Arable crops; production, to region

Arable crops; production, to region

Arable crops Periods Regions Area under cultivation (ha) Harvested area (ha) Gross yield per ha (1 000 kg) Gross yield, total (1 000 kg)
Wheat (total) 2000 Nederland 136,686 136,072 8.4 1,142,695
Wheat (total) 2021 Nederland 119,383 118,139 8.2 970,501
Wheat (total) 2022* Nederland 124,348 123,788 9.6 1,190,494
Wheat, winter 2000 Nederland 120,510 119,929 8.6 1,032,342
Wheat, winter 2021 Nederland 106,783 105,969 8.4 889,405
Wheat, winter 2022* Nederland 108,321 107,813 9.9 1,070,050
Wheat, spring 2000 Nederland 16,176 16,143 6.8 110,354
Wheat, spring 2021 Nederland 12,600 12,171 6.7 81,096
Wheat, spring 2022* Nederland 16,027 15,975 7.5 120,445
Barley, winter 2000 Nederland 3,635 3,630 5.8 20,876
Barley, winter 2021 Nederland 9,771 9,632 8.0 76,619
Barley, winter 2022* Nederland 10,552 10,508 8.9 93,199
Barley, spring 2000 Nederland 43,537 43,391 6.2 266,967
Barley, spring 2021 Nederland 20,307 20,041 6.2 124,603
Barley, spring 2022* Nederland 26,313 26,017 7.6 196,757
Rye 2000 Nederland 5,961 5,850 5.0 29,033
Rye 2021 Nederland 2,204 2,128 3.8 8,185
Rye 2022* Nederland 2,288 2,223 4.2 9,234
Oats 2000 Nederland 2,404 2,366 5.6 13,315
Oats 2021 Nederland 1,388 1,382 5.4 7,443
Oats 2022* Nederland 1,494 1,471 6.0 8,792
Triticale 2000 Nederland 6,646 6,609 5.4 36,009
Triticale 2021 Nederland 1,253 1,204 4.8 5,766
Triticale 2022* Nederland 1,278 1,274 5.4 6,865
Grain maize 2000 Nederland 20,298 20,298 16.9 343,505
Grain maize 2021 Nederland 11,599 11,228 12.8 143,780
Grain maize 2022* Nederland 13,747 13,642 12.1 164,857
Green maize 2000 Nederland 205,321 205,321 39.7 8,154,177
Green maize 2021 Nederland 186,123 183,255 45.5 8,339,527
Green maize 2022* Nederland 183,329 182,857 45.0 8,230,659
Maize, corn cob mix 2000 Nederland 7,219 7,219 18.5 133,274
Maize, corn cob mix 2021 Nederland 6,054 5,973 14.0 83,581
Maize, corn cob mix 2022* Nederland 6,582 6,488 11.2 72,529
Kidney beans 2000 Nederland 1,126 1,126 2.8 3,153
Kidney beans 2021 Nederland 2,061 2,061 3.2 6,595
Kidney beans 2022* Nederland 1,199 1,199 2.3 2,759
Turnip rape (total) 2000 Nederland 854 853 3.4 2,907
Turnip rape (total) 2021 Nederland 1,505 1,454 3.1 4,437
Turnip rape (total) 2022* Nederland 1,612 1,499 4.4 6,649
Fibre flax 2000 Nederland 4,379 4,379 6.1 26,860
Fibre flax 2021 Nederland 1,885 1,798 6.3 11,327
Fibre flax 2022* Nederland 1,985 1,945 5.2 10,114
Linseed 2000 Nederland 4,379 4,373 0.9 4,000
Linseed 2021 Nederland 1,885 1,798 0.8 1,348
Linseed 2022* Nederland 1,985 1,945 1.0 1,945
Chicory 2000 Nederland 4,756 4,124 44.7 184,431
Chicory 2021 Nederland 3,839 3,779 42.9 161,998
Chicory 2022* Nederland 3,514 3,435 42.1 144,788
Hemp 2000 Nederland 792 792 5.9 4,651
Hemp 2021 Nederland 1,703 1,703 7.8 13,281
Hemp 2022* Nederland 1,684 1,684 8.4 14,142
Potatoes (total) 2000 Nederland 180,200 174,929 46.5 8,126,799
Potatoes (total) 2021 Nederland 160,302 159,041 42.0 6,675,592
Potatoes (total) 2022* Nederland 163,060 162,279 42.6 6,915,875
Ware potatoes (total) 2000 Nederland 87,439 84,044 53.1 4,465,429
Ware potatoes (total) 2021 Nederland 71,363 70,344 46.7 3,287,615
Ware potatoes (total) 2022* Nederland 76,597 75,881 47.1 3,577,193
Ware potatoes on clay soil 2000 Nederland 61,809 59,463 53.2 3,165,512
Ware potatoes on clay soil 2021 Nederland .
Ware potatoes on clay soil 2022* Nederland .
Ware potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2000 Nederland 25,632 24,580 52.9 1,299,914
Ware potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2021 Nederland .
Ware potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2022* Nederland .
Seed potatoes (total) 2000 Nederland 41,801 41,509 36.0 1,495,767
Seed potatoes (total) 2021 Nederland 43,790 43,548 35.1 1,527,814
Seed potatoes (total) 2022* Nederland 43,157 43,092 37.0 1,593,443
Seed potatoes on clay soil 2000 Nederland 34,706 34,458 36.8 1,268,852
Seed potatoes on clay soil 2021 Nederland .
Seed potatoes on clay soil 2022* Nederland .
Seed potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2000 Nederland 7,096 7,052 32.2 226,914
Seed potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2021 Nederland .
Seed potatoes on sandy or peat soil 2022* Nederland .
Starch potatoes 2000 Nederland 50,958 49,376 43.9 2,165,606
Starch potatoes 2021 Nederland 45,150 45,150 41.2 1,860,163
Starch potatoes 2022* Nederland 43,306 43,306 40.3 1,745,240
Sugar beet 2000 Nederland 110,998 109,714 61.3 6,727,494
Sugar beet 2021 Nederland 80,694 80,694 81.2 6,555,960
Sugar beet 2022* Nederland 81,751 81,751 88.8 7,256,560
Seed onions (total) 2000 Nederland 13,988 13,244 62.0 821,022
Seed onions (total) 2021 Nederland 30,122 29,873 49.1 1,467,103
Seed onions (total) 2022* Nederland 27,421 27,277 44.5 1,214,792
Seed onions: yellow 2000 Nederland .
Seed onions: yellow 2021 Nederland .
Seed onions: yellow 2022* Nederland 22,511 22,370 45.5 1,018,407
Seed onion: red 2000 Nederland .
Seed onion: red 2021 Nederland .
Seed onion: red 2022* Nederland 4,910 4,907 40.0 196,385
Seed onions (exc. loss) 2000 Nederland 13,988 13,244 60.0 788,483
Seed onions (exc. loss) 2021 Nederland .
Seed onions (exc. loss) 2022* Nederland .
Onion sets (2nd year) 2000 Nederland .
Onion sets (2nd year) 2021 Nederland 6,223 6,118 52.4 320,757
Onion sets (2nd year) 2022* Nederland 5,784 5,776 46.3 267,649
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table provides information per crop about the cultivated and harvested area, yield per hectare and the total yield in a crop year. The data are available for the Netherlands as a whole and by province.

Applying crop rotation helps a farmer to avoid deterioration in soil fertility.
A cultivation plan is prepared annually, to make sure that the same crop is not cultivated in the same place year after year.
Usually, one third of the arable land is covered with cereals (mainly winter wheat and spring barley), a quarter is covered with potatoes, one eighth is covered with sugar beet, and one tenth is used for vegetables(mainly onions) as well as a green fodder crop (mainly green maize).

To obtain the figure for the yield, first a preliminary harvest estimate is made. This takes place from August to October.

The estimate is made definite from December to March.

The yields per hectare are rounded off to the nearest 100 kilograms. The total yields are rounded off to the nearest 1000 kilograms.

Data available from: 1994.

Status of the figures:
The figures up to 2021 are definite. The figures of 2022 are provisional.

Changes as of 31 January 2023:
The provisional figures of 2022 have been updated.

When will new figures be published?
The preliminary harvest estimate figures for cereals are published at the end of September and for all crops in late October of the harvest year. The final harvest estimate figures are published in January and are updated in March of the following year. These figures can be changed until the end of September.

Description topics

Area under cultivation
Area of cultivated land in use for growing crops.
Harvested area
At the preliminary harvest estimates this area is in principle equal to
the area under cultivation. However based on information from experts on
expected crop failure it is possible to make an estimate of the area that
probably will not be harvested. When this is the case the harvested area
is smaller than the cultivated area.
Definite figures are based on already harvested areas and areas expected
to be harvested later on. This is the area on which production
has taken place effectively. Due to circumstances (for example flooding)
this (surface) area can be smaller than the original (surface) area used
for cultivation.
Gross yield per ha
In determining the yield per hectare (the average yield figure) only the
hectares which are effectively harvested or will be harvested are
counted. Hectares of which the harvest is lost (for example due to
flooding) are not counted.
The yields of grain corn and corn cob mix have been calculated in the
situation in which these harvested crops contain a humidity of 35 percent.
Green maize is calculated at a moisture content of 65 percent.
In the preliminary estimate the yield of cereals (wheat, barley, oats, rye
and triticale) are defined as the gross weight of the harvested grains.
The definite estimate is the weight in the situation where each grain
would contain 16 percent moisture.
Explanation:
Cereal with 16 percent moisture (or less) is so dry that it can be
stored without problems. More moisture would mean that the grain first has
to be dried, before it can be stored. Drying the crop costs money, the
companies therefore prefer harvesting by 16 percent moisture content.
But this does not always work; in reality, the grain contains more water.
However, in order to get a good estimate of the actual 'dry' yield
all individual statements of the yields per hectare (from which the actual
moisture content is known) are recalculated to the situation with 16
percent moisture.
Gross yield, total
The total yield (total gross production) includes the whole area which
has been harvested or still will be harvested. The total yield also
includes the part of production that for some reason is unsuitable for
its original purpose. This only applies if the crop can still be used for
other purposes (for example, potatoes which can only be used for animal
feed). This is the reason why the gross yield does not equal the
commercial production.
The yields of grain corn and corn cob mix have been calculated as the
harvested crops contain 35 percent moisture. Green maize is calculated at
a moisture content of 65 percent.
In the preliminary estimate, the yield of cereals (wheat, barley, oats,
rye and triticale) is defined as the gross weight of the harvested grains.
The definite estimate is the weight in the situation where each grain
contains 16 percent moisture.
Explanation:
Cereal with 16 percent moisture (or less) is so dry that it can be
stored without problems. More moisture would mean that the grain first has
to be dried, before it can be stored. Drying the crop costs money, the
companies therefore prefer harvesting by 16 percent moisture content.
But this does not always work; in reality, the grain contains more water.
However, in order to get a good estimate of the actual 'dry' yield
all individual statements of the yields per hectare (from which the actual
moisture content is known) are recalculated to the situation with 16
percent moisture.