Migration and Integration

Migration and integration

From 2013 up to and including 2017, a total of 392 young adults who were born in the former Netherlands Antilles or Aruba left the Caribbean Netherlands to stay in the European Netherlands.

The number of native British people who moved to the Netherlands from the UK rose again in 2019, while the number of native Dutch people migrating to the UK declined further.

In 2019, the Netherlands received 22.5 thousand asylum seekers and 4.2 thousand following family members. The total is marginally lower than in 2018. Syrians and Eritreans still constitute the largest two groups.

In Q3 2019, the Netherlands received 5,910 asylum seekers and 1,200 following family members.

In Q2 2019, the Netherlands received 5,205 asylum seekers and 880 following family members. The number of asylum seekers was lower while the number of following relatives was higher than in Q1 2019.

In Q1 2019, the Netherlands received 5,405 asylum seekers and 840 following family members. Both numbers were lower than in the preceding quarter.

Over the past three years, increasingly few Dutch nationals have moved to the United Kingdom. Until 2016, the number of Dutch citizens leaving for the UK was still rising.

Background file on population and immigration.

Dossier page on socialisation and participation in society of migrants

Dossier page on socioeconomic status of migrants

Dossier page on immigrants and education

Dossier page on immigrants and health

Dossier page on crime and immigration

The population of the Netherlands grew by an estimated 104 thousand people in 2018. The growth rate was similar to that in the past two years.

The Netherlands is one of the 19 member states of the European Union (EU) with a growing population. This is mainly due to migration, which is also the case in most other countries with population growth.

In the first three quarters of 2018, the population of the Netherlands grew by 81 thousand. Population growth is similar to the same period one year previously. Foreign migration is the largest contributing factor.

Record number of immigrants (235 thousand) and emigrants (154 thousand) in 2017, highest net migration (81 thousand).

In 2015 there were over 60 thousand family migrants of whom half were from EU countries. Of those aged 20 and up, 40% were in work one year after their arrival. This was still 37% in 2005.

The number of asylum seekers and following family members from Turkey rose from 185 to 330 between Q1 and Q2 2018. They represented the third largest group, after Syrians and Eritreans.

In 2017, the Netherlands welcomed more than 2,265 invited refugees. Many of these refugees were able to settle in the Netherlands as part of the EU-Turkey Statement of 18 March 2016.

On 1 January 2017, the population of Bonaire was made up of 19.2 thousand residents. More than 7 thousand were native Bonairians.

In Q1 2018, 4.2 thousand asylum seekers and 2.1 thousand following family members were registered in the Netherlands.

Out of the asylum seekers who obtained a residence permit in 2014, 11 percent were in work after 30 months; 84 percent of status holders were benefit recipients.

In 2017, 77 percent of Dutch adults felt that the Netherlands should admit war refugees.

The Netherlands received 16,145 first asylum requests in 2017; 14,490 following family members arrived

The population of the Netherlands again saw relatively strong growth in 2017.

Of the 42,500 British citizens residing in the Netherlands, 43% were employed earners, 9% were self-employed

Of the 42,500 British citizens residing in the Netherlands, 43% were employed earners, 9% were self-employed

The number of inhabitants in Amsterdam is growing, mainly due to foreign migration

The population grew by over 80 thousand in the first three quarters of 2017, mainly due to foreign migration.

The Netherlands received 4.4 thousand asylum seekers and 2.3 thousand following relatives in Q3 2017.

In 2016 unemployment declined to 13.2 percent among the group non-western migrants.

Family reunion is still the main reason for migration, but labour and asylum are rising.

In 2017, more following family members than asylum seekers from Eritrea arrived in the Netherlands.

Many Syrians and Eritreans have a residence permit and housing, but most depend on social welfare.

In Jan-Mar 2017, 4 thousand asylum seekers and 5.3 thousand following family members arrived in the Netherlands.

In 2016, one in five underage asylum seekers travelled unaccompanied. The majority came from Eritrea.

There were fewer asylum applicants and following relatives of asylum statusholders in January 2017.

Over half of young asylum seekers in 2016 were from Syria.

The Netherlands had nearly 17.1 million inhabitants on 1 Januari 2017, over 110 thousand up from 1 January 2016.

Saba's population grew by 6 percent between 2011 and 2015 to 1.9 thousand residents.

The population of Bonaire grew by over 20 percent between 2011 and 2016 to 19.4 thousand residents.

On 1 January 2016, St Eustatius had 3.2 thousand inhabitants.

November had more asylum requests by relatives and slightly fewer first-time applications than in October.

The Annual Report on Integration 2016 gives an overview of various population groups with a migrant background.

3.5 thousand asylum seekers and relatives registered in October of whom 390 from Morocco and 270 from Algeria.

In September 2016 more than 3 thousand asylum seekers and following relatives arrived in the Netherlands.

In August this year 2,385 asylum seekers and following relatives were registered in the Netherlands.

in June this year 1,480 asylum seekers and following family members were registered in the Netherlands.

One in five underage asylum seekers arriving in the Netherlands last year were not accompanied by an adult relative.

Dutch Foreign Trade and Development Minister visits CBS to discuss international topics.

In May 2016, 1,420 asylum seekers were registered, slightly more than in April but less than in May last year.

In February 2016 nearly 2,500 individuals were registered as asylum seekers or as following family members.

Nearly half of all Dutch people of Surinamese origin were also born in the Netherlands. These are primarily the children of Surinamese people who migrated to the Netherlands in the 1970s.

In October 2015, the number of newly registered asylum seekers and family members joining asylum seekers increased to 11.7 thousand, more than in any other previous month. The total in September was 8.4 thousand. Over half came from Syria.

A total of 1.3 million Dutch residents hold more than one nationality, as the most recent survey conducted on 1 January 2014 shows. Since then, non-Dutch nationalities are no longer registered. Last year, 27 thousand people acquired the Dutch nationality.

Is it possible to move to a house across the street and emigrate at the same time? Yes, it is possible: in the province of Limburg in the southeast of the Netherlands in the cross-border municipality Eurode that comprises Dutch Kerkrade and German Herzogenrath. Many Dutch people who emigrate to Herzogenrath come from Kerkrade.

According to the population forecast published today, the Dutch population will continue to grow in the coming decades, to 18.1 million inhabitants in 2060.

Young people with non-western background still lagging behind in socio-economic terms compared to their native Dutch counterpartsIn socio-economic terms.

More people came from abroad to live in the Netherlands in the first of this year than in the same period last year. Over 76 thousand immigrants arrived in the Netherlands, 8.6 thousand more than in 2013.

Fewer than 74 thousand marriages and partnership registrations took place in the Netherlands in 2013. This 6 thousand down on 2012. The decrease was completely accounted for by the fall in the number of marriages: the number of civil partnerships rose from 9.2 thousand to 10 thousand.

On 1 January 2013, the Caribbean Netherlands was home to more than 23 thousand people. Since 1 January 2010, the population has grown by 2.4 thousand. Immigrants almost entirely account for the population growth.

The population in the Netherlands has grown less rapidly over the past six months than in the same period last year.

Croatia will be joining the European Union as its 28th member country on 1 July 2013. The Netherlands counts around 5,900 Croats among its residents. Most of them arrived between 1990 and 2001 when Yugoslavia disintegrated and civil war broke out in the region.

In 2011, 500 unaccompanied foreign minors arrived in the Netherlands, i.e. 200 down from 2010. More than half were Afghan nationals.

Nearly 16.8 million people were living in the Netherlands on 1 January 2013, an increase by 48 thousand relative to one year previously. On balance, 13 thousand people from abroad settled in the Netherlands in 2012, i.e. 17 thousand fewer than in 2011.

On 1 January last year, 65 thousand Soviet Union nationals were living in the Netherlands. Among them were 16 thousand children born in the Netherlands. Another 49 thousand Soviet citizens are immigrants. Two thirds of these immigrants have settled in the Netherlands in or after 2000.

The annual report on integration published today shows that the economic crisis is having serious effects on people in the Netherlands with a non-western foreign background. The report (English summary available) presents a picture of integration of people with a foreign background in Dutch society.

On 1 January 2010, the total potential labour force in the 27 countries of the European Union numbered 307 million persons. This is 61 percent of the total population of the EU and is 20 million higher than in 1995. On the basis of Eurostat’s EUROPOP2010 population scenarios, the potential labour force is expected to fall to 265 million in 2060, 14 percent down on 2010.

Population of the Netherlands rose by 14.7 thousand people in the first half of 2012. This is half the increase in the same period last year.

Immigration from Eastern Europe remains high. Last year, for example, nearly 19 thousand Polish immigrants came to the Netherlands, i.e. twice as many as in 2007. The immigration flow is also high from a historical point of view.

Last year, 11.6 thousand people submitted requests for asylum in the Netherlands, 13 percent fewer than in 2010.

On 1 January 2012, the population of the Netherlands totalled more than 16.7 million persons, an increase by 70 thousand from 1 January 2011.

On 1 January 2012, the Netherlands had a population in excess of 16.7 million. On balance, the population growth in 2011 was 72 thousand, i.e. 9 thousand fewer than in 2010.

In 2016, the projected population of the Netherlands will reach 17 million.

The opinions of Dutch voters on political issues often vary widely. This applies in particular to Green Left (GL) voters and Party for Freedom (PVV) voters.

The population of The Hague is anticipated to surpass the 500 thousand mark in September this year, having grown by nearly 60 thousand since the turn of the century. The proportion of young residents under the age of 20 has increased markedly and at the same time, the proportion of over-65s has declined.

Political and social upheaval in the Arab region have lead to 7.6 thousand asylum applications in the first four months of this year in the countries of the European Union (EU), nearly twice as many as in the same period in 2010, when 4 thousand asylum applications were submitted. The number of asylum seekers did not increase in the Netherlands.

During the first decade of the 21st century, the relative population growth in the Netherlands was higher than in the European Union as a whole. In no other country in the EU 27, the contribution of migration to population growth was so small as in the Netherlands.

Last year, 13.3 thousand asylum applications were submitted in the Netherlands, i.e. a decline by 11 percent relative to 2009. The top 3 of countries of origin of asylum seekers has not changed relative to 2009.

On 1 January 2011, the population of the Netherlands stood at 16.7 million, i.e. 80 thousand more than one year previously. In 2010, the previous immigration record of 2009 was marginally exceeded, but emigration increased faster.

In the period 2005–2010, the Dutch population grew by 269 thousand, i.e. 1.6 percent.

Last year, 13 thousand Poles came to the Netherlands versus 14 thousand in 2008.

The second generation, born in the Netherlands, is starting to become the face of the population with a non-western background in Dutch society

Last year, nearly 15 thousand first-time requests for asylum were submitted in the Netherlands, an increase by 11 percent relative to 2008. More than half of asylum seekers came from Iraq or Somalia.

In 2009, emigration decreased and immigration increased. The net population growth was 92 thousand, an increase by just over 10 thousand relative to 2008.

In 2008, the average, first-generation, non-western woman was more than one year older when she had her first child than in 1996. The average age for native Dutch women to become first-time mothers rose by nearly six months over the same period.

The Dutch population is estimated to grow by 86 thousand in 2009. The increase exceeds last year’s population growth by 5.5 thousand.

On 1 January 2009, a quarter of a million people from eastern Europe had settled in the Netherlands, nearly four times as many as during the fall of the Berlin Wall on 9 November 1989, twenty years ago to the day.

In 2008, 13.4 thousand first requests for asylum were submitted in the Netherlands. One quarter of these requests concerned children younger than 18 years.

The amount of partial AOW benefits has tripled over the past two decades.

In 2008, net population growth in the Netherlands was more than 81 thousand, i.e. 34 thousand more than in 2007.

In 2001, immigration from the former Soviet republics reached a record level, when more than 6 thousand people came to the Netherlands. Since 2004, immigration is stable at approximately 3 thousand a year. Most immigrants come from the Caucasus region, e.g. Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia

In 2007, some 80 thousand non-Dutch immigrants entered the Netherlands. Finding a job was the main motive.

Net population growth in the Netherlands numbered 76 thousand people in 2008, nearly 30 thousand more than in 2007.

More than 31 thousand Americans were living in the Netherlands op 1 January 2008. Many more Dutch people live in the United States: according to the US Bureau of the Census, over 100 thousand Dutch people lived there in 2001.

People with a non-western background fairly frequently indicate that Dutch is a difficult language for them. Turks find it harder than Moroccans to speak, read and write Dutch.

At the end of June 2008, nearly 26 thousand asylumseekers in the Netherlands had been granted leave to remain in the Netherlands indefinitely based on the ‘pardon regulation’ of 2007. Most of these asylumseekers are from the former Soviet Union.

In the first six months of 2008, the population increased by nearly 30 thousand, because more people arrived in the Netherlands than left the country.

In 2025, there will be 8 million households in the Netherlands, an increase by 800 thousand relative to early 2007.

Nearly 32 thousand people immigrated to the Netherlands in the first quarter of 2008, nearly 6 thousand more than twelve months previously.

Immigration has risen further in the third quarter.

In the first six months of 2007, the number of people living in the Netherlands grew by nearly 15 thousand.

Immigration increased over the past quarter, in particular immigrants from the new EU member states Bulgaria and Romania came to the Netherlands.

The number of emigrants is continually growing. In the first nine months of 2006, nearly 100 thousand people left the Netherlands to settle elsewhere.

The population of the Netherlands grew by fewer than 2 thousand people in the first half of 2006. In the same period last year, the increase was still as many as 7 thousand.

Statistics Netherlands dossier on people with a foreign background contains statistics and information on ethnic minorities and immigrants in the Netherlands.

Over 22 thousand immigrants took up residence in the Netherlands in the first quarter of 2006. This is almost 2 thousand more than in the same period of 2005.

With only 30 thousand, the population increase in the Netherlands in 2005 was the lowest since 1900. On 1 January 2006, the population stood at 16.34 million.

The population counter shows how many registered inhabitants there are in the Netherlands at this moment according to the most recent estimate of Statistics Netherlands.

With an increase of just under 8 thousand, the population growth in the first six months of 2005 reached a historically low level. In the same period 54 thousand persons left the Netherlands.

The Netherlands had a population of 16.3 million on 1 January 2005. In 2004 the population increased by just 34 thousand. In 2003 the increase was twice as high. Such a low growth rate has not been observed since 1920. This development is mainly due to a further decrease in immigration and an increase in emigration.