Emissions of air polluting substances according to NEC guide-lines

Emissions of air polluting substances according to NEC guide-lines

Sources Periods NMVOC (million kgs) SO2 (million kgs) CO (million kgs) NOx (million kgs) NH3 (million kgs) PM10 (million kgs) PM2.5 (million kgs)
Total stationary and mobile sources 1990 509.8 198.1 1,188.7 629.0 344.49 80.16 57.12
Total stationary and mobile sources 2000 267.7 79.0 772.0 454.2 173.43 49.81 34.77
Total stationary and mobile sources 2010 198.0 35.9 709.0 327.4 134.08 36.49 23.02
Total stationary and mobile sources 2014 167.2 30.3 566.8 252.0 127.27 31.86 18.04
Total stationary and mobile sources 2015 163.0 31.0 572.2 248.0 128.74 31.80 18.08
Total stationary and mobile sources 2016 154.2 28.8 555.5 233.1 129.97 31.36 17.61
Total stationary and mobile sources 2017 155.8 27.2 547.9 223.5 132.01 30.87 17.20
Total stationary and mobile sources 2018 152.5 25.2 534.7 218.8 129.87 30.58 16.95
Total stationary and mobile sources 2019 150.1 22.9 517.0 204.9 124.58 29.51 16.16
Total stationary and mobile sources 2020 182.5 19.7 449.5 181.9 123.35 27.65 14.91
Total stationary and mobile sources 2021 190.3 20.9 437.8 177.8 121.93 26.13 14.20
Stationary sources; total 1990 297.1 170.7 369.5 230.0 343.56 52.55 31.64
Stationary sources; total 2000 174.0 63.1 267.4 143.1 169.09 30.48 17.77
Stationary sources; total 2010 146.0 32.9 251.9 101.6 129.99 26.08 14.97
Stationary sources; total 2014 128.7 28.8 183.7 77.3 124.09 24.02 12.50
Stationary sources; total 2015 126.0 30.0 196.5 79.0 125.51 24.28 12.89
Stationary sources; total 2016 118.1 27.9 191.8 74.0 126.72 24.14 12.81
Stationary sources; total 2017 119.8 26.3 180.3 67.7 128.45 23.87 12.66
Stationary sources; total 2018 117.6 24.4 181.0 65.9 126.33 23.76 12.62
Stationary sources; total 2019 116.1 22.1 180.5 62.4 120.99 23.07 12.22
Stationary sources; total 2020 152.8 19.0 164.3 56.8 120.29 21.83 11.32
Stationary sources; total 2021 161.3 20.2 166.8 58.3 118.77 20.48 10.84
Energy sector 1990 33.0 112.7 11.3 103.9 0.01 7.94 6.03
Energy sector 2000 28.0 48.2 18.0 64.9 0.02 3.65 2.57
Energy sector 2010 15.2 19.4 10.6 32.6 0.02 0.55 0.42
Energy sector 2014 14.0 18.3 8.6 26.8 0.02 0.53 0.41
Energy sector 2015 13.1 19.7 9.4 27.6 0.02 0.63 0.49
Energy sector 2016 11.7 17.1 8.4 23.4 0.03 0.47 0.37
Energy sector 2017 10.8 15.3 5.4 21.5 0.03 0.45 0.32
Energy sector 2018 8.5 13.6 6.1 20.7 0.04 0.37 0.30
Energy sector 2019 7.5 11.3 5.9 19.4 0.05 0.33 0.27
Energy sector 2020 6.9 8.8 5.9 17.0 0.06 0.27 0.22
Energy sector 2021 5.9 10.4 6.6 17.7 0.04 0.29 0.24
Industry (non energy) 1990 159.4 51.4 267.4 79.0 4.71 27.74 15.12
Industry (non energy) 2000 75.8 14.0 159.4 35.1 2.70 10.63 5.76
Industry (non energy) 2010 49.1 12.4 122.9 30.4 1.76 8.14 4.39
Industry (non energy) 2014 41.3 9.6 90.8 24.9 1.33 7.42 3.83
Industry (non energy) 2015 39.0 9.4 96.1 24.5 1.40 7.50 3.89
Industry (non energy) 2016 33.8 9.0 92.5 24.8 1.68 7.77 4.03
Industry (non energy) 2017 36.1 9.4 88.4 23.9 1.54 7.98 4.22
Industry (non energy) 2018 36.2 9.6 90.4 23.5 1.60 7.91 4.15
Industry (non energy) 2019 35.5 9.7 93.3 23.1 1.29 7.80 4.12
Industry (non energy) 2020 34.4 9.3 82.2 21.6 1.56 7.53 3.80
Industry (non energy) 2021 34.5 8.8 78.1 21.5 1.46 7.82 3.96
Households in autonomous homes 1990 48.6 1.2 82.3 20.9 12.95 9.41 8.69
Households in autonomous homes 2000 46.6 0.5 82.7 20.0 9.19 9.68 8.58
Households in autonomous homes 2010 48.2 0.5 106.8 14.6 9.57 10.46 9.27
Households in autonomous homes 2014 45.1 0.4 75.7 8.1 10.16 8.71 7.35
Households in autonomous homes 2015 45.4 0.4 81.7 8.2 10.18 8.91 7.58
Households in autonomous homes 2016 45.4 0.4 81.4 8.0 10.49 8.81 7.48
Households in autonomous homes 2017 44.9 0.4 76.5 7.2 10.21 8.58 7.20
Households in autonomous homes 2018 45.1 0.5 74.4 6.9 10.73 8.86 7.26
Households in autonomous homes 2019 45.4 0.4 71.0 6.5 10.67 8.42 6.89
Households in autonomous homes 2020 83.4 0.4 65.9 6.2 10.57 7.71 6.37
Households in autonomous homes 2021 93.7 0.4 71.2 7.0 10.47 6.25 5.71
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 1990 0.6 0.0 2.1 8.8 325.35 4.83 0.57
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2000 1.2 0.0 2.4 9.6 155.47 5.34 0.60
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2010 7.2 0.1 7.2 14.1 116.86 5.98 0.63
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2014 4.0 0.1 5.3 9.9 110.85 6.36 0.64
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2015 4.1 0.1 5.8 10.7 112.22 6.22 0.64
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2016 3.5 0.1 5.6 10.3 112.65 6.13 0.64
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2017 3.4 0.1 6.0 7.6 114.78 5.93 0.63
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2018 3.2 0.1 6.4 7.9 112.11 5.69 0.62
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2019 3.0 0.1 6.8 6.5 107.17 5.52 0.61
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2020 2.6 0.1 6.8 5.5 106.22 5.42 0.62
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2021 2.8 0.1 7.3 5.7 104.84 5.22 0.61
Mobile sources; total 1990 212.8 27.4 819.1 398.9 0.93 27.62 25.48
Mobile sources; total 2000 93.7 15.8 504.7 311.1 4.34 19.33 17.00
Mobile sources; total 2010 52.1 3.0 457.1 225.9 4.09 10.41 8.05
Mobile sources; total 2014 38.6 1.4 383.0 174.7 3.18 7.84 5.53
Mobile sources; total 2015 37.1 1.0 375.7 169.0 3.23 7.52 5.18
Mobile sources; total 2016 36.1 0.9 363.7 159.1 3.25 7.22 4.80
Mobile sources; total 2017 35.9 0.9 367.7 155.8 3.55 7.00 4.55
Mobile sources; total 2018 34.9 0.8 353.7 152.9 3.54 6.82 4.33
Mobile sources; total 2019 34.0 0.9 336.5 142.5 3.58 6.43 3.94
Mobile sources; total 2020 29.8 0.7 285.2 125.1 3.07 5.82 3.59
Mobile sources; total 2021 29.1 0.6 271.0 119.5 3.16 5.65 3.36
Road transport 1990 187.0 16.0 698.4 291.0 0.91 19.33 17.61
Road transport 2000 71.0 3.7 393.5 193.3 4.32 11.80 9.85
Road transport 2010 38.1 0.2 360.2 144.6 4.07 6.57 4.41
Road transport 2014 27.5 0.2 288.2 97.8 3.16 4.58 2.45
Road transport 2015 26.7 0.2 281.9 93.1 3.20 4.45 2.27
Road transport 2016 25.9 0.2 270.2 85.1 3.21 4.29 2.03
Road transport 2017 26.1 0.2 275.9 85.0 3.49 4.27 1.96
Road transport 2018 25.3 0.2 262.5 82.3 3.46 4.15 1.81
Road transport 2019 25.1 0.2 247.9 76.0 3.49 4.01 1.65
Road transport 2020 21.5 0.2 199.8 61.8 2.95 3.48 1.37
Road transport 2021 21.1 0.2 187.5 59.0 3.04 3.50 1.32
Water transport 1990 8.2 1.9 22.1 30.7 0.01 1.36 1.29
Water transport 2000 7.7 2.2 26.2 30.0 0.01 1.36 1.30
Water transport 2010 5.8 0.5 27.1 24.6 0.01 0.96 0.91
Water transport 2014 4.3 0.0 26.8 27.6 0.01 0.96 0.91
Water transport 2015 4.1 0.0 26.6 27.9 0.01 0.96 0.90
Water transport 2016 4.2 0.0 26.4 27.4 0.01 0.93 0.87
Water transport 2017 4.2 0.0 26.5 27.9 0.01 0.93 0.87
Water transport 2018 4.2 0.0 26.6 28.0 0.01 0.92 0.86
Water transport 2019 3.8 0.0 25.9 25.3 0.01 0.82 0.78
Water transport 2020 3.6 0.0 25.6 24.6 0.01 0.80 0.75
Water transport 2021 3.7 0.0 25.5 24.1 0.01 0.77 0.72
Agriculture (mobile sources) 1990 4.0 1.2 10.2 13.2 0.00 1.66 1.57
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2000 3.3 1.2 9.1 14.8 0.00 1.33 1.27
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2010 1.6 0.1 6.6 11.3 0.00 0.67 0.64
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2014 1.4 0.0 6.3 11.5 0.00 0.58 0.55
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2015 1.3 0.0 6.2 11.2 0.01 0.54 0.51
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2016 1.2 0.0 5.8 10.1 0.01 0.47 0.45
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2017 1.1 0.0 5.5 9.5 0.02 0.43 0.41
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2018 1.1 0.0 5.6 10.3 0.03 0.45 0.43
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2019 1.1 0.0 5.2 9.4 0.03 0.39 0.38
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2020 1.0 0.0 5.1 9.5 0.04 0.38 0.36
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2021 1.0 0.0 4.9 9.3 0.05 0.35 0.33
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Dataset is not available.


This table contains figures on the emissions of air pollutants, calculated according to the European NEC guideline (NEC= National Emission Ceilings). This concerns the emissions to air from stationary and mobile sources in the Netherlands of ammonia (NH3), nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulfur dioxide (SO2), PM2.5 (particles with a diameter smaller than 2.5 micrometers), particulate matter (PM10; particles with a diameter smaller than 10 micrometers), carbon monoxide (CO) and volatile organic compounds, excluding methane (NMVOC). In this table the emissions from the coking plant of Tata Steel (Hoogovens) are included in the base metal industry (and therefore not in the energy sector) and the emissions from road traffic and fishing are based on the sales of motor fuels.

Data available from: 1990.

Status of the figures:
The figures from 1990 to 2021 are final. In order to obtain a consistent time series the complete data set is (re)calculated when necessary, so as to be able to include the latest insights in the survey, especially in the case of emission factors.

Changes as of 16 February 2023:
Addition of final figures 2021.
The topic of particulate matter PM2.5 has been added, these particulates (with a diameter smaller than 2.5 micrometres) are smaller and more harmful than PM10.
The hobby animals are included in the Private households sector.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures for 2022 will be published in October 2023.

Description topics

NMVOC
Non-methane volatile organic compounds.

Among others caused by incomplete combustion of fuels and evaporation of fuels, cooling agents, inland vessel load residues, and other chemical substances. VOC emissions are also formed during various industrial processes. Smog generating and sometimes carcinogenic.
SO2
Sulphur dioxide (SO2 and SO3, calculated as SO2).

SO2 is formed by the combustion of sulphur in fuels. Causes acidification.
CO
Carbon monoxide.

CO is caused by incomplete combustion of fuels. Toxic gas (detrimental to health).
NOx
Nitrogen oxides (NOx = NO and NO2, calculated as NO2).

In particular nitrogen oxides are formed during combustion processes. With these atmospheric nitrogen (N2) is converted into NOx. Causes acidification and generates smog.
NH3
Ammonia.

NH3 is formed in particular during natural processes and also, to a lesser degree, during the combustion of fuels and during industrial processes. The most important source is manure. NH3 causes acidification.
PM10
Particulate matter (PM10 = particulates with diameter smaller than 10 micrometres).

Among other causes PM10 is formed during the combustion of diesel fuel, various industrial processes, and wear processes like the wear of tyres, brake linings, road surface, and railway overhead contact lines. Detrimental to health, penetrates deeply into the lungs.
PM2.5
Particulate matter (PM2.5 = particulates with diameter smaller than 2.5 micrometres).