244 62.0 821,022
Seed onions 2016 Nederland 25,078 24,487 52.0 1,272,879
Seed onions 2017 Nederland 26,683 26,123 55.7 1,453,789
Seed onions 2018 Nederland 25,359 24,979 35.5 887,052
Seed onions 2019* Nederland 27,583 27,206 50.3 1,369,020
Seed onions (excl. loss) 2000 Nederland 13,988 13,244 60.0 788,483
Seed onions (excl. loss) 2016 Nederland 25,078 24,530 48.5 1,190,206
Seed onions (excl. loss) 2017 Nederland 26,683 26,123 50.6 1,322,482
Seed onions (excl. loss) 2018 Nederland 25,359 24,979 33.1 827,334
Seed onions (excl. loss) 2019* Nederland 27,583 27,206 46.9 1,276,784
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols