Consumer prices 0.9 percent up in April

© Hollandse Hoogte
Statistics Netherlands (CBS) reports that the consumer price index (CPI) was 0.9 percent higher in April than in the same month last year. In March, prices of consumer goods and services were 1.0 percent up.

The consumer price index (CPI) is an important indicator for inflation, but is not the only one. It is an index for price changes in a basket of consumer goods and services, such as groceries, clothing, petrol, rent and insurance premiums. Inflation is a broader term which covers more than consumer goods and services; for example, prices of owner-occupied houses, manufactured products, shares and gold are also subject to change.

Consumer price index (CPI) (year-on-year % change)
2014 J1.4
2014 F1.1
2014 M0.8
2014 A1.2
2014 M0.8
2014 J0.9
2014 J0.9
2014 A1
2014 S0.9
2014 O1.1
2014 N1
2014 D0.7
2015 J0
2015 F0.2
2015 M0.4
2015 A0.6
2015 M1.1
2015 J1
2015 J1
2015 A0.8
2015 S0.6
2015 O0.6
2015 N0.7
2015 D0.7
2016 J0.6
2016 F0.6
2016 M0.6
2016 A0
2016 M0
2016 J0
2016 J-0.2
2016 A0.2
2016 S0.1
2016 O0.4
2016 N0.6
2016 D1
2017 J1.7
2017 F1.8
2017 M1.1
2017 A1.6
2017 M1.1
2017 J1.1
2017 J1.3
2017 A1.4
2017 S1.5
2017 O1.3
2017 N1.5
2017 D1.3
2018 J1.5
2018 F1.2
2018 M1
2018 A0.9

Air fares and holiday park accommodation rates lower

The year-on-year increase in consumer prices over April was lower than in March. This is mainly due to price developments of air fares, package holidays abroad and holiday park accommodations. Prices for these services go up during public holidays and holiday periods. In 2017, the May holiday period fell in April for the most part, while this year’s spring holiday is mainly in May. As a result, air fares were on average 10.7 percent cheaper in April 2018 than in the same month last year.

Petrol up in price

The price development of petrol had a upward effect on the consumer price index. In April, the consumer price for a litre of petrol at the filling station was 1.61 euros, the highest price level recorded since august 2015. Compared to April 2017, the price increase was 1.8 percent, while in March 2018 the consumer price for petrol decreased slightly year-on-year.

CPI: Major contributions to year-on-year change (percentage point)
Housing, water and
Miscellaneous goods
and services
Recreatie en cultuur0.170.12
Food and non alcoholic
Restaurants and hotels0.160.08
Clothing and footwear-0.24-0.3

Rise in Dutch consumer prices lower than in eurozone

In addition to the consumer price index (CPI), CBS also calculates the European harmonised price index (HICP).

HICP-based prices in the Netherlands decreased from 1.0 percent in March to 0.7 percent in April. In the eurozone, the price increase of goods and services decreased from 1.3 to 1.2 percent.

HICP (year-on-year % change)
 The NetherlandsEuro area
2014 J0.80.8
2014 F0.40.7
2014 M0.10.5
2014 A0.60.7
2014 M0.10.5
2014 J0.30.5
2014 J0.30.4
2014 A0.40.4
2014 S0.30.3
2014 O0.40.4
2014 N0.30.3
2014 D-0.1-0.2
2015 J-0.7-0.6
2015 F-0.5-0.3
2015 M-0.3-0.1
2015 A00
2015 M0.70.3
2015 J0.50.2
2015 J0.80.2
2015 A0.40.1
2015 S0.3-0.1
2015 O0.40.1
2015 N0.40.1
2015 D0.50.2
2016 J0.20.3
2016 F0.3-0.2
2016 M0.50
2016 A-0.2-0.2
2016 M-0.2-0.1
2016 J-0.20.1
2016 J-0.60.2
2016 A0.10.2
2016 S-0.10.4
2016 O0.30.5
2016 N0.40.6
2016 D0.71.1
2017 J1.61.8
2017 F1.72
2017 M0.61.5
2017 A1.41.9
2017 M0.71.4
2017 J11.3
2017 J1.51.3
2017 A1.51.5
2017 S1.41.5
2017 O1.31.4
2017 N1.51.5
2017 D1.21.4
2018 J1.51.3
2018 F1.31.1
2018 M11.3
2018 A0.71.2

The HICP is compiled according to the European harmonised method in order to facilitate comparison between the various EU member states. Price indices for the eurozone and the European Union as a whole are calculated on the basis of the HICPs of the individual member states. The European Central Bank (ECB) uses these figures to formulate its monetary policy.

Unlike the CPI, the HICP does not take into account the costs related to home ownership. In the Dutch CPI, these costs are calculated on the basis of rent levels.


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