Papers

Scientific publications, dissertations/theses and reports of quality surveys in the field of statistics.

Papers in this series deal with methods, quality, processes and information technology and conceptual topics that are relevant to the scope of activity at Statistics Netherlands (CBS). They describe the results of (applied) scientific research conducted by CBS researchers, sometimes in collaboration with others. The series is not intended for publication of CBS figures. The figures published in these papers therefore cannot be regarded as official CBS results.
Tourism statistics and the use of social media data

This paper describes fundamental research into various possibilities to use data based on publicly available social media for the domain of tourism statistics.

Geographic location estimation of mobile devices

A working paper in which a modular Bayesian framework is proposed to estimate the geographic location of mobile devices from mobile phone network data.

Nowcasting GDP growth rate: a potential substitute for the current flash estimate

Currently Statistics Netherlands provides a first estimate of the GDP growth rate 45 days after the end of the reference quarter.

Measuring the internet economy with big data

A discussion paper on measuring the internet economy in the Netherlands in 2016-2018 with big data. This study repeats a similar study from 2016 for the year 2015.

Fair algorithms in context

Decisions in our society are increasingly supported by Artificial Intelligence (AI). In this work we refer to AI as computers doing ‘intelligent’ tasks. This can for example be determining good moves in a game of chess, or recognising cats in images.

The ecosystem service supply and use in the Netherlands

Methodological description and application of thirteen ecosystem services models in physical supply-use tables.

Integration Agreements and Firm Internationalization

Economic Integration Agreements (EIAs) can be powerful instruments for countries to stimulate the international activity of their firms.

Intermittent exporting: unusual business or business as usual?

We construct an empirically supported definition of intermittent and perennial exporting and investigate to what extent intermittent exporters are distinguishable from non-exporters and perennial exporters and which factors explain the switching of export status.

Methodological audits at NSIs

Methodological audits at NSIs – survey of international practice

Time series of CAO wages, 2010=100

There were disjoint index series with the base years 1972, 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2010. All figures pertain to annual averages. A long – temporal – time series of CAO wages is constructed by linking these series. The most recent index series were taken as starting point, meaning that the older index series were all re-indexed to level 2010 = 100.

A dynamic factor model for unemployment statistics

Discussiepaper over een methode om een groot aantal hulpreeksen afkomstig uit big data bronnen te gebruiken bij het schatten van de maandelijkse werkloze beroepsbevolking.

The accuracy of estimators based on a binary classifier

Publications in official statistics often involve estimates by domain. It is important to account for the effect of misclassifications between domains on the accuracy of these statistics.

Decomposition price indices

A class of price indices is discussed which models prices using a method that decomposes prices into a time component and a product dependent component.

Towards a new flash HICP

Time series models for computing a flash HICP are presented.

Big data in official statistics

The use of Big data in official statistics requires methodological innovations.

Is undesirable answer behaviour consistent?

This paper investigates whether answer behavior that points at increased risk of measurement error is consistent across surveys, i.e. whether it is a trait of respondents.

Automatic travel mode prediction

App-assisted travel surveys use location and motion sensors to measure location and to predict means of transportation. This discussion paper describes the machine learning techniques to translate sensor data to transport mode predictions.

Guests and nights in platform-related accommodations
Machine learning techniques for CPI production

A comparison of machine learning techniques for the classification of products for CPI production.

Multilevel time series modeling of mobility trends
Complexity and simplification of networks

Quantification of the complexity of networks and methods to simplify networks by focusing on their essence.

Children of separated parents:

Children of separated parents: registered versus reported place of residence

Analysing response differences in VAT

Analysing response differences between sample survey and VAT turnover

Correcting for linkage errors in the multiple capture

Correcting for linkage errors in the multiple - recapture method for population size estimation.

Import behavior and export performance of firms

We investigate to what extent the export performance of Dutch exporters is tied to their import behavior. In doing so, we particularly focus on the network dimension of trading.

E-commerce Caribbean Netherlands 2018-2019

The results of the e-commerce survey in the Caribbean Netherlands 2018-2019 are presented in this paper.

Import competition and firm innovation, 2000-2010

The influence of import competition on innovation by Dutch manufacturing firms during the period 2000-2010.

Protecting Tables by Means of Cell Suppression

National Statistical Institutes protect tabular data against disclosure of sensitive information before they are released. A well-known method is cell suppression. In this paper we propose a new approach for cell suppression.

Measuring online platforms

Measuring online platforms: definitions, actors and statistical challenges

Big data sources for official statistics

Discussion Paper about now casting monthly unemployment figures using auxiliary series derived from big data sources.

Dissecting carry-along trade: what's in the bundle?

Replicating the delineation of carry-along trade (CAT) developed by Bernard et al (2012) for the Netherlands, case studies at the firm-product-country level reveal that many sourced export products do not seem to be part of a joint bundle with core exports.

Models and statistical methods in rtrim

This report describes, in some detail, the statistical methods and models implemented in the r-package rtrim.

Variances of Census Tables after Mass Imputation

We consider variance estimation for the Dutch virtual Census, when mass imputation is used for educational attainment.

Price Index for Newly Built Dwellings

Statistics Netherlands (CBS) calculates a Price Index for Newly Built Dwellings.

The role of SMEs in the Dutch economy, 2012

The role of different types of enterprises (SME, large enterprises) in the Dutch economy, 2012, method and results.

Quality management of methodology

Methodological departments of national statistical institutes should adopt formal quality certification for ISO 9001

A MIP approach for a generalised data editing problem

A mixed-integer programming formulation is presented of automatic error localisation with general edit operations.

Statistical quality: certification, rules and culture

National statistical institutes should adopt formal quality certification, e.g. ISO or EFQM.

Pressure gradients and earthquake rates in Groningen

A report with a statistical analysis of the relationship between gas pressure and gradients in gas pressure within the Groningen reservoir immediately prior to earthquakes, commissioned by State Supervision of Mines

Weibull fitting of earthquakes in Groningen

A report of an analysis of the time intervals between earthquakes in Groningen, related to the gas production, commissioned by State Supervision of Mines

Transitivity of Price Indices

Connecting correction methods for linkage error in capture-recapture

Tourism in the Caribbean Netherlands in 2017

This paper presents indicators about inbound tourism on Bonaire, Saba and St Eustatius over the period 2015 – 2017

Co-integration in structural time series models

Investigating co-integration between inflation indicators within the price dashboard using structural time series models.

Relationships between inflation indicators

Investigating correlation and temporal relationships between the inflation indicators within the price dashboard.

Sampling restricted access networks

Collecting information about the structure of random access networks

Reservoir pressure and earthquake rates in Groningen

re-analysis of Groningen earthquake frequency because of improved daily time resolution data for reservoir gas pressure

Impact of linkage errors and erroneous captures

Capture-recapture methods and violation of the assumptions of perfect linkage and no erroneous captures

Public export credit insurance in the Netherlands

An assessment of the contribution of the Dutch public export credit insurance facility to Dutch GDP and employment

Measuring discontinuities due to survey process redesigns

This paper presents statistical methods to measure the impact due to a survey process redesign to avoid interruption of time series.

From GEKS to cycle method

Transitivizing elementary price indices for internet data using the cycle method

Transitivizing elementary price indices

Transitivizing elementary price indices for internet data using the cycle method

Filtering in the Fourier domain

Filtering in the Fourier domain: a new set of filters for seasonal adjustment of time series and its evaluation

Correlations between reservoir pressure and earthquake rate

Een rapport van voortgezet onderzoek naar de frequentie van aardbevingen in Groningen, gerelateerd aan de gaswinning

Mass Imputation for Census Estimation

Estimating educational attainment levels for the Dutch Virtual Census

Big Data Masterclass and DataCamp 2015

The document describes the Big Data training developed and the results obtained at Statistics Netherlands.

Removing the Gap between Annual and Sub-Annual Statistics

Statistical methods for reconciling data that are published at different frequencies (e.g. monthly and quarterly).

Multilevel Hierarchical Bayesian vs. State Space Approach in Time Series Small Area Estimation: the Dutch Travel Survey

This study compares two different techniques in a time series small area application: state space models estimated with the Kalman filter with a frequentist approach to hyperparameter estimation, and multilevel time series models estimated within the hierarchical Bayesian framework. The application chosen is the Dutch Travel Survey featuring level breaks caused by the survey redesigns, as well as small sample sizes for the main publication domains. Both models require variances of the design-based domain estimates as prior information. In practice, however, only unstable estimates of the design-based variances are available. In this paper, excessive volatility and a possible bias in design-based variance estimates are removed with the help of a state space model. The multilevel and state space modelling approaches deliver similar results. Slight differences in model-based variance estimates appear mostly in small-scale domains and are due to neglecting uncertainty around the hyperparameter estimates in state space models, and to a lesser extent due to skewness in the posterior distributions of the parameters of interest. The results suggest that the reduction in design-based standard errors with the hierarchical Bayesian approach is over 50% at the provincial level, and over 30% at the national level, averaged over the domains and time.

Social media as a data source for official statistics; the Dutch Consumer Confidence Index

In this paper the question is addressed how alternative data sources, such as administrative and social media data, can be used in the production of official statistics. Since most surveys at national statistical institutes are conducted repeatedly over time, a multivariate structural time series modelling approach is proposed to model the series observed by a repeated surveys with related series obtained from such alternative data sources. Generally, this improves the precision of the direct survey estimates by using sample information observed in preceding periods and information from related auxiliary series. The concept of cointegration is applied to address the question to which extent the alternative series represent the same phenomena as the series observed with the repeated survey. The methodology is applied to the Dutch Consumer Confidence Survey and a sentiment index derived from social media.

Purchasing power and income of the working population in the Netherlands (Dutch only)

Research description of the purchasing power and personal income of the working population in the Netherlands and differences after the breakdown by transport mode used for work-related trips. Commissioned by: Interbest B.V.

Predictive inference for non-probability samples

Non-probability samples provide a challenging source of information for official statistics, because the data generating mechanism is unknown. Making inference from such samples therefore requires a novel approach compared with the classic approach of survey sampling. We propose a framework based on predictive inference and discuss three classes of methods. We conduct a simulation study with a real-world data set.

The Dutch sport economy, 2006-2012 (Dutch only)

Report and tables on the sport satellite account. Commissioned by: Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport.

Purchasing power of the working population in the Netherlands (Dutch only)

Research description of the purchasing power of the working population in the Netherlands and differences after the breakdown by transport mode used for work-related trips. Commissioned by: Interbest B.V.

Monitor topsectors 2015 (Dutch only)

Report and dashboard containing the results, description of methods and (custom-made) data tables regarding the nine top business sectors within the Netherlands (the so-called ‘topsectors’), along with their regional distribution, as obtained from the Monitor topsectors 2015. Commissioned by the Ministry of Economic Affairs (EZ).

Data-related issues with compsite indicators availability frequency and adjustment-techniques
Complementing official health statistics with internet search indices

This study investigates if and how internet search indices can contribute to a quantitative picture of health (related) topics in the Netherlands.

Who does the European Social Fund reach? Characteristics of participants in the Netherlands, 2015 (Dutch only)

Report and tables about characteristics of participants in projects implemented under the ESF and about the durability of the labour relationship after participating in ESF projects in 2010-2014. Commissioned by the Agency of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW Agency).

Regional differences in long-term care use by elderly and chronically ill people in 2012  (Dutch only)

Tables and a research description on the regional differences in long-term care use by elderly and chronically ill people in 2012. The tables show the regional use of long-term care, an analysis of the possible determinants of long-term care use and the remaining regional differences after correction for these determinants. The research description explains why and how the analysis was conducted. It also contains a reading guide for the tables. Commissioned by: Netherlands Court of Audit (NCA)

Unoccupied dwellings 2013: are they available for the housing market?

Report and tables on the availability of unoccupied dwellings in the Netherlands on 1 July 2013. The tables contain information on energy consumption, possible secondary functions and approved demolition permits of unoccupied dwellings per region. The report describes the main results. Commissioned by the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations.

Post-discharge mortality in the Hospital Standardized Mortality Ratio

The research presented in this paper has been done in the context of the further development of the methodology of calculating the Hospital Standardised Mortality Ratio (HSMR) in the Netherlands. It has been funded by Dutch Hospital Data (DHD). The goal of this research is to investigate the effect of adding post-discharge mortality to the HSMR. The advantage of adding post-discharge mortality, is that the mortality indicator becomes less dependent on the discharge policies of hospitals. Pouw et al. (2013) have investigated the possibilities and effects of adding post-discharge to the mortality indicator in the Netherlands. They concluded that this would lead to an improvement of the indicator. However, they did not investigate what the optimal period should be in which the post-discharge mortality is taken into account, whether or not the length of the period should differ between diagnosis groups and whether this period should be from admission or from discharge. These questions have been investigated by Statistics Netherlands and the results are presented in this paper (in Dutch).

Internationalisation and R&D of Dutch small and medium-sized enterprises (Dutch only)

The research report and the accompanying custom-made tables show to what extent Dutch small and medium-sized enterprises invest in R&D, but are not active on foreign markets in terms of imports, exports or outward investments. Commissioned by: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO)

Source assessment for the Digital Atlas Natural Capital (Dutch only)

Report describing the possibilities of using CBS sources for the digital atlas of natural capital (DANK), an atlas providing a picture of natural capital and goods and services provided by our natural environment. Commissioned by: National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM).

Expats: who are they? (Dutch only)

Although the term expat is well-known, no universal definition of this group of foreign employees is available. Statistics Netherlands has published a research paper, exploring the possibility to define the number of expats in the Netherlands based on its integrated datasets. The study concludes that not all features of expats are available in Statistics Netherlands data. A rough definition of expats can be drawn up: foreign-born employees with a high wage who do not have the Dutch nationality.

Feasibility study: price survey of Guarantees of origin (Dutch only)

Report examining the possibilities for price observation of Guarantees of origin (GOs) for Dutch wind energy. GOs are certificates related to the production of renewable energy. Commissioned by: Ministry of Economic Affairs

Monitor artists and arts graduates (Dutch Only)

Paper and tables on various aspects of the labour market position of artists, people with creative jobs, and intermediate and higher level arts graduates. Commissioned by: Ministry of Education, Culture and Science (OCW).

Same wage for same job? Gender pay gap in the Dutch public and private sector, 2012 (Dutch only)

This report describes unadjusted and adjusted wages differences between men and women in the public and private sector in 2008, 2010 and 2012. The publication is accompanied by a methodological report and an additional table with wage differences, including and excluding special payments and bonuses.Commissioned by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment.

Top sector monitoring study 2014 (Dutch only)

Report including results, description of methods and tables of the monitoring study of the Dutch ‘top‘ sectors in 2014.Commissioned by: Ministry of Economic Affairs (EZ)

Research satellite account culture and creative industry (Dutch only)

Report about the possibility to set up a satellite account on culture en creative industry. Commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science.

Who does the European Social Fund reach? Characteristics of participants in the Netherlands, 2013 (Dutch only)

Report and tables about characteristics of participants in projects implemented under the ESF and about the durability of the labour relationship after participating in ESF projects in 2008-2013. Commissioned by the Agency of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW Agency).

Unoccupied dwellings (in Dutch only)

Report and tables on unoccupied dwellings in the Netherlands. The tables contain information on the number of unoccupied dwellings per region, the characteristics of unoccupied dwellings and the duration of non-occupancy. The report describes the most important results. Commissioned by the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations.

Measuring Inequalities in the Dutch Household Sector

In recent years, the importance of the households sector in measuring economic welfare has increasingly been recognised, and the development of additional indicators to measure inequalities is suggested. This article reports the work done by Statistics Netherlands concerning the development of such indicators. National accounts data has been combined with distributional information to divide income, consumption and wealth over household groups. This paper presents the preliminary results for the standard of living.

Labour productivity in electrical engineering and machine construction (Dutch only)

This reports describes the electrical engineering and machine construction sectors in the Netherlands, labour productivity in these sectors and a number of labour productivity determinants. Commissioned by: Ministry of Economic Affairs. A short technical appendix to the report is available on request.

Selectivity of Big data

Assessment of selectivity of Big data sets is generally not straightforward, if at all possible. Some approaches are proposed in this paper. It is argued that the degree to which selectivity – or its assessment – is an issue, depends on the way the data are used for production of statistics. The role Big data can play in that process ranges from minor over supplementary to vital. Methods for inference that are in part or wholly based on Big data need to be developed, with particular attention to their capabilities of dealing with or correcting for selectivity of Big data. This paper elaborates on the current view on these matters at Statistics Netherlands, and concludes with some discussion points for further consideration or research.

Income data employed living on long-term low incomes; characteristics and explanations (Dutch only)

This report includes results on the composition of the category of employed living on long-term low incomes and the factors which determine why people are trapped in a long-term low-income situation. Commissioned by: the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment.

How unusual weather influences GDP

We carried out an analysis at a sectoral level, and tested a score of different, potentially relevant, weather effects. The influence on GDP was then computed by aggregation. We found that, on a quarterly basis, several industries exhibit a significant weather effect. As a result of sectoral effects having opposite signs, the net effect of unusual weather on GDP as a whole is rather modest for some periods, while for other periods, the effect is more substantial.

The use of within-subject experiments for estimating measurement effects in mixed-mode surveys

The estimation of measurement effects (MEs) of survey modes in the presence of selection bias poses a great problem to methodologists. We present a new method to estimate MEs by means of “within-subject designs”, in which the same sample is approached by two different modes at two subsequent points in time. The decomposition of mode effects into MEs and selection biases is illustrated for key statistics from the Dutch Crime Victimization Survey using data from a large-scale within-subject experiment conducted within Statistics Netherlands’ project Mode Effects in Social Surveys (abbreviated to MEPS in Dutch).

Explicit and Implicit Calibration of Covariance and Mean Structures

Linear structural equation models (SEMs) are widely used to assess the validity and reliability of survey variables. When population means or totals are of interest, it is also important to assess whether the observed variables contain an intercept bias. Unfortunately, standard identification procedures for SEMs define an arbitrary metric for the latent variables, which prevents the estimation of valid latent means and intercepts in a single population.

Solving the nonresponse problem with sample matching?

This paper explores the use of matched samples as an alternative for estimators based on surveys suffering from a substantial amount of nonresponse.

Estimation of household income based on asset ownership

The study aims the improvement of quality of the Integrated Household Survey (IHS) of GeoStat.

Information management as tool for standardization in statistics

We describe the role of information management in redesign programs: why it is needed, how it is at present being developed through international cooperation in the Generic Statistical Information Model (GSIM) project, and we give some examples how information management has been used in practice at Statistics Netherlands. We conclude that GSIM is necessary for more extensive usage of big data sources, for interoperability of statistical tools and for sharing tools between NSIs.

The impact of contact effort and interviewer performance on mode-specific measurement

In 2011, a large-scale mixed-mode experiment was linked to the Crime Victimisation Survey (CVS). This experiment consisted of a randomized allocation of sample persons to the four survey modes Web, mail, telephone and face-to-face, and a follow-up using only interviewer modes face-to-face and telephone. The aim of the experiment was to disentangle mode-specific selection- and measurement effects. The analyses show that contact effort has little impact on the size of measurement bias and a modest impact on the size of selection bias. Also, interviewer performance plays just a small role in the size of both biases. From these results, we conclude that contact effort and interviewer performance do not have a simultaneous impact on nonresponse and measurement error.

Flows in social security benefits (Dutch only)

Custom-made table with figures on claimants of a disability benefit for young people (Wajong), income support benefit (WWB) and people in working in a social employment scheme (WSW), in combination with whether they receive unemployment benefit (WW) or a sickness or disability benefit ZW,WAO,WIA) following their return to work. Commissioned by: Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment.

Adaptive survey designs to minimize survey mode effects. A case study on the Dutch Labour Force Survey

Assessing the impact of mode effects on survey estimates has become a crucial question due to the increasing appeal of mixed-mode designs. Despite the advantages of a mixed-mode design such as lower costs and increased coverage, there is sufficient evidence that mode affects may sometimes be large relative to the precision. They may lead to incomparable statistics in time or over population subgroups and they may increase bias. Adaptive survey designs offer a flexible mathematical framework to obtain the optimal balance between survey quality and costs. In this paper we employ adaptive designs in order to minimize mode effects. We illustrate our optimization model by means of a case study on the Dutch Labour Force Survey.

Custom-made study for industry associations - pilot study (Dutch only)

Report on characteristics of employees working in the power and automation industry. Commissioned by: FME-CWM.

Who does the European Social Fund reach? Characteristics of participants in the Netherlands 2009-2012 (Dutch only)

Report and tables about characteristics of participants (in 2009 and 2012) in projects implemented under the ESF and about the durability of the labour relationship after participating in ESF projects in 2008-2012. Commissioned by the Agency of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW Agency).

Early school-leaving in the Netherlands. A multidisciplinary study of risk and protective factors explaining early school-leaving

Signals for a increased risk of early school-leaving are visible as early as the first year of secondary school. This is one of the findings in the Ph.D. thesis by Ms. T. Traag, researcher at Statistics Netherlands.

From benefit to work with reintegration support, fourth measurement (Dutch only)

Report and tables on how often people start work after receiving re-integration support.Commissioned by: Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW)

Report on child maintenance monitoring (Dutch only)

This report describes the recovery of child maintenance. Based on data from the LBIO.Commissioned by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment.

Report on recovery of partner maintenance (Dutch only)

This report describes the recovery of partner maintenance. Based on data from the LBIO.Commissioned by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment.

Equal wages for equal jobs? Jobs and wages in the public and private sectors, 2010 (Dutch only)

This report describes jobs, wages and wage gaps in the public and private sectors in the Netherlands in 2010. Commissioned by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment.

Millionaires in figures (Dutch only)

This report describes the characteristics of millionaires in the Netherlands in the period 2006-2011. Commissioned by Van Lanschot Bankiers

Outcome monitor priority neighbourhoods: Second Progress Report (Dutch only)

This publication describes the developments in the 40 priorty neighbourhoods compared to the 18 municipalities of which they are part. Commissioned by: Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations (BZK)

Top sector monitoring study (first measurements) (Dutch only)

Report including results, description of methodology and tables from the first measurements of the monitoring study of the Dutch ‘top‘ sectors.Commissioned by: Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation (EL&I)

Methodological Manual for a Sport Satellite Account

Conceptual framework of the Sport Satellite Account (SSA). Commissioned by: Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport

Concurrence of services and income 2009 (follow-up study, Dutch only)

Follow-up study on individuals with multiple services and benefits at the same time in the domains of care and income in 2009. In this study, data on the WMO (Law on social support) have been added.Commissioned by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW).

Getting back to work with reintegration support, fourth measurement (final results) (Dutch only)

Tables on benefit claimants and on jobseekers not entitled to benefits who started a job, with and without reintegration support. Commissioned by: Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW)

Which EU residents benefit from the activities of the European Social Fund (ESF)? A closer look at various characteristics of the participants in the period 2007-2010 (Dutch only)

Reports and tables about characteristics of participants (2008 and 2011) in projects implemented by the ESF and about the durability of the labour relation after participation in ESF projects over the period 2008-2011. Commissioned by: the Agency of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW Agency).

Income and capital in old age - comparing the former self-employed and employees (Dutch only)

Self-employed people receive less pension but have more capital than employees, on average. What does this mean for their financial position? Commissioned by: Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW)

Movements on the Dutch labour market, 1999-2008 (Dutch only)

This paper describes the mobility on the Dutch labour market between 1999 and 2008. In this paper the labour market is divided into 28 sectors. Commissioned by: Council for Work and Income

Young people 2010 (Dutch only)

This publication provides a picture of 15 to 27-year-olds in the Netherlands in 2010. Some of the themes dealt with are education, employment and benefit dependency. Commissioned by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment.

Getting back to work with reintegration support, fourth measurement (preliminary results) (Dutch only)

Tables on benefit claimants and jobseekers not entitled to a benefit who started a job, with and without reintegration support. Commissioned by: Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW)

Employees without supplementary pension schemes, 2010 (Dutch only)

Figures on employees without supplementary pension schemes in 2010. Commissioned by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW)

Probabilty of returning to work when receiving unemployment benefit (Dutch only)

A description of the factors that affect the probability of returning to work when claiming unemployment benefit.Commissioned by: Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW)

Diversity in youth policy monitor, follow-up measurement (Dutch only)

Tables that reflect the living conditions and the use of facilities by native Dutch and immigrant youth in the family, school, leisure and employment and the diversity of personnel in the youth sector. Commissioned by: ZonMw

Rise in unemployment, stagnation in participation (Dutch only)

This paper presents information on participation in the labour market of 20-64 year-olds in the Netherlands in 2010. Commissioned by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment.

On second-order inclusion probabilities and variances among large randomized PPS samples

This paper presents and discusses some new results on the second-order inclusion probabilities of a systematic probability proportional to size sample drawn from a randomly ordered list, also called randomized PPS sampling. It is shown that some standard approximations of these second-order inclusion probabilities meant for relatively small sample sizes, need not be valid when the sample size n is of the same order as the population size N. In addition, it is shown that under a number of assumptions the variance formulas for rejective Poisson sampling can be applied to randomized PPS sampling designs when both n and N-n are large.

On course, but not there yet: Enterprise architecture conformance and benefits in systems development

Various claims have been made regarding the benefits that EnterpriseArchitecture (EA) delivers for both individual systems development projects and the organization as a whole. This paper presents the statistical findings of a survey study(n=293) carried out to empirically test these claims. First, we investigated which techniques are used in practice to stimulate conformance to EA. Secondly, we studied which benefits are actually gained. Thirdly, we verified whether EA creators (e.g. enterprise architects) and EA users (e.g. project members) differ in their perceptions regarding EA. Finally, we investigated which of the applied techniques most effectively increase project conformance to and effectiveness of EA. A multivariate regression analysis demonstrates that three techniques have a major impact on conformance: carrying out compliance assessments, management propagation of EA and providing assistance to projects. Although project conformance plays a central role in reaping various benefits at both the organizational and the project level, it is shown that a number of important benefits have not yet been fully achieved.

Simple derivations of variance formulas in two-stage simple random sampling

This paper gives alternative derivations for the standard variance formulas in two-stage sampling. The derivations are based on a direct use of the statistical properties of the sampling errors in the second stage. For the ease of exposition we examine the specific case that simple random sampling is used in both stages. These derivations might be useful for readers looking for more elementary approaches to two-stage sampling.

Deductive imputation with the deducorrect package

Numerical and categorical data used for statistical analyses is often plagued with missing values and inconsistencies. In many cases, a number of missing values may be derived, based on the consistency rules imposed on the data and the observed values in a record. The methods used for such derivations are called deductive imputation. In this paper, we describe the newly developed deductive imputation functionality of R package deducorrect.

Manipulation of categorical data edits and error localization with the editrules package

Analyses of categorical data are often hindered by the occurrence of inconsistent or incomplete raw data. Although R has many features for analyzing categorical data, the functionality for error localization and error correction are currently limited. The editrules package is designed to o er a user-friendly toolbox for edit de nition, manipulation, and error localization based on the generalized paradigm of Fellegi and Holt.

Young people with a temporary contract in 2009 and 2010 (Dutch only)

This paper follows young people with a temporary contract to see whether they continue to work or lose their job. Commisioned by: Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW).

Artists in a broader perspective: Artists, arts education and the labour market (Dutch only)

This paper describes various aspects of the labour market position of artists, people with creative jobs, and (several cohorts of) intermediate and higher level arts graduates. Commissioned by: Ministry of Education, Culture and Science (OCW).

From benefit to work with reintegration support, third measurement (definite figures, Dutch only)

Report and tables on people starting work after claiming a social security benefit, and people starting work who were not entitled to a benefit, but were looking for a job; with and without reintegration support. Commissioned by: Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW).

Transsexuals in the Netherlands (Summary in English)

This paper presents information about the number and characteristics of transsexuals in the Netherlands. Commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science.

Left with unknown destination (Dutch only)

This paper describes the demographic, social and economic characteristics of persons registered in the municipal population registers as 'left with unknown destination'. Commissioned by the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations.

Enlargement of the European Union in 2004 and 2007 - Figures on the Netherlands (Dutch only)

Report and tables on characteristics of the potential workforce of people born in one of the EU enlargement countries and a number of reference groups. Commissioned by: Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Refugees in the Netherlands 2010 (publication 3) (Dutch only)

Concluding report on various demographic, regional and socio-economic characteristics of refugees in the Netherlands in 2010. Commissioned by: VluchtelingenWerk Nederland.

The significance of  the 'CUMELA' sector for rural areas in the Netherlands (Dutch only)

Tables and maps of workers in the CUMELA sectors (cultivation infrastructure, manure distribution, and agricultural contractors) who live in rural areas of the Netherlands. Commissioned by: CUMELA Nederland.

Diversity in the workplace, 2009 (Dutch only)

Data for the diversity index were compiled about jobs providing the top 10 gross annual incomes, the in and outflow of these jobs, and the total number of jobs. The data are broken down by sex, age, ethnic origin, education, province of residence and RPA area. The index also addresses the diversity of employees in the various sectors. The data have previously been calculated for 2008 and 2005.Commissioned by: Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations.

Youth 2009 (Dutch only)

This paper presents information on young people (15-26 years) in the Netherlands in 2009. Among other things, it looks at young people in education, with a job and receiving social benefits. Commissioned by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment.

Concurrence of care and income 2009 (Dutch only).

Figures on the size of the group of individuals with multiple services at the same time in the domains of care and income in 2009. Commissioned by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW).

Incomes of graduates (Dutch only)

Data on incomes of graduates from secondary vocational education (mbo), higher vocational education (hbo) and university over the period 2007-2009. Commisioned by the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science.

Which people come in contact with the activities of the European Social Fund (ESF)? A closer look at various characteristics of the participants 2007-2010.(Dutch only)

Tables on characteristics of participants (2007 and 2010) in projects implemented by the ESF and tables on the sustainability of employment contracts after participating in ESF projects over the period 2007-2010.Commissioned by the Agency of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment.

Number of employed and activities in the various sectors of the Dutch labour market, 1999-2008 (Dutch only)

This publication deals with the activities in the various sectors of the Dutch labour market over the period 1999-2008. Commissioned by the Council for Work and Income.

Interaction between labour market and social security, 2006 and 2008 (Dutch only)

Tables on the employment situation of the potential Dutch labour, in early 2006 and late 2008. Commissioned by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment.

Getting back to work with reintegration support (third measurement, Dutch only)

Tables on benefit claimants and jobseekers not entitled to a benefit who started a job, with and without reintegration support. Commissioned by: Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW)

Jobless older people, one year later - Labour market opportunities for unemployed 45 to 64 year-olds and sources of income of all 45 to 64 year-olds (Dutch only)

Figures on the labour market opportunities of older unemployed people (45 to 64 years old) in 2008 and one year later, and information on sources of income of all people in this age group in 2006-2008. Commissioned by: Council for Work and Income

Employees without supplementary pension schemes, 2008 and 2009

Figures on employees without supplementary pension schemes in 2008 and 2009. Commissioned by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW).

Removals and income in Rotterdam municipality (Dutch only)

Figures on the removals of households living in the districts of Rotterdam by income. The tables cover the period 2001-2007. Commissioned by: Centre for Research and Statistics Rotterdam.

Participation in the labour market 2009 (Dutch only)

As announced in december 2010. Data on participation in the labour market of 20 - 64 year-olds. Commissioned by: Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment

Participation in the labour market 2009 (Dutch only)

At the request of the Ministry of Social Affairs data have been complied on participation in the labour market of 20 - 64 year-olds.

People moving from benefit to work via reintegration support (2007) (Dutch only)

Commissioned by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW), the Centre for Policy Related Statistics has compiled a paper about the percentage of persons moving to regular employment within 24 months after the start of the reintegration support in 2007.

Jobs with or without reintegration support, 2008 and 2009 (Dutch only)

This paper describes the jobs that started in 2008 or 2009 by people claiming a social security benefit or who were not entitled to a benefit but were looking for a job. Commissioned by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment.

Equal wages for equal jobs? Jobs and wages in the public and private sector, 2008  (Summary in English)

This paper describes jobs, wages and wage gaps in the public and private sector in the Netherlands in 2008. Additional tables are available on request. Commissioned by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment.

Critical materials in the Dutch economy. Preliminary results

This explorative study addresses the impact of critical materials on the Dutch economy. It is based on 41 critical materials identified by a specialist EU working group, plus 3 critical materials identified by the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs. This provides a first glance at which industries and product groups use which critical materials.

No chance or no choice? Typology for the unused labour force without income (Dutch only)

At the request of RWI (Council for Work and Income) and several municipalities, Statistics Netherlands has conducted research on the unused supply of labour among people without income in 2007.

Outcome monitor districts approach, First Progress report (Dutch only)

This report describes the most recent figures, and changes since the zero base measurement for the 40 designated problem districts in the Netherlands.Commissioned by: Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment

Innovation and competition in the Netherlands: testing the inverted U for industries and firms

Competition can be good or bad for innovation. In this paper a model is tested in which an increase of competition stimulates innovation when competition is low, but where innovation is discouraged when the level of competition goes beyond a certain threshold. We use industry- as well as firm-level data, and find evidence for such a threshold using two different competition measures.

Labour market position of 45-64 year-olds, 2006-2009 (Dutch only)

At the request of RWI (Council for Work and Income), Statistics Netherlands’ Centre for Policy Related Statistics has composed a set of tables with information on the labour market of position of 45–64 year-olds. These data are broken down by personal characteristics and whether they received an allowance or had a job in 2006–2009.

ESF participant characteristics monitor 2009 (Dutch only) - Characteristics of participants in the ESF project (provisional results)

By way of the European Social Fund (ESF), the European Commission (EC) makes resources available to help people improve their skills and hence their job prospects. In the Netherlands, the Agency of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW Agency) is responsible for implementing the subsidy scheme. In this context, the SZW Agency requested Statistics Netherlands’ Centre for Policy Related Statistics to compile data on characteristics of project participants in 2009, such as age, gender, employment status, educational level, ethnic origin and generation, and whether they claim a disability benefit. In 2009, over 221,000 people participated in around 780 projects which applied for ESF funding.

Diversity in the workplace 2008 (Dutch only)

At the request of the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations, Statistics Netherlands’ Centre for Policy Related Statistics has calculated figures on jobs and top incomes in the workplace for the diversity index for the year 2008. These data are broken down by gender, age, ethnic origin, education, province of residence and RPA area. The index also addresses the diversity of employees in the various sectors. This report contains the dataset of the index.

People over fifty at work (Dutch Only). Evaluation IOW: labour participation and benefits for the older unemployed

In 2006 the Income provision for Older Unemployed Persons act (IOW) was introduced for people who are older than 60 when they apply for an unemployment benefit (WW) and are entitled to this benefit for more than three months. In order to evaluate the IOW, the Centre for Policy Related Statistics has been commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment to compute figures on the possibilities of older unemployed people to get a new job, and the background characteristics of potential IOW claimants and people with a benefit under the Act on Income Provisions for Older or Partially Disabled Unemployed Persons (IOAW)

From unemployment benefit to a permanent job? People who stopped receiving unemployment benefit in 2006, by labour market dynamics in 2006-2008 (Dutch only)

Paper and erratum. The results in this report are part of a study on people who start and stop claiming unemployment benefit. This report contains figures on people who stopped receiving unemployment benefit in 2006. The figures were compiled by Statistics Netherlands’ Centre for Policy Related Statistics, at the request of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment. As a supplement to the report, a number of extra breakdowns have been compiled as custom-made tables. These are available on request.

Regional innovation in the Netherlands; Community Innovation Survey 2004 and 2006 (Dutch only)

At the request of the Ministry of Economic Affairs, the Centre for Policy Related Statistics has computed figures at a regional level of the innovative behaviour of companies. The results concern two reference periods: 2004 and 2006. The enriched datasets that form the basis for the published tables are documented and are listed included in the Centre’s catalogue of microdata under the name ‘CIS-regio’.

Monitoring ethnic diversity in youth policy, first results (Dutch only)

The monitor on diversity in youth policy, commissioned by the Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development, has been developed by the Statistics Netherlands’ Centre for Policy Statistics in collaboration with the Netherlands Institute for Social Research. This policy monitor aims to enhance and disseminate knowledge about the use of services in the youth sector by ethnic groups. The monitor contains information on the social situation of children and young adults, family life, school and education, labour market, and leisure activities. The monitor also addresses the ethnic diversity of employees in the services sector. This report contains the dataset of the monitor.

Growing up in diversity. Monitoring ethnic diversity in youth policy, first results (Dutch only)

The monitor on diversity in youth policy, commissioned by the Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development, has been developed by the Statistics Netherlands’ Centre for Policy Statistics in collaboration with the Netherlands Institute for Social Research. This policy monitor aims to enhance and disseminate knowledge about the use of services in the youth sector by ethnic groups. The monitor contains information on the social situation of children and young adults, family life, school and education, labour market, and leisure activities. The monitor also addresses the ethnic diversity of employees in the services sector. This rapport contains a summary of the results.

New unemployment benefit claimants in 2007 and their labour market history (Dutch only)

At the request of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment, Statistics Netherlands’ Centre for Policy Related Statistics has calculated figures on the labour market history of people applying for unemployment benefit in 2007. The labour market position of these people is established for the moment they apply for the benefit. In addition, their history on the labour market is traced back to 2001. The results are part of a study on labour market dynamics which examines the flow into and out of unemployment benefit by background characteristics of claimants of unemployment benefit and by the type of jobs that precede and follow a period of unemployment benefit.A number of extra custom-made breakdowns have been supplied as a supplement to this report. These are available on request.

Youth 2008 (Dutch only)

This paper presents information on young people (15-26 years) in the Netherlands in 2008. Among other things, it looks at young people in education, with a job and receiving social benefits?

Exploring third generation non-westerners in the Netherlands (Dutch only)

The third generation of people with a non-western background have parents born in the Netherlands, and at least one grandparent born in a non-western country. At the request of the Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment (VROM), the Centre for Policy Related Statistics conducted an preliminary exploratory study into the size and social position of the non-western third generation on 1 January 2008.

Mobility of university employees 2003-2006 (Dutch only)

Up to now not much is known about the job mobility of university employees. No information was available about job changes between universities, or about jobs university employees moved to after leaving the university.The Association of Universities asked the Centre for Policy Related Statistics to compile tables about the job mobility of university employees. The study was funded the organization ‘SoFoKles’, the social fund of the knowledge sector.

A framework for project architecture in the context of enterprise architecture

This paper by Ralph Foorthuis and Sjaak Brinkkemper describes the various architectures at the project level, when conforming to Enterprise Architecture. Amongst the architectures described are Project Architecture, Project Start Architecture and Software Architecture. They are placed in the context of Enterprise Architecture and Domain Architecture.