The Dutch long-term interest rate, based on the return of the latest ten-year government loan, averaged 3.8 percent in September. This is 0.1 of a percent point lower than in August. The interest rate had been increasing since February this year. In the last two months it has dropped slightly, however.
The European Central Bank (ECB) raised its interest rates by 0.25 of a percent point five times in the space of one year. Since 11 October 2006 the ECB deposit rate is 2.25 percent. The deposit rate is often considered as the bottom rate on the interest market. The main ECB interest rate, the repo rate, is 3.25 percent since 11 October .
One of the main directives for the ECB’s decision to change or refrain from changing the interest rate is the inflation level in the eurozone. The ECB aims at a medium-term inflation in the eurozone of approximately 2 percent. According to Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, it averaged 1.7 percent in September. In August inflation in the eurozone was still 2.3 percent.
Capital market interest rate (latest ten-year government bond)