Government; Balance and Maastricht debt, sectors

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This table shows data on the balance and Maastricht debt of general government. These figures are also known as EMU-balance and EMU-debt (EMU stands for the Economic and Monetary Union). In this table, yearly and quarterly figures are subdivided to subsectors of general government. Furthermore, this table shows the relation between the government balance and change in Maastricht debt.

Balance and debt are the most import indicators for the healthiness of government finances in the European Union. In the Maastricht treaty and the consequent Stability and Growth Pact, it was decided that government deficit may not exceed 3 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) and Maastricht debt may not be higher than 60 percent of GDP. If government deficit exceeds the threshold of 3 percent, the member state in question shall be subject to the excessive deficit procedure.

The terms and definitions used are in accordance with the framework of the national accounts. The national accounts are based on the international definitions of the European System of Accounts (ESA 2010). However, Maastricht debt is valued at face value whereas debt instruments in national accounts are valued at market value. Maastricht debt covers the following debt instruments: deposits, short term debt securities, long term debt securities, short term loans and long term loans.

Small temporary differences in data in this table with publications of the national accounts may occur due to the fact that the government finance statistics are sometimes more up to date.

Data available from:
Yearly figures from 1995, quarterly figures from 1999.

Status of the figures:
The figures for the period 1995-2017 are final. The quarterly figures for 2018 are provisional. The annual figures for 2018 are final. The figures for 2019 and 2020 are provisional.

Changes as of 23 September 2020:
Figures on the second quarter of 2020 are available.
The figures for the first quarter of 2020 have been adjusted.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional quarterly figures are published three months after the end of the quarter. In September the figures on the first quarter may be revised, in December the figures on the second quarter may be revised and in March the first three quarters may be revised. Yearly figures are published for the first time three months after the end of the year concerned. Yearly figures are revised two times: 6 and 18 months after the end of the year. Please note that there is a possibility that adjustments might take place at the end of March or September, in order to provide the European Commission with the latest figures. Revised yearly figures are published in June each year. Quarterly figures are aligned to revised years at the end of June. More information on the revision policy of Dutch national accounts and government finance statistics can be found under 'relevant articles' under paragraph 3.

Government; Balance and Maastricht debt, sectors

Institutional sectors Periods Balance and debt (million euros)Structure of balanceBalance (million euros) Balance and debt (million euros)Structure of balanceRevenue (million euros) Balance and debt (million euros)Structure of balanceExpenditure (-) (million euros) Balance and debt (million euros)Maastricht debt (million euros) Balance and debt (million euros)Structure of change in Maastricht debtChange in Maastricht debt (million euros) Balance and debt (million euros)Structure of change in Maastricht debtDeficit (EMU) (million euros) Balance and debt (million euros)Structure of change in Maastricht debtNet acquisition of financial assets (million euros) Balance and debt (million euros)Structure of change in Maastricht debtTransactions in other liabilities (-) (million euros) Balance and debt (million euros)Structure of change in Maastricht debtValuation effects (million euros) Balance and debt (million euros)Structure of change in Maastricht debtStatistical discrepancy (-) (million euros) Balance and debt (million euros)Contribution to general government debt (million euros) Balance and Maastricht debt (% of GDP)Balance (% of GDP) Balance and Maastricht debt (% of GDP)Maastricht debt (% of GDP) Balance and Maastricht debt (% of GDP)Contribution to general government debt (% of GDP)
General government 2018 10,611 337,976 -327,365 405,773 -14,524 -10,611 -1,431 -1,799 -494 -189 405,773 1.4 52.4 52.4
General government 2019 2nd quarter* 696 88,635 -87,939 403,812 5,483 -696 7,757 1,091 -1,616 -1,053 403,812 1.5 51.0 51.0
General government 2019 3rd quarter* -446 81,742 -82,188 395,094 -8,718 446 -11,297 850 1,132 151 395,094 1.3 49.3 49.3
General government 2019 4th quarter* 2,990 89,288 -86,298 394,670 -424 -2,990 1,358 2,355 -2,484 1,337 394,670 1.7 48.7 48.7
General government 2019* 13,927 354,351 -340,424 394,670 -11,103 -13,927 938 2,471 -627 42 394,670 1.7 48.7 48.7
General government 2020 1st quarter* 9,259 95,840 -86,581 403,141 8,471 -9,259 19,556 -3,188 1,694 -332 403,141 1.5 49.5 49.5
General government 2020 2nd quarter* -23,883 82,452 -106,335 441,535 38,394 23,883 17,308 -545 -2,729 477 441,535 -1.5 55.2 55.2
Central government 2018 5,882 203,243 -197,361 383,430 -11,755 -5,882 -3,820 -1,363 -518 -172 352,768 0.8 49.5 45.6
Central government 2019 2nd quarter* -2,167 50,229 -52,396 397,281 21,239 2,167 15,185 6,433 -1,538 -1,008 366,613 0.9 50.2 46.3
Central government 2019 3rd quarter* -2,905 48,745 -51,650 387,379 -9,902 2,905 -13,073 -1,008 1,205 69 357,206 0.4 48.3 44.6
Central government 2019 4th quarter* 2,898 55,644 -52,746 376,906 -10,473 -2,898 -7,607 1,072 -2,391 1,351 349,123 1.1 46.5 43.1
Central government 2019* 8,516 218,129 -209,613 376,906 -6,524 -8,516 1,122 1,485 -650 35 349,123 1.1 46.5 43.1
Central government 2020 1st quarter* 10,319 66,437 -56,118 388,866 11,960 -10,319 28,797 -7,874 1,687 -331 355,532 1.0 47.7 43.6
Central government 2020 2nd quarter* -27,064 41,785 -68,849 432,996 44,130 27,064 23,073 -3,736 -2,754 483 393,652 -2.1 54.2 49.2
The State 2018 5,355 194,336 -188,981 387,239 -11,484 -5,355 -4,182 -1,254 -521 -172 353,976 0.7 50.0 45.7
The State 2019 2nd quarter* -2,636 47,917 -50,553 401,637 21,868 2,636 15,320 6,422 -1,538 -972 368,206 0.8 50.7 46.5
The State 2019 3rd quarter* -2,601 46,529 -49,130 391,733 -9,904 2,601 -12,749 -985 1,205 24 358,846 0.4 48.9 44.8
The State 2019 4th quarter* 3,147 53,361 -50,214 381,040 -10,693 -3,147 -7,626 1,138 -2,391 1,333 350,689 1.0 47.0 43.3
The State 2019* 8,337 209,111 -200,774 381,040 -6,199 -8,337 1,152 1,603 -652 35 350,689 1.0 47.0 43.3
The State 2020 1st quarter* 9,886 64,215 -54,329 393,206 12,166 -9,886 28,588 -7,893 1,687 -330 357,307 1.0 48.3 43.9
The State 2020 2nd quarter* -27,710 39,553 -67,263 438,300 45,094 27,710 23,022 -3,367 -2,754 483 396,434 -2.2 54.8 49.6
Other central government 2018 527 26,752 -26,225 4,756 22 -527 477 55 17 0 -1,208 0.1 0.6 -0.2
Other central government 2019 2nd quarter* 469 7,472 -7,003 4,925 74 -469 650 -71 0 -36 -1,593 0.1 0.6 -0.2
Other central government 2019 3rd quarter* -304 6,218 -6,522 4,879 -46 304 -303 -92 0 45 -1,640 0.0 0.6 -0.2
Other central government 2019 4th quarter* -249 6,897 -7,146 4,737 -142 249 -239 -170 0 18 -1,566 0.0 0.6 -0.2
Other central government 2019* 179 27,252 -27,073 4,737 -19 -179 613 -455 2 0 -1,566 0.0 0.6 -0.2
Other central government 2020 1st quarter* 433 7,066 -6,633 4,734 -3 -433 445 -14 0 -1 -1,775 0.0 0.6 -0.2
Other central government 2020 2nd quarter* 646 8,236 -7,590 4,691 -43 -646 1,025 -422 0 0 -2,782 0.1 0.6 -0.3
Local government 2018 -1,392 100,020 -101,412 56,186 590 1,392 -725 -93 33 -17 44,548 -0.2 7.3 5.8
Local government 2019 2nd quarter* -154 27,147 -27,301 55,170 -1,646 154 -2,884 1,193 -65 -44 41,342 -0.2 7.0 5.2
Local government 2019 3rd quarter* 611 25,782 -25,171 55,292 122 -611 -631 1,354 -65 75 40,197 -0.1 6.9 5.0
Local government 2019 4th quarter* -2,130 24,760 -26,890 57,553 2,261 2,130 148 76 -65 -28 44,098 -0.2 7.1 5.4
Local government 2019* -1,359 103,082 -104,441 57,553 1,367 1,359 -1,308 1,285 24 7 44,098 -0.2 7.1 5.4
Local government 2020 1st quarter* 879 26,876 -25,997 57,863 310 -879 1,904 -723 9 -1 40,783 -0.1 7.1 5.0
Local government 2020 2nd quarter* -653 29,218 -29,871 56,124 -1,739 653 -2,230 -181 25 -6 36,566 -0.2 7.0 4.6
Municipalities 2018 -1,305 56,333 -57,638 43,126 1,230 1,305 -229 145 26 -17 39,572 -0.2 5.6 5.1
Municipalities 2019 2nd quarter* -394 14,746 -15,140 42,209 -1,514 394 -2,568 720 -53 -7 37,498 -0.2 5.3 4.7
Municipalities 2019 3rd quarter* 1,015 15,555 -14,540 42,179 -30 -1,015 -352 1,308 -52 81 37,551 -0.1 5.3 4.7
Municipalities 2019 4th quarter* -868 14,262 -15,130 44,073 1,894 868 1,126 20 -53 -67 40,095 -0.1 5.4 4.9
Municipalities 2019* -966 58,518 -59,484 44,073 947 966 -1,555 1,523 13 0 40,095 -0.1 5.4 4.9
Municipalities 2020 1st quarter* -62 15,101 -15,163 44,234 161 62 39 52 9 -1 36,954 0.0 5.4 4.5
Municipalities 2020 2nd quarter* -781 16,613 -17,394 42,332 -1,902 781 -2,593 -83 -1 -6 34,068 -0.1 5.3 4.3
Local intergovernmental organisations 2018 62 11,320 -11,258 2,951 113 -62 296 -103 -18 0 76 0.0 0.4 0.0
Local intergovernmental organisations 2019 2nd quarter* -77 2,882 -2,959 3,023 101 77 -390 425 -1 -10 -403 0.0 0.4 -0.1
Local intergovernmental organisations 2019 3rd quarter* 90 2,664 -2,574 2,996 -27 -90 64 -15 -1 15 -591 0.0 0.4 -0.1
Local intergovernmental organisations 2019 4th quarter* -55 2,916 -2,971 3,056 60 55 -50 55 0 0 99 0.0 0.4 0.0
Local intergovernmental organisations 2019* 2 11,133 -11,131 3,056 105 -2 259 -158 -1 7 99 0.0 0.4 0.0
Local intergovernmental organisations 2020 1st quarter* 53 2,841 -2,788 3,078 22 -53 888 -813 0 0 -298 0.0 0.4 0.0
Local intergovernmental organisations 2020 2nd quarter* -41 3,228 -3,269 3,120 42 41 210 -236 27 0 -453 0.0 0.4 -0.1
Provinces 2018 -526 6,104 -6,630 654 19 526 -569 54 8 0 -7,777 -0.1 0.1 -1.0
Provinces 2019 2nd quarter* -99 1,517 -1,616 644 -21 99 -412 294 0 -2 -7,973 -0.1 0.1 -1.0
Provinces 2019 3rd quarter* -218 1,427 -1,645 723 79 218 -171 34 0 -2 -8,847 -0.1 0.1 -1.1
Provinces 2019 4th quarter* -167 1,446 -1,613 813 90 167 -97 16 1 3 -8,652 -0.1 0.1 -1.1
Provinces 2019* -733 5,730 -6,463 813 159 733 -812 237 1 0 -8,652 -0.1 0.1 -1.1
Provinces 2020 1st quarter* -256 1,319 -1,575 757 -56 256 -462 150 0 0 -8,392 -0.1 0.1 -1.0
Provinces 2020 2nd quarter* -51 1,485 -1,536 928 171 51 103 17 0 0 -8,745 -0.1 0.1 -1.1
Public water boards 2018 -59 3,485 -3,544 7,623 -223 59 -327 12 33 0 7,410 0.0 1.0 1.0
Public water boards 2019 2nd quarter* -98 866 -964 7,548 -155 98 -203 -46 -11 7 7,403 0.0 1.0 0.9
Public water boards 2019 3rd quarter* -5 859 -864 7,591 43 5 -104 173 -12 -19 7,382 0.0 0.9 0.9
Public water boards 2019 4th quarter* 51 889 -838 7,604 13 -51 56 9 -13 12 7,452 0.0 0.9 0.9
Public water boards 2019* -120 3,441 -3,561 7,604 -19 120 -106 -44 11 0 7,452 0.0 0.9 0.9
Public water boards 2020 1st quarter* -91 830 -921 7,798 194 91 139 -36 0 0 7,707 0.0 1.0 0.9
Public water boards 2020 2nd quarter* -21 888 -909 7,800 2 21 -67 48 0 0 7,585 0.0 1.0 0.9
Other local government 2018 436 36,012 -35,576 7,451 78 -436 751 -219 -18 0 5,267 0.1 1.0 0.7
Other local government 2019 2nd quarter* 514 10,267 -9,753 7,570 58 -514 592 12 0 -32 4,817 0.0 1.0 0.6
Other local government 2019 3rd quarter* -271 8,441 -8,712 7,632 62 271 -144 -65 0 0 4,702 0.0 1.0 0.6
Other local government 2019 4th quarter* -1,091 8,707 -9,798 7,797 165 1,091 -965 15 0 24 5,104 0.1 1.0 0.6
Other local government 2019* 458 37,144 -36,686 7,797 346 -458 862 -58 0 0 5,104 0.1 1.0 0.6
Other local government 2020 1st quarter* 1,235 10,242 -9,007 7,799 2 -1,235 1,230 7 0 0 4,812 0.0 1.0 0.6
Other local government 2020 2nd quarter* 241 10,413 -10,172 7,797 -2 -241 227 12 0 0 4,111 0.0 1.0 0.5
Social security funds 2018 6,121 129,640 -123,519 28,968 -2,842 -6,121 3,537 -258 0 0 8,457 0.8 3.7 1.1
Social security funds 2019 2nd quarter* 3,017 37,945 -34,928 28,960 -2,537 -3,017 8,749 -8,268 0 -1 -4,143 0.8 3.7 -0.5
Social security funds 2019 3rd quarter* 1,848 33,409 -31,561 28,453 -507 -1,848 -2,750 4,084 0 7 -2,309 1.0 3.6 -0.3
Social security funds 2019 4th quarter* 2,222 33,704 -31,482 25,947 -2,506 -2,222 -3,993 3,695 0 14 1,449 0.8 3.2 0.2
Social security funds 2019* 6,770 136,030 -129,260 25,947 -3,021 -6,770 4,449 -700 0 0 1,449 0.8 3.2 0.2
Social security funds 2020 1st quarter* -1,939 30,369 -32,308 31,494 5,547 1,939 4,481 -873 0 0 6,826 0.6 3.9 0.8
Social security funds 2020 2nd quarter* 3,834 51,046 -47,212 37,506 6,012 -3,834 12,394 -2,548 0 0 11,317 0.7 4.7 1.4
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols