Environmental and economic key figures 1995-2012

Environmental and economic key figures 1995-2012

Origin-destination Periods Environment physical data Net energy consumption (PJ) Environment physical data Tap water use (mln m3) Environment physical data Solid waste production (mln kg) Environment physical data Heavy metals to water (1 000 heavy metal-equivalents) Environment physical data Nutrients to water (1 000 nutrient-equivalents) Environment physical data Climate change (greenhouse gases) (mln greenhousegas-equivalents) Environment physical data Acidification (mld acid-equivalents) Environment physical data Ozone layer depletion (1 000 CFK12-equivalents) Environment physical data Fine dust (mln kg) Environment financial data Revenues environmental fees and -taxes (mln euros) Macroeconomics Labour input of employed persons (1 000 years of employment) Macroeconomics Value at prices of 2005 Output at basic prices (mln euros) Macroeconomics Value at prices of 2005 Gross value added at basic prices (mln euros) Macroeconomics Gross fixed capital formation (mln euros)
Total origin 1995 . . 59,702 776 119,089 247,114 43.1 765.5 67.1 . . . . .
Total origin 2000 . . 70,590 548 98,890 243,218 40.1 260.1 59.6 . . . . .
Total origin 2005 . . 72,354 453 74,409 242,036 37.4 172.9 51.6 . . . . .
Total origin 2010 . . 72,808 417 74,097 244,144 29.8 136.6 42.5 . . .
Total origin 2011 . . . . . 230,614 28.7 131.3 40.2 . . . . .
Total origin 2012* . . . . . 230,302 28.4 124.5 38.6 . . . . .
Total Dutch economy 1995 3,216 . 53,983 238 48,327 247,114 34.6 765.5 62.6 11,329 5,774 732,536 351,455 63,500
Total Dutch economy 2000 3,388 . 64,013 192 45,457 243,218 30.7 260.1 54.2 16,489 6,534 920,052 425,829 91,652
Total Dutch economy 2005 3,656 1,086.0 61,610 155 38,573 242,036 27.8 172.9 46.8 20,577 6,478 962,007 456,182 97,016
Total Dutch economy 2010 3,782 1,089.6 59,024 137 37,463 244,144 21.3 136.6 38.3 23,629 6,719 1,026,640 491,985 101,885
Total Dutch economy 2011 3,543 1,080.3 . . . 230,614 20.2 131.3 36.5 23,465 6,753 1,034,735 497,884 106,866
Total Dutch economy 2012* 3,602 . . . . 230,302 20.0 124.5 34.9 22,645 6,735 1,021,785 492,196 102,007
A-U All economic activities 1995 2,506 . . 111 26,811 193,672 30.8 582.4 49.2 4,461 5,774 731,241 351,455 64,210
A-U All economic activities 2000 2,686 . . 72 24,293 193,373 27.9 191.0 42.7 6,665 6,534 918,749 425,829 92,742
A-U All economic activities 2005 2,958 295.5 52,100 52 16,472 195,750 25.5 130.2 35.9 7,625 6,478 960,793 456,182 99,170
A-U All economic activities 2010 3,024 303.4 49,952 47 15,668 196,457 19.4 115.1 29.3 8,804 6,719 1,025,466 491,985 104,492
A-U All economic activities 2011 2,857 297.3 . . . 186,996 18.4 113.8 27.9 8,860 6,753 1,033,557 497,884 109,531
A-U All economic activities 2012* 2,887 . . . . 185,519 18.1 110.9 26.6 8,405 6,735 1,020,611 492,196 104,493
Total private households 1995 710 . . 94 17,521 41,029 3.8 144.3 13.4 6,868 . . . .
Total private households 2000 701 . . 96 18,768 40,122 2.8 39.1 11.4 9,824 . . . .
Total private households 2005 699 790.5 9,511 82 20,095 40,132 2.3 21.3 10.9 12,952 . . . .
Total private households 2010 758 786.2 9,072 87 20,318 43,331 1.8 6.4 9.0 14,825 . .
Total private households 2011 686 783.0 . . . 39,569 1.8 3.4 8.6 14,605 . . . .
Total private households 2012* 716 . . . . 40,974 1.8 0.4 8.4 14,240 . . . .
Other origin 1995 . . . 33 3,995 12,126 0.0 38.8 0.0 . . 1,254 . -710
Other origin 2000 . . . 23 2,396 9,428 0.0 29.9 0.0 . . 1,292 . -1,090
Other origin 2005 . . . 21 2,005 5,914 0.0 21.4 0.0 . . 1,214 . -2,154
Other origin 2010 . . . 2 1,477 4,172 0.0 15.1 0.0 . . 1,173 . -2,607
Other origin 2011 . . . . . 3,902 0.0 14.1 0.0 . . 1,177 . -2,665
Other origin 2012* . . . . . 3,663 0.0 13.2 0.0 . . 1,174 . -2,486
Total destination 1995 . . 59,702 776 119,089 247,114 43.1 765.5 67.1 . . . . .
Total destination 2000 . . 70,590 548 98,890 243,218 40.1 260.1 59.6 . . . . .
Total destination 2005 . . 72,354 453 74,409 242,036 37.4 172.9 51.6 . . . . .
Total destination 2010 . . 72,808 417 74,097 244,144 29.8 136.6 42.5 . . .
Total destination 2011 . . . . . 230,614 28.7 131.3 40.2 . . . . .
Total destination 2012* . . . . . 230,302 28.4 124.5 38.6 . . . . .
Total abroad 1995 . . 4,941 842 86,925 0 25.7 0.0 10.3 . . . . .
Total abroad 2000 . . 6,754 258 51,360 0 23.5 0.0 12.9 . . . . .
Total abroad 2005 . . 12,428 174 32,855 0 22.2 0.0 11.1 . . . . .
Total abroad 2010 . . 11,902 208 36,824 0 19.3 0.0 7.9 . . .
Total abroad 2011 . . . . . 0 18.8 0.0 6.6 . . . . .
Total abroad 2012* . . . . . 0 18.9 0.0 6.5 . . . . .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table of key figures from the environmental accounts and the national accounts shows contributions to certain environmental issues such as global warming, acidification, environmental costs and environmental taxes by industries and households. In addition, for comparison some economic characteristics of the national accounts as gross value added and labor input of persons are included.

In the environmental accounts, the relationship between the Dutch economy and the environment is described. Because the environmental accounts are consistent with the concepts of the national accounts, both could be compared directly

The environmental accounts are based on figures from the environmental statistics. On eof the main differences between environmental statistics and environmental accounts is that the environmental accounts and the national accounts are based on the residence principle as the basic environmental statistics are based on the Dutch territory.

Data available from: 1995-2012

Status of the figures:
The figures concerning 2011 and 2012 are (revised) provisional. Because this table is discontinued, figures will not be updated anymore.

Changes as of November 12, 2014:
None, this table is discontinued.

When will new figures be published?
Not applicable anymore. This table is replaced by table: Environmental and economic key figures. See paragraph 3.

Description topics

Environment physical data
Net energy consumption
Final energy use for energy and non-energy purposes (for example the use of lubricants) plus the conversion losses of energy (for example energy losses that occur when coal and gas are converted into electricity in power plants).
Tap water use
Water from the tap of drinking water quality produced by the water supply companies and provided to households and businesses.
Tap water is purified groundwater or surface water and transported through a network of pipes.
The use of so-called 'other water' is not included. 'Other water' is water of different, superior or inferior quality compared to tap water.
One can think of unfiltered and filtered water, or distilled and demineralised water.
As part of the environmental accounts, on an annual basis Water Accounts are compiled. Part of these accounts is the (physical) use of water by the different economic activities.
In here a distinction is made between the use of tap water and extraction of groundwater and of surface water.
The water use is allocated to the various industries and households.
Solid waste production
Waste types are categorised according to the European Regulation on Waste Statistics. Waste with commercial value (waste products) and without commercial value (waste residuals) for the producer are taken into account.
Heavy metals to water
A group of metals with a high atomic weight. Highly toxic metals are arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, mercury, nickel, lead and zinc. The emissions of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, mercury, nickel, lead and zinc can be converted into heavy-metal equivalents and subsequently be added up. The conversion to heavy-metal equivalents takes into account the harmfulness of the substances for the environment (VROM, 1993: Environmental policy performance indicators, A. Adriaanse).
The individual substances have the following corresponding weights in the equivalent:
Zinc: 1/30
Lead: 1/25
Chromium: 1/25
Arsenic: 1/10
Copper: 1/3
Cadmium: 5
Mercury: 100/3
Nutrients to water
Nutrients that are necessary for the growth of plants and crops (e.g. phosphorus and nitrogen). A too high concentration of phosphorus and/or nitrogen is bad for the quality of surface water. The emissions of phosphorus and nitrogen are converted into nutrient equivalents and subsequently added up. The conversion takes into account the harmfulness of the substances for the environment. Phosphorus has a larger weight in the equivalent than nitrogen (factor 10).
Climate change (greenhouse gases)
Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere retain part of the solar heat that reaches the earth. The increased concentration of greenhouse gases means more warmth is retained and the temperature of the earth's surface rises.
This is called the "enhanced greenhouse effect". The most important greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), laughing gas (N2O), HFCs, PFCs and SF6.
Acidification
Process which causes the acidification of soil and water as a result of the emission of polluting substances like NOx, SO2, NH3 and VOS (volatile organic substances) into the air and their consequent penetration into water and soil. Acidifying substances are included under the environmental theme "large-scale air pollution".
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One acidification equivalent is equal to one mole H+. The emission of one kg NOx is equal to 21,7 acidification equivalents, the emission of one 1 kg SO2 is equal to 31,3 acidification equivalents, and the emission of one 1 kg NH3 is equal to 58,8 acidification equivalents.
Ozone layer depletion
Depletion of the ozone layer as a result of emissions of CFCs and halones to air, converted to CFC12 equivalents. The conversion factors are based on the extent to which the different CFCs and halones affect the ozone layer.
Fine dust
Includes only the emission of PM10. PM10 are particles smaller than 10 micrometres, that can penetrate deep into the lungs and are thus harmful to humans.
Environment financial data
Expenditures and revenues related to care for the environment.
Revenues environmental fees and -taxes
Total revenues from environmental levies and environmental taxes.
Environmental levies are imposed by the government to finance specific environmental measures. Environmental taxes are taxes intended to reduce human activities that harm the environment. The revenues from environmental taxes go into the general government revenue and are not used to finance specific environmental policies. Examples of environmental taxes are excise on motor fuels, road tax, the tax on cars and motorcycles and energy tax.
Macroeconomics
Economy dealing with groups of commodities and production output.
Labour input of employed persons
The input of labour that is deployedin a certain period. The labour input can be expressed as jobs, years of employment and hours of employment.
Employed persons are all individuals working at a company that is settled in The Netherlands or at a private household in The Netherlands.
Employed persons are considered all individuals performing paid labour, even if it is for just one or a few hour a week, even if they:
- perform labour that is legal, but which from the payment is withdrawn from registration by the treasury and social security authorities ('black labour');
- do not perform any labour temporary, but still get payment (e.g. in case of illness or hold-ups due to frost;
- are on holiday temporary, without payment.
Employed persons can becategorised in employees and freelancers.
Employees are individuals performing labour for a certain period, in return of payment or salary, in money or in kind.
Freelancers are individuals receiving income by performing labour at their own expenses and risk, for the company or profession they practise independently. Participating members of the family are also considered freelancers, unless they start an employment contract.
Value at prices of 2005
The amounts are expressed at prices of the reference year 2005.
Output at basic prices
Output (basic prices) covers the value of all goods produced for sale, including unsold goods, and all receipts for services rendered. Output furthermore covers the market equivalent of goods and services produced for own use, such as own account capital formation, services of owner-occupied dwellings and agricultural products produced by farmers for own consumption.
The output of such goods is estimated by valuing the quantities produced against the price that the producer would have received if these goods had been sold. Output is valued at basic prices, defined as the price received by the producer excluding trade and transport margins and the balance of taxes and subsidies on products. This is the price the producer is ultimately left with.
Gross value added at basic prices
Value added at basic prices is equal to the difference between production (basic prices) and intermediate consumption.
Gross fixed capital formation
Expenses on produced material and immaterial assets that can be used in the production proces for a period longer than one year, e.g. buildings, houses, machines, transportation and such.
Fixed capital formation includes also:
- the underhand work in construction, that is considered the client's fixed capital formation. This includes houses, government buildings, civil engineering works and such;
- military structures that are used in similar way as by civil producers, like airports and hospitals;
- improvements on used fixed assets, that are not the usual maintenance and repair works;
- the costs made, buying new or used fixed assets, such as conveyancing fees and costs of real estate agents, architects, notaries and appraisers.
At the total economy-level (and the departments) the investments are corrected on buying and selling used fixed assets.