Electricity, production by energy source, import, export and consumption
Supply, consumption, energy transformation
Energy commodities, sector
Energy, supply, transformation, consumption, final consumption
Natural gas, electricity, petroleum, hard coal, renewable energy, heat
Although well-being in the Netherlands increased in 2019, not everybody benefited from this equally. Well-being is under pressure in a number of areas: time lost through traffic congestion, less contact with family and friends.
Production and capacity of renewable energy
Hydro power, wind energy, solar energy, biomass
Avoided use of fossil primary energy and avoided emission of CO2
wind, solar, hydro, geothermal energy, aerothermal heat and biomass
Production of electricity and heat, input of energy commodities
Central/decentral production, energy commodities
In 2019, the installed capacity of commercial and industrial solar systems exceeded that of home solar systems for the first time. Total installed capacity grew by 2,265 to 6,874 megawatts (MW).
In 2019, renewable energy consumption in the Netherlands grew by 16 percent to 181 petajoules (PJ) relative to the previous year.
In 2019, the Netherlands generated 18 percent more electricity from renewable sources than in the previous year. The increase was 11 percent in 2018.
The Netherlands consumed over 20 percent fewer materials than in 2000. Material consumption per capita is lower than average in the EU and the material footprint per capita is lower.
material flow accounts, environmental accounts, biomass, minerals, metals
resources, semi-finished products, finished products, fossil energy
Material flow accounts, environmental accounts, biomass, minerals, metals
biomassa, metalen, mineralen, materiaalstromen, grondstof, halffabrikaat
Reuse of recycled materials contributes to the government target of realising a fully circular economy by 2050. The construction sector generated the most waste in 2016 but also used half of all recycled materials.
Renewable energy, also called sustainable or green energy, comes from natural processes that are constantly replenished.
The quality Exiobase as far as the Netherlands is concerned is substantially improved by harmonizing the data with the Dutch national accounts.
In 2018, renewable energy sources accounted for 7.4 percent of total Dutch energy consumption, up from 6.6 percent one year previously. More than half of this increase was due to higher biomass consumption, mainly in the form of biodiesel and biogasoline.
The average greenhouse gas footprint of Dutch consumers rose from 15.1 tonnes CO2 equivalents per capita in 2017 to 15.8 tonnes in 2018. Between 2008 and 2016 the footprint declined. Consumption of resources (especially metals) rose slightly, to 9.7 thousand kg per capita in 2017.
Longer-term trends in many areas of well-being in the Netherlands are upwards, and some aspects have shown recent further improvement. There have also been deteriorations, particularly in the areas of labour and housing.
Provisioning ecosystem services are the products obtained from ecosystems, including food, fiber, fuel, genetic resources, natural medicines, pharmaceuticals and fresh water.
These are the benefits obtained from the regulation of ecosystem processes, including air quality regulation, climate regulation, water regulation, erosion regulation, water purification and waste treatment, disease and pest regulation, pollination and natural hazard regulation.
In 2018, the Netherlands generated 8 percent more electricity from renewable sources than in the previous year. Electricity production from solar power increased in particular.
In 2017, altogether 54 thousand full-time jobs in the Netherlands were associated with renewable energy and energy efficiency. This number was up from 35 thousand in 2008.
In 2017, 80 thousand heat pumps were installed which extract heat from the outside air.
In 2017, renewable energy sources accounted for 6.6 percent of total Dutch energy consumption.