Emissions of air polluting substances according to NEC guide-lines

Emissions of air polluting substances according to NEC guide-lines

Sources Periods NMVOC (million kgs) SO2 (million kgs) CO (million kgs) NOx (million kgs) NH3 (million kgs) PM10 (million kgs)
Total stationary and mobile sources 1990 578.3 196.9 1,148.3 661.9 345.92 78.10
Total stationary and mobile sources 2000 333.4 78.2 761.8 472.2 173.25 47.00
Total stationary and mobile sources 2010 270.5 35.8 666.3 349.9 133.92 33.21
Total stationary and mobile sources 2014 245.5 30.2 564.3 281.0 128.60 28.99
Total stationary and mobile sources 2015 252.8 31.0 562.1 282.1 130.87 28.48
Total stationary and mobile sources 2016 248.7 28.0 580.5 269.7 129.95 27.70
Total stationary and mobile sources 2017 248.8 26.6 596.2 259.2 132.21 27.10
Total stationary and mobile sources 2018 241.4 25.0 627.8 252.9 129.30 26.06
Total stationary and mobile sources 2019 237.8 22.9 625.9 238.4 122.91 24.77
Stationary sources; total 1990 399.3 170.6 373.7 282.1 344.96 53.22
Stationary sources; total 2000 248.9 63.3 271.4 184.5 168.89 30.86
Stationary sources; total 2010 220.7 32.9 230.5 136.3 129.36 25.16
Stationary sources; total 2014 206.1 28.8 185.6 112.5 124.68 23.91
Stationary sources; total 2015 214.6 30.0 189.8 115.6 126.98 23.82
Stationary sources; total 2016 211.6 27.1 184.7 110.4 125.98 23.46
Stationary sources; total 2017 211.6 25.7 175.5 104.9 128.17 23.15
Stationary sources; total 2018 205.3 24.1 175.7 101.8 125.16 22.35
Stationary sources; total 2019 202.0 22.0 176.4 97.3 118.74 21.44
Energy sector 1990 32.4 112.8 11.4 103.9 0.01 7.95
Energy sector 2000 27.2 48.3 18.0 64.9 0.02 3.65
Energy sector 2010 14.3 19.4 10.6 32.9 0.02 0.55
Energy sector 2014 13.2 18.3 8.5 26.8 0.04 0.53
Energy sector 2015 12.4 19.7 9.2 27.6 0.05 0.63
Energy sector 2016 11.0 17.1 8.4 23.4 0.07 0.47
Energy sector 2017 10.3 15.3 5.3 21.5 0.07 0.45
Energy sector 2018 8.1 13.6 5.9 20.7 0.08 0.37
Energy sector 2019 7.0 11.3 5.8 19.4 0.13 0.33
Industry (non energy) 1990 158.9 51.4 267.4 79.0 4.70 27.71
Industry (non energy) 2000 75.2 13.9 159.4 34.9 2.70 10.78
Industry (non energy) 2010 48.6 12.3 122.9 30.3 1.75 8.53
Industry (non energy) 2014 41.4 9.5 90.3 25.0 1.32 7.77
Industry (non energy) 2015 39.1 9.3 95.1 24.6 1.38 7.83
Industry (non energy) 2016 34.5 8.9 92.1 24.9 1.66 8.02
Industry (non energy) 2017 36.1 9.4 88.0 24.1 1.52 8.13
Industry (non energy) 2018 36.1 9.5 89.7 23.5 1.57 7.96
Industry (non energy) 2019 35.8 9.7 94.1 23.4 1.31 7.88
Households in autonomous homes 1990 52.3 1.2 86.6 23.4 9.61 10.02
Households in autonomous homes 2000 50.8 0.5 87.2 21.3 6.10 9.74
Households in autonomous homes 2010 48.6 0.5 89.6 15.7 6.65 8.99
Households in autonomous homes 2014 47.6 0.4 81.0 9.9 7.31 8.10
Households in autonomous homes 2015 47.0 0.4 79.4 9.8 7.32 7.78
Households in autonomous homes 2016 46.7 0.4 77.8 9.6 7.23 7.52
Households in autonomous homes 2017 46.5 0.4 75.5 8.7 7.00 7.34
Households in autonomous homes 2018 46.6 0.4 73.4 8.5 6.79 7.11
Households in autonomous homes 2019 46.6 0.4 69.9 8.0 6.71 6.78
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 1990 98.6 0.0 2.0 58.0 326.58 4.92
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2000 71.4 0.0 2.0 49.6 155.95 5.46
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2010 81.7 0.1 3.0 45.3 116.96 6.09
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2014 78.6 0.1 2.3 41.4 111.96 6.46
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2015 90.7 0.1 2.4 43.6 114.19 6.52
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2016 94.9 0.1 2.5 42.8 112.62 6.47
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2017 93.7 0.1 2.6 40.9 115.20 6.27
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2018 89.6 0.1 2.8 40.4 111.67 5.97
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2019 87.8 0.1 2.9 37.9 105.55 5.45
Mobile sources; total 1990 179.0 26.3 774.6 379.8 0.97 24.88
Mobile sources; total 2000 84.5 14.9 490.4 287.7 4.36 16.15
Mobile sources; total 2010 49.7 2.9 435.8 213.6 4.56 8.04
Mobile sources; total 2014 39.4 1.4 378.7 168.5 3.92 5.08
Mobile sources; total 2015 38.2 1.0 372.4 166.5 3.89 4.66
Mobile sources; total 2016 37.1 0.9 395.8 159.2 3.97 4.24
Mobile sources; total 2017 37.2 0.9 420.7 154.3 4.04 3.95
Mobile sources; total 2018 36.2 0.8 452.2 151.1 4.14 3.71
Mobile sources; total 2019 35.8 0.9 449.5 141.1 4.17 3.34
Road transport 1990 153.0 16.0 710.6 285.0 0.95 18.50
Road transport 2000 58.3 3.7 399.0 182.8 4.34 10.05
Road transport 2010 33.4 0.2 350.3 141.6 4.54 4.90
Road transport 2014 26.4 0.2 294.6 99.6 3.90 2.38
Road transport 2015 25.9 0.2 289.0 98.2 3.87 2.10
Road transport 2016 25.3 0.2 313.3 94.4 3.95 1.88
Road transport 2017 25.8 0.2 338.5 91.4 4.03 1.70
Road transport 2018 25.1 0.2 369.8 88.5 4.12 1.51
Road transport 2019 25.1 0.2 368.1 81.4 4.15 1.32
Water transport 1990 16.2 1.9 22.1 30.7 0.01 1.36
Water transport 2000 16.1 2.2 26.2 30.0 0.01 1.36
Water transport 2010 10.6 0.5 27.1 24.6 0.01 0.96
Water transport 2014 8.2 0.0 26.8 27.6 0.01 0.96
Water transport 2015 7.7 0.0 26.6 27.9 0.01 0.96
Water transport 2016 7.5 0.0 26.4 27.4 0.01 0.93
Water transport 2017 7.4 0.0 26.5 27.9 0.01 0.93
Water transport 2018 7.3 0.0 26.6 28.0 0.01 0.92
Water transport 2019 7.0 0.0 25.9 25.3 0.01 0.82
Agriculture (mobile sources) 1990 2.8 1.2 5.9 14.5 0.00 1.41
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2000 2.4 1.2 5.7 14.1 0.00 1.16
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2010 1.2 0.1 4.0 10.5 0.00 0.57
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2014 1.0 0.0 3.8 10.2 0.00 0.48
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2015 0.9 0.0 3.7 9.8 0.00 0.45
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2016 0.8 0.0 3.4 8.6 0.00 0.39
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2017 0.8 0.0 3.2 7.9 0.00 0.35
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2018 0.8 0.0 3.2 8.5 0.00 0.36
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2019 0.7 0.0 3.0 7.7 0.00 0.31
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains figures on the emissions in the Netherlands by stationary and mobile sources, calculated according to the NEC-directive (NEC = national emission ceilings). This directive has been drawn up in 2001 by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union to set upper limits for the total emissions of SO2, NOx, NH3 and non-methane VOCs by each member state.
The calculation of emissions by stationary sources is, among other data sources, based on specifications in the annual emission reports of separate enterprises and additional estimates based on production and energy data provided by Statistics Netherlands.
According to the activity classification (SIC 2008) the coke factory of Tata Steel belongs to the energy sector. In this table it’s emissions are assigned to the category manufacture of iron and steel.
The emissions by road traffic and fisheries in this table are based on the amount of motor fuels sold. The NEC emission ceilings of 2010 were at the time determined on the basis of fuel-used. The emissions calculated by this method can be found in the tables concerning emissions to air on Dutch territory.

Data available from: 1990

Status of the figures:
All figures definitive. In order to obtain a consistent time series the complete data set is (re)calculated when necessary, so as to be able to include the latest insights in the survey, especially in the case of emission factors.

Changes as of 16 February 2021:
-Provisional figures of 2019 have been replaced by the defintive figures.
-A part of the emissions have been calculated based on the Dutch Energy Balance Sheet. The figures for 2018 and 2019 have been adjusted and the figures for 2015-2017 have been revised. Therefore the emissions have changed for those years.
-The methane and particulate matter emissions of households have been changed for all years by the use of new emission factors due to ambience heating.
-The N2O, NH3 and NMVOC emissions from agriculture have been changed due to the use of a new model. Herein is the allocation of manure over grassland and industry land changed. Also, the emission factors for ammoniac from low emission stables have been adjusted. The emissions for the whole 1990-2019 period have been adjusted.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures of 2020 will be published in September 2021.

Description topics

NMVOC
Non-methane volatile organic compounds.

Among others caused by incomplete combustion of fuels and evaporation of fuels, cooling agents, inland vessel load residues, and other chemical substances. VOC emissions are also formed during various industrial processes. Smog generating and sometimes carcinogenic.
SO2
Sulphur dioxide (SO2 and SO3, calculated as SO2).

SO2 is formed by the combustion of sulphur in fuels. Causes acidification.
CO
Carbon monoxide.

CO is caused by incomplete combustion of fuels. Toxic gas (detrimental to health).
NOx
Nitrogen oxides (NOx = NO and NO2, calculated as NO2).

In particular nitrogen oxides are formed during combustion processes. With these atmospheric nitrogen (N2) is converted into NOx. Causes acidification and generates smog.
NH3
Ammonia.

NH3 is formed in particular during natural processes and also, to a lesser degree, during the combustion of fuels and during industrial processes. The most important source is manure. NH3 causes acidification.
PM10
Particulate matter (PM10 = particulates with diameter smaller than 10 micrometres).

Among other causes PM10 is formed during the combustion of diesel fuel, various industrial processes, and wear processes like the wear of tyres, brake linings, road surface, and railway overhead contact lines. Detrimental to health, penetrates deeply into the lungs.