The 11.2-percent inflation rate of November 2022 means that consumer prices were up by 11.2 percent relative to November 2021. The rate is therefore not on top of the 16.8 percent of October.
|Year||Month||Year-on-year change (year-on-year % change of harmonised consumer price index)|
Price developments in special aggregates
In its initial estimate (also known as flash estimate), CBS includes price developments in so-called special aggregates. These are groups in which different product categories are grouped together by theme. Four special aggregates together make up total domestic consumption expenditure according to the HICP: non-energy industrial goods; energy including motor fuels; food, beverages and tobacco; and services.
|November 2022 (%)||October 2022 (%)|
|Non-energy industrial goods||7.1||7.8|
|Energy including motor fuels||41.6||99.7|
|Food, beverages and tobacco||12.5||11.5|
Energy cost measures in the HICP and CPI
In autumn 2022, the cabinet announced two measures to reduce household energy costs: the temporary energy allowance and the price cap on energy. The allowance, which was paid out in November for the first time, is considered to be income support and therefore does not influence the HICP nor the CPI. However, the price cap does have a direct impact on the price of supplied electricity or gas and is therefore included in the HICP and CPI. This is further explained in the article on effects of energy cost measures on the CPI (Dutch only).
Energy is currently a major contributor to overall inflation. The price development of energy is measured by CBS on the basis of new energy contracts. CBS has launched research into a new method to measure and calculate the energy prices as part of the HICP and CPI. This method should reflect the current developments in energy prices in a more refined manner. Provisional research results were published end of October 2022. In the coming period, CBS will provide regular updates and results from the study along with its reports on inflation.
HICP and CPICBS has been publishing two different inflation rates since 1996: One based on the Consumer Price Index (CPI) and one based on the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP). In order to facilitate comparison between countries, EU member states calculate a consumer price index according to internationally agreed definitions and methods. The European Central Bank (ECB) uses the HICP to formulate its monetary policies in the euro area. In addition, most countries produce their own national consumer price index.
The main difference between the CPI and the HICP for the Netherlands is that, unlike the CPI, the HICP does not take into account the costs related to home ownership. In the Dutch CPI, these costs are calculated on the basis of rental property prices. However, this is not the only difference. CBS explains the differences in a publication.