In half a decade the price of one cubic metre of natural gas was raised from 65 eurocents to 75.4 eurocents in 2015. This is mainly due to the higher tax rate imposed on natural gas: the basic price, i.e. the consumer price excluding taxes was raised by 0.9 eurocents between 2010 and 2015 but taxes (VAT and levies) were raised by 9.5 eurocents.
The gas price across the 28 EU-countries averaged 55.3 eurocents in 2010, versus 69.1 eurocents in 2015. By the end of last year there were only four countries in the EU where gas was more expensive: Sweden, Portugal, Spain and Italy. In the EU, Swedish households paid most: 1.14 euros per cubic metre. Denmark and Sweden were the only EU countries where tax rates on natural gas were higher than in the Netherlands in 2015. Romania was the cheapest country.
Last year the gas bill for the average Dutch household was about 1,200 euros a year.
The gas price in the Netherlands has been above the EU average for many years. The levy on natural gas has risen more rapidly in the Netherlands than on average across the EU. At the end of 2010, the gas price in the Netherlands per cubic metre was nearly 10 eurocents higher than the EU average and two years later, the price gap had widened to more than 14 eurocents. So, at the end of 2015 the price of natural gas in the Netherlands was still more than 6 eurocents above the EU average.
Since 2010 the gas price in the EU has risen most rapidly in Spain. The basic price has increased by more than 30 eurocents and taxes by 10 eurocents per cubic metre. As a result, the natural gas price jumped from nearly 53 eurocents to nearly 91 eurocents.
In the Netherlands nearly all households are connected to the gas network, but this situation does not apply to all EU countries.
Dutch electricity price just below EU average
Gas prices in the Netherlands are relatively high, but electricity prices are in the middle bracket. With 18.33 eurocents per kWh, the Netherlands occupied twelfth place in the EU. Half a decade ago, the Netherlands was among the ten most expensive countries and in 2007 it was actually in the top three.
The basic price for electricity in the Netherlands has decreased in the past five years. At the same time, the average price for electricity in the EU has increased.
On average, Dutch households annually spent nearly 580 euros on electricity in 2015.
Below EU average since 2011
In the latter half of 2010 Dutch households paid 17.6 eurocent per kWh for electricity, which was above the EU average of 17.3 eurocents. In mid-2011 the electricity price for Dutch consumers was just below the EU average. At the end of 2015, the kWh price in the Netherlands was in fact 2.7 eurocents below the EU average. Electricity is most expensive in Denmark. Due to the high tax rate they pay 30.4 eurocents per kWh, nearly 9.4 eurocents above the EU average.