|Origin-destination||Periods||Environment physical data Net energy consumption (PJ)||Environment physical data Tap water use (mln m3)||Environment physical data Solid waste production (mln kg)||Environment physical data Heavy metals to water (1 000 heavy metal-equivalents)||Environment physical data Nutrients to water (1 000 nutrient-equivalents)||Environment physical data Climate change (greenhouse gases) (mln greenhousegas-equivalents)||Environment physical data Acidification (mld acid-equivalents)||Environment physical data Ozone layer depletion (1 000 CFK12-equivalents)||Environment physical data Fine dust (mln kg)||Environment financial data Revenues environmental fees and -taxes (mln euros)||Macroeconomics Labour input of employed persons (1 000 years of employment)||Macroeconomics Value at prices of 2005 Output at basic prices (mln euros)||Macroeconomics Value at prices of 2005 Gross value added at basic prices (mln euros)||Macroeconomics Gross fixed capital formation (mln euros)|
|Total Dutch economy||1995||3,216||.||53,983||238||48,327||247,114||34.6||765.5||62.6||11,329||5,774||732,536||351,455||63,500|
|Total Dutch economy||2000||3,388||.||64,013||192||45,457||243,218||30.7||260.1||54.2||16,489||6,534||920,052||425,829||91,652|
|Total Dutch economy||2005||3,656||1,086.0||61,610||155||38,573||242,036||27.8||172.9||46.8||20,577||6,478||962,007||456,182||97,016|
|Total Dutch economy||2010||3,782||1,089.6||59,024||137||37,463||244,144||21.3||136.6||38.3||23,629||6,719||1,026,640||491,985||101,885|
|Total Dutch economy||2011||3,543||1,080.3||.||.||.||230,614||20.2||131.3||36.5||23,465||6,753||1,034,735||497,884||106,866|
|Total Dutch economy||2012*||3,602||.||.||.||.||230,302||20.0||124.5||34.9||22,645||6,735||1,021,785||492,196||102,007|
|A-U All economic activities||1995||2,506||.||.||111||26,811||193,672||30.8||582.4||49.2||4,461||5,774||731,241||351,455||64,210|
|A-U All economic activities||2000||2,686||.||.||72||24,293||193,373||27.9||191.0||42.7||6,665||6,534||918,749||425,829||92,742|
|A-U All economic activities||2005||2,958||295.5||52,100||52||16,472||195,750||25.5||130.2||35.9||7,625||6,478||960,793||456,182||99,170|
|A-U All economic activities||2010||3,024||303.4||49,952||47||15,668||196,457||19.4||115.1||29.3||8,804||6,719||1,025,466||491,985||104,492|
|A-U All economic activities||2011||2,857||297.3||.||.||.||186,996||18.4||113.8||27.9||8,860||6,753||1,033,557||497,884||109,531|
|A-U All economic activities||2012*||2,887||.||.||.||.||185,519||18.1||110.9||26.6||8,405||6,735||1,020,611||492,196||104,493|
|Total private households||1995||710||.||.||94||17,521||41,029||3.8||144.3||13.4||6,868||.||.||.||.|
|Total private households||2000||701||.||.||96||18,768||40,122||2.8||39.1||11.4||9,824||.||.||.||.|
|Total private households||2005||699||790.5||9,511||82||20,095||40,132||2.3||21.3||10.9||12,952||.||.||.||.|
|Total private households||2010||758||786.2||9,072||87||20,318||43,331||1.8||6.4||9.0||14,825||.||.|
|Total private households||2011||686||783.0||.||.||.||39,569||1.8||3.4||8.6||14,605||.||.||.||.|
|Total private households||2012*||716||.||.||.||.||40,974||1.8||0.4||8.4||14,240||.||.||.||.|
This table of key figures from the environmental accounts and the national accounts shows contributions to certain environmental issues such as global warming, acidification, environmental costs and environmental taxes by industries and households. In addition, for comparison some economic characteristics of the national accounts as gross value added and labor input of persons are included.
In the environmental accounts, the relationship between the Dutch economy and the environment is described. Because the environmental accounts are consistent with the concepts of the national accounts, both could be compared directly
The environmental accounts are based on figures from the environmental statistics. On eof the main differences between environmental statistics and environmental accounts is that the environmental accounts and the national accounts are based on the residence principle as the basic environmental statistics are based on the Dutch territory.
Data available from: 1995-2012
Status of the figures:
The figures concerning 2011 and 2012 are (revised) provisional. Because this table is discontinued, figures will not be updated anymore.
Changes as of November 12, 2014:
None, this table is discontinued.
When will new figures be published?
Not applicable anymore. This table is replaced by table: Environmental and economic key figures. See paragraph 3.
- Environment physical data
- Net energy consumption
- Final energy use for energy and non-energy purposes (for example the use of lubricants) plus the conversion losses of energy (for example energy losses that occur when coal and gas are converted into electricity in power plants).
- Tap water use
- Water from the tap of drinking water quality produced by the water supply companies and provided to households and businesses.
Tap water is purified groundwater or surface water and transported through a network of pipes.
The use of so-called 'other water' is not included. 'Other water' is water of different, superior or inferior quality compared to tap water.
One can think of unfiltered and filtered water, or distilled and demineralised water.
As part of the environmental accounts, on an annual basis Water Accounts are compiled. Part of these accounts is the (physical) use of water by the different economic activities.
In here a distinction is made between the use of tap water and extraction of groundwater and of surface water.
The water use is allocated to the various industries and households.
- Solid waste production
- Waste types are categorised according to the European Regulation on Waste Statistics. Waste with commercial value (waste products) and without commercial value (waste residuals) for the producer are taken into account.
- Heavy metals to water
- A group of metals with a high atomic weight. Highly toxic metals are arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, mercury, nickel, lead and zinc. The emissions of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, mercury, nickel, lead and zinc can be converted into heavy-metal equivalents and subsequently be added up. The conversion to heavy-metal equivalents takes into account the harmfulness of the substances for the environment (VROM, 1993: Environmental policy performance indicators, A. Adriaanse).
The individual substances have the following corresponding weights in the equivalent:
- Nutrients to water
- Nutrients that are necessary for the growth of plants and crops (e.g. phosphorus and nitrogen). A too high concentration of phosphorus and/or nitrogen is bad for the quality of surface water. The emissions of phosphorus and nitrogen are converted into nutrient equivalents and subsequently added up. The conversion takes into account the harmfulness of the substances for the environment. Phosphorus has a larger weight in the equivalent than nitrogen (factor 10).
- Climate change (greenhouse gases)
- Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere retain part of the solar heat that reaches the earth. The increased concentration of greenhouse gases means more warmth is retained and the temperature of the earth's surface rises.
This is called the "enhanced greenhouse effect". The most important greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), laughing gas (N2O), HFCs, PFCs and SF6.
- Process which causes the acidification of soil and water as a result of the emission of polluting substances like NOx, SO2, NH3 and VOS (volatile organic substances) into the air and their consequent penetration into water and soil. Acidifying substances are included under the environmental theme "large-scale air pollution".
One acidification equivalent is equal to one mole H+. The emission of one kg NOx is equal to 21,7 acidification equivalents, the emission of one 1 kg SO2 is equal to 31,3 acidification equivalents, and the emission of one 1 kg NH3 is equal to 58,8 acidification equivalents.
- Ozone layer depletion
- Depletion of the ozone layer as a result of emissions of CFCs and halones to air, converted to CFC12 equivalents. The conversion factors are based on the extent to which the different CFCs and halones affect the ozone layer.
- Fine dust
- Includes only the emission of PM10. PM10 are particles smaller than 10 micrometres, that can penetrate deep into the lungs and are thus harmful to humans.
- Environment financial data
- Expenditures and revenues related to care for the environment.
- Revenues environmental fees and -taxes
- Total revenues from environmental levies and environmental taxes.
Environmental levies are imposed by the government to finance specific environmental measures. Environmental taxes are taxes intended to reduce human activities that harm the environment. The revenues from environmental taxes go into the general government revenue and are not used to finance specific environmental policies. Examples of environmental taxes are excise on motor fuels, road tax, the tax on cars and motorcycles and energy tax.
- Economy dealing with groups of commodities and production output.
- Labour input of employed persons
- The input of labour that is deployedin a certain period. The labour input can be expressed as jobs, years of employment and hours of employment.
Employed persons are all individuals working at a company that is settled in The Netherlands or at a private household in The Netherlands.
Employed persons are considered all individuals performing paid labour, even if it is for just one or a few hour a week, even if they:
- perform labour that is legal, but which from the payment is withdrawn from registration by the treasury and social security authorities ('black labour');
- do not perform any labour temporary, but still get payment (e.g. in case of illness or hold-ups due to frost;
- are on holiday temporary, without payment.
Employed persons can becategorised in employees and freelancers.
Employees are individuals performing labour for a certain period, in return of payment or salary, in money or in kind.
Freelancers are individuals receiving income by performing labour at their own expenses and risk, for the company or profession they practise independently. Participating members of the family are also considered freelancers, unless they start an employment contract.
- Value at prices of 2005
- The amounts are expressed at prices of the reference year 2005.
- Output at basic prices
- Output (basic prices) covers the value of all goods produced for sale, including unsold goods, and all receipts for services rendered. Output furthermore covers the market equivalent of goods and services produced for own use, such as own account capital formation, services of owner-occupied dwellings and agricultural products produced by farmers for own consumption.
The output of such goods is estimated by valuing the quantities produced against the price that the producer would have received if these goods had been sold. Output is valued at basic prices, defined as the price received by the producer excluding trade and transport margins and the balance of taxes and subsidies on products. This is the price the producer is ultimately left with.
- Gross value added at basic prices
- Value added at basic prices is equal to the difference between production (basic prices) and intermediate consumption.
- Gross fixed capital formation
- Expenses on produced material and immaterial assets that can be used in the production proces for a period longer than one year, e.g. buildings, houses, machines, transportation and such.
Fixed capital formation includes also:
- the underhand work in construction, that is considered the client's fixed capital formation. This includes houses, government buildings, civil engineering works and such;
- military structures that are used in similar way as by civil producers, like airports and hospitals;
- improvements on used fixed assets, that are not the usual maintenance and repair works;
- the costs made, buying new or used fixed assets, such as conveyancing fees and costs of real estate agents, architects, notaries and appraisers.
At the total economy-level (and the departments) the investments are corrected on buying and selling used fixed assets.