The interactive publication Trends in the Netherlands 2018 includes facts and figures relevant to the Netherlands as well as a description of trends in economy, labour and income, and society.
In 2017 there were 92 vineyards in the Netherlands, 4 more than in the previous year. Grape acreage increased slightly to 157 ha. Limburg and Gelderland are the largest wine growing provinces.
More and more people aged 75 or older in the Netherlands own a car.
In 2017, more cyclists than car occupants died in traffic accidents, of whom 1/4 on an e-bike.
The number of guests staying in Dutch overnight accommodation rose to 42 million in 2017.
The area of farmland destined for bulb cultivation in the Netherlands continues to grow.
On 1 Jan 2018, the IJsselmeerpolders had 404,000 inhabitants.
In 2017, fewer crime suspects were registered by the police than in 2016: a decrease of 11 percent.
The population grew by over 80 thousand in the first three quarters of 2017, mainly due to foreign migration.
Registered partnership has become popular, but 80 percent of unions were marriages in 2016.
International trade in services is dominated by a small group of traders.
Number of suicides has risen in recent years, but related to population and composition has been the same since 2013
The number of beer breweries in the Netherlands has more than quadrupled.
The number of cheese shops has risen by over one-quarter over the past ten years.
There are nearly 5 million mothers. Half of them have two children and one-fifth have one child or three children.
Asparagus production grew again in 2016, especiallyl in southwest Noord-Brabant and north Limburg.
Around 13 million Dutch residents will be entitled to vote in the general election on 15 March 2017.
House prices in Rotterdam above pre-crisis level
CBS, Heerlen start Urban Data Center
prices of owner-occupied houses
The number of overnight stays in Dutch hotels continues to rise.
On 22 September 2016 CBS and the city of Eindhoven launched the Urban Data Center/Eindhoven
Noord-Holland, Zuid-Holland and Noord-Brabant account for nearly two-thirds of goods trade with the United Kingdom.
Thirty percent of Amsterdam households own their home.
Friesland and North Brabant are the biggest exporters of goods to countries outside the EU.
A total of 29 thousand Syrians registered as residents of a Dutch municipality in 2014 and 2015. Syrian immigrants are young compared to other recent immigrants in the Netherlands and they often live in a family setting. Nearly 40 percent of recently registered Syrians are under the age of 18, versus only 17 percent among other groups of foreign immigrants. Nearly one-quarter of Eritreans are underage and only 5 percent of Ethiopians.
Among European countries, the Netherlands prescribed the lowest volume of antibiotics (2013) while Greece prescribed the highest. Within the Netherlands, there are regional differences in the volume of antibiotics prescribed. In some municipalities, twice as many patients received antibiotics as in other municipalities.
In the last quarter of 2015, residential property prices in all Dutch provinces were up from one year previously. The highest increase was in the province of North Holland with 6.1 percent, partly due to sharply rising property prices in the city of Amsterdam. Looking back over 2015, owner-occupied houses in the Netherlands were on average 2.8 percent more expensive than in 2014.
Is it possible to move to a house across the street and emigrate at the same time? Yes, it is possible: in the province of Limburg in the southeast of the Netherlands in the cross-border municipality Eurode that comprises Dutch Kerkrade and German Herzogenrath. Many Dutch people who emigrate to Herzogenrath come from Kerkrade.
Over two-thirds of the income of Dutch municipalities in 2013 came from central government. Eleven percent of their income came from local taxes. Revenues from local taxes are much lower in the Netherlands than in many other European countries, while Dutch local authorities are responsible for a large number of policy implementation tasks.
In 2013, 141,245 people in the Netherlands died, most of them from cancer and cardiovascular disease: 30 percent and 27 percent respectively. Causes of death were partly coded automatically in 2013.
According to Statistics Netherlands’ population forecast, the number of teenagers in the Netherlands will decrease by 160 thousand in the next ten years. This would mean that just under 1.9 million 10-19 year-olds will be living in the Netherlands in 2025.
2019 will be the first year in which half the Dutch adult population will be older than 50 years. In many Dutch municipalities more than half of the population are already over 50.
On 1 January this year, 7.9 million passenger cars were registered in the Netherlands, versus more than 5 million twenty-five years ago. The bulk, 7.1 million cars, are privately owned. The car ownership rate per 1,000 residents across the Netherlands equals 420.
One in ten Dutch people indicated they are bothered by loitering teens, drunks and/or other forms of social nuisance in their neighbourhood. Loitering teens were seen as the greatest nuisance, particularly in the larger Dutch cities.
summary: Last year, 0.8 percent of all people employed in the European Union (EU) were living in one EU country and working in another. The proportion of cross-border workers from the Netherlands was below the EU average. More than 40 thousand people living in the Netherlands were working abroad.
The Dutch long-term interest rate based on the return of the most recent ten-year public loan averaged 1.9 percent in April 2014. The interest rate remained fairly stable over the past few months. In February and March, the rate was 1.9and 1.8 percent respectively.
The latest figures released today by Statistics Netherlands (CBS) show that nearly all Dutch provinces were affected by the economic recession in 2013.
In 2013, the population in the Netherlands grew by 50 thousand. The bulk of the population growth (47 thousand) was recorded in the thirty largest Dutch municipalities. The population continues to grow in the four major cities.
The Dutch long-term interest rate based on the return of the most recent ten-year public loan averaged 1.8 percent in March 2014.
Municipal authorities expect to receive 660 million euros in parking fees this year, i.e. 15 million euros more than in 2013 and 94 million euros more than in 2010.
The number of supermarkets and department stores grew substantially in large municipalities in the Netherlands between 2008 and 2013, but declined in the smallest municipalities. Consumer electronics shops closed down almost everywhere, in particular in smaller municipalities.
The overall EMU deficit of local governments for 2014 is estimated at 3.7 billion euros, 0.6 billion euros above the norm as previously agreed upon.
Unemployment has risen across all Dutch provinces last year. Flevoland, Groningen and Friesland had the highest unemployment rates.
The Dutch long-term interest rate based on the return of the most recent ten-year public loan averaged 2.1 percent in January 2014. In December, the interest rate was 2.2 percent.
Based on local government budgets for 2014, Statistics Netherlands has calculated that Dutch local authorities can expect to receive 12.8 billion euros in local taxes and levies this year.
The majority of adults in the Netherlands are satisfied with life in general. They are the most positive about the homes they live in, the least positive about their financial situation.
In 2014, provincial authorities expect to receive 1.5 billion euros from the surcharge on road tax, i.e. 68 million euros more than in 2013.
The Dutch long-term interest rate based on the return of the most recent ten-year public loan averaged 2.1 percent in November 2013. The interest rate decreased for the second month running by 0.1 percentage points.
Mid-2013, the overall municipal debt in the Netherlands was nearly 51 billion euros. The municipal debt has grown for the sixth year in a row.
The Dutch long-term interest rate based on the return of the most recent ten-year public loan averaged 2.3 percent in September 2013, i.e. 0.1 of a percentage point up on August.
According to the new regional population and household forecast released today by the Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL) and Statistics Netherlands (CBS), the Dutch population will grow by approximately 650 thousand to 17.4 million between 2012 and 2025. The 27 large municipalities with a population of 100 thousand or more in 2012 account for nearly three quarters of the population growth. Together, the four major cities, Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Utrecht account for one third of population growth until 2025, but the population is anticipated to decline in rural areas on the fringes of the Netherlands.
This year’s municipal spending on arts and culture is anticipated to total nearly 1.7 billion euros, 3.7 percent down from 2012. The per capita amount is reduced from 103 to 98 euros.
The Dutch long-term interest rate based on the return of the most recent ten-year public loan averaged 2.2 percent in August 2013, i.e. 0.2 of a percentage point up on July.
The Dutch inflation rate climbed to 3.1 percent in July, the highest level in nearly half a decade. June’s inflation rate stood at 2.9 percent.
In 2013, tourist tax is anticipated to put 162 million euros in the municipal coffers, i.e. an increase by 36 percent relative to 2008. The higher revenue is mainly due to higher rates.
Unemployment in the Netherlands rose by 9 thousand in May, to 659 thousand persons.
At the end of 2011, nearly 56 percent of employees did not work in their municipality of residence. Larger cities in particular attract many commuters. Half of the busiest commuter roads lead to Amsterdam.
Turnover generated by the Dutch retail sector declined more than 3 percent in the first quarter of 2013 relative to the same period one year previously. The Dutch retail sector is not doing well in relation to other EU countries.
The Dutch long-term interest rate based on the return of the most recent ten-year public loan, averaged 1.7 percent in May 2013, just as in March and April.
Seasonally adjusted unemployment increased by 7 thousand in April 2013 to reach 650 thousand.
Last year, the economy shrank across nearly all provinces. The economy in the province of Friesland shrank most dramatically (1.5 percent), but the contraction was also above the national average of 1.0 percent in the provinces of Overijssel, Drenthe and North Brabant.
Municipal spending exceeded 52 billion euros in 2012, i.e. nearly 1 billion euros down from 2011. Municipal spending declined for the third year in a row and was 3.8 billion below the level of 2009.
Prices of owner-occupied dwellings were on average 8 percent lower in the first quarter of this year than in the first quarter of 2012. The price drop occurred across all provinces, but prices fell most in the western part of the country and in the province of Drenthe.
The total anticipated deficit of municipalities, provinces and water boards for 2013 amounts to 4.1 billion euros and is far beyond the previously agreed limit.
The Dutch inflation rate was 3.0 percent in January. In November and December 2012, inflation stood at 2.8 and 2.9 percent respectively.
The twelve Dutch provinces expect to collect 1,451 million euro from the surcharge on motor vehicle tax in 2013. This is 5 million less than in 2012. It will be the first time that revenues from this provincial surtax decrease since its introduction in 1981.
Municipal taxes and levies have become an important source of income for Dutch municipalities in the last fifty years. Per capita revenues from taxes and levies increased from nearly 9 euro in 1960 to 474 euro in 2010.
The Dutch public were more positive about the police in the municipality where they lived in 2011. People were more satisfied than in 2010 in terms of their contact with the police as well as how the police functioned. Their opinions on the availability of the police also improved, both in cities and in more rural areas.
The Dutch municipalities together spent nearly 173 million euro on maintaining and managing municipal cemeteries and performing other burial tasks in 2010. The revenues amounted to over 120 million euro.
Property tax (OZB) was raised by more than 5 percent in 227 Dutch municipalities in 2012 relative to 2011, while only 3 municipalities lowered them.
Lead: Just over 9 percent of people claiming income support in the Netherlands at the end of 2010 found a job in 2011. This percentage was highest in smaller municipalities.
Dutch inflation was 2.3 percent in August, just as in July. Motor fuel prices had an upward effect on inflation, but prices of clothing, for example, had a downward effect. On balance, inflation remained unchanged.
Tables on benefit claimants and on jobseekers not entitled to benefits who started a job, with and without reintegration support. Commissioned by: Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW)
Dutch inflation was 2.3 percent in July 2012, i.e. 0.2 of a percentage point higher than in June.
In recent years, fewer people were annoyed by graffiti on walls and buildings, vandalised bus and tram shelters and dog droppings in their neighbourhood. The decline was observed in urban as well as rural areas.
For 89 in every 100 Dutch residents, a green space, e.g. a park, a public garden, an open natural space or a wooded area is within a distance of 1 kilometre.
In the last decade the population of Bonaire has grown by almost 50 percent. In the preceding thirty years, the increase of 10 percent per decade was much smaller. The population growth is mainly the result of immigration. Immigrants have preferences for certain neighbourhoods. This article examines the composition of the population by districts and neighbourhoods. It describes size, growth and country of birth. It also gives the history of the districts.
On 1 January 2010, the Dutch housing stock included more than 7 million dwellings, of which 417 thousand (just under 6 percent) were vacant. These houses are officially registered as unoccupied.
Prices of existing owner-occupied houses sold in January 2012 were on average 3.3 percent down on January 2011.
Prices of existing owner-occupied houses were on average 4.0 percent lower in December 2011 than in December 2010.
On 1 January 2010, there were more than 863 thousand businesses with 956 thousand establishments. Densely populated areas have the highest number of establishments per 10 square kilometres (km).
Housing associations own 2.3 million homes in the Netherlands. This is the equivalent of one in three homes.
Tables and maps of workers in the CUMELA sectors (cultivation infrastructure, manure distribution, and agricultural contractors) who live in rural areas of the Netherlands. Commissioned by: CUMELA Nederland.
In the first six months of 2011, more than 58 thousand people left the Netherlands, i.e. nearly 5 thousand more than in the same period last year.
Although the total number of cars registered in the Netherlands has grown by a million since 2005, the nuisance caused by road traffic has hardly changed. Speeding is still the main source of annoyance in urban as well as rural areas.
The average distance to the nearest after-school care facility was 900 metres in the Netherlands in 2010.
On average, the Dutch evaluate the safety of their neighbourhood as quite satisfactory.
The Dutch provinces realised economic growth in 2010 after the 2009 slump.
Municipal revenue from dog registration fees is projected at 58 million euro. Dog registration fees are more common in large cities than in rural municipalities and more often in the western than in the northern provinces.
Last year, unemployment increased in most provinces. The most substantial unemployment growth was recorded in South Holland.
In 2011, the provincial budget for public transport amounts to 944 million euro, nearly twice as much as in 2005. In the province of North Brabant, the budget for 2011 is more than four times as high as in 2005; in the province of Zeeland the budget was slightly lower.
The provincial road maintenance budget amounts to 1.2 billion euro in 2011, i.e. more than one and a half times as high as in 2005.
Provincial authorities have estimated the youth welfare budget for 2011 at 1.1 billion euro, i.e. 11 percent of their total provincial budget. Thus, child and youth welfare is one of the main tasks of provinces.
In 2011 the local governments expect to receive 11.8 billion euro in local taxes.
Figures on the removals of households living in the districts of Rotterdam by income. The tables cover the period 2001-2007. Commissioned by: Centre for Research and Statistics Rotterdam.
On 1 January 2011, there were 418 municipalities in the Netherlands versus 431 on 1 January 2010. This downward trend has been going on for many years; the aim of reducing the number of municipalities is to strengthen the administrative power at the municipal level.
Provincial authorities expect to receive 1.441 billion euro from the surcharge on motor vehicle tax in 2011. This is 1.9 percent more than in 2010, and the smallest increase since the turn of the century.
301 thousand people aged under 65 years were claiming income support at the end of the third quarter of 2010.
Nearly 7 thousand kilometres were added to the Dutch road network over the past decade. With more than 137 thousand kilometres, the total length of the network stretches halfway to the moon.
Bloemendaal and Wassenaar are the two municipalities in the Netherlands with the highest per capita income. The richest municipalities are mainly located in the province North Holland, the poorest in east Groningen and south Limburg.
Residents of multicultural neighbourhoods are relatively positive about police performance.
Last year, the area where grapevines are grown was expanded by 4 hectares (ha). Between 2003 and 2009, the average annual increase was 21.5 ha.
Over the first six months of 2010, the number of bankruptcy declarations dropped by 6.7 percent relative to the same period in 2009. The number of private individuals and one-man businesses declared bankrupt declined by 5 percent and the number of companies and institutions declared bankrupt declined by 7.5 percent relative to one year previously. Altogether, nearly 1.8 thousand private individuals and one-man businesses and more than 3.2 thousand companies and institutions went bankrupt.
The population of the Netherlands increased by 83 thousand persons from mid 2009 to mid 2010.
Residents of the four major cities in the Netherlands are least likely to feel safe in their own neighbourhood. City centres in particular make people feel uneasy.
Municipal authorities expect revenue from sewerage charges to double in 2010 compared to 2000. This is due to higher costs for maintenance and construction of the sewerage system and the fact that a larger part of the costs is funded from sewerage charges.
In the second quarter of 2010, prices of existing owner-occupied dwellings in the municipality of Amsterdam were 0.7 percent higher than in the same period in 2008.
An increasing percentage of young adults return to live with their parents for a time after having left home. The main reasons for this increase in the number of ‘boomerang children’ are relationship break-ups and completed or interrupted education.
Municipalities, provinces and central government in the Netherlands spent nearly 1.5 billion euro on sport in 2008. In the same year they received nearly 0.4 billion euro, for example in rent for sport facilities and centres.
In 2009, the number of facilities per 100 thousand residents in the Netherlands had increased by 4 percent relative to 2005. In urban areas, the increase was more than 6 percent.
Together, the financial capital of the twelve Dutch provinces amounted to nearly 4 billion euro in 2008. The sale of energy companies Nuon and Essent in the third quarter of 2009 pushed this amount up to 17 billion euro.
According to the price index of existing owner-occupied houses prices of houses sold in March 2010 were on average 3.5 percent down on March 2009.
The average distance for Dutch residents to the nearest secondary school is 2.4 km. Nine in ten residents have at least one school within a 5 km radius.
Revenues from municipal taxes will rise by less in large than in small and medium-sized municipalities in 2010.
According to the price index of existing owner-occupied houses – a joint publication by Statistics Netherlands and the Land Registry Office – prices of houses sold in February 2010 were on average 4.2 percent down on February 2009.
Unemployment had risen in all Dutch provinces last year relative to 2008. The most substantial increase was recorded in the province of North Brabant.
Rozendaal can claim to be the most prosperous municipality in the Netherlands. Not only does this municipality in the province Gelderland have the largest percentage of households with a high income, in relative terms most households with the largest wealth live there as well.
On 1 January 2010, the Netherlands comprised 431 municipalities, i.e. 10 fewer than a year ago. The decline is mainly due to 5 municipal redivisions including 15 municipalities in the provinces of Groningen, Limburg and South Holland.
Prices of existing owner-occupied houses sold in November were on average 4.7 percent down on November 2008. The price drop is less substantial than in October, when houses were 5.2 percent cheaper than one year previously.
In the third quarter of 2009, more than 15 thousand new building permits were granted, i.e. 32 percent down on the same period one year previously.
Just over 6.3 thousand child care centres in the Netherlands provided day care or out of school care on 1 January 2007. Inhabitants of large cities had both the most choice, and lived nearest to childcare centres.
Total length of the inland waterway system of the Netherlands exceeds 6 thousand kilometres. Within the European Union (EU), the Netherlands takes up third place after Finland and Germany.
Prices of Dutch houses (excl. new construction) sold in September 2009 were on average 5.3 percent lower than in September 2008.
The Dutch long-term interest rate based on the return of the most recent ten-year government loan, averaged 3.6 percent in September 2009, the same rate as in August.
Dutch municipalities expect to receive 533 million euro in parking fees, ten times as much as in 1989. Amsterdam estimates to receive more than 130 million euro over 2009, i.e. one quarter of total municipal tax revenues.
Dutch central, provincial and municipal government spent a total 633 million euro on libraries in 2007. This is 6 percent more than in 2006, and 50 percent more than in 1999.
Economic growth slowed down in nearly all Dutch provinces last year. Growth in the Randstad provinces was at or above the nationwide average of 2 percent.
Nearly 3 percent more new homes were completed in the first quarter of 2009 than in the same period last year. This increase was the result of a 16 percent increase in the number of rent-sector homes completed.
Dutch municipalities expect to spend nearly 2.6 billion euro on home help and provisions for individual mobility covered by the Social Support Act (Wmo).
On 1 January 2008 5.7 percent of the just over 7 million dwellings in the Netherlands were not officially inhabited. This does not mean that they are vacant, but that nobody is officially registered as living there.
Provinces expect total proceeds from road tax surcharge to increase to by 1.4 billion euro this year, i.e. 6.7 percent more than in 2008. With 13.5 percent, the highest increase was registered in the province of North Holland, the lowest (2.4 percent) in the province of Gelderland.
Dutch municipalities expect to receive 7.7 billion euro in municipal taxes this year, an increase by 5 percent relative to 2008.
In 2008, unemployment declined in nearly all Dutch provinces. The lowest unemployment rate was recorded in Utrecht, the highest in Groningen.
On 1 January 2007, the Dutch housing stock numbered 7 million units; 53 percent were owner-occupied, 42 percent were occupied by tenants. A small proportion of the housing stock is unspecified. In most Dutch municipalities, the majority of houses are owner-occupied.
In 2025, the population in rural municipalities will have declined substantially.
The number of different types of shops to be found in shopping centres is decreasing.
In the four major Dutch cities, the labour participation rate of the male population was below the nationwide average.
In the first nine months of this year, 140 thousand children were born, nearly 3 thousand more than in the same period last year.
On 1 January last year, 7.2 million cars were registered in the Netherlands, an average of 214 per square kilometre. In neighbourhoods where the average house value is low, car density tends to be higher.
Dutch municipalities added 2.3 billion euro to their net assets in 2006. This is over 1.1 billion more than in 2005, when they had a surplus of 1.2 billion euro.
There are more than 5 thousand neighbourhoods in the Netherlands. In nearly one third, the the proportion of long-term low incomes is above the nationwide average of 3 percent.
Municipal authorities estimate to spend five billion euro on income support benefits in 2008, the lowest amount since 1995.
In 2005, Bloemendaal was again the wealthiest Dutch municipality.
In 2008, proceeds from municipal taxes were 4.4 percent higher than last year. This is mainly attributable to an increase in property tax (OZB) and sewage charges.
In 2007, the number of income support benefits declined markedly for the third year running. At the end of December, 275 thousand benefits were received, 27 thousand fewer than one year previously.
Public authorities used nearly 54 thousand kilos of chemical pesticides in 2005 for the maintenance of public areas, an increase by 12 thousand kg (28 percent) relative to 2001.
Many commuters live on the outskirts of town. They often live in areas situated on the fringes of their place of residence.
Since the introduction of milk quota regime in 1983, the Dutch dairy stock was reduced by 1.1 million (42 percent) to just under 1.5 million cattle.
In the first six months of 2007, the number of people living in the Netherlands grew by nearly 15 thousand.
Relative to 2006, the increase appears to be 4.3 percent rather than 6.6 percent, as adjusted figures, based on the municipal budgets show.
The number of income support claimants under 65 years of age fell by 27 thousand to 302 thousand last year. This is the lowest level for 25 years.
Statistics Netherlands dossier on people with a foreign background contains statistics and information on ethnic minorities and immigrants in the Netherlands.
Over the next two decades the number of inhabitants in the Netherlands is expected to increase by 600 thousand, bringing the total to 16.9 million. The growth areas will be primarily in the provinces North and South Holland and Flevoland. The current decrease in the number of inhabitants in Limburg is expected to continue.
In 2006 The Dutch municipalities will receive 8.9 percent less from municipal taxes than in 2005. This is due to the abolition of property tax for the occupants of dwellings. The loss in property tax income is compensated by central government with an extra contribution from the Municipal Fund.
Dutch municipal budgets show that municipal tax revenues in 2005 will increase by 4.9 percent. This is the lowest increase since 1987. Total tax revenue is estimated at 7.3 billion euro. The burden on households will increase substantially due to the abolishment of the Zalmsnip subsidy.