Emissions of air polluting substances according to NEC guide-lines

Emissions of air polluting substances according to NEC guide-lines

Sources Periods NMVOC (million kgs) SO2 (million kgs) CO (million kgs) NOx (million kgs) NH3 (million kgs) PM10 (million kgs)
Total stationary and mobile sources 1990 507.9 196.9 1,148.3 610.9 345.92 80.17
Total stationary and mobile sources 2000 264.1 78.2 761.8 430.4 173.25 49.35
Total stationary and mobile sources 2010 186.5 35.8 666.3 317.0 133.92 35.76
Total stationary and mobile sources 2014 164.9 30.2 564.3 247.9 128.60 31.50
Total stationary and mobile sources 2015 160.4 31.0 562.1 247.4 130.87 31.04
Total stationary and mobile sources 2016 152.5 28.0 580.5 235.3 129.95 30.38
Total stationary and mobile sources 2017 153.9 26.6 596.2 224.2 132.21 29.82
Total stationary and mobile sources 2018 150.9 25.0 627.8 218.6 129.30 28.88
Total stationary and mobile sources 2019 149.1 22.9 625.9 205.1 122.91 27.61
Total stationary and mobile sources 2020* 142.1 19.7 565.6 189.1 124.06 26.46
Stationary sources; total 1990 301.0 170.6 373.7 231.1 344.96 53.22
Stationary sources; total 2000 177.8 63.3 271.4 142.6 168.89 30.86
Stationary sources; total 2010 139.2 32.9 230.5 103.5 129.36 25.16
Stationary sources; total 2014 127.5 28.8 185.6 79.4 124.68 23.91
Stationary sources; total 2015 123.9 30.0 189.8 80.9 126.98 23.82
Stationary sources; total 2016 116.8 27.1 184.7 76.0 125.98 23.46
Stationary sources; total 2017 117.9 25.7 175.5 69.9 128.17 23.15
Stationary sources; total 2018 115.7 24.1 175.7 67.4 125.16 22.35
Stationary sources; total 2019 114.2 22.0 176.4 64.0 118.74 21.44
Stationary sources; total 2020* 110.1 19.1 173.3 59.1 120.50 20.91
Energy sector 1990 31.8 112.7 11.3 103.9 0.01 7.94
Energy sector 2000 26.4 48.2 18.0 64.9 0.02 3.65
Energy sector 2010 14.3 19.4 10.6 32.8 0.02 0.55
Energy sector 2014 13.2 18.3 8.5 26.8 0.04 0.53
Energy sector 2015 12.4 19.7 9.2 27.6 0.05 0.63
Energy sector 2016 11.0 17.1 8.4 23.4 0.07 0.47
Energy sector 2017 10.3 15.3 5.3 21.5 0.07 0.45
Energy sector 2018 8.1 13.6 5.9 20.7 0.08 0.37
Energy sector 2019 7.0 11.3 5.8 19.4 0.13 0.33
Energy sector 2020* 6.5 8.7 6.0 17.4 0.16 0.28
Industry (non energy) 1990 159.5 51.4 267.4 79.0 4.70 27.72
Industry (non energy) 2000 76.0 14.0 159.4 35.0 2.70 10.78
Industry (non energy) 2010 48.6 12.3 122.9 30.4 1.75 8.53
Industry (non energy) 2014 41.4 9.5 90.3 25.0 1.32 7.77
Industry (non energy) 2015 39.1 9.3 95.1 24.6 1.38 7.83
Industry (non energy) 2016 34.5 8.9 92.1 24.9 1.66 8.02
Industry (non energy) 2017 36.1 9.4 88.0 24.1 1.52 8.13
Industry (non energy) 2018 36.1 9.5 89.7 23.5 1.57 7.96
Industry (non energy) 2019 35.8 9.7 94.1 23.4 1.31 7.88
Industry (non energy) 2020* 33.1 9.3 94.0 21.4 1.31 7.71
Households in autonomous homes 1990 52.3 1.2 86.6 21.8 9.61 10.02
Households in autonomous homes 2000 50.8 0.5 87.2 19.7 6.10 9.74
Households in autonomous homes 2010 48.6 0.5 89.6 14.0 6.65 8.99
Households in autonomous homes 2014 47.6 0.4 81.0 8.2 7.31 8.10
Households in autonomous homes 2015 47.0 0.4 79.4 8.1 7.32 7.78
Households in autonomous homes 2016 46.7 0.4 77.8 7.8 7.23 7.52
Households in autonomous homes 2017 46.5 0.4 75.5 7.0 7.00 7.34
Households in autonomous homes 2018 46.6 0.4 73.4 6.7 6.79 7.11
Households in autonomous homes 2019 46.6 0.4 69.9 6.3 6.71 6.78
Households in autonomous homes 2020* 46.4 0.4 67.0 5.9 6.79 6.53
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 1990 0.7 0.0 2.0 8.7 326.58 4.92
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2000 0.7 0.0 2.0 9.5 155.95 5.46
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2010 0.6 0.1 3.0 14.2 116.96 6.09
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2014 0.4 0.1 2.3 10.1 111.96 6.46
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2015 0.4 0.1 2.4 10.8 114.19 6.52
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2016 0.4 0.1 2.5 10.3 112.62 6.47
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2017 0.4 0.1 2.6 7.7 115.20 6.27
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2018 0.4 0.1 2.8 7.9 111.67 5.97
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2019 0.4 0.1 2.9 6.5 105.55 5.45
01 Agriculture (stationary sources) 2020* 0.4 0.1 3.0 6.3 107.20 5.39
Mobile sources; total 1990 206.9 26.3 774.6 379.8 0.97 26.95
Mobile sources; total 2000 86.4 14.9 490.4 287.7 4.36 18.49
Mobile sources; total 2010 47.3 2.9 435.8 213.6 4.56 10.60
Mobile sources; total 2014 37.4 1.4 378.7 168.5 3.92 7.59
Mobile sources; total 2015 36.5 1.0 372.4 166.5 3.89 7.22
Mobile sources; total 2016 35.7 0.9 395.8 159.2 3.97 6.91
Mobile sources; total 2017 36.1 0.9 420.7 154.3 4.04 6.68
Mobile sources; total 2018 35.2 0.8 452.2 151.1 4.14 6.53
Mobile sources; total 2019 34.9 0.9 449.5 141.1 4.17 6.18
Mobile sources; total 2020* 32.0 0.7 392.3 130.0 3.56 5.55
Road transport 1990 188.9 16.0 710.6 285.0 0.95 20.56
Road transport 2000 68.5 3.7 399.0 182.8 4.34 12.38
Road transport 2010 35.7 0.2 350.3 141.6 4.54 7.44
Road transport 2014 28.3 0.2 294.6 99.6 3.90 4.87
Road transport 2015 27.9 0.2 289.0 98.2 3.87 4.64
Road transport 2016 27.4 0.2 313.3 94.4 3.95 4.53
Road transport 2017 27.9 0.2 338.5 91.4 4.03 4.41
Road transport 2018 27.1 0.2 369.8 88.5 4.12 4.31
Road transport 2019 27.1 0.2 368.1 81.4 4.15 4.13
Road transport 2020* 24.6 0.2 313.8 72.8 3.55 3.62
Water transport 1990 8.2 1.9 22.1 30.7 0.01 1.36
Water transport 2000 7.7 2.2 26.2 30.0 0.01 1.36
Water transport 2010 5.8 0.5 27.1 24.6 0.01 0.96
Water transport 2014 4.3 0.0 26.8 27.6 0.01 0.96
Water transport 2015 4.1 0.0 26.6 27.9 0.01 0.96
Water transport 2016 4.2 0.0 26.4 27.4 0.01 0.93
Water transport 2017 4.2 0.0 26.5 27.9 0.01 0.93
Water transport 2018 4.3 0.0 26.6 28.0 0.01 0.92
Water transport 2019 4.1 0.0 25.9 25.3 0.01 0.82
Water transport 2020* 4.1 0.0 25.9 25.3 0.01 0.82
Agriculture (mobile sources) 1990 2.8 1.2 5.9 14.5 0.00 1.41
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2000 2.4 1.2 5.7 14.1 0.00 1.16
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2010 1.2 0.1 4.0 10.5 0.00 0.57
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2014 1.0 0.0 3.8 10.2 0.00 0.48
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2015 0.9 0.0 3.7 9.8 0.00 0.45
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2016 0.8 0.0 3.4 8.6 0.00 0.39
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2017 0.8 0.0 3.2 7.9 0.00 0.35
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2018 0.8 0.0 3.2 8.5 0.00 0.36
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2019 0.7 0.0 3.0 7.7 0.00 0.31
Agriculture (mobile sources) 2020* 0.6 0.0 2.9 7.4 0.00 0.29
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains figures on the emissions of air pollutants, calculated according to the European NEC guideline (NEC= National Emission Ceilings). This concerns the emissions to air from stationary and mobile sources in the Netherlands of ammonia (NH3), nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulfur dioxide (SO2), particulate matter (PM10; particles with a diameter smaller than 10 micrometers), carbon monoxide (CO) and volatile organic compounds, excluding methane (NMVOC). In this table the emissions from the coking plant of Tata Steel (Hoogovens) are included in the base metal industry (and therefore not in the energy sector) and the emissions from road traffic and fishing are based on the sales of motor fuels.

Data available from: 1990.

Status of the figures:
All figures up to and including reporting year 2019 are final. The figures for 2020 are provisional. In order to obtain a coherent and consistent time series, the complete time series is (re)calculated every year, so that the latest insights, especially with regard to the emission factors, can be included in the calculations.

Changes as of 5 October 2021:
- Addition of provisional figures for 2020.
- The NOx and NMVOC emissions from manure management and agricultural soils no longer count according to the current implementation of the NEC guideline and will be omitted from now on for all years.

Changes as of February 16, 2021:
- Replacing provisional figures 2019 by final figures.
- Some of the emissions are recalculated on the basis of new data from the energy balance (updated by Statistics Netherlands). The figures for 2018 and 2019 have been adjusted and the figures for 2015 up to and including 2017 have been revised. As a result, the emissions have changed for those years.
- The emissions of methane and particulate matter in households, as a result of space heating using natural gas, have changed for all years due to the application of new emission factors.
- The emissions of N2O, NH3 and NMVOC from agriculture have changed because calculations have been made with a new data model, in which the allocation to manure over grassland and arable land has changed. The emission factors for ammonia from low-emission animal houses have also been adjusted. The emissions of the entire 1990-2019 time series have been adjusted.

When will new numbers be released?
Final figures for 2020 will be published in March 2022.

Description topics

NMVOC
Non-methane volatile organic compounds.

Among others caused by incomplete combustion of fuels and evaporation of fuels, cooling agents, inland vessel load residues, and other chemical substances. VOC emissions are also formed during various industrial processes. Smog generating and sometimes carcinogenic.
SO2
Sulphur dioxide (SO2 and SO3, calculated as SO2).

SO2 is formed by the combustion of sulphur in fuels. Causes acidification.
CO
Carbon monoxide.

CO is caused by incomplete combustion of fuels. Toxic gas (detrimental to health).
NOx
Nitrogen oxides (NOx = NO and NO2, calculated as NO2).

In particular nitrogen oxides are formed during combustion processes. With these atmospheric nitrogen (N2) is converted into NOx. Causes acidification and generates smog.
NH3
Ammonia.

NH3 is formed in particular during natural processes and also, to a lesser degree, during the combustion of fuels and during industrial processes. The most important source is manure. NH3 causes acidification.
PM10
Particulate matter (PM10 = particulates with diameter smaller than 10 micrometres).

Among other causes PM10 is formed during the combustion of diesel fuel, various industrial processes, and wear processes like the wear of tyres, brake linings, road surface, and railway overhead contact lines. Detrimental to health, penetrates deeply into the lungs.