CO2 emissions higher in Q4 2018

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© Nikki van Toorn (CBS)
In Q4 2018, CO<sub>2</sub> emissions in the Netherlands were up by 0.5 percent year-on-year. Gross domestic product (GDP) grew by 2.0 percent in the same period, according to the first estimate. Households and the transport sector emitted more CO<sub>2</sub>, while energy companies produced less. Statistics Netherlands (CBS) reports this based on the latest quarterly figures on CO<sub>2</sub> emissions.

The weather was slightly colder in Q4 2018 compared to the same quarter in 2017. When adjusted for this weather effect, CO2 emissions were 0.4 percent higher in Q4 than one year previously. 

CO2 emissions and economic development, Q4 2018
CategoriesCO2 emissions (year-on-year volume change in %)Value added of producers (year-on-year volume change in %)GDP (year-on-year volume change in %)
Dutch economy (weather adjusted)0.4
Dutch economy0.52
Transport sector2.81.9
Agriculture, mining, manufacturing and
Energy and water supply and
waste treatment

Transport sector emits more CO2

In Q4 2018, CO2 emissions by the transport sector were 2.8 percent up year-on-year. This sector accounted for nearly 12 percent of total emissions. The sharpest increase was seen in aviation, mainly due to more aircraft movements. Inland navigation, on the other hand, emitted less CO2.

Higher CO2 emissions by households and services sector

In Q4 2018, CO2 emissions by households were up by 1.8 percent year-on-year. Emissions due to motor fuel consumption increased in particular. Natural gas consumption by households was virtually the same as in Q4 2017. In Q4 2018, households occupied a share in total CO2 emissions exceeding 21 percent.

Furthermore, CO2 emissions by the services sector were up by 1.1 percent year-on-year. This sector accounted for nearly 13 percent of total emissions.

Higher CO2 emissions in agriculture and manufacturing

Emissions of CO2 in the cluster agriculture, mining, manufacturing industry and construction were up by 0.5 percent in Q4 2018 year-on-year. This cluster was responsible for over one-quarter of total emissions. The chemical and petroleum industries emitted more CO2, while emissions in the basic metal industry declined.

Lower CO2 emissions by energy companies

In Q4 2018, CO2 emissions by energy, water and waste management companies were down by 1.7 percent year-on-year. These companies accounted for nearly 29 percent of total CO2 emissions. Electricity companies used less coal and more natural gas in their production process. Combustion of natural gas results in lower CO2 emissions than coal combustion.

Contributions of CO2 emissions by households and industries, Q4 2018
Energy and water supply and waste treatment28.6
Agriculture, mining, manufacturing and construction 25.4
Transport sector11.9

The calculation of CO2 emissions is consistent with the definitions used in the Environmental accounts. This is a first estimate based on information available at that particular moment. Figures may change as a result of new statistical source information becoming available at a later stage.