Similar development of public transport and car costs

© Nikki van Toorn (CBS)
Price developments in public transport were virtually on a par with developments in car costs between 2009 and November 2018. In this period, the cost of both types of transport rose more rapidly than average consumer prices. Statistics Netherlands (CBS) reports this in response to media inquiries. The most recent developments in fuel prices and public transport fares have not been included in this analysis.

In November 2018, public transport was 23 percent more expensive than in 2009. On average, bus, tram and taxi fares increased more rapidly than train ticket fares. In the same period, car costs went up by 22 percent. The general increase in consumer prices amounted to 15 percent. Prices and costs were compared to the annual average of 2009.

Development of public transport and car costs (2009=100)
 Public transport costsCar costs
2009 January99.9896.68
2009 February99.9898.13
2009 March99.9898.06
2009 April99.9899.03
2009 May99.98100.16
2009 June99.98101.59
2009 July100.02100.64
2009 August100.02101.81
2009 September100.02100.64
2009 October100.02100.8
2009 November100.02101.34
2009 December100.02101.12
2010 January102.25103.43
2010 February102.25103.54
2010 March102.25105.04
2010 April102.38105.66
2010 May102.38105.62
2010 June102.38105.58
2010 July102.4105.17
2010 August102.4104.91
2010 September102.4105.04
2010 October102.55105.02
2010 November102.55105.53
2010 December102.55107.13
2011 January103.7108.14
2011 February103.7108.4
2011 March103.7109.87
2011 April103.72110.93
2011 May103.72110.75
2011 June103.72109.92
2011 July103.8110.26
2011 August103.8109.75
2011 September103.8110.66
2011 October103.82109.94
2011 November103.82109.76
2011 December103.82109.74
2012 January108.05111.89
2012 February108.05112.79
2012 March108.05113.98
2012 April109.11114.61
2012 May109.11113.22
2012 June109.11112.29
2012 July109.95113.86
2012 August109.95115.14
2012 September109.95115.61
2012 October109.81116.61
2012 November109.81115.78
2012 December109.81115.08
2013 January112.85117.47
2013 February112.85118.5
2013 March112.85118.14
2013 April113.17117.43
2013 May113.17116.88
2013 June113.17117.11
2013 July113.23117.79
2013 August113.23118.1
2013 September113.23118.15
2013 October113.19116.73
2013 November113.19116.45
2013 December113.19116.77
2014 January116.09118.68
2014 February116.32118.92
2014 March116.32118.63
2014 April116.57119.27
2014 May116.57119.42
2014 June116.57119.87
2014 July116.56119.76
2014 August116.56119.17
2014 September116.56119.53
2014 October116.64118.49
2014 November116.64117.45
2014 December116.64115.3
2015 January118.78114.29
2015 February118.78115.34
2015 March118.8117.19
2015 April118.8117.74
2015 May118.8118.24
2015 June118.81118.55
2015 July118.81118.35
2015 August118.82116.35
2015 September118.85115.08
2015 October118.85114.56
2015 November118.85115.18
2015 December118.87113.82
2016 January120.43113.01
2016 February120.43112.3
2016 March120.43112.96
2016 April120.43114.53
2016 May120.44115.46
2016 June120.45116.07
2016 July120.45115.35
2016 August120.45114.79
2016 September120.45115.25
2016 October120.45116.3
2016 November120.45115.96
2016 December120.45117.99
2017 January121.08118.45
2017 February121.1119.02
2017 March121.12118.08
2017 April121.12118.62
2017 May121.12117.47
2017 June121.16116.73
2017 July121.21116.33
2017 August121.21116.87
2017 September121.21117.76
2017 October121.21117.85
2017 November121.21119.24
2017 December121.21118.85
2018 January122.53119.65
2018 February122.57118.76
2018 March122.6118.87
2018 April122.6120.46
2018 May122.62122.15
2018 June122.62122.36
2018 July122.68122.05
2018 August122.68122.86
2018 September122.68123.12
2018 October122.71123.38
2018 November122.75121.58

In the Netherlands, the amount spent on car costs is ten times higher than spending on public transportation. Fuel costs account for one-third of the total car costs, which further include the purchase price, maintenance costs, insurance costs, motor vehicle tax and parking fees.

Among these car costs, the cost of insurance saw the sharpest increase relative to 2009, namely 45 percent. This was followed by parking fees with a 27-percent rise. However, these items do not take up a large share in the total car budget.

Due to the volatility of fuel prices, the costs of driving a car fluctuate more widely than the costs of public transportation. Fuel prices reached their highest level in the past decade between 2011 and 2014, but declined again from 2015 onwards. In November 2018, motor fuel prices were on average 21 percent higher than in 2009. Fuel prices were at their lowest at the beginning of 2009 in particular as a result of the economic crisis.

Development of car and car fuel costs (2009=100)
 Total car costsCar fuel costs
2009 January96.6892
2009 February98.1395.05
2009 March98.0694.81
2009 April99.0396.87
2009 May100.1699.93
2009 June101.59104.14
2009 July100.64101.15
2009 August101.81104.57
2009 September100.64101.58
2009 October100.8102.14
2009 November101.34104.23
2009 December101.12103.52
2010 January103.43107.09
2010 February103.54107.58
2010 March105.04111.4
2010 April105.66113.41
2010 May105.62113.07
2010 June105.58112.87
2010 July105.17111.19
2010 August104.91110.66
2010 September105.04111.26
2010 October105.02111.23
2010 November105.53112.5
2010 December107.13117.38
2011 January108.14119.4
2011 February108.4119.8
2011 March109.87122.72
2011 April110.93126.28
2011 May110.75125.51
2011 June109.92122.98
2011 July110.26123.94
2011 August109.75122.31
2011 September110.66124.77
2011 October109.94122.67
2011 November109.76122.13
2011 December109.74122.19
2012 January111.89127.09
2012 February112.79129.65
2012 March113.98133.42
2012 April114.61135.28
2012 May113.22131.33
2012 June112.29128.01
2012 July113.86129.47
2012 August115.14133.44
2012 September115.61136.05
2012 October116.61135.89
2012 November115.78132.89
2012 December115.08130.37
2013 January117.47131.12
2013 February118.5133.98
2013 March118.14132.57
2013 April117.43130.42
2013 May116.88128.51
2013 June117.11129.05
2013 July117.79130.92
2013 August118.1131.71
2013 September118.15131.53
2013 October116.73127.54
2013 November116.45125.96
2013 December116.77126.99
2014 January118.68128.05
2014 February118.92128.35
2014 March118.63127.49
2014 April119.27129.85
2014 May119.42130.21
2014 June119.87131.84
2014 July119.76131.38
2014 August119.17129.09
2014 September119.53129.91
2014 October118.49126.38
2014 November117.45122.95
2014 December115.3116.33
2015 January114.29110.55
2015 February115.34114.51
2015 March117.19119.12
2015 April117.74120.62
2015 May118.24122.56
2015 June118.55123.01
2015 July118.35122.49
2015 August116.35116.57
2015 September115.08112.4
2015 October114.56110.65
2015 November115.18112.39
2015 December113.82108.09
2016 January113.01105.05
2016 February112.3102.86
2016 March112.96104.63
2016 April114.53108.02
2016 May115.46110.64
2016 June116.07112.6
2016 July115.35109.37
2016 August114.79108.44
2016 September115.25110.52
2016 October116.3113.05
2016 November115.96112.09
2016 December117.99115.98
2017 January118.45117.47
2017 February119.02118.47
2017 March118.08116.13
2017 April118.62117.73
2017 May117.47114.49
2017 June116.73112.65
2017 July116.33112.24
2017 August116.87113.86
2017 September117.76116.34
2017 October117.85115.3
2017 November119.24118.9
2017 December118.85117.74
2018 January119.65119.85
2018 February118.76117.65
2018 March118.87116.5
2018 April120.46120.99
2018 May122.15125.64
2018 June122.36125.29
2018 July122.05125.2
2018 August122.86126.56
2018 September123.12126.97
2018 October123.38126.4
2018 November121.58121.17

Price developments over the longer term form a mixed picture, depending on the period that is taken for measurement and the starting year of that period. For example, the picture changes when 2008 is selected as the starting year: over the 11-year period leading up to 2018, public transport fares show a slightly higher increase than car costs.

The most recent developments, e.g. the fuel price decrease in December and the recently implemented reduced VAT rate and excise duty increases (affecting both car and public transport prices), are not included in these figures. Again, these would cause the picture to change. CBS will report on the most recent developments in the coming months.

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