One-third stayed on
In 2011, 63 thousand Polish people migrated to the Netherlands to start working here. After the first year, 26.8 thousand Poles departed again. Of the 35.9 thousand who stayed on, 5.7 thousand (16 percent) registered with a municipality. In subsequent years, part of the original group left, another part stayed on. Small groups of departing labour migrants returned to the Netherlands later on. In 2015, 43.1 thousand Polish people were no longer living in the Netherlands, 19.7 thousand (31 percent of the total in 2011) were still here, of whom 7.6 thousand (39 percent) were registered with a municipality.
Who are these longer-term residents? The majority were women: 35 percent of the group of 2011, versus 30 percent who were men. They were mainly in the middle age categories, as relatively many young and old Polish people left the country. Among the Poles still living in the Netherlands in 2015, more women (48 percent) than men (32 percent) had registered with a municipality. In addition, fewer young and older Poles were registered.
Among those who settled, 11 percent had permanent employment in 2015, 58 percent were employed on a flexible basis, and 31 percent were not employed. Among the latter group, 13 percent were receiving an unemployment WW) benefit, 1 percent were on income support, and 4 percent were on a sickness benefit. As for the other Polish people without employment, no income source was known.
Those who settled and had who had registered, had a relatively favourable position in the labour market. They were more likely to have a job than those who had not registered. They also had a relatively high income.