European Union

European Union

In 2017, 57 percent of the EU population purchased goods or services online. In the Netherlands, 79 percent of people aged 16 to 74 were shopping online that year, putting the Netherlands in the EU top 5.

Both in the Netherlands and in the EU, the increase in life expectancy is slowing down compared to previous periods. The largest increase was between 2003 and 2008. The Netherlands saw a relatively lower increase than the EU.

In Q1 2018, Dutch consumers spent around 400 million euros (excl. VAT) on products sold by foreign EU webshops.

One percent of the Dutch population aged 20 years or older are morbidly obese.

For eight months now, unemployment among youth has fallen below the lowest point before the economic crisis in 2008.

In the period 2014-2016, six percent of companies employing more than 50 people moved some of their business operations abroad.

In 2017, the Netherlands welcomed more than 2,265 invited refugees. Many of these refugees were able to settle in the Netherlands as part of the EU-Turkey Statement of 18 March 2016.

The value of total goods exports from the Netherlands rose by 43.5 billion euros in 2017, an increase of 10 percent.

The number of teenage mothers has dropped to 3 per one thousand girls. This is low, also internationally.

Out of the five most popular summer holiday destinations, Greece has the cheapest hotels and restaurants.

First results of big data research into expenditure in online EU webshops by Dutch consumers.

How important are exports to China to the Dutch economy?

The Netherlands is relatively the largest net contributor to the UK.

EU-28 imports of clothing in 2015 amounted to 81 billion euros, with over 77 percent made in Asia.

Last 4 November, Statistics Netherlands published an exploratory report on the measurement of SDGs for the Netherlands

GDP in the euro area rose by 0.3 percent in the third quarter of 2016.

Three-quarters of Dutch children below the age of 3 was in childcare in 2014, the highest share of all EU countries.

Economic growth (GDP) in the euro area, EU and other countries in Q2 2016

The use of cloud-based services is relatively high in the Netherlands.

Last year, the Netherlands earned over 20 billion euros on exports to the United Kingdom

After more than three years of intense discussions, agreement was finally reached on a revised version

In comparison with the rest of the EU, the Dutch are relatively active participants in ‘lifelong learning’. Training for work or leisure is more popular among highly educated and those working in financial services, health care and education.

According to Statistics Netherlands (CBS), the CPI inflation rates in November and December 2015 were 0.7 percent higher than in the same months in 2014. The rate over the entire year 2015 averaged 0.6 percent.

Male life expectancy at birth for boys in the Netherlands was 79.9 years (2014). Male life expectancy is marginally higher in Norway, Sweden, Italy, Spain and Switzerland. Dutch girls have 83.3 years ahead of them. Their life expectancy is below the average level for European girls.

The EU’s share in the US goods trade has increased since 2013. In the first nine months of 2015, the share was 18.5 percent of total US goods trade.

Dutch people rate their life satisfaction at 7.8, taking them to fifth place within the EU.

The economies of the eurozone expanded by 0.3 percent in the second quarter of 2015 compared to the first quarter, according to the most recent first calculations by Eurostat.

Figures published by Statistics Netherlands (CBS) today show that exports of Dutch products to countries outside the EU have more than doubled over the past decade.

Worldwide, the Netherlands has the seventh largest trade surplus in the trade of goods . China and Germany have the largest trade surpluses in the world in the absolute sense. The United States have by far the largest trade deficit in the goods trade. Three EU countries with large trade deficits in dollars are France, Spain and Greece.

Last year, the number of citizens from Central and Eastern Europe in the Netherlands increased from 160 thousand to 177 thousand. Another 75 thousand CEE citizens are estimated to work in the Netherlands on temporary employment contracts.

The importance of the eurozone as a trading partner for Greece has increased substantially in 2015. In the past, the eurozone was less relevant for Greece as a trading partner. EU member state Germany, for example, has overtaken Russia as largest supplier of goods. At the same time, Italy ousted Turkey as main export destination.

In 2014, the number of asylum seekers in the European Union increased by more than 40 percent relative to 2013. In the Netherlands, nearly 22 thousand people submitted requests for asylum, more than twice as many as in 2013.

Goods and services exported to EU countries generated 140 billion euros and accounted for 1.4 million FTEs in 2013. This is one fifth of GDP and employment in the Netherlands.

Many Dutch people make use of the right of free movement of persons within Europe: at the start of 2011 nearly half a million Dutch people were living in other European countries. Belgium in particular is a popular country for the Dutch.

The European Union has formulated the so called Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure. By means of a scoreboard, the European Commission judges whether there are (potential) imbalances within the member state’s economies. The scoreboard consists of eleven indicators, with lower and upper limits set by the Commission for each indicator. This factsheet explains at the scoreboard in more detail.

Nearly four in ten Dutch people undertake political activities other than voting in an election. The share of politically active people varies between regions, but is overall significantly lower than in Germany.

Dutch retail trade is lagging behind retail trade in other countries in Europe. Its volume increase of 1.0 percent is below the EU average of 2 percent. In only eight of the other 27 EU countries was the year- on-year change less positive than in the Netherlands.

The export of products manufactured in the Netherlands to EU countries is falling into decline. The importance of the EU in total exports of goods is also diminishing, but from an international point of view, the EU is still of vital importance for Dutch exports. Within the EU, Greece is the least EU-oriented as Statistics Netherlands announced today

Dutch goods exports to Greece are slowly picking up after a substantial dip in the early years of the recession. Greek exports have grown more rapidly over the past seven years than Dutch exports.

According to Eurostat calculations published last Friday, the economies of the eurozone and the European Union as a whole increased by 0.3 and 0.4 percent respectively in the fourth quarter of 2014 from the third quarter. Also on Friday, Statistics Netherlands announced a 0.5 percent growth of the Dutch economy in the same period. Year-on-year growth for the fourth quarter was 1.0 percent in the Netherlands. The economies of the eurozone and the European Union grew by 0.9 and 1.3 percent year-on-year.

After the trade barriers between the Russian Federation and the European Union became effective, the value of export of food products to Russia was reduced almost by half. Exports of machinery and equipment were also down.

The European Union has formulated the so called Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure. By means of a scoreboard, the European Commission judges whether there are (potential) imbalances within the member state’s economies. The scoreboard consists of eleven indicators, with lower and upper limits set by the Commission for each indicator. This factsheet explains at the scoreboard in more detail.

Compared with other countries in Europe, in the Netherlands hospital admissions are relatively short: less than two days to have a baby and less than six days for an acute heart attack. The number of smokers in the population is also relatively small.

According to figures released by Eurostat on Friday, the economies in the eurozone and the EU grew by 0.2 and 0.3 percent respectively in the third quarter compared with the previous quarter. Year-on-year growth was 0.8 percent for the eurozone and 1.3 percent for the EU. Also on Friday, Statistics Netherlands announced a quarter-on-quarter Dutch growth of 0.2 percent and year-on-year growth of 1.1 percent. The Dutch economy has been developing along the same lines as that in the eurozone in the last few years.

In August 2014 Dutch exports to the Ukraine reached 54 million euros wheras in August 2013 exports to the Ukrain were valued at 98 million. This sharp decrease is due to the political tensions in the country that have been increasing for nearly a year.

The European Union has formulated the so called Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure. By means of a scoreboard, the European Commission judges whether there are (potential) imbalances within the member state’s economies. The scoreboard consists of eleven indicators, with lower and upper limits set by the Commission for each indicator. This Factsheet explains at the scoreboard in more detail.

This first edition of the ESS Report provides information on the organisation and structure of the ESS and some of its key achievements and initiatives in 2012. It examines an increasingly important area of statistical production – the measurement of the well-being of EU citizens. Denmark and Cyprus summarise the main results of their European Council Presidencies, and the role and aims of the European Statistical Programme for the years 2013-2017 are explained. The final article deals with the plans to make the system even stronger for the future.

The 2013 ESS Report provides information on the organisation and structure of the ESS and some of its key achievements and initiatives in 2013. It features the European Statistical Governance Advisory Board (ESGAB), explains the role of the rotating Presidency of the European Council, while two countries, Ireland and Lithuania, summarise the main results of their 2013 Presidencies. It also looks at the concept of Big Data and new communication tools entering the world of statistics: mobile device applications, interactive graphics and the use of social media.

The trading relationship between Poland and the Netherlands is becoming more and more important. Poland is by far the most important trading partner for the Netherlands of all the countries which have joined the European Union in the past decade.

summary: Last year, 0.8 percent of all people employed in the European Union (EU) were living in one EU country and working in another. The proportion of cross-border workers from the Netherlands was below the EU average. More than 40 thousand people living in the Netherlands were working abroad.

Share of women in European Parliament and national parliaments Key words: Summary: The share of women in the European Parliament has risen steadily in recent decades. In 1979, when direct voting for the European Parliament began, 16 percent of European Parliament members were women. In the present parliament this is 36 percent.

The Netherlands performs relatively well on the policy themes as laid down in the Europe 2020 strategy. In the EU, the Netherlands performs above average with respect to tackling poverty and social exclusion and also regarding employment, Research & Development (R&D) and higher educated. When it comes to renewable energy, the Netherlands is underperforming compared to most EU countries.

The Dutch population aged 16-74 years became more skilled in using the internet between 2010 and 2013. The level of internet skills in the Dutch population is higher than average in the European Union

The European Union has formulated the so called Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure. By means of a scoreboard, the European Commission judges whether there are (potential) imbalances within the member state’s economies. The scoreboard consists of eleven indicators, with lower and upper limits set by the Commission for each indicator. This Factsheet explains at the scoreboard in more detail.

In 2013, nearly 80 percent in the Dutch population reported to have accessed government websites in the past twelve months. The percentage has risen rapidly in recent years and is currently higher than in most other European countries.

The school dropout rate in the Netherlands was reduced in recent years to 8.8 percent in 2012. The rate across the EU was also gradually reduced.

Smartphones have ousted laptops as the most popular devices for mobile internet access in the Netherlands. Many young people, in particular, use smartphones almost daily to go online wherever they happen to be.

The trade of goods with Croatia is limited. On 1 July 2013, Croatia will be the 28th country to join the European Union.

Croatia will be joining the European Union as its 28th member country on 1 July 2013. The Netherlands counts around 5,900 Croats among its residents. Most of them arrived between 1990 and 2001 when Yugoslavia disintegrated and civil war broke out in the region.

Turnover generated by the Dutch retail sector declined more than 3 percent in the first quarter of 2013 relative to the same period one year previously. The Dutch retail sector is not doing well in relation to other EU countries.

Dutch producer prices have increased faster since mid-2009 than on average across the European Union (EU) and the Netherlands’ neighbouring countries. The chemical industry had a substantial effect on the stronger price developments in the Netherlands.

The Netherlands was the second most prosperous country in the European Union (EU) in 2011 after Luxembourg. Bulgaria and Romania are the least prosperous countries in the EU. Relative to 1995, the prosperity gap between the various EU countries has narrowed.

The average burden of taxes and social insurance contributions in the European Union (EU) was 39 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) in 2011, but there are considerable differences between the various EU member states.

Since October 2012, the Netherlands is among the countries with the highest inflation in the eurozone. This is largely due to increases in VAT, insurance tax and energy tax rates effective since last year.

In 2011, the average gross annual wage of female employees was 33 thousand euro, i.e. 55 percent of the average income of their male colleagues who earned 58 thousand euro. The gender income gap is very wide among (married) couples with children.

The average level of house prices in the European Union (EU) has been stable for three years, although there are great differences in price developments between the countries. In the Netherlands and Spain house prices have been falling since the financial crisis of 2008. In the United Kingdom house prices have recovered since then, while in Germany they were barely affected by the crisis.

The Netherlands exported 5.2 billion euro worth of goods to Austria In 2011. This is 6 percent more than in 2010, when exports were 19 percent higher than the year before. Dutch imports from Austria rose by 7 percent in 2011 to 1.9 billion euro. This resulted in a trade surplus of 3.3 billion euro.

The Netherlands has cut its greenhouse gas emissions by an average of 4 percent a year in the period 2008-2010 relative to the Kyoto base year, whereas the target is 6 percent. So emissions have to be reduced even further to reach the target. It is mainly the countries in eastern Europe that have already met and exceeded their targets by quite a margin.

The Dutch inflation rate was 3.0 percent in January. In November and December 2012, inflation stood at 2.8 and 2.9 percent respectively.

The number of pigs fell in most EU countries in the last decade, although in some countries it increased. Pig numbers increased most in Germany and Spain. The Netherlands also saw an increase in the number of pigs.

The Dutch inflation rate was 2.8 percent in November. The rate in October was 2.9 percent, the highest over the last four years.

The Netherlands obtains 68 percent of its raw materials from elsewhere. Two thirds of the raw materials come from European countries.

Nearly 50 million international air passengers travelled to and from Amsterdam Schiphol Airport in 2011, a record. 28 million of these passengers travelled within the European Union.

On 1 January 2010, the total potential labour force in the 27 countries of the European Union numbered 307 million persons. This is 61 percent of the total population of the EU and is 20 million higher than in 1995. On the basis of Eurostat’s EUROPOP2010 population scenarios, the potential labour force is expected to fall to 265 million in 2060, 14 percent down on 2010.

In the Netherlands unemployment is low compared with other countries in Europe; certainly when compared with Spain, where more than a quarter of the labour force are unemployed.

Over the period 2004-2012, the growth rate of Dutch exports to euro countries was almost every year below the growth rate of exports to non-euro countries. Greece is the only euro country to which Dutch exports declined relative to eight years ago.

The life expectancies at birth for Dutch men and women were 79.2 and 82.9 years respectively in 2011. Male life expectancy has improved rapidly and as a result, the life expectancy gender gap has narrowed considerably.

Dutch inflation was 2.3 percent in August, just as in July. Motor fuel prices had an upward effect on inflation, but prices of clothing, for example, had a downward effect. On balance, inflation remained unchanged.

The unused labour force is relatively small in the Netherlands compared to other European Union member states. Last year, the unused labour force comprised 6 percent of the 15 to 75-year-old population.

The number of solar panels installed in the Netherlands has grown further in 2011. Total capacity was raised by 40 megawatts, i.e. twice as much as in 2010.

Nearly 4 in 5 Dutch people aged 16-75 do their banking online. This brings the Netherlands to the top of the European Union.

Germany is the main trading partner of 17 of the 27 EU countries. The main trading partner of Germany is the Netherlands.

With 94 percent in 2011 (versus 78 percent in 2005), the Netherlands has had the highest proportion of households with access to the Internet from home in Europe for years on end.

Immigration from Eastern Europe remains high. Last year, for example, nearly 19 thousand Polish immigrants came to the Netherlands, i.e. twice as many as in 2007. The immigration flow is also high from a historical point of view.

Dutch inflation was 2.1 percent in May 2012, i.e. 0.3 percentage points down from April. The decrease is mainly due to petrol price developments.

Around seven in ten Dutch people aged 16-75 years shopped online in 2011. This figure reflects the continuing increase in online shopping in the Netherlands, and places the Netherlands among the top online shoppers in the European Union.

Labour costs in the Dutch private sector have risen at the same rate over the past decade as the average across the entire European Union. Between 2001 and 2011 Dutch labour costs per hour worked in industry and commercial services have increased by 36 percent.

Nowhere in Europe has consumer confidence fallen by so much as in the Netherlands.

The volume of exports of goods increased by 4 percent in December relative to twelve months previously. In November, export growth came to a halt after negative growth in October. The volume of imports also grew by 4 percent in December.

On 1 January 2012, the population of the Netherlands totalled more than 16.7 million persons, an increase by 70 thousand from 1 January 2011.

Dutch hauliers carried nearly 6 million tons of goods from the Netherlands to France in 2010, making France the third largest market for international road transport after Germany and Belgium. Altogether, 80 percent of goods carried from the Netherlands to other countries went to Belgium and Germany, 12 percent had France as its final destination.

Dutch household consumption was 1.1 percent lower in the third quarter of 2011 than one year previously. German household consumption, on the other hand, grew by 1.2 percent. The circumstances for household consumption are more favourable in Germany than in the Netherlands.

Just as in 2009, in 2010 the Netherlands had the second highest level of prosperity in the EU.

For owners of small and medium-sized enterprises (MKB) in the Netherlands, it is on average more difficult to take out a bank loan than in the rest of Europe.

Public debt amounted to 383 billion euro in the second quarter of this year. Although much higher than in the pre-recession era in 2007, the Dutch interest burden declined on an annual basis and is relatively low compared to other eurozone countries.

The volume of exports of goods increased by nearly 4 percent in August from twelve months previously. In June and July, the growth rate still was around 5 percent. The volume of imports was nearly 5 percent higher in August, substantially above the growth level in July.

Report and tables on characteristics of the potential workforce of people born in one of the EU enlargement countries and a number of reference groups. Commissioned by: Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Dutch Internet users are spammed more often, but their PCs are less infected by computer viruses than Internet users in other countries of the European Union (EU).

The number of new commercial vehicles and passenger cars sold in the second quarter of 2011 increased by nearly 22 and 19 percent respectively relative to the same period last year, i.e. considerably above the average level across the European Union (EU).

Sustainability Report of Eurostat (2009)

Dutch trade focuses on a limited number of countries and goods. The five most important trading partners of the Netherlands account for more than half of the total value of Dutch trade.

Political and social upheaval in the Arab region have lead to 7.6 thousand asylum applications in the first four months of this year in the countries of the European Union (EU), nearly twice as many as in the same period in 2010, when 4 thousand asylum applications were submitted. The number of asylum seekers did not increase in the Netherlands.

Dutch international road transport mainly carries goods to regions just across the Dutch border. More than 80 percent of international road transport was loaded up or unloaded in Germany or Belgium and more than half in regions just across the Dutch border.

Early 2011, nearly 200 thousand people from Central and Eastern Europe had registered as residents or workers in the Netherlands. Their number has more than doubled over the past five years.

In March this year, there were 125 thousand nationals of EU member states in Central or Eastern Europe in the Netherlands, an increase by more than 20 percent relative to March last year; 37 thousand had registered as residents of a Dutch municipality.

In the first quarter of 2011, the youth unemployment rate in the Netherlands was 7.4 percent, i.e. lower than in all other member states of the European Union (EU). On average, more than one in every five people in the EU labour force aged between 15 and 25 were unemployed.

The proportion of school-drop-outs in the Netherlands over the period 2001-2010 was reduced from 15 to 10 percent. The reduction implies that the Netherlands complies exactly with the European standard.

Foreign hauliers are becoming more important in Dutch road transport. From each 100 tons of goods loaded in the Netherlands, 6.4 tons were carried by foreign hauliers versus 5.5 tons in 2005.

The Dutch hold a positive attitude towards saving. In April 2011, the proportion of Dutch consumers who thought their financial situation would allow them to put money aside in the next 12 months was much higher than the proportion who thought they would not be able to save.

The Dutch inflation rate in March 20100 was one of the lowest in the EU.

The volume of exports of goods was more than 7 percent higher in January 2011 than twelve months previously. The volume of goods imports was 7 percent higher. Although the increase in international trade is smaller than in previous months, the months with which it is now being compared showed higher volumes of imports and exports: in January 2010, trade started to pick up again substantially for the first time since the financial crisis.

After the United Kingdom, Germany, France and Spain, the Netherlands was the fifth largest exporter of services in the European Union (EU) in 2009 with a value of nearly 82 billion euro.

In spite of the increase in the population, the amount of tap water used by Dutch households hardly changed in the period 1990-2009.

The volume of exports of goods was more than 7 percent higher in January 2011 than twelve months previously. The volume of goods imports was 6 percent higher. Although the increase in international trade is smaller than in previous months, the months with which it is now being compared showed higher volumes of imports and exports: in January 2010, trade started to pick up again substantially for the first time since the financial crisis.

The inflation rate in the Netherlands was 1.9 percent in February, i.e. 0.1 percentage points down on January. This is mainly due to the rates for telephone and internet services.

Early 2011, Dutch consumers are more optimistic about future unemployment than in the same period last year, but not all Europeans are so positive. In half of all European countries, consumers were more optimistic, whereas in the other half they were more pessimistic, but in nearly all European countries, the proportion of consumers anticipating unemployment growth has declined relative to one year ago.

Cabotage hauliers carried 77 million tons of goods in the European Union (EU) in 2009. Dutch hauliers accounted for 13 million tons.

In 2009, the Dutch public sector spent 0.88 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP), i.e. the total value of all goods and services produced in the Netherlands, on R&D. The average for the EU 27 was 1.25 percent.

The rate of ICT-related security incidents appears to be fairly high in the Netherlands.

In 2009 the Netherlands had the second highest level of prosperity in the EU.

The second generation, born in the Netherlands, is starting to become the face of the population with a non-western background in Dutch society

This explorative study addresses the impact of critical materials on the Dutch economy. It is based on 41 critical materials identified by a specialist EU working group, plus 3 critical materials identified by the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs. This provides a first glance at which industries and product groups use which critical materials.

Last year, government expenditure on foreign policy amounted to 16 billion euro, a decrease by more than 9 percent relative to 2008. The decrease is mainly due to one-off, lower contributions to the European Union.

Dutch inflation was 1.5 percent in August, i.e. 0.1 percentage points down on July. The decrease was mainly caused by price developments for clothes and petrol.

In July, Dutch inflation was 1.6 percent, i.e. 0.8 percentage points up on June.

In recent years, the number of people from Eastern European EU countries living in the Netherlands has risen rapidly, but relatively few receive social security or unemployment (WW) benefits. By the end of 2009, more than 1,000 WW benefits and more than 600 social security benefits were paid to nationals from Eastern European EU countries.

In March 2010, 100 thousand workers from EU countries in eastern Europe were employed in the Netherlands. This is 12 thousand more than twelve months previously.

In 2008, more than 11 percent of pupils in the Netherlands left school prematurely, making it feasible for the Netherlands to comply with the target of 10 percent in 2010 set by the European Union (EU).

In March 2010, Dutch inflation was 1.0 percent, i.e. 0.2 percentage points up on February.

In March, Dutch inflation was 1.0 percent, i.e. 0.2 percentage points up on February.

In February, Dutch inflation was 0.8 percent, i.e. 0.1 percentage points down on January. Inflation fell for the second month in a row.

In January, Dutch inflation was 0.8 percent, i.e. down 0.3 percentage points on December. Inflation fell for the first time in five months

According to the European definition, inflation in the Netherlands was 1.0 percent in 2009. This is the same as the average for the European Union.

In November 2009, the Dutch inflation rate stood at 1.0.percent, an increase by 0.3 percentage points compared to October. This is the fourth monthly increase in a row.

In the period October 2008–September 2009, output generated by transport equipment manufacturers had declined by more than a quarter relative to the same period in the previous year. Within the sector manufacturing industry, transport equipment manufacturers were hit hardest by the recession. Overall, the effects of the recession on output generated by Dutch manufacturing industry were less substantial than in most other European countries.

Total length of the inland waterway system of the Netherlands exceeds 6 thousand kilometres. Within the European Union (EU), the Netherlands takes up third place after Finland and Germany.

In October 2009, the Dutch inflation rate stood at 0.7 percent, an increase by 0.3 percentage points compared to September.

In the first six months of 2009, public debt has amounted to more than 356 billion (bn) euro, an increase by nearly 10 bn euro relative to the end of 2008. The government debt-to-GDP ratio was 61.1 percent.

Dutch inflation stood at 0.3 percent in August 2009 and remained low. In July, the inflation rate stood at 0.2 percent

The overall value of bicycles manufactured in the European Union amounted to 1.9 billion in 2008. More than 30 percent were produced in the Netherlands, making it Europe’s largest bike manufacturer.

The Netherlands has the highest rate of part-timers within the European Union (EU). This applies to both genders.

In the Netherlands people entitled to benefits received 159 billion euro in social security payments in 2008. This is the equivalent of about 27 percent of the Gross Domestic Product, which is what all Dutch people earned together. Most social security benefits are paid to old age provision and support for people who are ill.

The Dutch labour participation rate in 2008 was among the highest in the European Union (EU). In fact, the rate for Dutch men was the highest in the EU.

Inequality between men and women in the Netherlands is relatively small compared to the other countries of the EU 27. The Netherlands has a relatively high score on the Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM).

Government spending on education in the Netherlands accounted for about 5.5 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) in 2005. This is slightly higher than the average in the European Union.

The Dutch government spent 270.3 billion euro in 2008. This is the equivalent of 45.5 percent of the Dutch gross domestic product (GDP).

The industrial capacity utilisation rate in the Netherlands is exceptionally low. In April 2009, manufacturing industry used over 74 percent of total output capacity available.

Last year, 750 people died on Dutch roads.

The number of requests for asylum submitted in the Netherlands in 2008 nearly doubled compared to 2007. The increase is much more substantial than in the European Union (EU) as a whole, where the number of asylum requests rose by 6 percent.

The Dutch railway network is the busiest in the European Union.

The Netherlands has the highest percentage of households in the European Union with home internet connections. Only one in eight Dutch people have either no access to the internet from their own home (1.2 million), or do have access, but do not use it (0.5 million).

Dutch manufacturers’ confidence has been knocked off its feet in the last two months. Manufacturing companies in nearly all countries of the EU have become much more sombre about their prospects.

Seasonally adjusted unemployment in the European Union was 6.9 percent in August 2008. The Netherlands had the lowest rate: 2.6 percent.

In 2007, Dutch travellers to China spent 141 million euro, an increase by 3 percent relative to 2006.

In the first four months of this year, 357 thousand head of cattle were imported into the Netherlands, a 15 percent increase relative to the first four months of 2007. Last year, cattle imports rose by 8 percent relative to 2006.

Peter van de Ven, head of national accounts at Statistics Netherlands will take over the chair of the CMFB (the European Committee on Monetary, Financial and Balance of Payments Statistics) from the present chairman Hans Peter Glaab (Deutsche Bundesbank).

The high rate of the euro and rising food and oil prices are having a noticeable effect on Dutch exports. In the first quarter of 2008, the increase in exports to countries outside Europe was smaller than in 2007.

Nearly 32 thousand people immigrated to the Netherlands in the first quarter of 2008, nearly 6 thousand more than twelve months previously.

The Randstad region is the largest economic urban region in the European Union (EU) after Paris, London and Milan, but the per capita production in the Randstad is lower than in many other urban regions.

Transport of passengers and goods through Dutch airports continued to grow in 2007.

In 2006, the Netherlands imported nearly 450 million kg of cocoa beans worth more than 550 million euro. The value of the extracted cocoa butter totalled 650 million euro.

At the end of 2005 72 thousand people in the Netherlands had a PhD. This is less than one in a thousand people.

In August 2005 the value of the export of goods van goods was 14 percent higher than in August 2004, reaching 22.3 billion euro.

20.2 billion euro worth of goods were imported into the Netherlands in July 2005.

The value of imports to and exports from the Netherlands was 6 percent higher in June than in the same month last year. Imports amounted to 20.7 billion euro, exports to 23.8 billion euro.

The Netherlands traded more goods with other countries in March 2005 than in the same month last year. The value of exports was 24.1 billion euro, 6 percent up on last year. Imports were 5 percent higher than in March last year, at 20.8 billion euro. Part of the increased value was accounted for by higher prices of imports and exports. On the other hand, March 2005 had one working day fewer than in 2004.

The value of international goods trade was again higher in January 2005 than in the same month one year previously. Exports were 10 percent up reaching 21.1 billion euro, imports rose by 12 percent and amounted to 19.0 billion euro. Growth figures were less high than in the latter half of 2004. The import and export prices were marginally higher in January 2005 than in January 2004.